76,635 results match your criteria anticancer effects


Progress in the study of D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) reversing multidrug resistance.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jun 8;205:111914. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, PR China. Electronic address:

Currently, multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major reasons for failure in clinical cancer chemotherapy. Overexpression of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which significantly increases the efflux of anticancer drugs from tumor cells, enhances MDR. In the past few decades, four generations of P-gp inhibitors have appeared. Read More

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Astaxanthin Relieves Busulfan-Induced Oxidative Apoptosis in Cultured Human Spermatogonial Stem Cells by Activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway.

Reprod Sci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Many child cancer patients endure anticancer therapy containing alkylating agents before sexual maturity. Busulfan (BU), as an alkylating agent, is a chemotherapy drug, causing DNA damage and cytotoxicity in germ cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the protective effect of astaxanthin (AST), as a potent antioxidant and powerful reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, on BU-induced toxicity in human spermatogonial stem cells. Read More

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Research advances in bioactive components and health benefits of jujube ( Mill.) fruit.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 Jun;22(6):431-449

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Jujube ( Mill.), a highly nutritious and functional fruit, is reported to have various health benefits and has been extensively planted worldwide, especially in China. Many studies have shown that bioactive components derived from jujube fruit have significant nutritional and potential biological effects. Read More

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Implications of Synthetic Modifications of the Cardiotonic Steroid Lactone Ring on Cytotoxicity.

J Membr Biol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratório de Bioquímica Celular, Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, Campus Centro Oeste Dona Lindu, Av Sebastião Gonçalves Coelho, 400, Bairro Chanadour, Divinópolis, MG, 35501-296, Brazil.

Na,K-ATPase (NKA) and cardiotonic steroids (CTS) have shown potent cytotoxic and anticancer effects. Here, we have synthesized a series of CTS digoxin derivatives (γ-benzylidene) with substitutions in the lactone ring and evaluated the cytotoxicity caused by digoxin derivatives in tumor and non-tumor cells lines, as well as their effects on NKA. The cytotoxicity assay was determined in HeLa, A549, and WI-26 VA4 after they were treated for 48 h with increased concentrations of CTS. Read More

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Inhibition of translation initiation factor eIF4a inactivates heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and exerts anti-leukemia activity in AML.

Leukemia 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Leukemia, Section of Molecular Hematology and Therapy, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A), the enzymatic core of the eIF4F complex essential for translation initiation, plays a key role in the oncogenic reprogramming of protein synthesis, and thus is a putative therapeutic target in cancer. As important component of its anticancer activity, inhibition of translation initiation can alleviate oncogenic activation of HSF1, a stress-inducible transcription factor that enables cancer cell growth and survival. Here, we show that primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells exhibit the highest transcript levels of eIF4A1 compared to other cancer types. Read More

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Prospects and challenges of anticancer agents' delivery via chitosan-based drug carriers to combat breast cancer: a review.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Sep 13;268:118192. Epub 2021 May 13.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China. Electronic address:

Breast cancer (BC) is considered as one the most prevalent cancers worldwide. Due to its high resistance to chemotherapy and high probability of metastasis, BC is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. The controlled release of chemotherapy drugs to the precise site of the tumor tissue will increase the therapeutic efficacy and decrease side effects of systemic administration. Read More

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September 2021

Novel Benzyloxyphenyl Pyrimidine-5-Carbonitrile Derivatives as Potential Apoptotic Antiproliferative Agents.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519. Egypt.

Background: Pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile had a broad spectrum of biological activities such as antiviral, antioxidant and anticancer activity. Among similar compounds, monastrol being the most prominent due to cell-permeant inhibitor of mitosis therefore, we investigated the new Pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile as a cytotoxic agent for p53 pathway.

Objective: Several new benzyloxyphenyl pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile derivatives were designed, synthesized, characterized, and their cytotoxicity was evaluated. Read More

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Survey of in-silico prediction of anticancer peptides.

Authors:
Nan Ye

Curr Top Med Chem 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Finance and Economics, Xinyang Agriculture and Forestry University, Xinyang 464000, China.

Cancer is one of the major causes of death among human beings. Traditional treatments of cancer kill cancerous cells and negatively affect normal cells. The side effects and high medical costs prevent effective treatment. Read More

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A HO self-sufficient nanoplatform with domino effects for thermal-responsive enhanced chemodynamic therapy.

Chem Sci 2020 Jan 8;11(7):1926-1934. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics (KLOFE), Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech) Nanjing 211800 China

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT), employing Fenton or Fenton-like catalysts to convert hydrogen peroxide (HO) into toxic hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) to kill cancer cells, holds high promise in tumor therapy due to its high selectivity. However, the anticancer efficacy is unsatisfactory owing to the limited concentration of endogenous HO. Herein, thermal responsive nanoparticles with HO self-sufficiency are fabricated by utilizing organic phase change materials (PCMs) to encapsulate iron-gallic acid nanoparticles (Fe-GA) and ultra-small CaO. Read More

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January 2020

Solid-phase synthesis of curcumin mimics and their anticancer activity against human pancreatic, prostate, and colorectal cancer cell lines.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Jun 5;42:116249. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Napoli Federico II, Via Cintia 4, 80126 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address:

Curcumin is a bioactive natural compound with a wide range of pharmacological properties, including antitumor activity; however, its clinical application has been limited because of its low solubility, stability, and bioavailability. In this study, a solid phase approach was proposed for the combinatorial synthesis of a mini library of the mimics of curcumin in good purity and yield. The non-effective findings in pancreatic cancer cells switched to strong growth inhibition and cell death efficacy for PC3 prostate cancer cells, and mimic 9, in which tyrosol (TYR) and homovanillyl alcohol (HVA) units were linked by a phosphodiester bond, was quite effective not only in cell growth inhibition but also in causing strong cell death under the study conditions and treatments that were not effective in PANC1 cells. Read More

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From triazolophthalazines to triazoloquinazolines: A bioisosterism-guided approach toward the identification of novel PCAF inhibitors with potential anticancer activity.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Jun 5;42:116266. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, Egypt; Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Horus University - Egypt, International Coastal Road, 34518 New Damietta, Egypt. Electronic address:

Inhibition of PCAF bromodomain has been validated as a promising strategy for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we report the bioisosteric modification of the first reported potent PCAF bromodomain inhibitor, L-45 to its triazoloquinazoline bioisosteres. Accordingly, three new series of triazoloquinazoline derivatives were designed, synthesized, and assessed for their anticancer activity against a panel of four human cancer cells. Read More

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β-Carboline-based molecular hybrids as anticancer agents: a brief sketch.

RSC Med Chem 2021 May 24;12(5):730-750. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) Hyderabad 500037 India

Cancer is a huge burden on the healthcare system and is foremost cause of mortality across the globe. Among various therapeutic strategies, chemotherapy plays an enormous role in overcoming the challenges of treating cancer, especially in late stage detection. However, limitations such as extreme side/adverse effects and drug resistance associated with available drugs have impelled the development of novel chemotherapeutic agents. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis Reveals That Metformin Suppresses PSMD2, STIP1, and CAP1 for Preventing Gastric Cancer AGS Cell Proliferation and Migration.

ACS Omega 2021 Jun 26;6(22):14208-14219. Epub 2021 May 26.

Genome and Systems Biology Degree Program, Academia Sinica and National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Metformin is one of the most widely used anti-diabetic drugs in type-II diabetes treatment. The mechanism of decreasing blood glucose is believed to suppress hepatic gluconeogenesis by increasing muscular glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity. Recent studies suggest that metformin may reduce cancer risk; however, its anticancer mechanism in gastric cancers remains unclear. Read More

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G2/M Checkpoint Abrogation With Selective Inhibitors Results in Increased Chromatid Breaks and Radiosensitization of 82-6 hTERT and RPE Human Cells.

Front Public Health 2021 28;9:675095. Epub 2021 May 28.

Institute of Medical Radiation Biology, Medical School, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

While technological advances in radiation oncology have led to a more precise delivery of radiation dose and a decreased risk of side effects, there is still a need to better understand the mechanisms underlying DNA damage response (DDR) at the DNA and cytogenetic levels, and to overcome tumor resistance. To maintain genomic stability, cells have developed sophisticated signaling pathways enabling cell cycle arrest to facilitate DNA repair via the DDR-related kinases and their downstream targets, so that DNA damage or DNA replication stress induced by genotoxic therapies can be resolved. ATM, ATR, and Chk1 kinases are key mediators in DDR activation and crucial factors in treatment resistance. Read More

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Ginseng for the Management of Cancer-Related Fatigue: An Integrative Review.

Authors:
Emily A Lemke

J Adv Pract Oncol 2021 May 1;12(4):406-414. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most prevalent, debilitating symptoms affecting a majority of patients with cancer worldwide. It can lead to poor compliance with anticancer therapy and discontinuation of treatment. Current management strategies for CRF center around activity and exercise; however, these strategies can be challenging for many patients undergoing active treatment. Read More

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Effects of Water Extract of (Bge.) Kitag. on Different Breast Cancer Cell Lines.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 19;2021:6665949. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Chaoyang University of Technology, 168 Jifeng East Road, Taichung, Taiwan.

(Bge.) Kitag. (CP) is an important medicinal herb used in Chinese herbal medicine, with a variety of biological activities including anticancer property. Read More

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Comparative anticancer activities of and latex in MDA-MB-231 cells.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 24;28(6):3225-3234. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Applied Biology, College of Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Ficus latex is rich in polyphenolic compounds and hence considered as an antioxidant and anti-proliferative. Many studies are available on (common fig) whereas is less studied. grows in a harsh dry environment, therefore its latex was selected in the current study along with the for their comparative anti-cancer potential and the involved molecular mechanism. Read More

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Evaluation of antiangiogenic and antiproliferative potential of ethanolic extracts of using and assays.

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Apr-Jun;17(2):484-490

Department of Pharmacology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education And Research (Deemed University), Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: Andrographis echioides is a prevalently used medicinal herb in South Asian countries. Scientific researches with the extracts of A. echioides revealed its antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, ulceroprotective, and hepatoprotective properties. Read More

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FCX, an arylidene derivative, induces apoptosis in androgen receptor-selective prostate cancer cells.

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Apr-Jun;17(2):401-407

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Context: Rational screening of arylidene derivatives for biological activities has resulted in many lead molecules with anticancer properties with effective therapeutic window.

Aims: In the current study, FCX, an arylidene derivative, was screened for anticolon and prostate cancer activity.

Settings And Design: Prostate and colon cancer cell lines were used to check the FCX effect on proliferation, apoptosis, and mechanism of drug action. Read More

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Combination prostate cancer therapy: Prostate-specific membranes antigen targeted, pH-sensitive nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin and tanshinone.

Drug Deliv 2021 Dec;28(1):1132-1140

Department of Pharmacy, Municipal Hospital of Zaozhuang, Zaozhuang, P. R. China.

Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in the men population. Combination anticancer therapy using doxorubicin (DOX) and another extract of traditional Chinese medicine is one nano-sized drug delivery system promising to generate synergistic anticancer effects, maximize the treatment effect, and overcome multi-drug resistance. The purpose of this study is to construct a drug delivery system for the co-delivery of DOX and tanshinones (TAN). Read More

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December 2021

Effects of Fasting on Chemotherapy Treatment Response: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence and Suggestions for the Design of Future Clinical Trials.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jun 14:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Nutrition and Postgraduate Program on Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.

Fasting associated with chemotherapy could improve the efficacy of anticancer treatments without increasing their adverse effects. We conducted a systematic review following the PRISMA Statement to summarize the evidence on the effects of fasting on treatment response of adults undergoing chemotherapy and make suggestions for the design of future clinical trials The search was performed on CENTRAL, PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS and Embase. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials evaluating the effects of fasting (above 12 h, at anytime) on treatment response of adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were included. Read More

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EFFECTS OF PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY MEDIATED BY EMODIN IN CERVICAL CARCINOMA CELLS.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Jun 10:102394. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), Department of Biology, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Cristóvão Colombo Street, 2265, Zip/Postal Code: 15054-010, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Cervical cancer is a worldwide public health problem, and new selective therapies and anticancer drugs are urgently needed. In recent years, emodin has attracted considerable attention due to its anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, and proapoptotic effects. Furthermore, emodin may be used as a photosensitizing agent in photodynamic therapy. Read More

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Metabolic reprogramming by traditional Chinese medicine and its role in effective cancer therapy.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Jun 10:105728. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing 100142, PR China. Electronic address:

Metabolic reprogramming, characterized by alterations of cellular metabolic patterns, is fundamentally important in supporting the malignant behaviors of cancer cells. It is considered as a promising therapeutic target against cancer. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and its bioactive components have been used in cancer therapy for an extended period, and they are well-known for their multi-target pharmacological functions and fewer side effects. Read More

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Peroxidation of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the acidic tumor environment leads to ferroptosis-mediated anticancer effects.

Cell Metab 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Pole of Pharmacology and Therapeutics (FATH), Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique (IREC), UCLouvain, 57 Avenue Hippocrate B1.5704, 1200 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Tumor acidosis promotes disease progression through a stimulation of fatty acid (FA) metabolism in cancer cells. Instead of blocking the use of FAs by acidic cancer cells, we examined whether excess uptake of specific FAs could lead to antitumor effects. We found that n-3 but also remarkably n-6 polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) selectively induced ferroptosis in cancer cells under ambient acidosis. Read More

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Liposomal Delivery of Cyclocreatine Impairs Cancer Cell Bioenergetics Mediating Apoptosis.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2275:173-186

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy-Glendale Campus, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USA.

Creatine kinase (CK) enzyme overexpression has been suggested to play a role in the process of tumorigenesis and metastasis. Cyclocreatine (CCR) is a substrate analog of creatine kinase (CK), where its phosphorylated form is a poor phosphate donor in comparison with native bioenergetic molecule, creatine phosphate (Cr-P). The compound CCR has been shown to markedly inhibit the growth of a broad spectrum of cancers, both in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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January 2021

Anticancer activity of Helicobacter pylori ribosomal protein (HPRP) with iRGD in treatment of colon cancer.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Bu-Ali Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Purpose: As the conventional therapeutic approaches were not completely successful in the treatment of colon cancer, there is still a need for finding the most efficient therapeutic agents. Here we investigated the anticancer activity of HPRP-A1 that was derived from the N-terminal region of Helicobacter pylori ribosomal protein L1 (RpL1) alone or in combination with tumor-homing peptide iRGD and 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) on colon cancer cell lines (CT26 and HT29) and isograft models of colon cancer.

Method: We assessed the tumor growth inhibitory activity of HPRP-A1 with or without iRGD and 5FU on colon cancer in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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Discovery of novel class of histone deacetylase inhibitors as potential anticancer agents.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Jun 8;42:116251. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Sharjah Institute for Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, United Arab Emirates; College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 27272, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Selective inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is an important strategy in the field of anticancer drug discovery. However, lack of inhibitors that possess high selectivity toward certain HDACs isozymes is associated with adverse side effects that limits their clinical applications. We have initiated a collaborative initiatives between multi-institutions aimed at the discovery of novel and selective HDACs inhibitors. Read More

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Halting colorectal cancer metastasis via novel dual nanomolar MMP-9/MAO-A quinoxaline-based inhibitors; design, synthesis, and evaluation.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 29;222:113558. Epub 2021 May 29.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, P.O. Box 426, Alexandria, 21321, Egypt; Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) are central signaling nodes in CRC and promotors of distant metastasis associated with high mortality rates. Novel series of quinoxaline-based dual MMP-9/MAO-A inhibitors were synthesized to suppress CRC progression. The design rationale combines the thematic pharmacophoric features of MMP-9 and MAO-A inhibitors in hybrid scaffolds. Read More

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Lipid, Polymeric, Inorganic-based Drug Delivery Applications for Platinum-based Anticancer Drugs.

Int J Pharm 2021 Jun 8:120788. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Centro de Química Inorgánica, CEQUINOR (CONICET-UNLP), Bv. 120 1465, La Plata, Argentina. Electronic address:

The three main FDA-approved platinum drugs in chemotherapy such as carboplatin, cisplatin, and oxaliplatin are extensively applied in cancer treatments. Although the clinical applications of platinum-based drugs are extremely effective, their toxicity profile restricts their extensive application. Therefore, recent studies focus on developing new platinum drug formulations, expanding the therapeutic aspect. Read More

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Spiraeoside extracted from red onion skin ameliorates apoptosis and exerts potent antitumor, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory effects.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jun 8;154:112327. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Red onion skin waste (ROSW) was analyzed for extraction of naturally occurring 4'-O-glucoside of quercetin, spiraeoside (SPI) with promising biological activities. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine the SPI content in three different solvent extracts of ROSW: water (12.2 mg/g), methanol (27. Read More

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