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Physico-chemical and multielemental traits of anaerobic digestate from Mediterranean agro-industrial wastes and assessment as fertiliser for citrus nurseries.

Waste Manag 2021 Jun 21;131:201-213. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA), Centro di ricerca Olivicoltura, Frutticoltura e Agrumicoltura, Corso Savoia, 190, 95024 Acireale (CT), Italy.

Previous researches have demonstrated the bioenergetic potential of agri-food Mediterranean wastes showing that anaerobic co-digestion is a valuable solution for Mediterranean areas. This implies a great interest for anaerobic digestates use in agriculture to replace fertilizers. The present study aimed at: i) producing knowledge on continuous anaerobic co-digestion of feedstock mixture composed by different Mediterranean agri-food wastes in terms of multielemental characterization and ii) assessing the agronomic value of industrial anaerobic digestate (AD) based on the potential as fertiliser in nursery condition for the citrus seedlings. Read More

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Quality of YouTube videos on meningioma treatment using the DISCERN instrument.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, 10th Military Research Hospital and Polyclinic, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Objective: To assess the quality of YouTube videos on meningioma treatment.

Methods: A search was performed on YouTube using the keywords "meningioma treatment", "meningeal tumor treatment", "meningioma brain tumor treatment", "meningioma cure", and "meningioma therapy". Sixty-one videos were independently evaluated by two fifth-year medical students using the DISCERN scoring system for quality analysis. Read More

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Cell depleted areas do not repopulate after diphtheria toxin-induced killing of mandibular cartilage chondrocytes.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Objective: Growth of mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) is associated with cell proliferation within the polymorphic cell layer and subsequent differentiation into chondrocytes that reside along the condylar surface and along the cartilage/subchondral bone interface. We examined whether cells in the polymorphic layer would proliferate and repopulate toxin-induced cell-depleted areas in MCCs of adult mice.

Method: We induced diphtheria toxin (DTA) expression (ROSA26) to cell-autonomously kill large fractions of MCC chondrocytes throughout the cartilage or along the articular cartilage surface with Aggrecan-CreERt2 (Acan) or Lubricin-CreERt2 (Prg4) Cre-recombinase-inducible mice, respectively. Read More

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Influence of voxel size and filter application in detecting second mesiobuccal canals in CBCT images.

J Endod 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Division of Oral Radiology, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Clinical Dentistry, Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Espírito Santo. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study assessed the influence of voxel size and filter application in detecting second mesiobuccal canals (MB2) in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Methods: Using the OP300 CBCT system and three voxel size protocols - 80 μm, 125 μm, and 200 μm -, we scanned 40 first molars: 20 with MB2 canal and 20 without. All molars received silver-palladium pins on the palatal root, while the non-MB2 were also filled with gutta-percha. Read More

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Using big data to gauge effectiveness of breast cancer awareness month.

Prev Med 2021 Jun 21:106695. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States of America.

Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM) has been used for decades to increase awareness and screening for breast cancer, but its geographic reach and effectiveness is difficult to judge. Using Internet Search Interest (ISI) could allow for better evaluation of BCAM effects. Using Google Trends, we evaluated the ISI for "breast cancer" and "mammogram" for each state and metropolitan area from 2006 to 2019. Read More

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Card posting does not rely on visual orientation: A challenge to past neuropsychological dissociations.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Jun 21:107920. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Experimental Cognitive Science, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany.

A common set of tasks frequently employed in the neuropsychological assessment of patients with visuomotor or perceptual deficits are the card-posting and the perceptual orientation matching tasks. In the posting task, patients have to post a card (or their hand) through a slot of varying orientations while the matching task requires them to indicate the slot's orientation as accurately as possible. Observations that damage to different areas of the brain (dorsal vs. Read More

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Methylsiloxanes in street dust from Hefei, China: Distribution, sources, and human exposure.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 21:111513. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing, 102206, China; College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing, 100081, China. Electronic address:

Methylsiloxanes are widely found in the environment and have been of increasing concern because of their strong resistance to degradation and potential toxicity to organisms. However, little is known about the distributions of these chemicals in street dust and the associated human health risks. This study investigated three cyclic (D-D) and nine linear methylsiloxanes (L-L) in street dust from Hefei, China and found total concentrations in the range of 183-1030 (median, 527) ng/g dry weight. Read More

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Roles of age, sex, and weight status in the muscular fitness of Chinese Tibetan children and adolescents living at altitudes over 3600 m: A cross-sectional study.

Am J Hum Biol 2021 Jun 24:e23624. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the role of age, sex, and weight status in the development of muscular fitness in a large sample of Chinese Tibetan children and adolescents aged 7-18 years living in areas over 3600 m.

Method: A sample of 4673 Chinese Tibetan children and adolescents aged 7-18 years were recruited from 21 schools in three cities (Lhasa, Naqu, and Anduo) of Tibet, China. Grip strength, standing long jump, 30-s sit-ups, and 50-m dash were conducted to determine muscular fitness. Read More

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Schistosomal appendicitis: Case series and systematic literature review.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 24;15(6):e0009478. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

The Cambridge Centre for Sport & Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Globally, schistosomiasis affects at least 240 million people each year with a high proportion of cases in sub-Saharan Africa. The infection presents a wide range of symptoms mainly at the gastrointestinal and urogenital level. Cases of schistosomiasis-related appendicitis are seldom reported. Read More

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Multi-year resource enrichment creates persistently higher species diversity in a landscape-scale field experiment.

Ecology 2021 Jun 24:e03451. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

School of Geography, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Short-term resource enrichment can increase species diversity in communities, but prolonged resource enrichment may result in either a diversity collapse or persistent high species diversity if fluctuation-dependent mechanisms of species coexistence are triggered. We tested the effects of resource enrichment on stream invertebrates by boosting densities of benthic detritus. In a 22 km stream length, we used wooden stakes to enhance retention of detritus at 40-m long sites, while other sites acted as controls. Read More

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Habitat differences affect the nuclear morphology of the erythrocytes and the hepatic melanin in Leptodactylus fuscus (Anura) in the Brazilian Cerrado savanna.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Laboratory of Ecotoxicology and Animal Systematics (EcotoxSA), Goiano Federal Institute, Rio Verde, Goiás, CEP 75901-970, Brazil.

The sensitivity of anuran to the effects of habitat destruction and contamination has led to a preoccupying global decline in their populations. Morphological biomarkers such as micronuclei and other erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities (ENAs), as well as the occurrence of hepatic melanin, can be used to evaluate the effects of habitat impacts. In the present study, these two parameters were combined for the in situ assessment of the effects of soybean cultivation on the grassfrog, Leptodactylus fuscus. Read More

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Neurological Instability in Ischemic Stroke: Relation with Outcome, Latency Time, and Molecular Markers.

Transl Stroke Res 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), 15706, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is commonly used to evaluate stroke neurological deficits and to predict the patient's outcome. Neurological instability (NI), defined as the variation of the NIHSS in the first 48 h, is a simple clinical metric that reflects dynamic changes in the area of the brain affected by the ischemia. We hypothesize that NI may represent areas of cerebral instability known as penumbra, which could expand or reduce brain injury and its associated neurological sequels. Read More

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Can feeding sound attract flower fish (Ptychobarbus kaznakovi)?

J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Hubei International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Center of Ecological Protection and Management, Three Gorges Area, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei Province, 443002, People's Republic of China.

The use of acoustic attractants may have the potential to guide native migratory species towards safe passage. Flower fish Ptychobarbus kaznakovi, a short-distance migratory fish whose population is in decline in the past decades, was exposed to three acoustic stimuli (feeding sound, ambient riverine noise and the pure tone 1000 Hz) to examine the phonotaxic responses using playbacks approaches in a fibreglass tank. The results showed that the flower fish showed significantly greater positive phonotaxis and swam towards the sound sources significantly faster in response to the feeding sounds than to ambient riverine noise and the pure tone during the 5-min exposure. Read More

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What plays a role in the severity of Atopic Dermatitis in children?

Turk J Med Sci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Background/aim: Determining the characteristics and risk factors of severe disease is extremely important to combat atopic dermatitis (AD), which has an increasing prevalence recently. In this study, we aimed at investigating the clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with AD and identifying the factors associated with the severity of the disease.

Materials And Methods: A total of 304 pediatric patients diagnosed with atopic dermatitis were included. Read More

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Universal Health Care for the United States: A Primer for Health Care Providers.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Midwifery Institute, Jefferson College of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The United States is one of a very few high-income countries that does not guarantee every person the right to health care. Residents of the United States pay more out-of-pocket for increasingly worse outcomes. People of color, those who have lower incomes, and those who live in rural areas have less access to health care and are therefore at even greater risk for poor health. Read More

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Comparing the pelvis of Tibetan and Chinese Han women in rural areas of China: two population-based studies using coarsened exact matching.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jun 24:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Center of Medical Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, PR China.

This study aims to investigate the difference of pelvic size and shape between Tibetan and Chinese Han women. Data on pelvic dimension measures including interspinous diameter (IS), intercrestal diameter (IC), external conjugate (EC) and transverse outlet (TO) were acquired from two population-based studies amongst Tibetan women in Lhasa, and Chinese Han women in Shaanxi province in China. After coarsened exact matching, there was no statistical difference between any characteristics amongst Tibetan and Chinese Han women (>. Read More

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Phenotypic Characterization of Postharvest Fruit Qualities in Astringent and Non-astringent Persimmon () Cultivars.

Front Genet 2021 7;12:670929. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO)-Volcani Institute, Rishon LeZion, Israel.

Phenotypic characterization of postharvest traits is essential for the breeding of high-quality fruits. To compare postharvest traits of different genetic lines, it is essential to use a reference point during fruit development that will be common to all the lines. In this study, we employed a non-destructive parameter of chlorophyll levels to establish a similar physiological age and compared several postharvest traits of ten astringent and seven non-astringent persimmon cultivars. Read More

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Characterization of brain-wide somatosensory BOLD fMRI in mice under dexmedetomidine/isoflurane and ketamine/xylazine.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 23;11(1):13110. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (CNIR), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Suwon, 16419, South Korea.

Mouse fMRI under anesthesia has become increasingly popular due to improvement in obtaining brain-wide BOLD response. Medetomidine with isoflurane has become well-accepted for resting-state fMRI, but whether this combination allows for stable, expected, and robust brain-wide evoked response in mice has yet to be validated. We thus utilized intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine with inhaled isoflurane and intravenous infusion of ketamine/xylazine to elucidate whether stable mouse physiology and BOLD response are obtainable in response to simultaneous forepaw and whisker-pad stimulation throughout 8 h. Read More

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Human mobility in response to COVID-19 in France, Italy and UK.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 23;11(1):13141. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Ca'Foscari University of Venice, via Torino 155, 30172, Venezia, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic is one of the defining events of our time. National Governments responded to the global crisis by implementing mobility restrictions to slow down the spread of the virus. To assess the impact of those policies on human mobility, we perform a massive comparative analysis on geolocalized data from 13 M Facebook users in France, Italy, and the UK. Read More

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Assessing inequality, irregularity, and severity regarding road traffic safety during COVID-19.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 23;11(1):13147. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Computer Science, University of Memphis, Memphis, USA.

COVID-19 has affected every sector of our society, among which human mobility is taking a dramatic change due to quarantine and social distancing. We investigate the impact of the pandemic and subsequent mobility changes on road traffic safety. Using traffic accident data from the city of Los Angeles and New York City, we find that the impact is not merely a blunt reduction in traffic and accidents; rather, (1) the proportion of accidents unexpectedly increases for "Hispanic" and "Male" groups; (2) the "hot spots" of accidents have shifted in both time and space and are likely moved from higher-income areas (e. Read More

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Association between socio-environmental factors, coverage by family health teams, and rainfall in the spatial distribution of Zika virus infection in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2015 and 2016.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 23;21(1):1199. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection caused outbreak in Brazil, in 2015 and 2016. Disorganized urban growth, facilitates the concentration of numerous susceptible and infected individuals. It is useful to understand the mechanisms that can favor the increase in ZIKV incidence, such as areas with wide socioeconomic and environmental diversity. Read More

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Vertical microplastic distribution in sediments of Fuhe River estuary to Baiyangdian Wetland in Northern China.

Chemosphere 2021 Oct 5;280:130800. Epub 2021 May 5.

Xiong'an Institute of Eco-Environment, Hebei University, Baoding, 071002, China.

Microplastics exist widely in water environment. The microplastic distribution in sediments can better reflect the long-term microplastic pollution, especially the vertical distribution. However, the vertical microplastic distribution in sediments is diverse and unclear. Read More

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October 2021

Effects of residential greenness on clinical outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease: a large-scale observation study.

Kidney Res Clin Pract 2021 Jun 26;40(2):272-281. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: As industrialization and urbanization are accelerating, the distribution of green areas is decreasing, particularly in developing countries. Since the 2000s, the effects of surrounding greenness on self-perceived health, including physical and mental health, longevity, and obesity have been reported. However, the effects of surrounding green space on chronic kidney disease are not well understood. Read More

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Association of late-life depression with cognitive impairment: evidence from a cross-sectional study among older adults in India.

BMC Geriatr 2021 06 15;21(1):364. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

International Institute for Population Sciences, 400088, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Late-life depression (LLD) is considered as a prodrome to dementia and plays a major role in the development of long-term cognitive disabilities. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of LLD and cognitive impairment and to explore their associations among older adults in India.

Methods: Data for this study was derived from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) Wave 1 (2017-18). Read More

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Effects of tidal flooding on estuarine biogeochemistry: Quantifying flood-driven nitrogen inputs in an urban, lower Chesapeake Bay sub-tributary.

Water Res 2021 Jun 4;201:117329. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.

Sea level rise has increased the frequency of tidal flooding even without accompanying precipitation in many coastal areas worldwide. As the tide rises, inundates the landscape, and then recedes, it can transport organic and inorganic matter between terrestrial systems and adjacent aquatic environments. However, the chemical and biological effects of tidal flooding on urban estuarine systems remain poorly constrained. Read More

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Insights into the effect of human civilization on Malus evolution and domestication.

Plant Biotechnol J 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, China.

The evolutionary history of the Malus genus has not been well studied. In the current study, we presented genetic evidence on the origin of the Malus genus based on genome sequencing of 297 Malus accessions, revealing genetic relationship between wild species and cultivated apples. Our results demonstrated that North American and East Asian wild species are closer to the outgroup (pear) than Central Asian species, and Hybrid species including natural (separated before the Pleistocene, about 2. Read More

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Individual prediction of nonadherence to oral mercaptopurine in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Results from COG AALL03N1.

Cancer 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Institute for Cancer Outcomes and Survivorship, Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Background: Poor mercaptopurine (6MP) adherence (mean adherence rate < 90%) increases the relapse risk among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). 6MP adherence remains difficult to measure in real time. Easily measured patient-level factors could identify patients at risk for poor adherence. Read More

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Spatial-temporal analysis of leprosy in a priority Brazilian northeast municipality for disease control.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 18;74(3):e20201101. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Universidade Federal do Maranhão. Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil.

Objectives: to analyze the spatial-temporal distribution of leprosy in a priority municipality for leprosy control.

Methods: ecological study, conducted in a city in the Northeast of Brazil, whose analysis units were census sectors. The study used compulsory notification data for cases registered between 2008 and 2017. Read More

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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi activity in the rhizosphere of tree seedlings subjected to residual herbicides.

Braz J Biol 2021 21;83:e242676. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri - UFVJM, Departamento de Agronomia, Diamantina, MG, Brasil.

Trees occurring on the margins of agricultural areas can mitigate damage from residual herbicides. Rhizospheric microbial activity associated with trees is one of the main remedial capacity indicators. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rhizospheric microbiological activity in tree species subjected to the herbicides atrazine and sulfentrazone via the rhizosphere. Read More

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Prevalence and Associated Factors of SARS by Covid-19 in Adults and Aged People with Chronic Cardiovascular Disease.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC - Brasil.

Background: The presence of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in individuals infected with COVID-19 may imply a worse prognosis.

Objective: To describe the prevalence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) by COVID-19 and to analyze the factors associated with this condition in adults and the elderly with cardiovascular disease in Brazil until the 30th Epidemiological Week of 2020.

Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with data from the Influenza Epidemiological Surveillance Information System (Sistema de Informação de Vigilância Epidemiológica da Gripe - SIVEP-Gripe), referring to the SARS notification forms of hospitalized individuals in Brazil, between the 1st and 30th Epidemiological Week of 2020. Read More

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