4,306 results match your criteria anthropometric indices

The Effect of Curcumin Phytosome on the Treatment of Patients with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1308:25-35

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global health problem with increasing prevalence among overweight and obese patients. It is strongly associated with conditions of insulin resistance including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. It has detrimental consequences ranged from simple steatosis to irreversible hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of Helicobacter Pylori Infection on Nutritional Status in Polish Teenagers.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 30;2021:6678687. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Endocrinology and Diabetology, Dr Władysław Biegański Regional Specialist Hospital in Grudziądz, Poland.

Purpose: Data on an association between (. ) and nutritional status in children are conflicting. We designed a large-sampled prospective community-based study to examine the differences in average body indices among Polish teenagers depending on their . Read More

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Effects of Nigella sativa oil supplementation on selected metabolic parameters and anthropometric indices in patients with coronary artery disease: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Phytother Res 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Various metabolic parameters are risk factors related to the amplified risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A wide variety of data exist on Nigella sativa (NS) and metabolic parameters. The current study is designed to examine NS supplementation on lipid profile, blood pressure, glycemic control, anthropometric indices, and insulin resistance in individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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Development and Validation of Machine Learning-Based Race-Specific Models to Predict 10-Year Risk of Heart Failure: A Multi-Cohort Analysis.

Circulation 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Heart failure (HF) risk and the underlying risk factors vary by race. Traditional models for HF risk prediction treat race as a covariate in risk prediction and do not account for significant parameters such as cardiac biomarkers. Machine learning (ML) may offer advantages over traditional modeling techniques to develop race-specific HF risk prediction models and elucidate important contributors of HF development across races. Read More

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Association between fitness, anthropometric indices and laboratory parameters in elderly women.

Rev Med Chil 2020 Dec;148(12):1742-1749

Laboratorio de Rendimiento Humano, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.

Background: Aging causes an involution of anthropometric and health indices that can affect physical fitness.

Aim: To determine the influence of anthropometric and health indices on the physical fitness of elderly women.

Material And Methods: Anthropometric parameters, serum lipids, blood glucose and physical fitness evaluated using Senior Fitness Test, were assessed in 140 women aged 70 ± 5 years. Read More

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December 2020

Association of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D with obesity-related indices in Chinese adults: A cross-sectional study.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Apr 26;9(4):2260-2268. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene Peking University Health Science Center Beijing China.

Obesity has been a well-known risk factor of low-level serum vitamin D. Compared with the traditional obesity-related indicator (body mass index, BMI), associations for two novel anthropometric indices, a body shape index (ABSI) and body roundness index (BRI) with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, still remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the associations of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) status with these three obesity-related indices among Chinese adults. Read More

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Iron Deficiency Anemia and Early Childhood caries: a cross-sectional study.

Aust Dent J 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Resident of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Egyptian Ministry of Health. MBBCH, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Background: This study aimed to assess​ ​the​ ​association​ ​between Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA​)​and dental caries in early childhood.

Methods: A total of 40 children with proven iron deficiency anemia and another 40 healthy age and sex-matched children were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Legal guardians were interviewed to collect data on oral hygiene measures and dietary habits. Read More

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Effects of PMS50 supplementation on psychological symptoms of students with premenstrual syndrome.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of PMS50 supplementation on psychological symptoms in students of AJUMS, Iran.

Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, between December 2018 and March 2019. 50 female students with moderate to severe PMS randomly received either 550 mg/d of PMS50 or placebo (n=25), starting from one week before till the end of menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles. Read More

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Evaluation of Eight Anthropometric Indices for Identification of Metabolic Syndrome in Adults with Diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 30;14:1431-1443. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Province, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Several previous reports have highlighted the association between adiposity and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although it is necessary to identify which adiposity indices are best suited to identify MetS, no such study has been completed in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of eight anthropometric indices to identify MetS in diabetic, middle-aged and elderly Chinese patients. Read More

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The efficacy of calcitriol treatment in non-alcoholic fatty liver patients with different genotypes of vitamin D receptor FokI polymorphism.

BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 2021 Apr 7;22(1):18. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Hyperlipidemia Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but there are debates on the usefulness of vitamin D treatment. The interindividual variations in response may be due to different genetic backgrounds. The present study evaluated the efficacy of calcitriol treatment in NAFLD patients with regard to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes of FokI polymorphism. Read More

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The association of dietary patterns with dietary inflammatory index, systemic inflammation, and insulin resistance, in apparently healthy individuals with obesity.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 6;11(1):7515. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Margheh, Iran.

Inflammation is considered a key mechanism leading to obesity. Dietary patterns and certain food items influence inflammation. Few studies have investigated the contribution of major dietary patterns to biological measures of inflammation. Read More

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Bone mineral density and body composition in Polish girls with Myelomeningocele: effects of adapted physical activity and past fractures.

Homo 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Human Biology, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw Marymoncka St. 34, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationship between the condition of bone mineral density and body composition and the adapted physical activity, the number of past fractures and selected somatic characteristics of girls with myelomeningocele (MMC). The study examined 37 girls with myelomeningocele (MMC) at the age of 11.9 ± 1. Read More

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Changes in anthropometric indices among Korean school students based on the 2010 and 2018 Korea School Health Examination Surveys.

Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Mar 31;26(1):38-45. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study sought to identify changes in anthropometric values among Korean school students by comparing the most recent nationwide data with previous data.

Methods: Data from the Korea School Health Examination Survey 2018 were used. The study population consisted of 107,954 Korean school students ranging from the 1st grade in elementary school through the 3rd year of high school. Read More

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Prospective Evaluation of Dietary and Lifestyle Pattern Indices with Risk of Colorectal Cancer in a Cohort of Younger Women.

Ann Oncol 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Background: Although colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence in the US is declining overall, its incidence is increasing among those younger than 50 years of age. The reasons underlying the increasing trend are largely unknown, although behavioral changes, such as unhealthy diet and lifestyle factors, may be partially responsible.

Design: A prospective cohort study included 94,217 women aged 26-45 years at baseline. Read More

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Clinical Usefulness of Anthropometric Indices to Predict the Presence of Prediabetes. Data from the ILERVAS Cohort.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 19;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Obesity, Diabetes and Metabolism (ODIM) Research Group, IRBLleida, University of Lleida, Rovira Roure 80, 25198 Lleida, Spain.

Prediabetes is closely related to excess body weight and adipose distribution. For this reason, we aimed to assess and compare the diagnostic usefulness of ten anthropometric adiposity indices to predict prediabetes. Cross-sectional study with 8188 overweight subjects free of type 2 diabetes from the ILERVAS project (NCT03228459). Read More

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Assessment of Selected Clock Proteins (CLOCK and CRY1) and Their Relationship with Biochemical, Anthropometric, and Lifestyle Parameters in Hypertensive Patients.

Biomolecules 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Nursing, Stanislaw Staszic State University of Applied Sciences in Pila, 10 Podchorążych Street, 64-920 Piła, Poland.

Background: Circadian rhythms misalignment is associated with hypertension. The aim of the study was to evaluate the concentration of selected clock proteins-cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) and circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK) to determine their relationships with biochemical and anthropometric parameters and lifestyle elements (diet, physical activity, and quality of sleep) in hypertensive patients.

Methods: In 31 females with hypertension (HT) and 55 non-hypertensive women (NHT) the CRY1 and CLOCK concentrations, total antioxidant status (TAS), lipid profile, and glycemia were analyzed. Read More

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Effects of Christian Orthodox Fasting Versus Time-Restricted Eating on Plasma Irisin Concentrations Among Overweight Metabolically Healthy Individuals.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 25;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

First Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA University Hospital, 54636 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Irisin has been recently identified as an adipomyokine produced during physical activity and involved in the browning of adipose tissue. Despite the emerging evidence suggesting an inverse relationship between irisin plasma concentrations and adverse metabolic outcomes, the exact impact of diet on irisin levels remains obscure. Thus, we aimed to assess the effects of two dietary patterns, Christian Orthodox fasting (OF) and 16:8 time-restricted eating (TRE), on circulating irisin levels among overweight, metabolically healthy, adults. Read More

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Anemia Prevalence and Anthropometric Status of Indigenous Women and Young Children in Rural Botswana: The San People.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 28;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 28.

BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H4, Canada.

In Botswana, there is limited data available on the health and nutritional status of the San People (also known as the Basarwa or Bushmen), an Indigenous minority group primarily living in the Ghanzi District. Our aim in this study was to assess anemia prevalence among and anthropometric indices of women and young children in Ghanzi District through a cross-sectional survey. We recruited 367 mother-child pairs (women 15-49 years and children 6-59 months) in nine randomly selected areas. Read More

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Psychological Risk Factors for the Development of Restrictive and Bulimic Eating Behaviors: A Polish and Vietnamese Comparison.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 11;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Institute of Applied Psychology, Faculty of Management and Social Communication, Jagiellonian University, 30-374 Krakow, Poland.

The aim of this paper is to identify psychological factors which are culture specific or common predictors for restrictive and bulimic behaviors towards eating for young women raised in different cultures. The study included 661 young women from Poland ( = 233) and Vietnam ( = 428). Subjects filled-in the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-3) and the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS), and body measurements were collected to calculate anthropometric indices. Read More

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Body composition and cardiometabolic health of pediatric patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) under burosumab therapy.

Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2021 16;12:20420188211001150. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Pediatric Orthopedic Department, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Burosumab, a recombinant anti-FGF23 monoclonal antibody, was recently introduced as a treatment for X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH). Burosumab normalizes blood phosphate levels, thereby healing rickets, decreasing leg bowing, and reducing pain. We aimed to explore the body composition and cardiometabolic health of pediatric patients with XLH treated with burosumab. Read More

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Simple anthropometry-based calculations to monitor body composition in athletes: Scoping review and reference values.

Nutr Health 2021 Apr 1:2601060211002941. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Research Division, DBSS International, Colombia.

Background: Kinanthropometry offers to exercise and health professionals a standardized procedure of acquiring surface anatomical measurements that might be used to track changes in body composition.

Aim: To describe simple anthropometric indices to monitor body composition changes in amateur and elite athletes, and to provide reference values during the competition phase.

Methods: A search of articles indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, and SciELO databases using the string . Read More

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Investigations of Kidney Dysfunction-Related Gene Variants in Sickle Cell Disease Patients in Cameroon (Sub-Saharan Africa).

Front Genet 2021 15;12:595702. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Division of Human Genetics, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Renal dysfunctions are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD). Early detection and subsequent management of SCD patients at risk for renal failure and dysfunctions are essential, however, predictors that can identify patients at risk of developing renal dysfunction are not fully understood.

Methods: In this study, we have investigated the association of 31 known kidney dysfunctions-related variants detected in African Americans from multi-ethnic genome wide studies (GWAS) meta-analysis, to kidney-dysfunctions in a group of 413 Cameroonian patients with SCD. Read More

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Identification of Hepatic Steatosis in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women Based on Phenotypes Combining Triglyceride Levels and Anthropometric Indices: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 23;14:1339-1347. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China Academic Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: The hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype (HWP) has exhibited a strong association with metabolic syndrome, a condition closely linked with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, no study has investigated whether the HWP can accurately predict NAFLD among premenopausal and postmenopausal women or whether alternative anthropometric indexes could replace waist circumference (WC) in the HWP. We examined the power of phenotypes combining triglyceride (TG) levels with anthropometric indexes such as body mass index (BMI), WC, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and percent body fat, to detect NAFLD among premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Read More

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Screening of hypertension, risks, knowledge/awareness in second-cycle schools in Ghana. A national cross-sectional study among students aged 12-22.

J Hum Hypertens 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China.

In Ghana, the management of hypertension in primary health care is a cost-effective way of addressing premature deaths from vascular disorders that include hypertension. There is little or no evidence of large-scale studies on the prevalence, risk, and knowledge/awareness of hypertension in students aged 12-22 years in Ghana. In a cross-sectional study, blood pressure, anthropometric indices, and knowledge/awareness assessment of students at second-cycle schools were recorded from 2018 to 2020 in three regions of Ghana. Read More

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A comparison of the different anthropometric indices for assessing malnutrition among older people in Turkey: a large population-based screening.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 Mar 30;40(1):13. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Nevşehir, Turkey.

Objective: Due to an increase in aging worldwide, assessment of the nutritional status of older people becomes an important matter. Malnutrition in older people increases the risk of infections, disease period and hospitalization rates. This study aimed to compare the different anthropometric indices for detecting malnutrition among older people and comparing these indices among males and females to explain the possible differences. Read More

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Evaluation of malnutrition status and clinical indications in children with celiac disease: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Mar 29;21(1):147. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Neonatal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Celiac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune systemic disorder triggered by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals, which can lead to chronic malabsorption. Considering the changes in the manifestations of CD, this study aimed to determine anthropometric indices and clinical indications in children with CD.

Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the children with CD who had referred to Imam Reza Celiac Clinic between 2016 and 2019. Read More

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Magnitude and Associated Factors of Undernutrition Among Children Aged 6-59 Months in Ethiopian Orphanage Centres.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2021 19;12:141-150. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Public Health St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Children without parental care are at high risk for under-nutrition. Ethiopia counts as one of the largest populations of orphans in the world. However, there is no information about the nutritional status of children in Ethiopian orphanage centers. Read More

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Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate (DHEAS) Levels in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Mar;31(3):253-257

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PNS Hafeez, Naval Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To compare DHEAS levels among subjects with and without PCOS, evaluating differences between lean-PCOS or obese-PCOS phenotype for insulin resistance, anthropometric indices, glycemic and lipid parameters.

Study Design: Descriptive study. Study Place and Duration of Study: PNS Hafeez Naval Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, from January 2018 to August 2019. Read More

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Dietary diversity score and cardio-metabolic risk factors: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: Dietary diversity score (DDS) has been known as a useful and convenient indicator of overall diet quality. Previous studies have reported the association between DDS and health problems such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.

Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between dietary diversity score (DDS) and cardio-metabolic risk factors such as obesity and overweight, lipid profile, blood pressure, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes. Read More

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The product of waist and neck circumference outperforms traditional anthropometric indices in identifying metabolic syndrome in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2021 Mar 26;13(1):35. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 100 Haining Road, Shanghai, 200080, China.

Background: Traditional anthropometric indices are used in diagnosing metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to propose a novel index, a product of waist and neck circumferences (PWNC), and compared its value with traditional anthropometric parameters in identifying the presence of MetS in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: From September 2017 to June 2019, a total of 2017 Chinese adults with T2DM from the National Metabolic Management Center were included and categorized into a MetS group (1575 cases) and a non-MetS group (442 cases). Read More

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