134,472 results match your criteria anxiety symptoms


The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep disturbance in higher education students during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Mar 9;301:113863. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada.

The COVID-19 pandemic and its accompanying infection control measures introduced significant disruptions to the routines of many higher education students around the world. It also deprived them of in-person counselling services and social support. These changes have put students at a greater risk of developing mental illness. Read More

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Symptom severity moderates the outcome of attention bias modification for depression: An exploratory study.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 5;138:528-534. Epub 2021 May 5.

Clinical Neuroscience Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Division of Psychiatry, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

A recent meta-analysis has questioned the relevance of attention bias modification (ABM) for depression outcomes. However, there might be patient characteristics not yet accounted for, that are relevant to the outcome. In the context of personalized treatment, the lack of moderator studies have limited the potential for matching ABM-treatment to individual patient characteristics. Read More

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Clinical implications of panic attack in Chinese patients with somatoform disorders.

J Psychosom Res 2021 May 10;146:110509. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Somatoform disorders are frequently accompanied by panic attack and causes many clinical symptoms. This study aimed to compare clinical features between patients with and without panic attack in somatoform disorder.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 341 patients with somatoform disorder according to the MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M. Read More

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Functional Outcomes, Goals, and Goal Attainment Amongst Chronically Critically Ill Long-Term Acute Care Hospital Patients.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 14640, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

Rationale: Chronically critically ill patients admitted to a long-term acute care hospital (LTACH) setting are a vulnerable population of intensive care unit survivors. Little is known of the goals and functional outcomes achieved by patients after rehabilitation in the LTACH setting.

Objectives: We sought to examine patient goals and functional outcomes, including swallowing function, amongst ICU survivors admitted to an LTACH with a tracheostomy. Read More

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Visual attention toward emotional stimuli: Anxiety symptoms correspond to distinct gaze patterns.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0250176. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Decades of research have established a link between emotional disorders and attentional biases for emotional stimuli, but the relationship between symptom severity and visual attention is still not fully understood. Depression has been associated with increased attention towards dysphoric stimuli and decreased attention on positive stimuli ("negativity bias"), and some studies have also shown this trend in anxiety disorders. We examined eye fixation variables in 47 participants with emotional disorders completing an emotion recognition task. Read More

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The role of perceived thought control ability in the psychological functioning of Black American mothers.

Am J Orthopsychiatry 2021 ;91(2):246-257

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at Austin.

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the extent to which perceived thought control ability (PTCA) promotes the psychological functioning of Black American mothers, as well as moderates the negative effects of key stressors faced by this population, including discrimination experiences, financial strain, and parenting stress.

Methods: An online survey was administered to 305 Black American mothers across the U.S. Read More

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January 2021

The level of agreement between rapid-on-site evaluation of endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspirate and surgical histological diagnosis in gastrointestinal lesions.

Cytopathology 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Objective: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is the main tool for biopsy via fine needle aspiration (FNA) from gastrointestinal (GI) lesions including pancreatic, upper gastrointestinal, and adjacent lesions. The variable diagnostic yield and delay until the final pathological results can affect treatment planning and cause patient anxiety. We aimed to assess the agreement of rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of EUS-FNA with the surgical histological diagnosis of patients who underwent resection. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the Dutch-Flemish PROMIS pediatric item banks Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms in a general population.

Qual Life Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, De Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: This study aims to validate the Dutch-Flemish PROMIS pediatric item banks v2.0 Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms, the short forms 8a, and computerized adaptive tests (CATs) in a general Dutch population and to provide reference data.

Methods: Participants (N = 2,893, aged 8-18), recruited by two internet survey providers, completed both item banks. Read More

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Association of obstructive sleep apnea risk with depression and anxiety symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Study Objective: To determine whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) risk is associated with depression and anxiety symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of women with PCOS, by the Rotterdam criteria, seen at a single academic center between June 2017 and June 2020. Depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms and OSA risk were assessed with self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Berlin questionnaires, respectively. Read More

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Depressive symptoms in early alcohol or opioid abstinence: course & correlates.

J Addict Dis 2021 May 13:1-27. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Depressive symptoms are common during abstinence from psychoactive substances. Research caveats limit the study of persistence of significant depressive symptoms beyond four weeks of abstinence. This prospective study examined the course and correlates of depressive symptoms in patients with alcohol or opioid use disorder over 5-8 weeks. Read More

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Cumulative Effect of Psychological Alterations on Gastrointestinal Symptom Severity in Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Am J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr;116(4):769-779

1Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Centre for Functional GI and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Introduction: Psychological alterations are common and considered important for symptom generation in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the possible cumulative effect of having multiple psychological alterations on gastrointestinal (GI) symptom severity in IBS is largely unknown.

Methods: Patients with IBS (Rome IV) completed validated questionnaires assessing GI symptoms (Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale, IBS version and IBS Severity Scoring System), personality traits (Big Five), posttraumatic stress and psychological alterations, anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire, 9-item version), fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory), pain catastrophizing, somatization (Patient Health Questionnaire, 12-item version), stress (Perceived Stress Scale), and GI-specific anxiety (Visceral Sensitivity Index). Read More

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Substance use classes and symptoms of anxiety and depression among Canadian secondary school students.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2021 May;41(5):153-164

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Few studies have assessed patterns of substance use among Canadian adolescents. This cross-sectional study examined substance use classes among Canadian secondary school students and associations with anxiety and depression.

Methods: This study used data from Year 6 (2017/18) of the COMPASS study. Read More

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children Following Prenatal Exposure to Antidepressants: results from the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study.

BJOG 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety Research Group, Department of Pharmacy, PharmaTox Strategic Initiative, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: To determine the association between child ADHD and prenatal exposure to selective serotonin (SSRI) and serotonin-norepinephrine (SNRI) reuptake inhibitor antidepressants, by timing and duration, with quantification of bias due to exposure misclassification.

Design: Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study and national health registries.

Setting: Nation-wide, Norway. Read More

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Negative interpretations of ambiguous 'psychosis-like' and 'anxiety-like' experiences in recovery from psychosis or anxiety.

Br J Clin Psychol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology, The Oxford Centre for Psychological Health, The Oxford Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Oxford, Salisbury, UK.

Objectives: Fear of relapse (FOR) after experiencing psychosis has been found to predict actual relapse; however, potential mechanisms underlying this relationship have not been investigated. Negative appraisals of 'prodromal symptoms' are believed to play an important role in both psychosis and mental health anxiety (MHA). This study aimed to explore whether people in recovery from psychosis or anxiety disorders show an enduring tendency to negatively interpret ambiguous experiences both related and less related to their previous mental health difficulty relative to controls. Read More

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The Relationship Between Anxiety and Alzheimer's Disease.

Authors:
Mario F Menddez

J Alzheimers Dis Rep 2021 Mar 8;5(1):171-177. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Neurology, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA); Neurology Service, Neurobehavior Unit, V.A. Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Although Alzheimer's disease (AD) is primarily a neurocognitive disorder, it also results in prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). Much literature has investigated the NPS of apathy and depression in association with AD, but relatively less is known regarding anxiety, the third most common NPS in this disorder. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in AD is about 40%, and it can be a prelude of AD. Read More

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Prognostic factors for pain chronicity in low back pain: a systematic review.

Pain Rep 2021 1;6(1):e919. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Rehabilitation and Psychosocial Support, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

Low back pain is the leading cause for years lived in disability. Most people with acute low back pain improve rapidly, but 4% to 25% of patients become chronic. Since the previous systematic reviews on the subject, a large number of new studies have been conducted. Read More

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Knowledge of patient emotional health status: impact on clinical care in glaucoma and retinal services.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2021 21;6(1):e000640. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objective: Knowledge of a patient's emotional health status and using patient-centred communication may be key to providing early intervention and referral to appropriate treatment/support services for ophthalmology patients. This study aims to determine if and how ophthalmologists use anxiety and depression scores to determine clinical care of patients with chronic eye disease.

Methods And Analysis: This cross-sectional study included 10 ophthalmologists and a convenience sample of 100 of their patients (>18 years). Read More

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Defining Atypical Anxiety in Parkinson's Disease.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2021 May 4;8(4):571-581. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

School of Psychology University of Queensland Brisbane Queensland Australia.

Background: Anxiety is a major complication in Parkinson's disease (PD). Many PD patients experience clinically significant anxiety not meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) anxiety disorder criteria. This atypical anxiety (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified [NOS]) is often under-recognized and its diagnosis is underdeveloped. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study From Pakistan.

Front Public Health 2021 26;9:603602. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly increased the rate of mortality and morbidity worldwide due to its rapid transmission rate. The mental health status of individuals could have a negative impact attributed to this global situation. Therefore, this study was intended to explore the symptoms of depression and anxiety among healthcare workers (HCWs) of Pakistan during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Mental Health Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh: A Survey-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Glob Health 2021 Apr 26;87(1):43. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Health Science, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia; African Vision Research Institute (AVRI), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, 3629, South Africa.

Background: Feelings of isolation, insecurity, and instability triggered by COVID-19 could have a long-term impact on the mental health status of individuals.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of mental health symptoms (anxiety, depression, and stress) in Bangladesh and the factors associated with these symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: From 1 to 30 April 2020, we used a validated self-administered questionnaire to conduct a cross-sectional study on 10,609 participants through an online survey platform. Read More

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Probiotic Supplement Preparation Relieves Test Anxiety by Regulating Intestinal Microbiota in College Students.

Dis Markers 2021 20;2021:5597401. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

National Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Drugs and the Technologies, Institute of Translational Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province 330031, China.

Test anxiety creates barriers to learning and performance, which further affects students' social, behavioural, and emotional development. Currently, the medication to treat test anxiety has not been reported yet. Here, we enrolled 120 students to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplement preparation (PSP) on test anxiety from the aspect of the intestinal microbiota. Read More

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Striatal dopaminergic alterations in individuals with copy number variants at the 22q11.2 genetic locus and their implications for psychosis risk: a [18F]-DOPA PET study.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College, London, UK.

Dopaminergic dysregulation is one of the leading hypotheses for the pathoetiology underlying psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Molecular imaging studies have shown increased striatal dopamine synthesis capacity (DSC) in schizophrenia and people in the prodrome of psychosis. However, it is unclear if genetic risk for psychosis is associated with altered DSC. Read More

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How to identify indolent thyroid tumors unlikely to recur and cause cancer death immediately after surgery-Risk stratification of papillary thyroid carcinoma in young patients.

Endocr J 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Hospital Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Current histopathological diagnosis methods cannot distinguish the two types of thyroid carcinoma: clinically significant carcinomas with a potential risk of recurrence, metastasis, and cancer death, and clinically insignificant carcinomas with a slow growth rate. Both thyroid tumors are diagnosed as "carcinoma" in current pathology practice. The clinician usually recommends surgery to the patient and the patient often accepts it because of cancer terminology. Read More

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Prenatal Exposure And Child brain and mental Health (PEACH) study: protocol for a cohort study of children and youth with prenatal alcohol exposure.

BMJ Open 2021 May 11;11(5):e051660. Epub 2021 May 11.

Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which is caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), affects an estimated 4% of North Americans, and is the most common preventable cause of intellectual disability. Mental health problems, including anxiety and depression, are experienced by nearly all individuals with FASD. However, there is very limited knowledge about effective mental health treatments for individuals with FASD; effective treatments are hindered in part due to a lack of understanding of the basic neurobiology underlying internalising disorders in youth with FASD. Read More

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Acute psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak among psychiatric professionals in China: a multicentre, cross-sectional, web-based study.

BMJ Open 2021 May 11;11(5):e047828. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Objectives: To assess the magnitude of mental health outcomes and associated factors among psychiatric professionals in mental health services during COVID-19 in China.

Design, Setting And Participants: This cross-sectional, survey-based, region-stratified study collected demographic data and mental health measurements from psychiatric professionals in 34 hospitals between 29 January and 7 February 2020, in China. Hospitals equipped with fever clinics or deployed on wards for patients with COVID-19 were eligible. Read More

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The prevalence of depression, stress and anxiety symptoms in patients with chronic heart failure.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 May 12;15(1):44. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, 5 Jubilee Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa.

Background: Mental health illnesses are associated with frequent hospitalisation and an increased risk of all-cause mortality. Despite the high prevalence of depression in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), there is a paucity of data on this subject from low and middle-income countries (LMIC). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms in patients attending a dedicated CHF clinic. Read More

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Bereavement interventions to support informal caregivers in the intensive care unit: a systematic review.

BMC Palliat Care 2021 May 12;20(1):66. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Informal caregivers of critically ill patients in intensive care unit (ICUs) experience negative psychological sequelae that worsen after death. We synthesized outcomes reported from ICU bereavement interventions intended to improve informal caregivers' ability to cope with grief.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO from inception to October 2020. Read More

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BEFRIENding for Depression, Anxiety and Social support in older adults living in Australian residential aged care facilities (BEFRIENDAS): randomised controlled trial protocol.

BMC Geriatr 2021 May 12;21(1):305. Epub 2021 May 12.

Aged Care Division, National Ageing Research Institute, Poplar Road, Parkville, 3052, Australia.

Background: This protocol describes an ongoing study of the impact of befriending on depression, anxiety and loneliness in older people living in residential aged care facilities in Australia. While systematic reviews of befriending have indicated positive benefits of befriending for people in a range of ages and settings, there have been no randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of befriending for older people living in residential aged care with depression and no studies of the cost effectiveness of befriending in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Australia.

Methods And Analysis: We are conducting a single blind pragmatic RCT comparing two groups of older people living in RACFs, one receiving an intervention consisting of weekly befriending for 4 months from a trained volunteer and the other receiving treatment as usual. Read More

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Overview of a Pilot Health-focused Reentry Program for Racial/Ethnic Minority Probationers ages 18 to 26 in Southern California.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 May 12:306624X211013739. Epub 2021 May 12.

University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, USA.

There is a significant gap in reentry programming that is tailored to the needs of young adults ages 18 to 26 who are in a unique developmental life stage that involves ongoing maturity in their neurobiology, cognitive development, and social and financial transitions to adulthood and independence. This article describes the structure and approach of a 6-month health-focused reentry program designed for racial/ethnic minority young adult (YA) probationers in Southern California. The UCSD RELINK program includes service navigation and an optional psychoeducation health coaching program to build health literacy, problem-solving, and executive functioning skills relevant across multiple life domains. Read More

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Functional Impairment in Patients with Panic Disorder.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Psychiatry, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Anxiety and depression and sociodemographic factors such as age, gender, education level, income, and marital status among people with panic disorder (PD) are associated with functional impairment in the areas of work, social, and family. Although both PD-specific scales such as the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) and Anxiety Sensitivity Inventory-Revised (ASI-R) and early trauma have been investigated, their relationship with functional impairment in PD patients has not been clarified.

Methods: This study included 267 PD patients. Read More

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