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Straight-sided beer and cider glasses to reduce alcohol sales for on-site consumption: A randomised crossover trial in bars.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 18;278:113911. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

School of Psychological Science, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TU, UK; National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, BS8 2BN, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Straight-sided glasses can slow the rate of lager consumption in a laboratory setting compared with curved glasses. Slower drinking rates may lower overall alcohol consumption. Glass shape is therefore a potential target for intervention. Read More

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Comprehensive evaluation of water resources carrying capacity and analysis of obstacle factors in Weifang City based on hierarchical cluster analysis-VIKOR method.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing, 100044, China.

This study uses hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) to screen the evaluation indexes and establishes a comprehensive evaluation index system for water resources carrying capacity (WRCC), based on the VIKOR method and the obstacle degree model for the identification of the main factors affecting the WRCC of Weifang City. The results show that the WRCC of Weifang City has steadily increased from 2008 to 2018. The subsystems referred to society and water environment are currently the main obstacles affecting Weifang's WRCC, but there is still space for improvement in the future. Read More

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Fabrication and characterization of basil essential oil microcapsule-enriched mayonnaise and its antimicrobial properties against Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 23;359:129940. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Ankara University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, 06830 Gölbaşı/Ankara, Turkey.

Nowadays, as consumers tend to avoid foods containing synthetic preservatives, technologically processed plant extracts can be a good alternative to these preservatives. In this study, previously obtained basil essential oil microcapsules (BEOM) were added to mayonnaise in order to produce a microbiologically safe product with improved physicochemical properties. Mayonnaises were prepared with 0%, 0. Read More

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Synthesis of Morphinans through Anodic Aryl-Aryl Coupling.

Chem Rec 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg University, Duesbergweg 10-14, 55128, Mainz, Germany.

The morphinans are an important class of structurally fascinating and physiologically important natural products as exemplified by the famous opium alkaloids of the morphine family. Although this class of secondary metabolites from the juice of the opium poppy capsule was already used for medicinal purposes thousands of years ago, chemical modifications are still being applied to the core structure today in order to achieve the most specific effect on the various receptor subtypes possible with the fewest possible side effects. The unusual architecture of the morphinan core has also proven to be a highly challenging target for total synthesis. Read More

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The Genomic Basis for Short-Term Evolution of Environmental Adaptation in Maize.

Genetics 2019 Dec;213(4):1479-1494

Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011.

The geographical distribution of many crop species spans far beyond their centers of origin and the native range of their wild ancestors. Maize is exemplary of this adaptability, which has contributed to its agricultural.. Read More

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December 2019

The Genomic Basis for Short-Term Evolution of Environmental Adaptation in Maize.

Genetics 2019 Dec;213(4):1479-1494

Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011.

The geographical distribution of many crop species spans far beyond their centers of origin and the native range of their wild ancestors. Maize is exemplary of this adaptability, which has contributed to its agricultural.. Read More

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December 2019

A cat is not a battleship: thoughts on the meaning of "neuropsychoanalysis".

Authors:
Brett H Clarke

Int J Psychoanal 2018 Apr 28;99(2):425-449. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Cincinnati Psychoanalytic Institute, 3001 Highland Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

As a conspicuously hybrid entity, neuropsychoanalysis enjoins one to look critically at its assumptions about knowledge and subjectivity as one tries to understand how its un-hyphenated halves relate to one another. The author looks at the differences between mind (which is grounded in subjective experience) and brain (which is an objectively described neurobiological entity), and suggests that neuropsychoanalytic writers are inclined to acknowledge but then disregard the unique, irreducible nature of lived experience, and the fundamental differences between the psychoanalytic mind (which requires an experiencing subject) and the brain (which is a neuronal aggregate). The author offers a philosophical basis for contending that there are potential dangers for psychoanalysis when neuroscience is misrecognized in its fundamental differences and injudiciously employed as a psychoanalytic partner in order to answer questions that properly belong to the language and conceptual architecture of psychoanalysis. Read More

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Cation-based approach to morphological diversity of diphenylalanine dipeptide structures.

Authors:
Hakan Erdoğan

Soft Matter 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

University of Health Sciences Turkey, Gülhane Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 06018 Ankara, Turkey.

Different approaches are taken in order to examine the spontaneous arrangement processes of dipeptide structures. One of these approaches is to examine the effects of common cations on dipeptide structures' self-assembly processes. In this study, the effects of Al3+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Hg2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Fe2+ and Ni2+ cations on the self-assembly processes of diphenylalanine (FF) dipeptide molecules were investigated. Read More

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Identifying the fouling behavior of forward osmosis membranes exposed to different inorganic components with high ionic strength.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Research Institute of Membrane Separation Technology of Shaanxi Province, Key Laboratory of Membrane Separation of Shaanxi Province, Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resources, Environmental and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Environmental Engineering, Shaanxi Province, School of Environmental & Municipal Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Yan Ta Road. No.13, Xi'an, 710055, China.

Functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (f-MWCNT) mixed matrix forward osmosis (FO) membranes were fabricated by phase inversion, and the mechanism of sodium alginate (SA) membrane fouling in the presence of various inorganic components with high ionic strength was thoroughly investigated. The membrane incorporated with 0.5% f-MWCNTs (M-0. Read More

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Chloroplast genomes in Populus (Salicaceae): comparisons from an intensively sampled genus reveal dynamic patterns of evolution.

Sci Rep 2021 May 4;11(1):9471. Epub 2021 May 4.

Shenzhen Branch, Guangdong Laboratory for Lingnan Modern Agriculture, Genome Analysis Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Genomics Institute at Shenzhen, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenzhen, 518120, China.

The chloroplast is one of two organelles containing a separate genome that codes for essential and distinct cellular functions such as photosynthesis. Given the importance of chloroplasts in plant metabolism, the genomic architecture and gene content have been strongly conserved through long periods of time and as such are useful molecular tools for evolutionary inferences. At present, complete chloroplast genomes from over 4000 species have been deposited into publicly accessible databases. Read More

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SIK2 orchestrates actin-dependent host response upon infection.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 May;118(19)

Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University School of Medicine, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany;

is an intracellular pathogen of a substantial global health concern. In order to identify key players involved in infection, we performed a global host phosphoproteome analysis subsequent to bacterial infection. Thereby, we identified the kinase SIK2 as a central component of the host defense machinery upon infection. Read More

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Influence of hypertension and other risk factors on the onset of sublingual varices.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 4;21(1):235. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Background: Sublingual varices (SV) are dilatations of tortuous veins that increased with age. Previous studies showed that this pathology could be correlated to some risk factors such as hypertension, age, gender and diabetes mellitus. In this study we evaluated, on a large number of subjects, the relationship between SV and different grades of hypertension as well as some risk factors extending the analysis to new risk factors such as dyslipidemia, obesity and antihypertensive therapy, modelling a possible dependence of SV on all these factors. Read More

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Challenges and Perspectives for Vertical GaN-on-Si Trench MOS Reliability: From Leakage Current Analysis to Gate Stack Optimization.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;14(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Information Engineering, University of Padua, 35131 Padova, Italy.

The vertical Gallium Nitride-on-Silicon (GaN-on-Si) trench metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) is a promising architecture for the development of efficient GaN-based power transistors on foreign substrates for power conversion applications. This work presents an overview of recent case studies, to discuss the most relevant challenges related to the development of reliable vertical GaN-on-Si trench MOSFETs. The focus lies on strategies to identify and tackle the most relevant reliability issues. Read More

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Mechanical Properties and Damage Evolution of Concrete Materials Considering Sulfate Attack.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;14(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, China.

In order to study the durability of concrete materials subjected to sulfate attack, in a sulfate attack environment, a series of concrete tests considering different fly ash contents and erosion times were conducted. The mechanical properties and the micro-structure of concrete under sulfate attack were studied based on the following: uniaxial compressive strength test, split tensile test, ultrasonic impulse method, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical properties were compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and relative dynamic elastic modulus, respectively. Read More

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Mental Health Outcome Measures in Environmental Design Research: A Critical Review.

HERD 2021 May 4:1937586721999787. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Design Studies, 5228University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.

Aim: During the last several decades, researchers have produced abundant evidence of the environmental impacts on stress, attention, and physical activity. More recently, scholars have turned their focus to the influence environments have on mental wellness. Therefore, a critical review of this more recent research is both timely and crucial for setting the future research agenda. Read More

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News Sentiment Informed Time-series Analyzing AI (SITALA) to curb the spread of COVID-19 in Houston.

Expert Syst Appl 2021 Apr 29:115104. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Address: Rice University, 6100 Main St, MS-321, Houston, TX 77005, USA.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has evolved into a pandemic with many unknowns. Houston, located in the Harris County of Texas, is becoming the next hotspot of this pandemic. With a severe decline in international and inter-state travel, a model at the county level is needed as opposed to the state or country level. Read More

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Single cell analyses to understand the immune continuum in atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, USA; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, USA; Precision Immunology Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Center at NYU Langone NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Atherosclerosis is initiated by the accumulation of lipids in the arterial wall that trigger a complex and poorly understood network of inflammatory processes. At the same time, recent clinical findings reveal that targeting specific immune alterations in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a promising approach to preventing recurrent cardiovascular events. In order to achieve these tailored therapies, it is critical to resolve the heterogenous environment of the atherosclerotic lesion and decipher the complex structural and functional changes which immune cells undergo throughout disease progression. Read More

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Bract suppression regulated by the miR156/529-SPLs-NL1-PLA1 module is required for the transition from vegetative to reproductive branching in rice.

Mol Plant 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Hubei Hongshan Laboratory, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address:

Reproductive transition of grasses is characterized by switching the pattern of lateral branches featuring the suppression of outgrowth of the subtending leaves (bracts) and rapid formation of higher-order branches in the inflorescence (panicle). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of such changes are largely unknown. Here, we show that bract suppression is required for the reproductive branching in rice. Read More

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A Large-Scale Structural and Functional Connectome of Social Mentalizing.

Neuroimage 2021 Apr 29:118115. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Humans have a remarkable ability to infer the mind of others. This mentalizing skill relies on a distributed network of brain regions but how these regions connect and interact is not well understood. Here we leveraged large-scale multimodal neuroimaging data to elucidate the brain-wide organization and mechanisms of mentalizing processing. Read More

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Recent trends in natural polysaccharide based bioinks for multiscale 3D printing in tissue regeneration: A review.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Tissue Engineering Laboratory, PSG Institute of Advanced studies, Coimbatore 641004, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Biofabrication by three-dimensional (3D) printing has been an attractive technology in harnessing the possibility to print anatomical shaped native tissues with controlled architecture and resolution. 3D printing offers the possibility to reproduce complex microarchitecture of native tissues by printing live cells in a layer by layer deposition to provide a biomimetic structural environment for tissue formation and host tissue integration. Plant based biomaterials derived from green and sustainable sources have represented to emulate native physicochemical and biological cues in order to direct specific cellular response and formation of new tissues through biomolecular recognition patterns. Read More

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ChrNet: A re-trainable chromosome-based 1D convolutional neural network for predicting immune cell types.

Genomics 2021 Apr 28;113(4):2023-2031. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada; Department of Computer Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada; Research Institute in Oncology and Hematology, CancerCare Manitoba, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. Electronic address:

Cells from our immune system detect and kill pathogens to protect our body against various diseases. However, current methods for determining cell types have some major limitations, such as being time-consuming and with low throughput, etc. Immune cells that are associated with cancer tissues play a critical role in revealing tumor development. Read More

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Comparative study of the environmental footprints of marinas on European Islands.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 30;11(1):9410. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Agricultural, Nautical, Civil and Maritime Engineering, Universidad de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.

Ports have been key elements in Europe's economic development. This situation is even more relevant on islands, which are highly dependent on the maritime sector. Consequently, over the years, ports with diverse functionalities have been established both in mainland Europe and on its outlying islands. Read More

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Exploring the evolutionary characteristics between cultivated tea and its wild relatives using complete chloroplast genomes.

BMC Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 30;21(1):71. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Hunan Research Center of Engineering Technology for Utilization of Environmental and Resources Plant, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cultivated tea is one of the most important economic and ecological trees distributed worldwide. Cultivated tea suffer from long-term targeted selection of traits and overexploitation of habitats by human beings, which may have changed its genetic structure. The chloroplast is an organelle with a conserved cyclic genomic structure, and it can help us better understand the evolutionary relationship of Camellia plants. Read More

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Material selection in design for deconstruction using Kano model, fuzzy-AHP and TOPSIS methodology.

Waste Manag Res 2021 Apr 30:734242X211013904. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Building and Architectural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.

During last decade, design for deconstruction (DfD) has attracted the attention of researchers and project managers as an environmentally friendly alternative to the conventional demolition of buildings. Yet, the intensity of raw materials consumption, waste generation and greenhouse gas (GhG) emission in the construction industry proves that current methods of selecting building components have failed to make the deconstruction effectively feasible. Specifically, in the material selection process, most research studies concentrate on assessing environmental and economic aspects while in selecting material for DfD various factors must be considered. Read More

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ITC for Characterization of Self-Assembly Process of Cationic Dendrons for siRNA Delivery.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2282:245-266

Molecular Biology and Nanotechnology Laboratory (MolBNL@UniTs), Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

siRNAs are emerging as promising therapeutic agents due to their ability to inhibit specific genes in many diseases. However, these tools require specific vehicles in order to be safely delivered to the targeted site. Among different siRNA delivery systems, self-assembled nanomicelles based on amphiphilic cationic dendrons (ACDs) have recently outperformed nanovectors based on covalent carriers. Read More

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January 2021

Behavioral Outcomes and Neural Network Modeling of a Novel, Putative, Recategorization Sound Therapy.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 27;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Section of Audiology, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand.

The mechanisms underlying sound's effect on tinnitus perception are unclear. Tinnitus activity appears to conflict with perceptual expectations of "real" sound, resulting in it being a salient signal. Attention diverted towards tinnitus during the later stages of object processing potentially disrupts high-order auditory streaming, and its uncertain nature results in negative psychological responses. Read More

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Classical, Molecular, and Genomic Cytogenetics of the Pig, a Clinical Perspective.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

The chromosomes of the domestic pig () are known to be prone to reciprocal chromosome translocations and other balanced chromosome rearrangements with concomitant fertility impairment of carriers. In response to the remarkable prevalence of chromosome rearrangements in swine herds, clinical cytogenetics laboratories have been established in several countries in order to screen young boars for chromosome rearrangements prior to service. At present, clinical cytogenetics laboratories typically apply classical cytogenetics techniques such as giemsa-trypsin (GTG)-banding to produce high-quality karyotypes and reveal large-scale chromosome ectopic exchanges. Read More

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A Particle Filtering Approach for Fault Detection and Isolation of UAV IMU Sensors: Design, Implementation and Sensitivity Analysis.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 28;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Delle Infrastrutture e dell'Energia Sostenibile, Universitá degli Studi "Mediterranea" di Reggio Calabria, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy.

Sensor fault detection and isolation (SFDI) is a fundamental topic in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) development, where attitude estimation plays a key role in flight control systems and its accuracy is crucial for UAV reliability. In commercial drones with low maximum take-off weights, typical redundant architectures, based on triplex, can represent a strong limitation in UAV payload capabilities. This paper proposes an FDI algorithm for low-cost multi-rotor drones equipped with duplex sensor architecture. Read More

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The Synergistic Effect of PM and CO Concentrations on Occupant Satisfaction and Work Productivity in a Meeting Room.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 13;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

High indoor air quality is crucial for the health of human beings. The purpose of this work is to analyze the synergistic effect of particulate matter 2.5 (PM) and carbon dioxide (CO) concentration on occupant satisfaction and work productivity. Read More

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Transdisciplinary Research on Indoor Environment and Health as a Social Process.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 20;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.

Although issues concerning indoor environments and their interaction with humans span many disciplines, such as aerosol technology, environmental psychology, health, and building physics, they are often studied separately. This study describes a research project with the transdisciplinary aim of bridging such disciplinary boundaries. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the twelve project members to explore their understanding of transdisciplinarity regarding the conceptual as well as social aspects of collective learning and leadership and the measures taken to achieve this. Read More

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