1,376 results match your criteria anti-diabetic anti-inflammatory

GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs): cardiovascular actions and therapeutic potential.

Int J Biol Sci 2021 11;17(8):2050-2068. Epub 2021 May 11.

Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230001, China.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is closely associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure. Some anti-diabetic medications are linked with an increased risk of weight gain or hypoglycemia which may reduce the efficacy of the intended anti-hyperglycemic effects of these therapies. The recently developed receptor agonists for glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1RAs), stimulate insulin secretion and reduce glycated hemoglobin levels without having side effects such as weight gain and hypoglycemia. Read More

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Bis(ethylmaltolato)oxidovanadium (IV) attenuates amyloid-beta-mediated neuroinflammation by inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway via a PPARγ-dependent mechanism.

Metallomics 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences and Oceanography, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518055, China.

Neuroinflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD). During brain neuroinflammation, activated microglial cells resulting from amyloid-beta (Aβ) overload trigger toxic proinflammatory responses. Bis(ethylmaltolato)oxidovanadium (IV), an important vanadium compound, has been reported to have anti-diabetic, anti-cancer and neuroprotective effects, but its anti-inflammatory property has rarely been investigated. Read More

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Comprehensive Review of Phytochemical Constituents, Pharmacological Properties, and Clinical Applications of .

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:679378. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pharmacy, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

is one of the most ancient medicinal herbs and health foods commonly used in Asian countries. It is widely used as a constituent of many medicinal preparations and as a food ingredient for its beneficial health effects. In this review, we retrieved reports from PubMed, embase, Scopus, and SciFinder databases, to collect extensive scientific evidence on the phytochemical constituents, pharmacological properties, and clinical applications of . Read More

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Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel sulindac derivatives as partial agonists of PPARγ with potential anti-diabetic efficacy.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 24;222:113542. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Innovative Drug Target Research, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361102, China; High Throughput Drug Screening Platform, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361102, China. Electronic address:

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a valuable drug target for diabetic treatment and ligands of PPARγ have shown potent anti-diabetic efficacy. However, to overcome the severe side effects of current PPARγ-targeted drugs, novel PPARγ ligands need to be developed. Sulindac, an identified ligand of PPARγ, is widely used in clinic as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Read More

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Genus Pterocarpus: A Review of Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, Biological Activities, and Clinical Evidence.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 8:114316. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, 25200, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Pterocarpus (Fabaceae) has about 46 species that are distributed over Asia, especially Indonesia, Africa, and several countries in America. Particularly, P. indicus and P. Read More

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Role of chitosan based nanomedicines in the treatment of chronic respiratory diseases.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jun 8;185:20-30. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001, India. Electronic address:

Chitosan-loaded nanomedicines provide a greater opportunity for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Natural biopolymer chitosan and its derivatives have a large number of proven pharmacological actions like antioxidant, wound healing, immuno-stimulant, hypocholesterolemic, antimicrobial, obesity treatment, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, bone tissue engineering, antifungal, regenerative medicine, anti-diabetic and mucosal adjuvant, etc. which attracted its use in the pharmaceutical industry. Read More

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Metformin inhibition of mitochondrial ATP and DNA synthesis abrogates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pulmonary inflammation.

Immunity 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, UCSD, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), an inflammatory condition with high mortality rates, is common in severe COVID-19, whose risk is reduced by metformin rather than other anti-diabetic medications. Detecting of inflammasome assembly in post-mortem COVID-19 lungs, we asked whether and how metformin inhibits inflammasome activation while exerting its anti-inflammatory effect. We show that metformin inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation and interleukin (IL)-1β production in cultured and alveolar macrophages along with inflammasome-independent IL-6 secretion, thus attenuating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and SARS-CoV-2-induced ARDS. Read More

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Phytochemical analysis and versatile in vitro evaluation of antimicrobial, cytotoxic and enzyme inhibition potential of different extracts of traditionally used Aquilegia pubiflora Wall. Ex Royle.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Jun 7;21(1):165. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan.

Background: Himalayan Columbine (Aquilegia pubiflora Wall. Ex Royle) is a medicinal plant and have been used as traditional treatments for various human diseases including skin burns, jaundice, hepatitis, wound healing, cardiovascular and circulatory diseases. Till now there is no report available on phytochemical investigation of Himalayan Columbine and to the best of our knowledge, through present study we have reported for the first time, the phytochemical analysis and pharmacological potentials of different leaf extracts of Aquilegia pubiflora. Read More

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Comparative effects of metformin and Cistus laurifolius L. extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model: oxidative, inflammatory, apoptotic, and histopathological analyzes.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculty of Medicin, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Interest in phytochemical therapy methods in the treatment of diabetes is increasing day by day. Although the antidiabetic and antioxidant effects of Cistus laurifolius L. (CL) have been mentioned, the systemic effects remain unknown. Read More

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Antioxidant and anticancer potentials of edible flowers: where do we stand?

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 7:1-57. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, Pakistan.

Edible flowers are attracting special therapeutic attention and their administration is on the rise. Edible flowers play pivotal modulatory roles on oxidative stress and related interconnected apoptotic/inflammatory pathways toward the treatment of cancer. In this review, we highlighted the phytochemical content and therapeutic applications of edible flowers, as well as their modulatory potential on the oxidative stress pathways and apoptotic/inflammatory mediators, resulting in anticancer effects. Read More

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A Novel Antimicrobial Peptides From Pine Needles of Sieb. et Zucc. Against Foodborne Bacteria.

Front Microbiol 2021 20;12:662462. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Biomedical Science, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea.

Pine needles are used in several East Asian countries as food or traditional medicine. It contains functional components that exhibit a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities. We determined and characterized the novel antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) isolated from Sieb. Read More

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Systematic chemical characterization of Xiexin decoctions using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

Chin J Nat Med 2021 Jun;19(6):464-472

Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; State Key Laboratory of Component Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, China. Electronic address:

Xiexin decoctions (XXDs) display beneficial anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects, which raises interests on this group of formulae for broad clinical applications. However, there was no report about systematic analysis of XXDs to elucidate the constitution of chemical components, which hampers further investigations on the therapeutic values of XXDs. In this work, crude herbs were extracted and prepared to obtain the XXDs for systemic analysis on their chemical compositions, according to the information described in the ancient Zhang Zhongjing's herbal formulae. Read More

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In vitro characterization of bioactive compounds extracted from sea urchin (Stomopneustes variolaris) using green and conventional techniques.

Food Chem 2021 Nov 19;361:129866. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Nam-gu, Busan 48513, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study investigated the in vitro bioactivities of extracts obtained from viscera, spines, shells, and gonads of Stomopneustes variolaris using subcritical water extraction (SWE) at 110 °C, 150 °C, 190 °C, and 230 °C and Soxhlet extraction. The highest amounts of phenolics (22.68 ± 0. Read More

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November 2021

Diosgenin Protects Against Kidney Injury and Mitochondrial Apoptosis Induced by 3-MCPD Through the Regulation of ER Stress, Ca Homeostasis, and Bcl2 Expression.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jun 1:e2001202. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China.

Scope: Diosgenin (DIO) is a natural steroid sapogenin presented in various plants. It exerts anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic nephropathy properties. The present study evaluates the intervention effect of DIO on nephrotoxicity induced by food contaminant 3-chloro-1, 2-propanediol (3-MCPD) in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Kefir and Its Biological Activities.

Foods 2021 May 27;10(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400 UPM, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Kefir is a fermented beverage with renowned probiotics that coexist in symbiotic association with other microorganisms in kefir grains. This beverage consumption is associated with a wide array of nutraceutical benefits, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-cancer, anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and anti-hypercholesterolemic effects. Moreover, kefir can be adapted into different substrates which allow the production of new functional beverages to provide product diversification. Read More

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Deciphering the Molecular Mechanism Responsible for Efficiently Inhibiting Metastasis of Human Non-Small Cell Lung and Colorectal Cancer Cells Targeting the Matrix Metalloproteinases by .

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 14;10(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Bapalal Vaidya Botanical Research Centre, Department of Biosciences, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat 394230, India.

species are known to have antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic as well as anticancer effects. However, no study has examined the cytotoxic and anti-metastatic efficacy of to date. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-metastatic properties of ethanol crude extract of in human non-small-cell lung (A-549) and colorectal cancer (HCT-116) cells with possible mechanisms. Read More

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Role of Resveratrol in Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disorders and Cardiovascular Complications Related to COVID-19 Disease: Mode of Action and Approaches Explored to Increase Its Bioavailability.

Molecules 2021 May 11;26(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Center of Excellence for Molecular Food Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced by many plants as a defense mechanism against stress-inducing conditions. The richest dietary sources of resveratrol are berries and grapes, their juices and wines. Good bioavailability of resveratrol is not reflected in its high biological activity in vivo because of resveratrol isomerization and its poor solubility in aqueous solutions. Read More

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Phytoprostanes, phytofurans, tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotenoids and free amino acids and biological potential of sea buckthorn juices.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Plant Nutraceutical Technology, The Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: Juices are currently a fast-growing segment in the fruit and vegetable industry sector. However, there are still no reports on the diversity of the phytochemical profile and health-promoting properties of commercial sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) juices. This study aimed to identify and quantify phytoprostanes, phytofurans by ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS), tocopherols, tocotrienols by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a fluorescence detector (UPLC-FL), carotenoids, and free amino acids by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode detector-quadrupole and tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS), and assess their anti-cholinergic, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant potential by in vitro assays of commercial sea buckthorn juices. Read More

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The role of pioglitazone in antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and insulin sensitivity in a high fat-carbohydrate diet-induced rat model of insulin resistance.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2021 24;54(8):e10782. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

We explored the cascade effects of a high fat-carbohydrate diet (HFCD) and pioglitazone (an anti-diabetic therapy used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)) on lipid profiles, oxidative stress/antioxidant, insulin, and inflammatory biomarkers in a rat model of insulin resistance. Sixty albino rats (80-90 g) were randomly divided into three dietary groups; 1) standard diet; 2) HFCD diet for 12 weeks to induce an in vivo model of insulin resistance; and 3) HFCD diet plus pioglitazone. Blood and tissue samples were taken to assess hepatic function, lipid profiles, oxidative biomarkers, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, antioxidant defense biomarkers, including reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrotic factor (TNF-α). Read More

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An overview of hydroxypyranone and hydroxypyridinone as privileged scaffolds for novel drug discovery.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Oct 14;221:113546. Epub 2021 May 14.

State Key Laboratory of Functions and Applications of Medicinal Plants, Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutics, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, China; Engineering Research Center for the Development and Application of Ethnic Medicine and TCM (Ministry of Education), Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, China. Electronic address:

Hydroxypyranone and hydroxypyridinone are important oxygen-containing or nitrogen-containing heterocyclic nucleus and attracted increasing attention in medicinal chemistry and drug discovery over the past decade. Previous literature reports revealed that hydroxypyranone and hydroxypyridinone derivatives exhibit a wide range of pharmacological activities such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, and anti-diabetic activities. In this review, we systematically summarized the literature reported biological activities of hydroxypyranone and hydroxypyridinone derivatives. Read More

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October 2021

Metformin attenuates expression of angiogenic and inflammatory genes in human endometriotic stromal cells.

Exp Cell Res 2021 Jul 19;404(2):112659. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Genetics, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran; Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran; Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease that is manifested by the presence and growth of endometrial cells and glands outside the uterine. Active angiogenesis, migration, and invasion of endometrial tissue outside the uterine are critical for the development of endometriosis and lead to the survival and growth of endometriotic lesions. Metformin, as an anti-diabetic agent, represents anti-angiogenic property. Read More

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Comparative evaluation for phytochemical composition and regulation of blood glucose, hepatic oxidative stress and insulin resistance in mice and HepG2 models of four typical Chinese dark teas.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Institute of Food Engineering, College of Life Science, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Dark tea, comprising one of the six major teas, has many biological activities, which originate from their active substrates, such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, and so on. The hypoglycemic effect is one of its most prominent activities, although less is known about their evaluation and potential role in the hypoglycemic mechanism.

Results: In the present study, we separately analyzed the phytochemical composition, glycosidase inhibition and free radical scavenging activities, and hypoglycemic activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus mice, as well as the alleviation of insulin resistance in HepG2 cells of four dark tea aqueous extracts. Read More

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The Effects of Curcumin on Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 3;12:669448. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Marília (UNIMAR), Marília, Brazil.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an ensemble of metabolic conditions that have reached pandemic proportions worldwide. Pathology's multifactorial nature makes patient management, including lifelong drug therapy and lifestyle modification, extremely challenging. Currently, there is growing evidence about the effectiveness of using herbal supplements in preventing and controlling DM. Read More

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Nicotine aggravates vascular adiponectin resistance via ubiquitin-mediated adiponectin receptor degradation in diabetic Apolipoprotein E knockout mouse.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 18;12(6):508. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.

There is limited and discordant evidence on the role of nicotine in diabetic vascular disease. Exacerbated endothelial cell dysregulation in smokers with diabetes is associated with the disrupted adipose function. Adipokines possess vascular protective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic properties. Read More

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Biological activities of Pleurotus spp. polysaccharides: A review.

J Food Biochem 2021 Jun 17;45(6):e13748. Epub 2021 May 17.

Faculty of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan, India.

Mushrooms are consumed for their nutrients and therapeutic bioactive compounds and are used medicinally in Chinese and Japanese medicine traditions since time immemorial. Members of the genus Pleurotus form a heterogeneous group of edible species with outstanding nutritional profiles rich in fiber, vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, ascorbic acid, ergosterine, and niacin), micro and macro-elements (phosphorus and iron), and carbohydrates. Pleurotus is one of the most diversified medicinal and edible mushrooms related to the composition of chemical structures such as polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and secondary metabolites such as alkaloids and betalains. Read More

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A comprehensive review on different classes of polyphenolic compounds present in edible oils.

Alam Zeb

Food Res Int 2021 May 16;143:110312. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Edible oils are used as a frying medium and in the preparation of several food products. They are mainly constituting triacylglycerols as major components, while other compounds are classified as minor constituents, which include polyphenols. This class of compounds plays an important role in the thermal stability and quality attributes of the finished industrial food products. Read More

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Pharmacological and therapeutic applications of Sinapic acid-an updated review.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 14;48(4):3733-3745. Epub 2021 May 14.

Formerly, Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Chennai, India.

Phenolic compounds, present in plants, are considered to be indispensable parts of human dietary sources. Sinapic acid, is a natural herbal compound containing phenolic acid. It is found in oranges, grapefruits, and cranberries and in herbs like canola, mustard seed and rapeseed. Read More

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Hesperetin ameliorates hepatic oxidative stress and inflammation the PI3K/AKT-Nrf2-ARE pathway in oleic acid-induced HepG2 cells and a rat model of high-fat diet-induced NAFLD.

Food Funct 2021 May;12(9):3898-3918

Institute of Biomedical Research, School of Life Sciences, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, Shandong, China.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease. Dietary supplementation has become a promising strategy for managing NAFLD. Hesperetin, a citrus flavonoid, is mainly found in citrus fruits (oranges, grapefruit, and lemons) and possesses multiple pharmacological properties, including anti-cancer, anti-Alzheimer and anti-diabetic effects. Read More

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An overview on the role of plant-derived tannins for the treatment of lung cancer.

Phytochemistry 2021 Aug 8;188:112799. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Biochemistry, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Environmental Health, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death globally. Despite many advanced approaches to treat cancer, they are often ineffective due to resistance to classical anti-cancer drugs and distant metastases. Currently, alternative medicinal agents derived from plants are the major interest due to high bioavailability and fewer adverse effects. Read More

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Mulberry leaf activates brown adipose tissue and induces browning of inguinal white adipose tissue in type 2 diabetic rats through regulating AMPK signaling pathway.

Br J Nutr 2021 May 11:1-31. Epub 2021 May 11.

Beijing Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

The current epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) significantly affects human health worldwide. Activation of brown adipocytes and browning of white adipocytes are considered as a promising molecular target for T2DM treatment. Mulberry leaf, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been demonstrated to have multi-biological activities, including anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects. Read More

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