85 results match your criteria appearance manic


Psychotic Features Among Patients in the Prodromal Stage of Dementia with Lewy Bodies During Longitudinal Observation.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Aug 24. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Sapporo Sato Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Many cases of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) present with various psychotic features, including hallucinations, depression, catatonia, and delusions before the onset of cognitive impairment. However, the characteristic features of these psychotic symptoms in prodromal DLB have not been sufficiently described.

Objective: To clarify and describe the psychotic features of prodromal DLB before overt cognitive impairment. Read More

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Impact of KMN network genes on progression and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer.

Anticancer Drugs 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Respiratory, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People's Republic of China.

The Knl1-Mis12-Ndc80 (KMN) network genes (including KNL, MIS12 and NDC80 complexes) encode a highly conserved network of protein complexes that act in cell mitosis. In recent years, multiple studies revealed that KMN network genes also play a vital role in tumor appearance and growth. However, the role of the KMN gene network in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. Read More

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Cannabis-induced psychosis: clinical characteristics and its differentiation from schizophrenia with and without cannabis use.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 31;33(2):95-108. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre.

Cannabis use is considered an established risk factor for psychosis development. Differentiating between cannabis-induced disorders and schizophrenia is useful for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. Three inpatients groups were differentiated: cannabis-induced psychosis (CIP) (n = 69; mean age = 27. Read More

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[Body Dysmorphic Disorder - Balance between Beauty Mania and Illness].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 ;109(7):499-503

Klinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie, Universitätsspital Zürich.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder - Balance between Beauty Mania and Illness The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) belongs to the somatoform disorders and is characterized by an excessive concern about a slight or not apparent defect in appearance. Typical areas of concern include the face, for example the skin texture or form and symmetry of a particular feature. Besides behavioral pecularities such as excessive checking of the defect in a mirror, the preoccupation causes clinically significant distress and impairment in social functioning. Read More

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Sex difference in the progression of manic symptoms during acute hospitalization: A prospective pilot study.

Brain Behav 2020 03 13;10(3):e01568. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objectives: Acute mania is a serious medical condition that impacts men and women equally. Longtime presentation of manic symptoms is sex-dependent; however, little is known about acute symptoms of mania. The objective of this study is to track and compare acute manic symptoms for sex differences during inpatient hospitalization. Read More

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Delusional misidentifications in a procrustean bed.

Psychiatriki 2018 Jan-Mar;29(1):15-18

Consultant Psychiatrist, Department of Psychological Medicine, Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, University of Nottingham, UK.

The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e. Read More

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October 2018

Pattern recognition of magnetic resonance imaging-based gray matter volume measurements classifies bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder.

J Affect Disord 2018 02 13;227:498-505. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Molecular Imaging and Neuropathology Division, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; Department of Radiology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Bipolar Disorder (BD) cannot be reliably distinguished from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) until the first manic or hypomanic episode. Consequently, many patients with BD are treated with antidepressants without mood stabilizers, a strategy that is often ineffective and carries a risk of inducing a manic episode. We previously reported reduced cortical thickness in right precuneus, right caudal middle-frontal cortex and left inferior parietal cortex in BD compared with MDD. Read More

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February 2018

The genealogy of the clinical syndrome of mania: signs and symptoms described in psychiatric texts from 1880 to 1900.

Authors:
K S Kendler

Psychol Med 2018 07 11;48(10):1573-1591. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics,Virginia Commonwealth University,Richmond, VA,USA.

In 1800, mania was conceptualized as an agitated psychotic state. By 1900, it closely resembled its modern form. This paper reviews the descriptions of mania in Western psychiatry from 1880 to 1900, when Kraepelin was training and developing his concept of manic-depressive illness. Read More

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[Severe Interstitial Lung Disease and Manic Symptoms Secondary to Corticosteroids in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Secondary Sjögren's Syndrome].

Acta Med Port 2017 Mar 31;30(3):246-250. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Serviço de Reumatologia. Hospital de Egas Moniz. Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental. Lisboa. Portugal. CEDOC. NOVA Medical School/Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.

Interstitial lung disease occurs in up to 25% of patients with Sjögren's syndrome and 2% - 8 % of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Corticosteroid therapy remains the main treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus. However, it can be associated with several neuropsychiatric disorders especially with prednisolone at a dose of more than 40 mg/day. Read More

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The clinical features of mania and their representation in modern diagnostic criteria.

Authors:
K S Kendler

Psychol Med 2017 Apr 19;47(6):1013-1029. Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics,Virginia Commonwealth University,Richmond,VA,USA.

This review seeks to determine the degree to which modern operationalized diagnostic criteria for mania reflect the clinical features of mania described historically by expert textbook authors. Clinical descriptions of mania appearing in 18 textbooks published between 1899 and 1956 were reviewed and compared to the criteria for mania from six modern operationalized diagnostic systems. Twenty-two prominent symptoms and signs were reported by five or more authors. Read More

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Muscle mania: the quest for the perfect body.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 Dec 1;2016. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. Read More

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December 2016

Trichotillomania: Bizzare Patern of Hair Loss at 11-Year-old Girl.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):150-3

Jana Zímová, MD. Department of Dermatology. University Hospital Ostrava. 17. listopadu 1790. 708 52 Ostrava - Poruba. Czech Republic;

Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). Read More

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The manic phase of Bipolar disorder significantly impairs theory of mind decoding.

Psychiatry Res 2016 05 29;239:275-80. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, Kingston Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston Ontario, Canada; Centre for Neuroscience, Queen's University, Kingston Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Bipolar disorder is associated with significant deficits in the decoding of others' mental states in comparison to healthy participants. However, differences in theory of mind decoding ability among patients in manic, depressed, and euthymic phases of bipolar disorder is currently unknown. Fifty-nine patients with bipolar I or II disorder (13 manic, 25 depressed, 20 euthymic) completed the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Task (Eyes task) and the Animals Task developed to control for non-mentalistic response demands of the Eyes Task. Read More

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Mood and anxiety disorders as early manifestations of medical illness: a systematic review.

Psychother Psychosom 2015 24;84(1):22-9. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: Affective disturbances involving alterations of mood, anxiety and irritability may be early symptoms of medical illnesses. The aim of this paper was to provide a systematic review of the literature with qualitative data synthesis.

Methods: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were systematically searched from inception to February 2014. Read More

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Depression: discrete or continuous?

Authors:
Brad Bowins

Psychopathology 2015 13;48(2):69-78. Epub 2014 Dec 13.

Centre for Theoretical Research in Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

Elucidating the true structure of depression is necessary if we are to advance our understanding and treatment options. Central to the issue of structure is whether depression represents discrete types or occurs on a continuum. Nature almost universally operates on the basis of continuums, whereas human perception favors discrete categories. Read More

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Neurofunctional effects of quetiapine in patients with bipolar mania.

Bipolar Disord 2015 Jun 31;17(4):444-9. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, Division of Bipolar Disorders Research, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Objectives: Several lines of evidence suggest that abnormalities within portions of the extended limbic network involved in affective regulation and expression contribute to the neuropathophysiology of bipolar disorder. In particular, portions of the prefrontal cortex have been implicated in the appearance of manic symptomatology. The effect of atypical antipsychotics on activation of these regions, however, remains poorly understood. Read More

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Predictors of remission in 208 drug-resistant depressive patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy.

J ECT 2014 Dec;30(4):292-7

From the *Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy; †Institute of Behavioral Science "G. De Lisio", Carrara-Pisa, Italy and ‡Intensive Care Unit 3, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, Pisa, Italy.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore predictors of remission to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a sample of depressive patients resistant to pharmacological treatments.

Methods: Two hundred eight patients, 31 of whom had major depressive disorder, 101 had bipolar disorder II (BP II), and 76 had bipolar disorder I (BP I), diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria were treated with bilateral ECT on a twice-a-week schedule. All patients included were undergoing a depressive episode, excluding patients with mixed and manic episodes. Read More

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December 2014

[Manic state and manic pseudodementia].

Nihon Rinsho 2013 Oct;71(10):1781-6

Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Metropolitan Matsuzawa Hospital.

The function of each organ including the brain tends to decline with aging. This influences on the appearance of psychotic symptoms in the elderly. A manic state in the elderly is often atypical and different from that in younger and middle aged patients. Read More

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October 2013

Visual context processing in bipolar disorder: a comparison with schizophrenia.

Front Psychol 2013 30;4:569. Epub 2013 Aug 30.

Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN, USA ; School of Optometry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley CA, USA.

Anomalous perception has been investigated extensively in schizophrenia, but it is unclear whether these impairments are specific to schizophrenia or extend to other psychotic disorders. Recent studies of visual context processing in schizophrenia (Tibber et al., 2013; Yang et al. Read More

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September 2013

Bipolar mixed states: an international society for bipolar disorders task force report of symptom structure, course of illness, and diagnosis.

Am J Psychiatry 2013 Jan;170(1):31-42

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, USA.

Objective: Episodes of bipolar disorder are defined as depressive or manic, but depressive and manic symptoms can combine in the same episode. Coexistence or rapid alternation of depressive and manic symptoms in the same episode may indicate a more severe form of bipolar disorder and may pose diagnostic and treatment challenges. However, definitions of mixed states, especially those with prominent depression, are not well established. Read More

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January 2013

[The difference between depression and melancholia: two distinct conditions that were combined into a single category in DSM-III].

Authors:
Susumu Ohmae

Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2012 ;114(8):886-905

Department of Psychiatry, Toranomon Hospital.

In DSM-III (1980), depressive states of neurosis and those of manic-depressive illness (melancholia or endogenous depression) were combined into the single category "major depression," which is the progenitor of "major depressive disorder" in DSM-IV-TR (2000). According to Hamilton, the word "depression" is used in three different ways. In common speech, it is used to describe the state of sadness that all persons experience when they lose something of importance to them. Read More

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January 2013

Depressive symptoms as a side effect of the sustained release form of methylphenidate in a 7-year-old boy with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Authors:
Aneta Lakić

Vojnosanit Pregl 2012 Feb;69(2):201-4

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Adolescents, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: Hyperkinetic disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a clinical entity consisting of a cluster of symptoms including hyperactivity, attention disorder and impulse control disorder group. In the context of ADHD etiology we may say that genetic, clinical and imaging studies point out a disruption of the brain dopamine system, which is corroborated by the clinical effectiveness of stimulant drugs, which increase extracellular dopamine in the brain. Basically, it is a biological and not psychological disorder, which is important both for the comprehension and therapeutical approach to this problem. Read More

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February 2012

Enhancing effects of chronic lithium treatment on detour learning in chicks.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2012 Jul;148(1):38-43

Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, People’s Republic of China.

Lithium is the first line of therapeutic drugs used to treat both mania and depression in bipolar disorder.Although a body of research suggests that lithium acts as a cognitive enhancer, other animal studies suggest that lithium induces cognitive deficits. Comparatively, the effects of lithium on cognitive behaviour in these studies are inconsistent and contradictory. Read More

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Signs and symptoms of acute mania: a factor analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2011 Aug 19;11:137. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: The major diagnostic classifications consider mania as a uni-dimensional illness. Factor analytic studies of acute mania are fewer compared to schizophrenia and depression. Evidence from factor analysis suggests more categories or subtypes than what is included in the classification systems. Read More

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Bipolar and ADHD Comorbidity: Both Artifact and Outgrowth of Shared Mechanisms.

Clin Psychol (New York) 2010 Dec;17(4):350-359

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Published rates of comorbidity between pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been higher than would be expected if they were independent conditions, but also dramatically different across different studies. This review examines processes that could artificially create the appearance of comorbidity or substantially bias estimates of the ADHD-BPD comorbidity rate, including: categorization of dimensional constructs, overlap among diagnostic criteria, over-splitting, developmental sequencing, and referral or surveillance biases. Evidence also suggests some mechanisms for "true" BPD-ADHD comorbidity, including shared risk factors, distinct subtypes, and weak causal relationships. Read More

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December 2010

Manic episode associated with mega cisterna magna.

Psychiatry Investig 2010 Dec 9;7(4):305-7. Epub 2010 Nov 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Erciyes University Medical School, Kayseri, Turkey.

Mega cisterna magna is a part of "Dandy-Walker Complex" and it is characterized by the enlargement of the cisterna magna, morphologically intact vermis and cerebellar hemispheres. We report a case of manic attack in a 23-year-old man with mega cisterna magna. The patient was treated with quetiapine 1,000 mg/day and sodium valproate 1,500 mg/day and the symptoms were ameliorated within 2. Read More

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December 2010

[Association between hospital admissions due to affective disorders and solar activity. Analysis of 16 years].

Rev Med Chil 2010 Jun;138(6):694-700

Clínica Psiquiátrica Universitaria, Facultad de Medidcina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile.

Background: Exposure to solar activity may be associated with incidence of depressive and manic disorders.

Aim: To assess the link between solar activity and appearance of affective disorders.

Material And Methods: We examined 1862 clinical records of a psychiatric clinic located in Santiago, Chile. Read More

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The occurence of mood and anxiety disorders in heart transplant recipients.

Transplant Proc 2009 Oct;41(8):3214-8

Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Silesia, Poland ul Pyskowicka 49, 42-612 Tarnowskie Góry, Poland.

Fortynine heart transplant recipients were evaluated during the first weeks after orthotopic heart transplantation. Using the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases-10th revision) criteria, we studied the incidence of anxiety disorders as well as 17 demographic and medical factors potentially influencing the probability of their occurrence. A smaller 36-person group was evaluated using standard psychopathologic scales for anxiety and mood disorders. Read More

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October 2009

Illicit anabolic-androgenic steroid use.

Horm Behav 2010 Jun 18;58(1):111-21. Epub 2009 Sep 18.

Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02478, USA.

The anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are a family of hormones that includes testosterone and its derivatives. These substances have been used by elite athletes since the 1950s, but they did not become widespread drugs of abuse in the general population until the 1980s. Thus, knowledge of the medical and behavioral effects of illicit AAS use is still evolving. Read More

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