Microbes Infect 2021 Sep 14:104886. Epub 2021 Sep 14.
School of Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, 212013 P.R. China; Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001, Enugu State, Nigeria; Biofuels Institute, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013 P.R. China; Organization of African Academic Doctors (OAAD), Off Kamiti Road, 25305000100, Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address:
Phytomelatonin is a pleiotropic molecule that originated in higher plants with many diverse actions and is primarily an antioxidant. The recent identification and advancement of phytomelatonin unraveled the potential of this modulatory molecule being considered a new plant hormone, suggesting its relevance in treating respiratory infections, including COVID-19. Besides, this molecule is also involved in multiple hormonal, physiological, and biological processes at different levels of cell organization and has been marked for its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and prominent antioxidant effects, reducing mitochondrial electron leakage, up-regulating antioxidant enzymes, acting as a free radical scavenger, and interfering with pro-inflammatory signaling pathways as seen in mood swings, body temperature, sleep, cancer, cardiac rhythms, and immunological regulation modulators. Read More