12,014 results match your criteria appetite body


The role of the intestinal microbiota in eating disorders - bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 4;300:113923. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Child Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, 61 Żwirki i Wigury St., 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) are both eating disorders (EDs) characterised by episodes of overeating in which large amounts of food are consumed in short periods. The aetiology of BN and BED is not fully understood. Psychological and social factors influence the development of BN and BED, but biological factors such as neurohormones that regulate hunger and satiety, or neurotransmitters responsible for mood and anxiety play a significant role in sustaining symptoms. Read More

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Anxiety, Anhedonia and food consumption during the COVID-19 quarantine in Chile.

Appetite 2021 Apr 12:105259. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Facultad de Ciencias para el Cuidado de la Salud. Universidad San Sebastián, Chile. Lota 2465 Providencia, Santiago, Chile.

The current epidemic of COVID-19 has gained attention and highlighted the need for a better understanding of the population's mental health. Diet has been identified as an environmental determinant of mental health. In this regard, it has been suggested that the consumption of palatable foods represents a strategy to mitigate negative emotions, such as anxiety. Read More

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The "drive to eat" hypothesis: energy expenditure and fat-free mass but not adiposity are associated with milk intake and energy intake in 12 week infants.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Appetite Control and Energy Balance Research Group, School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Background: Recent work has challenged the long-held assumption that appetite functions to maintain stable body mass and fat mass (FM), suggesting instead that appetite matches food intake to energy expenditure and its correlate, fat-free mass (FFM). Whether this scenario applies to young infants, in chronic positive energy balance, remains unknown.

Objectives: To test associations of components of energy expenditure and body composition with milk intake (MI) and energy intake (EI) in 12-week infants, by reanalyzing published cross-sectional data. Read More

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Effect of Electrical Stimulation on Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Lung Cancer Patients during Chemotherapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2021 May-Jun;8(3):246-254. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Hospital Office, Hunan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objective: The objective was to evaluate the effects of transcutaneous acupoint electric stimulation (TAES) and gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms.

Methods: A total of 122 lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy were assigned randomly to the following two groups: control group (usual care group, = 61) and intervention group (TAES plus GES, = 61). TAES involved two acupoints such as Neiguan (PC6) and Zusanli (ST36). Read More

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February 2021

Nicotine and energy balance: A review examining the effect of nicotine on hormonal appetite regulation and energy expenditure.

Appetite 2021 Apr 10:105260. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Nicotine has been shown to decrease appetite, food intake (FI) and body weight, but the mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine research on the effects of nicotine on energy balance by exploring physiological mechanisms and hormone regulation related to FI, subjective appetite and energy expenditure (EE). We searched PubMed and MEDLINE, and included articles investigating the effects of nicotine on central appetite regulation, FI, leptin, peptide-YY (PYY), ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), adiponectin, cholecystokinin (CCK), orexin, and EE. Read More

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Relationship in Dietary habits variations during COVID-19 lockdown in Kosovo: The COVIDiet Study.

Appetite 2021 Apr 10:105244. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Campus of Melilla, University of Granada, 52001 Melilla, Spain; Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INYTA) 'José Mataix', University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain; Biosanitary Research Institute of Granada, Ibs, 18012 Granada, Spain.

Changes in dietary habits and association with lifestyle during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown in the Kosovo population have not been studied yet. Therefore, the intent of the present study was to determine whether if COVID-19 lockdown had any impact in lifestyle, including dietary habits and physical activity (PA) patterns of people from different areas of Kosovo. Dietary habits, PA, body weight and sociodemographic variables were measured through validated online survey started one week after lockdown decision and lasted for next two month (May and June 2020). Read More

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Loss of CREB coactivator CRTC1 in SF1 cells leads to hyperphagia and obesity by high-fat diet but not normal chow diet.

Endocrinology 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji city, Kyoto, Japan.

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate responsive element-binding protein-1 (CREB1)-regulated transcription coactivator-1 (CRTC1) is a cytoplasmic coactivator that translocates to the nucleus in response to cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Whole-body knockdown of Crtc1 causes obesity, resulting in increased food intake and reduced energy expenditure. CRTC1 is highly expressed in the brain; therefore, it might play an important role in energy metabolism via the neuronal pathway. Read More

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Neuroendocrine control of appetite and metabolism.

Exp Mol Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, South Korea.

Body homeostasis is predominantly controlled by hormones secreted by endocrine organs. The central nervous system contains several important endocrine structures, including the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Conventionally, neurohormones released by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland (hypophysis) have received much attention owing to the unique functions of the end hormones released by their target peripheral organs (e. Read More

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Microbial ACBP/DBI-like genes are rare in the human gut microbiome and show no links with obesity.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department CIBIO, University of Trento, Italy

Acyl coenzyme A (CoA) binding protein (ACBP), also called diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI) is a phylogenetically conserved protein that is expressed by all eukaryotic species as well as by some bacteria. Since elevated ACBP/DBI levels play a major role in the inhibition of autophagy, increase in appetite and lipoanabolism that accompany obesity, we wondered whether ACBP/DBI produced by the human microbiome might affect host weight. We found that the genomes of bacterial commensals rarely contain ACBP/DBI homologues, which are rather encoded by genomes of some pathogenic or environmental taxa that were not prevalent in human feces. Read More

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Appetite and Energy Intake Regulation in Response to Acute Exercise.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO Department of Health and Kinesiology, College of Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Anschutz Health & Wellness Center at the University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO Rocky Mountain Regional Veterans Administration, Aurora, CO.

Purpose: To determine if energy intake and appetite regulation differ in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise (REx) vs aerobic exercise (AEx).

Methods: Physically inactive adults (n=24, 35±2% body fat, 50% female) completed 3 conditions: AEx (walking at 65-70% heart rate max for 45 minutes); REx (1-set to failure of 12 exercises); and sedentary control (SED). Each condition was initiated in the post-prandial state (35 minutes post breakfast). Read More

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A review of the functional effects of pine nut oil, pinolenic acid and its derivative eicosatrienoic acid and their potential health benefits.

Prog Lipid Res 2021 Apr 5:101097. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Human Development and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Pine nut oil (PNO) is rich in a variety of unusual delta-5-non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids (NMIFAs), including pinolenic acid (PLA; all cis-5,-9,-12 18:3) which typically comprises 14 to 19% of total fatty acids. PLA has been shown to be metabolised to eicosatrienoic acid (ETA; all cis-7,-11,-14 20:3) in various cells and tissues. Here we review the literature on PNO, PLA and its metabolite ETA in the context of human health applications. Read More

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Can a Higher Protein/Low Glycemic Index vs. a Conventional Diet Attenuate Changes in Appetite and Gut Hormones Following Weight Loss? A 3-Year PREVIEW Sub-study.

Front Nutr 2021 22;8:640538. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

School of Human Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Previous research showed that weight-reducing diets increase appetite sensations and/or circulating ghrelin concentrations for up to 36 months, with transient or enduring perturbations in circulating concentrations of the satiety hormone peptide YY. This study assessed whether a diet that is higher in protein and low in glycemic index (GI) may attenuate these changes. 136 adults with pre-diabetes and a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m underwent a 2-month weight-reducing total meal replacement diet. Read More

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Food cue images and subjective appetitive responses in obese children.

Nutr Health 2021 Apr 7:2601060211003985. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Paediatric Medicine, 204733Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (DU), Chennai, India.

Background: Food decision-making is based on various intrinsic and extrinsic factors of an individual. Food preferences and food cue sensitivity influence energy intake, which in turn affects body weight.

Aim: The present study assessed the subjective appetite of obese children in response to food cue images. Read More

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BIOLOGICAL METHOD FOR BABESIOSIS DETECTION: THE UNIFIED VERSION IN VIVO.

Authors:
Inna I Torianyk

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(2):268-272

STATE INSTITUTION «MECHNIKOV INSTITUTE OF MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES OF UKRAINE», KHARKIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim is to establish a unified version of the biological method for babesiosis detection in vivo.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: samples (n=257) of biological material of different origin were examined. These included: blood samples from patients (n=6) and cattle (n=15); salivary gland homogenates (n=28) from 147 imagoes of ticks of the family Ixodidae, 32 imagoes of Ixodes ricinus and 115 imagoes of Dermacentor reticulates; spleen homogenates (n=63) from mouse-like rodents (Muridae) of the genera Myodes, Microtus, Apodemus and Sylvaemus. Read More

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Angiopoietin-Like Growth Factor Involved in Leptin Signaling in the Hypothalamus.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 26;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Biochemistry, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon 35015, Korea.

The hypothalamic regulation of appetite governs whole-body energy balance. Satiety is regulated by endocrine factors including leptin, and impaired leptin signaling is associated with obesity. Despite the anorectic effect of leptin through the regulation of the hypothalamic feeding circuit, a distinct downstream mediator of leptin signaling in neuron remains unclear. Read More

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The Acute Effects of a Relative Dose of Pre-Sleep Protein on Recovery Following Evening Resistance Exercise in Active Young Men.

Sports (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;9(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Energy Metabolism and Body Composition Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, Elon University, 100 Campus Drive, Elon, NC 27244, USA.

The purpose of the present study was to assess the acute effects of pre-sleep consumption of isocaloric casein protein (CP), CP and whey protein (BLEND), or non-caloric control (CTRL) at a dose relative to lean body mass (LBM) on recovery following an evening lower-body resistance exercise (RE) bout. Fifteen active and previously resistance-trained males (age: 21 ± 1 years, body fat: 14.2 ± 2. Read More

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Positive and Negative Aspects of Sodium Intake in Dialysis and Non-Dialysis CKD Patients.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 16;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Kidney and Dialysis, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-Cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan.

Sodium intake theoretically has dual effects on both non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and dialysis patients. One negatively affects mortality by increasing proteinuria and blood pressure. The other positively affects mortality by ameliorating nutritional status through appetite induced by salt intake and the amount of food itself, which is proportional to the amount of salt under the same salty taste. Read More

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Resistant Starch Combined with Whey Protein Increases Postprandial Metabolism and Lowers Glucose and Insulin Responses in Healthy Adult Men.

Foods 2021 Mar 5;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Human Nutrition and Metabolism Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Physiological Sciences, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA.

Resistant starch (RS) and/or protein consumption favorably influence energy metabolism, substrate utilization, and weight management. The current study administered four different versions of a pancake breakfast containing waxy maize or RS with and without whey protein (WP) and measured postprandial thermogenesis (TEM), fuel utilization, and circulating satiation and appetite factors for 180 min in a group of healthy, adult men. On four separate visits to the laboratory, eight participants were administered four different pancake breakfast meal challenges using a single-blind, randomized crossover design: (1) waxy maize starch (WMS) control; (2) WMS and WP (WMS + WP); (3) RS; or (4) RS and WP (RS + WP). Read More

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Energy Intake and Appetite Sensations Responses to Aquatic Cycling in Healthy Women: The WatHealth Study.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 24;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Sport Medicine and Functional Explorations, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, G. Montpied Hospital, CEDEX 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate energy expenditure, food intake and appetite feelings in response to water- vs. land-based cycling exercises in healthy young women.

Methods: Anthropometric measurements and body composition were assessed among 20 women who performed four experimental sessions in a randomized order: (i) a rest condition (CONT); (ii) a 30-min aqua-cycling exercise session (WAT), (iii) a 30-min land-cycling exercise session at the same rpm (LAND), (iv) a land-cycling session at the same heart rate and isoenergetic to WAT (LAND-Iso). Read More

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Effectiveness of Oral Nutritional Supplements on Older People with Anorexia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 3;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha 410013, China.

Background: Nutrition plays an important role in maintaining the overall health of older people. Inadequate intake may lead to impaired body function, higher morbidity, and mortality. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) showed positive effect on the nutritional status of the elderly; however, systematic evidence is currently lacking on the effect of ONS on the elderly with anorexia. Read More

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A Case of Canine Polyglandular Deficiency Syndrome with Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoadrenocorticism.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 7;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Earth Animal Hospital, 4-3-43 Hokushin-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido 090-0052, Japan.

This report describes the first clinical case, to our knowledge, of a dog with polyglandular deficiency syndrome with diabetes mellitus and hypoadrenocorticism. A six-year-old female Cavalier King Charles Spaniel presented with a history of lethargy and appetite loss. The dog was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis based on hyperglycemia and renal glucose and ketone body loss. Read More

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Transcription Factor TonEBP Stimulates Hyperosmolality-Dependent Arginine Vasopressin Gene Expression in the Mouse Hypothalamus.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 16;12:627343. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea.

The hypothalamic neuroendocrine system is strongly implicated in body energy homeostasis. In particular, the degree of production and release of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the hypothalamus is affected by plasma osmolality, and that hypothalamic AVP is responsible for thirst and osmolality-dependent water and metabolic balance. However, the osmolality-responsive intracellular mechanism within AVP cells that regulates AVP synthesis is not clearly understood. Read More

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High-fat Diet Enhances Gastric Contractility, but Abolishes Nesfatin-1-induced Inhibition of Gastric Emptying.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021 Apr;27(2):265-278

Department of Physiology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background/aims: Gastrointestinal motility changes contribute to development and maintenance of obesity. Nesfatin-1 (NES-1) is involved in central appetite control. The aim is to elucidate effects of NES-1 and high-fat diet (HFD) on gastrointestinal motility and to explore myenteric neuron expressions of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in HFDinduced oxidative injury. Read More

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Polygenic risk for immuno-metabolic markers and specific depressive symptoms: A multi-sample network analysis study.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany; Institute of Computational Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum Munich, Neuherberg, Germany.

Background: About every fourth patient with major depressive disorder (MDD) shows evidence of systemic inflammation. Previous studies have shown inflammation-depression associations of multiple serum inflammatory markers and multiple specific depressive symptoms. It remains unclear, however, if these associations extend to genetic/lifetime predisposition to higher inflammatory marker levels and what role metabolic factors such as Body Mass Index (BMI) play. Read More

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Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on leptin and adiponectin: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hormones (Athens) 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 19395-4763, No. 24, Shahid-Erabi St., Yeman St., Velenjak, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Ramadan intermittent fasting may affect whole-body metabolism by affecting appetite-related hormones. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the possible effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on the main hormones regulating appetite and satiety, including leptin and adiponectin.

Methods: All English language papers in the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases were searched using the keywords "Ramadan fasting", "adiponectin", and "leptin", up to 2020. Read More

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Perceptions and beliefs about anaemia: A qualitative study in three agroecological regions of Ghana.

Matern Child Nutr 2021 Mar 29:e13181. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Little evidence exists concerning perceptions of anaemia in Ghanaian communities, which limits understanding of how to potentially improve health in settings with high anaemia prevalence. We explored lay perceptions of anaemia to understand local knowledge and beliefs and to provide an opportunity to inform interventions. A cross-sectional, qualitative study was conducted in selected communities in three regions of Ghana with high prevalence of anaemia. Read More

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Eating styles profiles in Chilean women: A latent Profile analysis.

Appetite 2021 Mar 26;163:105211. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Universidad de La Frontera, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Salud Pública, Temuco, Chile; Universidad de La Frontera, Facultad de Medicina, Centro de Investigación en Epidemiología Cardiovascular y Nutricional (EPICYN), Temuco, Chile; Universidad de La Frontera, Centro de Investigación y Gestión para la Salud Basada en la Evidencia (CIGES), Temuco, Chile.

The aims of this study were to identify profiles of women based on their levels of emotional, external and restraint eating, and to determine differences in these eating styles profiles based on nutritional status, sociodemographic characteristics, stress, social support, and satisfaction with the body image. Questionnaires were administered to 884 women aged 20 to 60 living in two Chilean cities. Questionnaires included the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), the Medical Outcomes Study-Social Support Survey, and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Read More

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Patient-reported Quality of Life following Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Primary Kidney Cancer - Results from a Prospective Cohort Study.

Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Department of Radiation Oncology, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Aims: We report on the first prospective series of patient-reported quality of life (QoL) following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for primary kidney cancer.

Materials And Methods: Patients were treated on a multi-institutional prospective cohort study with 30-42 Gy SBRT in three or five fractions. QoL assessments were carried out using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-15 Palliative (EORTC-QLQ-C15-PAL), the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Kidney Symptom Index-19 (FACT FKSI-19) and the EuroQol-5D-3L tools at baseline, 1 week, and 1, 3 and 6 months post-treatment. Read More

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Adipocytokine and appetite-regulating hormone response to weight loss in adolescents with obesity: Impact of weight loss magnitude.

Nutrition 2021 Feb 14;87-88:111188. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Postgraduate Program of Nutrition, Federal University of Sao Paulo; Paulista Medicine School, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the magnitude of weight loss (WL) and serum concentrations of the main adipocytokines and appetite-regulating hormones in adolescents with obesity.

Methods: After completion of informed consent,108 adolescents with obesity (14-19 y of age; postpubertal) were submitted to clinical, nutritional, psychological, physical exercise, and physiotherapy support for 1 y. Body composition (BC) and plasma levels of neuropeptides (neuropeptide Y [NPY], agouti-related peptide [AgRP], and α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone [α-MSH]) and leptin were measured at baseline and post-intervention. Read More

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February 2021

How psychological inflexibility mediates the association between general feelings of shame with body image-related shame and eating psychopathology severity?

Appetite 2021 Mar 23;163:105228. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive and Behavioral Intervention (CINEICC), Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

Adolescence is considered a transitional stage characterized by several physical, psychological and social changes. During this period, there is an increased propensity for the emergence of emotional difficulties, especially those related to body image and eating attitudes and behaviours. In particular, shame has been pointed out as a key risk factor for body image and eating-related difficulties. Read More

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