8,719 results match your criteria april 2003


Trends in Food Sources and Diet Quality Among US Children and Adults, 2003-2018.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215262. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Time trends and population disparities in nutritional quality of foods from major US sources, including grocery stores, restaurants, schools, worksites, and other sources, are not well established.

Objective: To investigate patterns and trends in diet quality by food sources among US children and adults overall and in sociodemographic subgroups.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This serial, cross-sectional survey study included respondents from 8 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycles (2003-2018) with valid dietary recalls. Read More

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Changes in smoking and alcohol consumption during COVID-19-related lockdown: A cross-sectional study in France.

Eur J Public Health 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Santé publique France, the National Public Health Agency, Saint-Maurice, France.

Background: In many countries, lockdown measures were implemented to curb the COVID-19 pandemic. This situation may have an impact on mental health, tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption. The aim of this research report is therefore to describe changes in tobacco and alcohol consumption in the general French population during the first two weeks of lockdown and identify any associated factors. Read More

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First report of causing root rot of taro ( ) and leatherleaf fern () in Brazil.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Departamento de Fitopatologia, Campus da UFV, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 36571-000;

Colocasia esculenta, taro (T), is a major staple food crop in the tropics, including Brazil. Rumohra adiantiformis, leatherhead fern (LF), is broadly cultivated for its ornamental fronds that are used as a component of flower arrangements. Soft root rot of T and LF, and accompanying rapid plant wilt and death, was observed in plantations in Espírito Santo (Brazil), at Venda Nova do Imigrante, in April 2014 (LF) and July 2015 (T). Read More

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Impact of Pathological Stratification on the Clinical Outcomes of Advanced Well-Differentiated/Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Treated with Trabectedin.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Adult Mesenchymal Tumour Medical Oncology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Background: We previously showed that grading can prognosticate the outcome of retroperitoneal liposarcoma (LPS). In the present study, we aimed to explore the impact of pathological stratification using grading on the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced well-differentiated LPS (WDLPS) and dedifferentiated LPS (DDLPS) treated with trabectedin.

Patients: We included patients with advanced WDLPS and DDLPS treated with trabectedin at the Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori between April 2003 and November 2019. Read More

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Evaluation of the Arabin cervical pessary for prevention of preterm birth in women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix (STOPPIT-2): An open-label randomised trial and updated meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2021 Mar 29;18(3):e1003506. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Multiple Births Foundation, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Preterm-labour-associated preterm birth is a common cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in twin pregnancy. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the Arabin pessary would reduce preterm-labour-associated preterm birth by 40% or greater in women with a twin pregnancy and a short cervix.

Methods And Findings: We conducted an open-label randomised controlled trial in 57 hospital antenatal clinics in the UK and Europe. Read More

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A hierarchical spatio-temporal model to analyze relative risk variations of COVID-19: a focus on Spain, Italy and Germany.

Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess 2021 Mar 23:1-16. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain.

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread rapidly across the world in a short period of time and with a heterogeneous pattern. Understanding the underlying temporal and spatial dynamics in the spread of COVID-19 can result in informed and timely public health policies. In this paper, we use a spatio-temporal stochastic model to explain the temporal and spatial variations in the daily number of new confirmed cases in Spain, Italy and Germany from late February 2020 to mid January 2021. Read More

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Sequencing chemotherapy before radiotherapy for women with stage IIIC endometrial cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Gynecologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Objective: It is unclear how to best sequence adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy for advanced endometrial cancer. We studied the outcomes for women treated with chemotherapy before radiotherapy in a chemotherapy-first (chemotherapy for 6 cycles followed radiotherapy) or 'sandwich' approach (chemotherapy for 3 cycles followed by radiotherapy and subsequently chemotherapy for 3 cycles).

Methods: Women with stage IIIC endometrial cancer and no gross residual disease treated with chemotherapy before radiotherapy between April 2003 and April 2016 were included. Read More

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First Report of a Ceratocystis manginecans Causing Quick Decline of Psidium guajava in Pakistan.

Plant Dis 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 66724, Department of Plant Pathology University of Agriculture , Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan;

Psidium guajava is a widely grown fruit tree of Asia for food and medicinal purposes. Also being reported to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiarrheal, antimutagenic properties (Somu, 2012). In April 2018, quick decline disease of guava was observed in orchards of Sheikhupura, Lahore, Faisalabad, Kasur and Chiniot districts of Punjab, Pakistan. Read More

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Human brucellosis epidemiology in the pastoral area of Hulun Buir city, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, between 2003 and 2018.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Ulanqab central for endemic disease control and prevention, Ulanqab, 102000, China.

Human brucellosis represents a serious public health concern in Hulun Buir and requires a comprehensive epidemiologic analysis to define adapted control measures. The present study describes the case numbers, constituent ratios, and incidence rate of human brucellosis. Conventional bio-typing, i. Read More

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Assessment of ozone concentration data from the northern Zagreb area, Croatia, for the period from 2003 to 2016.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska cesta 2, HR-10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

A measurement station located in an urban area on the southern slope of the Medvednica Mountain (120 m a.s.l. Read More

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Safety and effectiveness of kidney transplantation using a donation after brain death donor with acute kidney injury: a retrospective cohort study.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 10;11(1):5572. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, 06355, Republic of Korea.

The use of kidneys from donation after brain death (DBD) donors with acute kidney injury (AKI) is a strategy to expand the donor pool. The aim of this study was to evaluate how kidney transplantation (KT) from a donor with AKI affects long-term graft survival in various situations. All patients who underwent KT from DBD donors between June 2003 and April 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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The impact of SARS and COVID-19 on major trauma in Hong Kong.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Feb 19;46:10-15. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong; Department of Emergency Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been enormously disruptive and harmful to people around the world, but its impact on other illnesses and injuries has been more variable. To evaluate the ramification of infectious disease outbreaks on major traumatic injuries, we compared changes in the incidence of major trauma cases during the 2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) period with COVID-19 in 2020.

Methods: Data were analyzed from the trauma registry of a major, tertiary-care teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Read More

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February 2021

Rituximab plus high-dose chemotherapy (MegaCHOEP) or conventional chemotherapy (CHOEP-14) in young, high-risk patients with aggressive B-cell lymphoma: 10-year follow-up of a randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Haematol 2021 Apr 2;8(4):e267-e277. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Medicine A, Haematology, Oncology, and Pneumology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: R-MegaCHOEP was the first phase 3 study comparing high-dose chemotherapy plus rituximab followed by autologous haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) with conventional chemotherapy plus rituximab in first-line therapy for patients aged 60 years or younger with high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Little is known about the long-term outcomes of these patients. We aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of conventional chemotherapy versus high-dose chemotherapy after 10 years of follow-up in the R-MegaCHOEP trial. Read More

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Derivation and Validation of a 4-Level Clinical Pretest Probability Score for Suspected Pulmonary Embolism to Safely Decrease Imaging Testing.

JAMA Cardiol 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Emergency Department, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, F-CRIN INNOVTE, Brussels, Belgium.

Importance: In patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE), overuse of diagnostic imaging is an important point of concern.

Objective: To derive and validate a 4-level pretest probability rule (4-Level Pulmonary Embolism Clinical Probability Score [4PEPS]) that makes it possible to rule out PE solely on clinical criteria and optimized D-dimer measurement to safely decrease imaging testing for suspected PE.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This study included consecutive outpatients suspected of having PE from US and European emergency departments. Read More

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Experience of 2003 SARS has a negative psychological impact on healthcare workers in the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 Jan-Feb;139(1):65-71

MD. Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Master's Student, Graduate school, Department of Public Health, College of Public Health Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has instilled fear and stress among healthcare workers.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess work stress and associated factors among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether prior experience of treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a positive or negative influence on healthcare workers' stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design And Setting: Cross-sectional survey in a tertiary hospital in Kaohsiung City, in southern Taiwan. Read More

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Full arch rehabilitation in patients with atrophic upper jaws with zygomatic implants: a systematic review.

Int J Implant Dent 2021 Feb 26;7(1):17. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Implantology, ILAPEO College, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Background: The main objective of this systematic review was to present the outcomes of the treatment with zygomatic implants (ZIs) in the rehabilitations of atrophic upper jaw.

Findings: An electronic database search in PubMed, along with a manual search, taking into account language and study period, was performed by two observers; any type of clinical trial and series that included the use of ZIs was used. In the search strategy, the following search terms were used: zygom* AND dental (Implant OR implants) AND edentulous NOT (biomechanic* OR finite element) NOT cadaver. Read More

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February 2021

Visual complications after coil embolization of internal carotid artery aneurysms at the ophthalmic segment.

Interv Neuroradiol 2021 Feb 21:1591019921996886. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Coil embolization of aneurysms of the ophthalmic segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA-OphA ANs) has potential risks of visual complications. We analyzed this risk and focused on the relationship of the ophthalmic artery (OphA) origin with the aneurysm neck.

Methods: From January 2003 to April 2018, 179 unruptured ICA-OphA ANs were treated with endovascular surgery in our institution. Read More

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February 2021

Revision and 90-day mortality following hip arthroplasty in patients with inflammatory arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis enrolled in the National Joint Registry for England and Wales.

Hip Int 2021 Feb 18:1120700021990592. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Aim: To assess revision rates and postoperative mortality in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty (HA) for inflammatory arthritis compared to hip osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: The analysis was conducted among cases of HA that were recorded in the National Joint Registry for England and Wales (NJR) between April 2003 and December 2012 and linked to Office for National Statistics mortality records. Procedures were identified where the indication for surgery was listed as seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), other inflammatory arthritis (otherIA), or OA. Read More

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February 2021

Female breast cancer in New South Wales, Australia, by country of birth: implications for health-service delivery.

BMC Public Health 2021 Feb 17;21(1):371. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Cancer Institute New South Wales, St Leonards, NSW, Australia.

Background: NSW has a multicultural population with increasing migration from South East Asia, the Western Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean.

Objective: To compare cancer stage, treatment (first 12 months) and survival for 12 country of birth (COB) categories recorded on the population-based NSW Cancer Registry.

Design: Historic cohort study of invasive breast cancers diagnosed in 2003-2016. Read More

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February 2021

Experience of 2003 SARS has a negative psychological impact on healthcare workers in the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

MD. Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Master's Student, Graduate school, Department of Public Health, College of Public Health Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has instilled fear and stress among healthcare workers.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess work stress and associated factors among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether prior experience of treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a positive or negative influence on healthcare workers' stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design And Setting: Cross-sectional survey in a tertiary hospital in Kaohsiung City, in southern Taiwan. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of COVID-19 related knowledge and preparedness in health professionals at selected health facilities in a resource-limited setting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(2):e0244050. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: The World Health Organization has declared that infection with SARS-CoV-2 is a pandemic. Experiences with SARS in 2003 and SARS-CoV-2 have shown that health professionals are at higher risk of contracting COVID-19. Hence, it has been recommended that aperiodic wide-scale assessment of the knowledge and preparedness of health professionals regarding the current COVID-19 pandemic is critical. Read More

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February 2021

Long-Term Outcomes and Prognostic Analysis of Computed Tomography-Guided Radioactive I Seed Implantation for Locally Recurrent Rectal Cancer After External Beam Radiotherapy or Surgery.

Front Oncol 2020 21;10:540096. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Management of locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) after surgery or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) remains a clinical challenge, given the limited treatment options and unsatisfactory outcomes. This study aimed to assess long-term outcomes of computed tomography (CT)-guided radioactive I seed implantation in patients with LRRC and associated prognostic factors.

Methods: A total of 101 patients with LRRC treated with CT-guided I seed implantation from October 2003 to April 2019 were retrospectively studied. Read More

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January 2021

Sensitivity of Awaji Criteria and Revised El Escorial Criteria in the Diagnosis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) at First Visit in a Tunisian Cohort.

Neurol Res Int 2021 22;2021:8841281. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, UR12SP21, Razi Hospital, Manouba, Tunisia.

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease whose diagnosis and early management can improve survival. The most used diagnostic criteria are the revised El Escorial criteria (rEEC) and Awaji criteria (AC). The comparison of their sensitivities showed contradictory results. Read More

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January 2021

Percutaneous cryoablation of adrenal metastases: technical feasibility and safety.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Surgery, Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Purpose: To assess the technical feasibility and outcomes of adrenal metastases cryoablation.

Materials And Methods: This is an IRB approved retrospective review of adrenal metastases cryoablation between April 2003 and October 2018. Forty percutaneous cryoablation procedures were performed on 40 adrenal metastases in 34 patients. Read More

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February 2021

Diagnosis of Opioid Use Disorder by Youths Assessed in Acute Care Settings in British Columbia, Canada.

J Pediatr 2021 Jan 28. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada; BC Center for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: To describe trends in the number of youths diagnosed with opioid use disorder (OUD) and to identify factors associated with OUD diagnosis in acute care settings.

Study Design: Data from a population-based retrospective cohort study with linkage of 6 health administrative databases for 13 009 youth age 12-24 years identified with OUD between 2001 and 2018 in British Columbia, Canada were used to describe annual diagnoses. Using a multiple logistic regression model, we estimated the association between past-year health care utilization and OUD diagnosis in acute settings, controlling for sociodemographic and OUD-related comorbid conditions. Read More

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January 2021

Long-Term Outcomes in Patients With a Left Ejection Fraction ≤15% Undergoing Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2021 01 28;7(1):36-46. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Division of Cardiology/Electrophysiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the long-term outcomes and predictors of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) improvement in patients with severe cardiomyopathies undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

Background: Whether patients with severe LV dysfunction benefit from CRT or have reached a point in disease severity past the point at which CRT is beneficial is unknown.

Methods: We collected clinical and echocardiographic data on 420 patients with an LVEF of ≤15% and a QRS duration of ≥120 ms undergoing CRT at the Cleveland Clinic and 2 hospitals in the Johns Hopkins Health System between April 2003 and May 2014. Read More

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January 2021

Associations of maternal dietary inflammatory potential and quality with offspring birth outcomes: An individual participant data pooled analysis of 7 European cohorts in the ALPHABET consortium.

PLoS Med 2021 Jan 21;18(1):e1003491. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

HRB Centre for Health and Diet Research, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy, and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Background: Adverse birth outcomes are major causes of morbidity and mortality during childhood and associate with a higher risk of noncommunicable diseases in adult life. Maternal periconception and antenatal nutrition, mostly focusing on single nutrients or foods, has been shown to influence infant birth outcomes. However, evidence on whole diet that considers complex nutrient and food interaction is rare and conflicting. Read More

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January 2021

Outpatient oral anticancer agent utilization and costs in Manitoba from 2003 to 2016: a population-based study.

Can J Public Health 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Intervention: In April 2012, the Manitoba Home Cancer Drug Program (HCDP) was introduced to allow 100% coverage for eligible oral anticancer agents (OAA) and supportive medications for Manitobans with cancer requiring these therapies.

Research Questions: What is the extent of use and cost of OAAs among outpatients in Manitoba from 2003/04 to 2015/16? Did the HCDP change OAA user and prescription patterns?

Methods: This was a retrospective, population-based study using administrative data to measure the prevalence of drug utilization over time and the impact of HCDP on OAA use and prescriptions using generalized linear models. Manitobans with cancer who filled an OAA or supportive medication covered by HCDP from 2003/04 to 2015/16 were included. Read More

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January 2021

Impact on health and provision of healthcare services during the COVID-19 lockdown in India: a multicentre cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 01 19;11(1):e043590. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

University of East London, London, UK.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a national lockdown in India from midnight on 25 March 2020, with conditional relaxation by phases and zones from 20 April. We evaluated the impact of the lockdown in terms of healthcare provisions, physical health, mental health and social well-being within a multicentre cross-sectional study in India.

Methods: The SMART India study is an ongoing house-to-house survey conducted across 20 regions including 11 states and 1 union territory in India to study diabetes and its complications in the community. Read More

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January 2021