21,974 results match your criteria anxiety desesperación


Mindfulness Matters: Utilization and Perceptions of Mindfulness Practices Among Athletic Trainers.

J Athl Train 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

Context: Mindfulness practices are effective for injury/illness recovery, decreasing stress and anxiety, and strengthening emotional resilience. They are also beneficial for healthcare professionals' well-being and improved patient outcomes and safety. However, mindfulness has not been studied in athletic trainers. Read More

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The Role of Social Media in Providing Support from Friends for Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Patients and Survivors of Sarcoma: Perspectives of AYA, Parents, and Providers.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

The aims of the current study were to better understand, from the perspective of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with sarcoma, parents, and providers, the friendship support needs of AYAs with bone and soft tissue sarcoma and the role of social media in facilitating social support for AYAs with sarcoma. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 participants. AYA ( = 10) ranged in age from 14 to 23 years (mean 19. Read More

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Virtual Reality Self-help Treatment for Aviophobia: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e22008. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Aviophobia (the fear of flying) can greatly impact the daily life functioning of people with the condition. Traditional exposure-based treatment is hampered by the limited availability of airplane practice situations, which is a result of economical and practical concerns. Easily accessible and low-cost virtual reality exposure therapy may address these challenges. Read More

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The Impact of Employment on Immigrant Mental Health: Results from a National Survey.

Authors:
Lindsey Disney

Soc Work 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Mental illness and unemployment are both well documented in the literature as potentially having harmful and even detrimental impacts on individuals' lives. However, less is known about the intersections of mental illness and unemployment in the U.S. Read More

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Machine-Based Hand Massage Ameliorates Preoperative Anxiety in Patients Awaiting Ambulatory Surgery.

J Nurs Res 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

MS, RN, Supervisor, Department of Nursing, Center for Nursing and Healthcare Research in Clinical Practice Application, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, and Adjunct Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, and Attending Physician, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, and Attending Physician, Department of Otolaryngology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC PhD, PT, Associate Professor, Master Program in Long-Term Care, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC MS, RN, Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, and Center for Nursing and Healthcare Research in Clinical Practice Application, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, and Adjunct Instructor, School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC PhD, RN, Professor, School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, and Center for Nursing and Healthcare Research in Clinical Practice Application, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC MS, RN, Executive Director of Community Medicine, Center for Nursing and Healthcare Research in Clinical Practice Application, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, and Adjunct Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, ROC Contributed equally as corresponding author.

Background: Hand massage therapies have been used to relieve anxiety and pain in various clinical situations. The effects of machine-based hand massage on preoperative anxiety in ambulatory surgery settings have not been evaluated. The hypothesis examined in this study is that machine-based hand massage is as effective as physical massage in ambulatory surgery patients awaiting surgical procedures. Read More

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The longitudinal relationship between child emotional disorder and parental mental health in the British Child and Adolescent Mental Health surveys 1999 and 2004.

J Affect Disord 2021 Mar 26;288:58-67. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18B Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 2AH, UK.

Background: Research suggests parental psychopathology has an adverse effect on child mental health. However, due to the interactional nature of parent-child relationships and with a high rate of emotional disorders reported in school-age children, it is important to know whether the effect is reciprocal.

Methods: We explored the longitudinal relationship between child and parent mental health in the British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Surveys (N=7,100 child-parent dyads) and their three-year follow-ups. Read More

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Long-term Impacts and Benefit-Cost Analysis of the Communities That Care Prevention System at Age 23, 12 Years After Baseline.

Prev Sci 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 Third Avenue NE, Suite 401, Seattle, WA, 98115 , USA.

This study estimated sustained impacts and long-term benefits and costs of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, implemented and evaluated in a longitudinal cluster-randomized trial involving 24 communities in seven states. Analyses utilized reports from a longitudinal panel of 4407 participants, followed since the study's baseline in grade 5, with most recent follow-up 12 years later at age 23. Impacts on lifetime abstinence from primary outcomes of substance use and antisocial behavior were estimated using generalized linear mixed Poisson regression analysis, adjusted for individual and community-level covariates. Read More

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Health-Promoting Leadership During an Infectious Disease Outbreak: A Cross-Sectional Study of US Soldiers Deployed to Liberia.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2021 May;209(5):362-369

Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland.

Abstract: Infectious disease outbreaks are uniquely stressful for essential employees. One way to support workers is for supervisors to engage in behaviors promoting employees' well-being and attitudes toward preventive medicine practices. We examined whether health-promoting leadership contributes to these outcomes in a population of active-duty soldiers (N = 173) deployed to provide nonmedical support in Liberia during the 2014 Ebola epidemic using data reported in Sipos, Kim, Thomas, and Adler (Mil Med 183[3-4]:e171-e178, 2018). Read More

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Nutritional status and its determinants among community-dwelling older adults in Jordan.

Nurs Forum 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: The elderly population of Jordan is growing, due to the low mortality rate, high total fertility rate, and the high rate of forced migration from neighboring countries to Jordan in recent years. However, the prevalence of chronic illnesses associated with other comorbidities among the elderly population in Jordan is high. Maintaining a good nutritional status is essential for maintaining general health and well-being among older people. Read More

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Telemedicine Intervention to Improve Long-Term Risk Factor Control and Body Composition in Persons with High Cardiovascular Risk: Results from a Randomized Trial: Telehealth strategies may offer an advantage over standard institutional based interventions for improvement of cardiovascular risk in high-risk patients long-term.

Glob Heart 2021 Mar 25;16(1):21. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, CH.

Background: Telehealth strategies are increasingly used to support people at high cardiovascular risk long-term, but is it unclear if these interventions are effective at improving cardiovascular risk.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of a telemedicine technology-based program on risk factor control and body composition in patients at high cardiovascular risk.

Methods: This is a population based randomized controlled trial. Read More

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Improvement in Lung Function and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Patients with COPD with Comorbid Anxiety and Depression Receiving Nebulized Glycopyrrolate in the GOLDEN 3 and 4 Studies.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021 31;16:865-875. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc., Marlborough, MA, USA.

Background: Anxiety and depression (A/D) are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are often associated with lower adherence to treatment and worse patient-related outcomes. However, studies on the impact of comorbid A/D on responses to bronchodilators are limited.

Methods: This post hoc analysis of pooled data (N=861) from the GOLDEN 3 and 4 studies compared the efficacy and safety of nebulized glycopyrrolate (GLY) 25 µg in patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD, grouped by self-reported A/D. Read More

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Telomere length and epigenetic age acceleration in adolescents with anxiety disorders.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7716. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Anxiety Disorders Outpatient Program for Children and Adolescents, Protaia, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS/Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, HCPA, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Evidence on the relationship between genetics and mental health are flourishing. However, few studies are evaluating early biomarkers that might link genes, environment, and psychopathology. We aimed to study telomere length (TL) and epigenetic age acceleration (AA) in a cohort of adolescents with and without anxiety disorders (N = 234). Read More

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Longitudinal observation of anxiety and depression among palliative care cancer patients.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Medicine, Clinic III - Hematology, Oncology, Palliative Medicine, Rostock University Medical Center, Rostock, Germany.

Background: Anxiety and depressive symptoms are commonly reported to have a high prevalence in advanced cancer patients. However, whether the severity of the symptoms change during a stay in a palliative care unit (PCU) and after discharge home has not been studied thus far. This prospective, longitudinal, single-center study screened for anxiety and depression as measured on the German version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) in a palliative care (PC) cancer cohort at three different time points. Read More

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Acceptability of childhood screening: a systematic narrative review.

Public Health 2021 Apr 5;193:126-138. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, NL-3000CA, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objectives: A systematic narrative literature review was undertaken to assess the acceptability of childhood screening interventions to identify factors to consider when planning or modifying childhood screening programs to maximize participation and uptake.

Study Design: This is a systematic narrative literature review.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO via Ovid, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library) to identify primary research studies that assessed screening acceptability. Read More

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Ameliorative effects of the aqueous extract of Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C.DC (Meliaceae) in vanadium induced anxiety, memory loss and pathologies in the brain and ovary of mice.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 5:114099. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 20001, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Ethnobotanical enquiries have revealed that Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C.DC (Meliaceae) has anxiolytic properties and is used to alleviate vaginal dryness in postmenopausal women in Cameroon. Read More

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The impact of Tai Chi and mind-body breathing in COPD: Insights from a qualitative sub-study of a randomized controlled trial.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0249263. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brookline, MA, United States of America.

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with multiple psychosocial and behavioral factors. Prior research suggests that mind-body interventions may support the development and maintenance of healthy behaviors and improve health-related quality-of-life in such patients. We sought to qualitatively explore cognitive, psychosocial, and behavioral changes in patients with COPD who participated in two different mind-body interventions compared to an education control. Read More

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Can Physical Activity Support Grief Outcomes in Individuals Who Have Been Bereaved? A Systematic Review.

Sports Med Open 2021 Apr 8;7(1):26. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research, Centre for Health, Wellbeing and Behaviour Change, University of Bedfordshire, Bedford, MK41 9EA, UK.

Background: In 2018, there were 616,014 registered deaths in the United Kingdom (UK). Grief is a natural consequence. Many mental health concerns, which can be identified as grief outcomes (e. Read More

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Exploring change in cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder-A two-arms ABAB crossed-therapist randomized clinical implementation trial.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: There is little evidence-based knowledge of how psychotherapists should handle both sudden gains and more gradual session-by-session changes, either in general or in individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder.

Methods: Using an ABAB crossed-therapist randomized clinical implementation trial design ( = 80 patients and 20 therapists), we contrasted a (PFC, = 40) implementation with a (SOTA, = 40) implementation. Both implementations were based on a widely used cognitive behavioral therapy approach (Mastery of your Anxiety and Worry package) with the only difference that in the PFC implementation, the therapists were instructed to systematically explore eventual changes at the beginning of the therapy sessions. Read More

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