148,674 results match your criteria anxiety disorders


The Effect of Dialectic Behavioral Counseling on Depression, Anxiety, and Postpartum Hematocrit Level.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Apr 12;43(4):275-282. Epub 2021 May 12.

Kerman Nursing Research Center, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Kerman, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Objective:  Childbirth is a biological, psychological, and sociological event that can be a positive or negative experience, and, without support, this period may be potentially damaging. Parturition may distort maternal emotions and lead to short- or long-term disorders such as postpartum depression and anxiety. The present research aims to study the effects of dialectic behavioral therapy-based counseling on depression, anxiety symptoms, and postpartum hematocrit level. Read More

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Universal and Selective Interventions to Prevent Poor Mental Health Outcomes in Young People: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Harv Rev Psychiatry 2021 May-Jun 01;29(3):196-215

From the Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-Detection (EPIC) Laboratory, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London (Drs. Salazar de Pablo, De Micheli, Catalan, Verdino, Di Maggio, Radua, Provenzani, Montealegre, Signorini, and Fusar-Poli, and Mr. Oliver); Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Dr. Salazar de Pablo) and of Psychosis Studies (Drs. Bonoldi and Baccaredda Boy), Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London; Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), CIBERSAM, Madrid (Drs. Salazar de Pablo and Arango); National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Drs. De Micheli and Fusar-Poli); Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia (Drs. Di Maggio, Provenzani, Ruzzi, Calorio, Nosari, Di Marco, Famularo, Molteni, Filosi, Mensi, Balottin, Politi, and Fusar-Poli); Neurosciences Department, University of Padova (Dr. Solmi); Mental Health Department, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Basurto University Hospital, Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Campus de Leioa, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain (Dr. Catalan); Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Division of Psychiatry, University of Siena (Dr. Verdino); Imaging of Mood- and Anxiety-Related Disorders (IMARD) group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona (Dr. Radua); Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Dr. Radua); Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS) Mondino Foundation, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Unit (Dr. Mensi); Department of Paediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Dr. Shin); Zucker Hillside Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Northwell Health, Glen Oaks, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Psychiatry and Molecular Medicine, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, NY (Dr. Correll); Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Dr. Correll); OASIS service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Dr. Fusar-Poli).

Background: Much is not known about the efficacy of interventions to prevent poor mental health outcomes in young people by targeting either the general population (universal prevention) or asymptomatic individuals with high risk of developing a mental disorder (selective prevention).

Methods: We conducted a PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of Web of Science to identify studies comparing post-test efficacy (effect size [ES]; Hedges' g) of universal or selective interventions for poor mental health outcomes versus control groups, in samples with mean age <35 years (PROSPERO: CRD42018102143). Measurements included random-effects models, I2 statistics, publication bias, meta-regression, sensitivity analyses, quality assessments, number needed to treat, and population impact number. Read More

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Identifying Return to Work Self-Efficacy Trajectories in Employees with Mental Health Problems.

J Occup Rehabil 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Tranzo Scientific Center for Care and Wellbeing, Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, Professor Cobbenhagenlaan 125, 5037 DB, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Purpose Return to work self-efficacy (RTW-SE) is a strong predictor of return to work (RTW) in employees with mental health problems (MHPs). However, little is known about the development of RTW-SE during the RTW process. In this study, we aimed to identify RTW-SE trajectories in the year following sick leave in employees with MHPs and provided a description of the trajectories in terms of personal and work characteristics, and RTW status. Read More

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[Explaining Learning Disorders to Primary School Children: Evaluation of a Psychoeducational Lesson About Learning Disorders].

Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 2021 May;70(4):316-332

Stiftung Universität Hildesheim Institut für Psychologie Universitätsplatz 1 31141 Hildesheim Deutschland https://uni-hildesheim.de.

The pilot study investigates the effect of a one-hour psychoeducational lesson for primary school children about specific learning disorders. A pre-post-follow-up-design with waitlist control group has been used. The study examines whether third grade children's (N = 85) knowledge as well as classroom climate, social integration, and well-being could be improved through the psychoeducational lesson. Read More

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Symptoms of depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic: implications for mental health.

Med J Aust 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

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Serotonin-related rodent models of early-life exposure relevant for neurodevelopmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 11;11(1):280. Epub 2021 May 11.

Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Mental disorders including depression and anxiety are continuously rising their prevalence across the globe. Early-life experience of individuals emerges as a main risk factor contributing to the developmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. That is, perturbing environmental conditions during neurodevelopmental stages can have detrimental effects on adult mood and emotional responses. Read More

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The Time Varying Networks of the Interoceptive Attention and Rest.

eNeuro 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Querétaro, México

Focused attention to spontaneous sensations is a dynamic process that demands interoceptive abilities. Failure to control it has been linked to neuropsychiatric disorders like illness-anxiety disorder. Regulatory strategies, such as focused attention meditation, may enhance the ability to control focused attention particularly to body sensations, which can be reflected on functional neuroanatomy. Read More

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Overview of sleep management during COVID-19.

Authors:
Philip M Becker

Sleep Med 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Sleep Medicine Associates of Texas, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Medical Center at Dallas, 12327 Brittany Circle, Dallas, TX 75230 USA. Electronic address:

The sleep of millions has suffered during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Prevalence rates of 20-45% are reported globally for insomnia symptoms during the pandemic. Affected populations include the public and health care workers. Read More

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Somatic distress among Syrian refugees with residence permission in Germany: analysis of a cross-sectional register-based study.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 12;21(1):896. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Previous studies have already proven high rates of common mental disorders in Syrian refugees. Nevertheless, little is known about the patterns of somatic distress among this refugee population. For this reason, we aimed to examine the prevalence, co-occurrence, and risk factors of somatic distress among Syrian refugees in Germany. Read More

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Parental income and mental disorders in children and adolescents: prospective register-based study.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Children with low-income parents have a higher risk of mental disorders, although it is unclear whether other parental characteristics or genetic confounding explain these associations and whether it is true for all mental disorders.

Methods: In this registry-based study of all children in Norway (n = 1 354 393) aged 5-17 years from 2008 to 2016, we examined whether parental income was associated with childhood diagnoses of mental disorders identified through national registries from primary healthcare, hospitalizations and specialist outpatient services.

Results: There were substantial differences in mental disorders by parental income, except for eating disorders in girls. Read More

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Predictors and trajectories of treatment response to SSRIs in patients suffering from PTSD.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 26;301:113964. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Paroxetine and sertraline are the only FDA approved drugs for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although both drugs show better outcomes than placebo, not all patients benefit from treatment. We examined predictors and latent classes of SSRI treatment response in patients with PTSD. Read More

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Psychocutaneous Medicine Clinic; Wisconsin experience.

Authors:
Ladan Mostaghimi

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Director of Wisconsin Psychocutaneous Clinic, Honorary Associate/fellow of Letter &Science/Integrative Biology UW Madison, Professor Emerita of the University of Wisconsin Madison. Electronic address:

Background: Psychocutaneous medicine, also known as psychodermatology, is a subspecialty of dermatology and psychiatry that explores the interactions between the skin and the brain. For many patients, skin disease affects their quality of life and mental wellbeing. For others, psychiatric problems exhibit skin signs. Read More

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Antidepressant-like effects of water extract of Cordyceps militaris (Linn.) Link by modulation of ROCK2/PTEN/Akt signaling in an unpredictable chronic mild stress-induced animal model.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 8:114194. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; National Center for Food Safety Education and Research, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacology Relevance: Cordyceps militaris (Linn.) Link (CM) is a medicinal mushroom traditionally used in tonics for treating several neurological disorders, including epilepsy and anxiety, in Asia. Reports have shown that CM has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects and may be beneficial for depression management. Read More

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One year into the COVID-19 pandemic - temporomandibular disorders and bruxism: What we have learned and what we can do to improve our manner of treatment.

Dent Med Probl 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically changed the routine way of life and challenged the ways in which health and dental services are provided. During the 1st lockdown, practiced in most of the countries, routine dental procedures were suspended. Even after the lockdown was eased, visiting crowded dental clinics was still considered health-threatening, especially among populations at high risk of developing a severe reaction to COVID-19. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness evidence of mental health prevention and promotion interventions: A systematic review of economic evaluations.

PLoS Med 2021 May 11;18(5):e1003606. Epub 2021 May 11.

Deakin University, Deakin Health Economics, Institute for Health Transformation, School of Health and Social Development, Geelong, Australia.

Background: The prevention of mental disorders and promotion of mental health and well-being are growing fields. Whether mental health promotion and prevention interventions provide value for money in children, adolescents, adults, and older adults is unclear. The aim of the current study is to update 2 existing reviews of cost-effectiveness studies in this field in order to determine whether such interventions are cost-effective. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health-related quality of life and anxiety in pediatric hematology/oncology patients.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 May 11:1-15. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Since the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, the strain on healthcare services affected patients suffering from various comorbidities and added to the psychological burden. The study aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety levels of pediatric Hematology/Oncology patients during the COVID19 pandemic and evaluate the association between anxiety levels and physical, emotional, and social aspects of HRQoL. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 292 children between 2. Read More

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Structure-Based SAR in the Design of Selective or Bifunctional Nociceptin (NOP) Receptor Agonists.

AAPS J 2021 May 11;23(3):68. Epub 2021 May 11.

Astraea Therapeutics, LLC, 320 Logue Avenue, Mountain View, California, 94043, USA.

The nociceptin opioid receptor (NOP), the fourth member of the opioid receptor family, and its endogenous peptide ligand, nociceptin or orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), play a vital role in several central nervous system pathways regulating pain, reward, feeding, anxiety, motor control and learning/memory. Both selective NOP agonists as well as bifunctional agonists at the NOP and mu opioid receptor (MOP) have potential therapeutic applications in CNS disorders related to these processes. Using Surflex-Dock protocols, we conducted a computational structure-activity study of four scaffold classes of NOP ligands with varying NOP-MOP selectivity. Read More

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Causal influences of neuroticism on mental health and cardiovascular disease.

Hum Genet 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Bio-X Institutes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China.

We investigated the relationship between neuroticism and 16 mental and 18 physical traits using summary results of genome-wide association studies for these traits. LD score regression was used to investigate genetic correlations between neuroticism and the 34 health outcomes. Mendelian randomization was performed to investigate mutual causal relationships between neuroticism and the 34 health outcomes. Read More

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The effects of the exposure to neurotoxic elements on Italian schoolchildren behavior.

Sci Rep 2021 May 10;11(1):9898. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Occupational Health, University of Brescia, Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, BS, Italy.

Neurodevelopmental disorders are constantly increasing on a global scale. Some elements like heavy metals are known to be neurotoxic. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the neurobehavioral effect of the exposure to trace elements including lead, mercury, cadmium, manganese, arsenic and selenium and their interactions among 299 schoolchildren residing in the heavily polluted Taranto area in Italy. Read More

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Preliminary Comparison of Subcortical Structures in Elderly Subclinical Depression: Structural Analysis with 3T MRI.

Exp Neurobiol 2021 Apr;30(2):183-202

Department of Psychiatry, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju 28644, Korea.

Depression in the elderly population has shown increased likelihood of neurological disorders due to structural changes in the subcortical area. However, further investigation into depression related subcortical changes is needed due to mismatches in structural analysis results between studies as well as scarcities in research regarding subcortical connectivity patterns of subclinical depression populations. This study aims to investigate structural differences in subcortical regions of aged participants with subclinical depression using 3Tesla MRI. Read More

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Accuracy of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression subscale (HADS-D) to screen for major depression: systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis.

BMJ 2021 05 10;373:n972. Epub 2021 May 10.

Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, QC, Canada

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) to screen for major depression among people with physical health problems.

Design: Systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis.

Data Sources: Medline, Medline In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, PsycInfo, and Web of Science (from inception to 25 October 2018). Read More

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Behavioral analyses in mouse models of autism spectrum disorders.

Yi Chuan 2021 May;43(5):501-519

The Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Disease, School of Life Science and Technology, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China.

Autism spectrum disorder is a group of genetically-related developmental disorders of the nervous system. Patients mainly present with core symptoms such as social behavior defects, repetitive stereotyped behaviors, and learning and memory disorders. The mouse models are critical for the studies of the pathogenic mechanisms and potential therapeutic strategies of autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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Are the benefits of benzodiazepines for anxiety disorders underestimated and their risks overestimated?

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 May 10:48674211013089. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.

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Understanding importance of clinical biomarkers for diagnosis of anxiety disorders using machine learning models.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251365. Epub 2021 May 10.

Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental illnesses that cause constant and overwhelming feelings of anxiety and fear. Excessive anxiety can make an individual avoid work, school, family get-togethers, and other social situations that in turn might amplify these symptoms. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one in thirteen persons globally suffers from anxiety. Read More

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Computational phenotyping of brain-behavior dynamics underlying approach-avoidance conflict in major depressive disorder.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 May 10;17(5):e1008955. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic & Psychological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America.

Adaptive behavior requires balancing approach and avoidance based on the rewarding and aversive consequences of actions. Imbalances in this evaluation are thought to characterize mood disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD). We present a novel application of the drift diffusion model (DDM) suited to quantify how offers of reward and aversiveness, and neural correlates thereof, are dynamically integrated to form decisions, and how such processes are altered in MDD. Read More

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Depression and anxiety symptoms across pregnancy and the postpartum in low-income Black and Latina women.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Underserved women of color experience high rates of perinatal affective disorders, but most research to date on the natural history of these disorders has been conducted on White women. The present study investigated longitudinal changes in anxiety and depression in a sample of perinatal non-Hispanic Black and Latina women. Categorical (yes/no) measures of positive anxiety and depression screens, as well as total symptom scores, were measured longitudinally across the perinatal period in 178 women (115 non-Hispanic Black, 63 Latina) using the CAT-MH™, a computerized adaptive test. Read More

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Developing a real-world evidence base for prescribed cannabis in the United Kingdom: preliminary findings from Project Twenty21.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Imperial College London, Burlington Danes Building, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Rd, White City, London, W12 0NN, UK.

The therapeutic potential of medical cannabis to treat a variety of conditions is becoming increasingly recognised. Globally, a large number of countries have now legalised cannabis for medical uses and a substantial number of patients are able to access their medications. Yet in the UK, where medical cannabis was legalised in November 2018, only a handful of NHS prescriptions have been written, meaning that most patients are unable to access the medicine. Read More

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The novel vasopressin receptor (V1aR) antagonist SRX246 reduces anxiety in an experimental model in humans: a randomized proof-of-concept study.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Rationale: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a neuropeptide that modulates both physiological and emotional responses to threat. Until recently, drugs that target vasopressin receptors (V1a) in the human central nervous system were unavailable. The development of a novel V1a receptor antagonist, SRX246, permits the experimental validation of vasopressin's role in the regulation of anxiety and fear in humans. Read More

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