117,459 results match your criteria anti-inflammatory cytokines


Natural shikonin and acetyl-shikonin improve intestinal microbial and protein composition to alleviate colitis-associated colorectal cancer.

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 Aug 8;111:109097. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China; Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China. Electronic address:

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are the most common diseases of human digestive system. Nowadays, the influence of the inflammatory microenvironment on tumorigenesis has become a new direction, and the exploration of relative molecular mechanism will facilitate the discovery and identification of novel potential anti-cancer molecules.

Methods: Natural shikonin (SK) and acetyl-shikonin (acetyl-SK) was administered to azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) mice model by gavage to investigate their therapeutic effects. Read More

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In-vitro inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome by 3,6-dihydroxyflavone (3,6-DHF): a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Mol Cell Biochem 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome complex has an important role in immune system and its abnormal activation is associated with the pathogenesis of various inflammatory and auto-immune diseases. The study reveals the anti-inflammatory effects of 3,6-dihydroxyflavone (3,6-DHF). Here, we aimed to determine the inhibitory effects of 3,6-DHF on NLRP3 inflammasome and its associated components, thereby determining the signaling pathways involved in the inhibition. Read More

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CD20 T cells: an emerging T cell subset in human pathology.

Authors:
Adrian Y S Lee

Inflamm Res 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Westmead Hospital, Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, NSW, 2145, Australia.

Introduction: Although CD20 is classically a B cell marker, in the last three decades, dim expression has been noted on a subset of T cells as well that has been independently verified by a number of groups. Our understanding of these cells and their function is not well established.

Methods: A thorough review of original articles on CD20 T cells was undertaken of Pubmed by using combination of phrases including "CD20", "CD20-positive" and "T cells". Read More

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Inflammatory cytokines induce neutrophil extracellular traps interaction with activated platelets and endothelial cells exacerbate coagulation in moderate and severe essential hypertension.

J Hypertens 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Cardiology.

Background: Essential hypertension (EH) patients suffer from paradoxically thrombotic rather than haemorrhagic, although the exact mechanism remains elusive. Our aim is to explore whether and how neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play the procoagulant role in EH patients, as well as evaluated whether the NET releasing were triggered by inflammatory cytokines.

Methods: The concentration of plasma NETs components were detected by ELISA. Read More

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Oral microbiome and serological analyses on association of Alzheimer's disease and periodontitis.

Oral Dis 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital and Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: To investigate the association between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and periodontitis in the aspects of periodontal status, serological markers and oral microbiome.

Materials And Methods: Twenty AD and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in this age- and gender-matched case-control study. Clinical periodontal parameters and serum biomarkers, including amyloid β (Aβ ), Tau, phosphorylated Tau (pTau), triglyceride, pro-inflammatory cytokines and anti-P. Read More

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Central effects of Ivermectin in alleviation of Covid-19-induced dysautonomia.

Curr Drug Targets 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, AlBeheira, Egypt.

Covid-19 may be associated with various neurological disorders, including dysautonomia, a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). In Covid-19, hypoxia, immuno-inflammatory abnormality, and deregulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may increase sympathetic discharge with dysautonomia development. Direct SARS-CoV-2 cytopathic effects and associated inflammatory reaction may lead to neuroinflammation, affecting different parts of the central nervous system (CNS), including the autonomic center in the hypothalamus, causing dysautonomia. Read More

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Potential role of β-carotene-modulated autophagy in puerperal breast inflammation (Review).

Biomed Rep 2022 Sep 22;17(3):75. Epub 2022 Jul 22.

Physiology Division, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang, West Java 45363, Indonesia.

Puerperal breast inflammation is common in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum, and without proper management, may lead to a decrease in breastmilk production and early cessation of breastfeeding. Recent studies showed that carotenoids decrease the severity of puerperal breast inflammation. This article summarizes the significant findings on β-carotene with a potential role as an autophagy modulator in puerperal breast inflammation. Read More

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September 2022

Cytokine Expression in Staphylococcal and Streptococcal Endophthalmitis.

Biomed Hub 2022 May-Aug;7(2):88-98. Epub 2022 Jul 4.

Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Endophthalmitis is an infection of ocular tissues, often with devastating outcomes for vision. Immunomodulation is an emerging avenue for therapeutic intervention in endophthalmitis, with the expression of cytokines central to potential mechanisms. This literature review with a systematic approach characterizes the cytokine expression in both animal and human staphylococcal and streptococcal endophthalmitis. Read More

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Harpagoside attenuates local bone Erosion and systemic osteoporosis in collagen-induced arthritis in mice.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2022 Aug 10;22(1):214. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Musculoskeletal and Immune Disease Research Institute, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, 460 Iksandae-ro, Iksan, Jeonbuk, 54538, Republic of Korea.

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes local bone erosion and systemic osteoporosis. Harpagoside (HAR), an iridoid glycoside, has various pharmacological effects on pain, arthritis, and inflammation. Our previous study suggests that HAR is more deeply involved in the mechanism of bone loss caused by inflammatory stimuli than hormonal changes. Read More

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Pathogenic role of cytokines in COVID-19, its association with contributing co-morbidities and possible therapeutic regimens.

Inflammopharmacology 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

The Covid-19, a threatening pandemic, was originated from China in December 2019 and spread quickly to all over the world. The pathogenesis of coronavirus is linked with the disproportionate response of the immune system. This involves the systemic inflammatory reaction which is characterized by marked pro-inflammatory cytokine release commonly known as cytokine release storm (CRS). Read More

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Impact of dandelion polysaccharides on growth and immunity response in common carp Cyprinus carpio.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Laboratory of Aquatic Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea. Electronic address:

Natural products have gained considerable attention for improving fish growth performance and immunity to enhance disease resistance. This study evaluated the effect of dandelion polysaccharides (DP) on skin mucosal immune parameters, immune-related gene expression, and susceptibility to pathogen challenge in the Common carp Cyprinus carpio. Diets containing four different concentrations of DP (g Kg):0 g [basal diet], 0. Read More

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Lidocaine reinforces the anti-inflammatory action of dexamethasone on myeloid and epithelial cells activated by inflammatory cytokines or SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Biomed J 2022 Aug 7. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Instituto de Estudios Inmunológicos y Fisiopatológicos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. CONICET. Asociado CIC PBA. Boulevard 120 y 62 (1900), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Background: Severe cases of COVID-19 that require admission to the ICU and mechanical ventilation assistance show a high mortality rate with currently few therapeutic options available. Severe COVID-19 is characterized by a systemic inflammatory condition, also called "cytokine storm", which can lead to various multi-organ complications and ultimately death. Lidocaine, a safe local anesthetic that given intravenously is used to treat arrhythmias, has long been reported to have an anti-inflammatory and pro-homeostatic activity. Read More

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors alpha and beta mediate the anti-inflammatory effects of the cyclopentenone prostaglandin 15-deoxy-Δ-PGJ in fish granulocytes.

Dev Comp Immunol 2022 Aug 7:104498. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Departamento de Biología Cellular e Histología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Murcia, 30100, Murcia, Spain; Instituto Murciano de Investigación Biosanitaria (IMIB)-Arrixaca, 30120, Murcia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Prostaglandins (PGs) are highly reactive small lipophilic molecules derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids of the cell membrane and play a key role in the resolution of inflammation processes. 15-deoxy-Δ-PGJ (15dPGJ) is a cyclopentenone PG (CyPG) of the J series with anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. This CyPG can signal through: (i) the PGD receptor (DP2) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) or (ii) by covalent binding to protein nucleophiles, such as, thiols groups of cysteine, lysine or histidine via a Michael addition reaction, modifying its structure and function. Read More

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Anti-inflammatory withajardins from the leaves of Athenaea velutina.

Phytochemistry 2022 Aug 7:113338. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Departamento de Química Orgânica e Inorgânica, Centro de Ciências,Universidade Federal Do Ceará, 60021-970, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Withajardins, uncommon modified withanolide-type steroids, have been isolated exclusively from plants of the Solanaceae family so far. Two undescribed withajardins and the known tuboanosigenin were isolated from the hexane/EtOAc 1:1 extract from Athenaea velutina leaves. Their structures were established by an extensive analysis of 1D and 2D-NMR and HRMS data. Read More

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HDAC3 Inhibitor RGFP966 Ameliorated Neuroinflammation in the Cuprizone-Induced Demyelinating Mouse Model and LPS-Stimulated BV2 Cells by Downregulating the P2X7R/STAT3/NF-κB65/NLRP3 Activation.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Institute of Biopharmaceutical Research, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, Shandong 252000, China.

Suppression of excessive microglial overactivation can prevent the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). Histone deacetylases 3 inhibitor (HDAC3i) has been demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing microglia (M1-liked) activation. Here, we demonstrate that the RGFP966 (a selective inhibitor of HDAC3) protects white matter after cuprizone-induced demyelination, as shown by reductions in neurological behavioral deficits and increases in myelin basic protein. Read More

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Fucoxanthin Prevents the Ovalbumin-Induced Food Allergic Response by Enhancing the Intestinal Epithelial Barrier and Regulating the Intestinal Flora.

J Agric Food Chem 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

College of Ocean Food and Biological Engineering, Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021, China.

This study aimed to determine whether fucoxanthin alleviated ovalbumin (OVA)-induced food allergy (FA) and explored the possible mechanisms. The results indicated that supplementation with fucoxanthin at 10.0-20. Read More

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MiR-222-3p Aggravates the Inflammatory Response by Targeting SOCS1 to Activate STAT3 Signaling in Ulcerative Colitis.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Ulcerative colitis is characterized by relapsing inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract with limited treatment options. The aim of the present study was to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS1) on lipopolysac- charide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells and to investigate its potential mechanisms. Read More

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Investigating the inflammatory status in the patients candidate for second angiography after coronary stent implantation.

Acta Cardiol 2022 Aug 10:1-6. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

: Inflammation has been shown to be an important feature of atherosclerosis. We aimed to assess a profile of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors in patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD), 12 months after stent implantation.: A total of 193 patients with CAD, who were candidates for angiography, 12 months after stent implantation (cases), were compared with 107 patients with CAD, who were candidates for their first angiography (controls). Read More

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Cytokine expression and anti-microbial effectiveness of different calcium hydroxide dilutions: An study.

Indian J Dent Res 2022 Jan-Mar;33(1):69-74

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Division of Endodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Aims: To determine the cytokine expression by human gingival fibroblasts in response to different calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)) dilutions and test the effectiveness of these dilutions in root canal dentin infected with Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis).

Methods: UltraCal XS Ca(OH) dilutions were prepared (60, 10, and 1 mg\mL) and co-cultured with gingival fibroblasts for 24 and 48 hours. Read More

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The risk of newly diagnosed cancer in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by TNF inhibitor use: a nationwide cohort study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2022 08 9;24(1):191. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.

Background: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has raised safety concerns about cancer risk, but study results remain controversial. This largest nationwide study to date compared cancer risk in TNF inhibitor users to non-biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (nbDMARD) users in Korean patients with RA.

Methods: Data on all the eligible patients diagnosed with RA between 2005 and 2016 were retrieved from the Korean National Health Information Database. Read More

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Decreased brain noradrenaline in minimal hepatic encephalopathy is associated with cognitive impairment in rats.

Brain Res 2022 Aug 6;1793:148041. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Department of Radiology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is a common neuropsychiatric complication in patients with cirrhosis. Alterations in monoamine neurotransmitters have been associated with the pathogenesis of MHE. We investigated the levels of hippocampal noradrenergic neurotransmitter in a rat model of thioacetamide-induced chronic liver failure-related MHE, and their role in cognitive impairment. Read More

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Apocynin loaded silver nanoparticles displays potent in vitro biological activities and mitigates pyrogallol-induced hepatotoxicity.

Chem Biol Interact 2022 Aug 6:110069. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Redeemer's University, Ede, Osun state, Nigeria.

Drug-loaded nanoparticles are currently gaining attention due to their improved drug delivery properties. Apocynin, a natural polyphenolic compound, is a component of many plants. It has many medicinal and pharmacological properties. Read More

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A high salt diet protects interleukin 10-deficient mice against chronic colitis by improving the mucosal barrier function.

Mol Immunol 2022 Aug 6;150:39-46. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Department of Medicine/GI Division, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore 21205, United States. Electronic address:

A high salt diet (HSD) is often associated with a high risk for a variety of diseases, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that an HSD enhances Th17 responses and increases the severity of autoimmune diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of HSD (4% NaCl w/w) on colitis in IL-10 mice by comparing it with IL-10 mice on a normal salt diet (NSD, 1% NaCl w/w). Read More

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Concerted regulation of OPG/RANKL/ NF‑κB/MMP-13 trajectories contribute to ameliorative capability of prodigiosin and/or low dose γ-radiation against adjuvant- induced arthritis in rats.

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 Aug 6;111:109068. Epub 2022 Aug 6.

Pharmacology Department, Medical Research and Clinical Studies Institute, National Research Centre, Dokki, Egypt.

Background: Prodigiosin (PDG) is a microbial red dye with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, although its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains uncertain. Also, multiple doses of low dose γ- radiation (LDR) have been observed to be as a successful intervention for RA. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the ameliorative potential of PDG and/or LDR on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats. Read More

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Hesperetin mitigates sorafenib-induced cardiotoxicity in mice through inhibition of the TLR4/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

PLoS One 2022 9;17(8):e0271631. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Sorafenib is an oral multi-kinase receptor inhibitor that targets various signaling pathways. It is used as the first line of treatment in advanced hepatocellular and renal cell carcinomas. Sorafenib was reported to induce cardiotoxicity due to myocyte necrosis. Read More

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Inflammation drives residual risk in chronic kidney disease: a CANTOS substudy.

Eur Heart J 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Aims: Hyperlipidaemia and inflammation jointly contribute to atherosclerotic disease. Yet, after the initiation of statin therapy, the relative contributions of these processes may differ in patient groups, such as those with and without impaired kidney function.

Methods And Results: Among 9151 stable statin-treated post-myocardial infarction patients participating in the CANTOS trial, the contributions of residual cholesterol risk and residual inflammatory risk were evaluated as determinants of recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and total mortality, stratified by baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) above or below 60 mL/min/1. Read More

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Anti-inflammation properties of resveratrol in the detrusor smooth muscle of the diabetic rat.

Int Urol Nephrol 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Urology, Fourth Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, 4 Chongshan East Road, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Purpose: In this paper, we aimed to prove that resveratrol can inhibit inflammation in the detrusor smooth muscle of diabetic rats, which may provide a new direction for diabetic cystopathy (DCP) treatment.

Methods: We induced a Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model of type 1 diabetes by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin (STZ). Then, we separated the SD rats into four groups: (1) an excipient-treated control group; (2) a resveratrol-treated control group; (3) an excipient-treated streptozotocin (STZ)-injected group; and (4) a resveratrol-treated STZ-injected group. Read More

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Microglial angiotensin type 2 receptors mediate sex-specific expression of inflammatory cytokines independently of circulating estrogen.

Glia 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology of Parkinson's disease, Research Center for Research in Molecular Medicine and Chronic Diseases (CIMUS), Department of Morphological Sciences, IDIS, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

There are sex differences in microglia, which can maintain sex-related gene expression and functional differences in the absence of circulating sex steroids. The angiotensin type 2 (AT2) receptors mediate anti-inflammatory actions in different tissues, including brain. In mice, we performed RT-PCR analysis of microglia isolated from adult brains and RNA scope in situ hybridization from males, females, ovariectomized females, orchiectomized males and brain masculinized females. Read More

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Vitamin D Supplementation Could Enhance the Effectiveness of Glibenclamide in Treating Diabetes and Preventing Diabetic Nephropathy: A Biochemical, Histological and Immunohistochemical Study.

J Evid Based Integr Med 2022 Jan-Dec;27:2515690X221116403

Department of Histology and Cytology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Diabetes mellitus is an oxidative stress-related disease characterized by hyperglycemia and a variety of complications, including nephropathy. Vitamin D has variable functions extending beyond the calcium metabolism to prevent oxidative tissue damage. We aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplements could enhance Glibenclamide's effectiveness in treating diabetes and minimize the risk of associated pathology. Read More

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Anti-Inflammatory Effects and Molecular Mechanisms of Shenmai Injection in Treating Acute Pancreatitis: Network Pharmacology Analysis and Experimental Verification.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2022 2;16:2479-2495. Epub 2022 Aug 2.

Pancreatitis Centre, Department and Laboratory of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disorder of the exocrine pancreas without specific treatment. Shenmai injection (SMI) was reported to eliminate the severity of experimental AP. This study aimed to explore the mechanisms underlying the synergistic protective effects of SMI on AP based on network pharmacology and experimental validation. Read More

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