3,026 results match your criteria anterior thigh

Fear of Reinjury Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Is Manifested in Muscle Activation Patterns of Single-Leg Side-Hop Landings.

Phys Ther 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Sweden SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether fear of re-injury is manifested in joint kinematics and muscle activation patterns during landings of a standardized rebound side-hop (SRSH), or in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), among individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, 38 individuals within 2 years post-ACLR were grouped into HIGH-FEAR (n = 21, median 11.2 months post-surgery) or LOW-FEAR (n = 17, median 10. Read More

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September 2021

Experience in reconstruction of esophagus, epiglottis, and upper trachea due to caustic injuries in pediatric patients and establishment of algorithm.

Microsurgery 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Unintentional swallowing of corrosive agents cause problems in the pediatric population. Swallowing dysfunction can be seen after injuring the pharynx and/or epiglottis which leads to the obstruction of esophagus. An algorithm was established taking into account the injury to the epiglottis and restoring gastrointestinal continuity with isolated or combine free and or supercharged jejunum flap, or supercharged colon transposition flap. Read More

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September 2021

The influence of testing positions and resistance locations on muscle activities during shoulder internal rotation strength measurements in young healthy adults.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Upper Extremity Center of Joint Replacement & Endoscopy, Orthopedic Hokushin Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Although some tests of shoulder internal rotator strength including subscapularis are commonly used in clinical practice, the differences in shoulder muscle activities other than subscapularis muscle among those tests are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the activities of the superficial shoulder muscles in addition to internal rotation strength during two belly-press and three lift-off test positions.

Methods: Thirteen healthy young adult men (age 29. Read More

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September 2021

Heterotopic Ossifications after Fractures of the Anterior Pelvic Segment: Overview of Morphology and Clinical Correlations.

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(4):253-259

Centre for Integrated Studies of the Pelvis, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In certain patients after treated pelvic fractures, heterotopic ossifications can be observed in the area of the pubic bone, which protrude ventrally, and often also laterally and distally into surrounding soft tissues of the groin or even medially into the proximal thigh. These ossifications are shaped like sharp spikes of various lengths, which is why the authors refer to them as "spicules". In some patients, these ossifications are also associated with pain. Read More

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September 2021

Usage of Accessory Anteromedial Portal for Anatomical Placement of Femoral Tunnel in Transportal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Study.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17095. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Raipur, IND.

Background and objective The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has an essential role in preserving the function and stability of the knee joint. It acts primarily to prevent anterior tibial translation. Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using quadrupled hamstring graft is the widely practiced modality for treating ACL injuries nowadays. Read More

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Bridging Lymphatic Vessel Defects with a Perforator Flap that Contains Retrograde Axial Lymphatic Flow.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Sep 7;9(9):e3805. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

Axiality of lymphatic flow is possibly an important consideration for stimulating recanalization of flow between the transferred flap and the recipient site during wound healing. Antegrade lymphatic flow reconstruction has previously been reported. Here we report the first case where lymph stasis following groin lymph nodes dissection could be recanalized in a pedicled anterolateral thigh flap in which the collecting lymphatics were arranged retrograde. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of an Intra-Articular Drain in Arthroscopy-Assisted Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Cureus 2021 Aug 5;13(8):e16928. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Pathology, Core Diagnostics, Lucknow, IND.

Introduction The use of a drain after various types of arthroscopic surgeries has long been debated. Whether a drain offers an advantage in terms of pain, swelling, and functional outcome after arthroscopy-assisted reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) needs to be investigated. This study was designed to assess the validity of the use of an intra-articular drain after routine arthroscopic ACL reconstruction and to assess the various complications associated with its use. Read More

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Symptomatic hernia of the thigh musculature requiring reconstruction: A rare late presenting sequela after fascial release for compartment syndrome.

Trauma Case Rep 2021 Oct 25;35:100528. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States of America.

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of the lower extremity is a surgical emergency, often secondary to severe crush injury, and requires immediate fascial release. In treatment of ACS, the underlying fascia is left unrepaired and the subsequent fascial defect does not generally cause negative consequences. Here, we present a 24-year-old man who developed symptomatic muscle herniation 3-years after undergoing fascial release secondary to ACS of the anterior thigh. Read More

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October 2021

[Treatment of a patient with giant solitary fibrous tumor of the left hip].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (9):93-99

Novosibirsk State Regional Clinical Hospital, Novosibirsk, Russia.

The authors report surgical treatment of a 59-year-old female with a giant solitary-fibrous tumor of the left hip. Previous excision of hip hemangioma was performed in 2016. Recurrent tumor with fast growth has occurred since 2018. Read More

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September 2021

Anatomical retraction of the semitendinosus muscle following harvest of the distal semitendinosus tendon for ACL reconstruction.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Sports Orthopedic Research Center - Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre Hospital, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650, Hvidovre, Amager, Denmark.

Purpose: Retraction of semitendinosus muscle has been reported after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with semitendinosus/gracilis-graft. However, very little data exist on the natural variation in side-to-side length symmetry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the side-to-side asymmetry of semitendinosus muscle length in individuals with ACL reconstruction (ACLR) using the semitendinosus/gracilis-graft compared to a group of healthy control subjects to establish the level of retraction that can confidently be ascribed the surgery. Read More

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September 2021

Role of Pain-Related Evoked Potential in the Diagnosis of Meralgia Paresthetica.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2021 May-Jun;24(3):379-382. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: Entrapment of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) of thigh results in meralgia paresthetica (MP). Standard electrophysiological tests for MP are technically demanding and unreliable. We aimed to study the role of pain-related evoked potentials (PREP) in the diagnosis of MP. Read More

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September 2020

Reproducibility of Skin Temperature Response after Cold Stress Test Using the Game Ready System: Preliminary Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 5;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Research Group in Medical Physics (GIFIME), Department of Physiology, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain.

The objective of this preliminary study was to determine the reproducibility of lower limbs skin temperature after cold stress test using the Game Ready system. Skin temperature of fourteen participants was measured before and after cold stress test using the Game Ready system and it was repeated the protocol in four times: at 9:00, at 11:00, at 19:00, and at 9:00 h of the posterior day. To assess skin temperature recovery after cold stress test, a logarithmic equation for each region was calculated, and constant (β) and slope (β) coefficients were obtained. Read More

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Joint effusion, anteroposterior stability, muscle strength and degree of patellofemoral osteoarthritis significantly impact outcome following revision ACL reconstruction.

J Exp Orthop 2021 Aug 26;8(1):70. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Center of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Brandenburg, Medical School "Theodor Fontane", Hochstrasse 29, 14770, Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany.

Purpose: Effusion, impaired muscle function and knee instability are considered as some of the most important factors effecting outcome following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) but the impact on revision ACL-R remains unclear. It was hypothesized that these factors will significantly worsen clinical outcome following revision ACL-R.

Methods: Seventy knees (13 female and 57 male) were followed retrospectively after revision ACL-R at a mean follow-up of 47. Read More

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Mammary-type myofibroblastoma of the thigh mimicking liposarcoma.

Skeletal Radiol 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Medical Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L6, Canada.

Myofibroblastoma is a rare tumor that was originally described in the breast but has since been found in extra-mammary locations, where it been renamed mammary-type myofibroblastoma (MTM). We describe a case of MTM occurring in the anterior compartment of the thigh, which was initially interpreted as a possible a liposarcoma on MRI. Two subsequent biopsy samples and eventual excision revealed the tumor to have the characteristic pathology of MTM. Read More

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Comparison of Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Graft, Semitendinosus-Gracilis Graft and Semitendinosus-Gracilis with Preserved Tibial Insertion Graft in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Sports Persons.

Malays Orthop J 2021 Jul;15(2):12-17

Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) and semitendinosus-gracilis (STG) are the commonest grafts used for ACL reconstruction. However even after having been debated for years, there is no consensus about the ideal graft. Moreover, the literature is deficient about STG graft with preserved tibial insertion (STGPI) which preserves the proprioception. Read More

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Elastic Fibres in the subcutaneous tissue: Is there a difference between superficial and muscular fascia? A cadaver study.

Skin Res Technol 2021 Aug 22. Epub 2021 Aug 22.

Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Human Anatomy, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Background: In last years the role of fascia in proprioception and pain has been confirmed in numerous papers, but the real structure of fasciae is not still entirely known. To date, many studies have evaluated the elastic fibres in arteries, ligaments, lungs, epidermis and dermis, but only two studies exist about the elastic fibres in the fasciae, and they did not distinguish between superficial (in the subcutaneous tissue) and deep/muscular fasciae. The aim of the study was to assess the percentage of elastic fibres between superficial and deep fascia. Read More

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Functional outcome and complication following THA through modified direct anterior approach correlated to cadaveric study: are there any differences in Asian hip?

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Aug 20;16(1):513. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Anatomy, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Direct anterior approach (DAA) has several advantages including shorter length of hospital stay, faster recovery, and better functional outcome while this approach may cause damage to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) as high as 81% in the works of literature. Not much data has identified the LFCN pattern in the Asian population. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to identify characteristics of the LFCN patterns representing an Asian hip, which would aid to provide the most appropriate incision of modified direct anterior approach (MDAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA), and to identify the clinical outcome and complications following THA through MDAA correlated with cadaveric hip in the Asian population. Read More

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Serum albumin levels as a predictive biomarker for low-load resistance training programs' effects on muscle thickness in the community-dwelling elderly Japanese population: interventional study result.

BMC Geriatr 2021 08 18;21(1):464. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

COI Project Center, Juntendo University, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Background: Resistance training has been recommended as an effective measure against age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle strength, called sarcopenia, even in older adults. However, despite subjecting each participant to the same training program, the training effect solely depended on the individual. This study aimed to evaluate whether certain blood parameters influenced the effect of a low-load resistance training program on muscle thickness in the community-dwelling elderly population. Read More

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Altered trunk and lower extremity movement coordination after neuromuscular training with and without external focus instruction: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2021 Aug 17;13(1):92. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Physical Therapy, Congdon School of Health Sciences, High Point University, One University Parkway, High Point, NC, 27268, USA.

Background: This study sought to determine the effects of a 6-week neuromuscular training (NMT) and NMT plus external focus (NMT plus EF) programs on trunk and lower extremity inter-segmental movement coordination in active individuals at risk of injury.

Methods: Forty-six active male athletes (controls = 15, NMT = 16, NMT plus EF = 15) participated (age = 23.26 ± 2. Read More

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Free tensor fascia lata flap - a reliable and easy to harvest flap for reconstruction.

Acta Chir Plast 2021 ;63(2):57-63

Background: Flaps are the essence of reconstructive surgery. The ability to successfully design, execute and manage the flaps makes plastic surgery an outstanding speciality. The choice of flap is mainly guided by the type of the defect. Read More

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Transgender Scrotoplasty and Perineal Reconstruction With Labia Majora Flaps: Technique and Outcomes From 147 Consecutive Cases.

Ann Plast Surg 2021 09;87(3):324-330

G.U. Recon, San Francisco, CA.

Purpose: Labia majora, the embryologic homologs of the scrotum, are ideal donor tissue for transgender scrotoplasty. The technique is detailed, and surgical outcomes are assessed for scrotoplasty using labia majora rotational advancement flaps.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of phalloplasty patients who underwent either primary or secondary labia majora flap scrotoplasty and perineal reconstruction from October 1, 2017, to December 1, 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Acute effect of different duration times of application of myofascial release on quadriceps femoris strength: A randomized clinical trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2021 Jul 5;27:233-238. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - Medical School - Physiotherapy Department, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Miofascial Release (MFR) on knee extensors strength, at different duration times of application.

Method: 51 healthy individuals were randomly assigned to one of three groups (3min, 5min or placebo) in this randomized clinical trial. The knee extensors strength was assessed in two conditions: pre and post-intervention, using an isokinetic dynamometer, at speeds of 60° and 120°/s. Read More

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Out-of-Frame Mutations in Last Exon Cause a Dominant Distal Myopathy With Facial Weakness.

Neurol Genet 2021 Oct 10;7(5):e619. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Folkhälsan Research Center (M. Savarese, A.V., M.J., P.H.J., P.H., B.U.), Helsinki; Department of Medical Genetics (M. Savarese, A.V., M.J., P.H.J., P.H., B.U.), Medicum, University of Helsinki; Neuromuscular Research Center (A.V.), Department of Genetics, Fimlab Laboratories, Tampere; Division of Clinical Neurosciences (M.E.J.), Department of Neurology, Turku University and University Hospital; Neuromuscular Research Center (S.P.H.), Department of Pathology, Fimlab Laboratories, Tampere, Finland; Neuroradiology Unit (S.G.), ASST Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo; Dipartimento di Medicina di Precisione (A.T., M.E.O., V.N.), Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli," Napoli; Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (A.T., V.N.), Pozzuoli; Division of Neuroscience and U.O. Neurologia (M. Scarlato, S.C.P.), IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milano, Italy; Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular Biophysics (M.G.), King's College London BHF Centre of Research Excellence, United Kingdom; Department of Neurology (B.U.), Vaasa Central Hospital; and Neuromuscular Research Center (M.E.J., B.U.), Department of Neurology, Tampere University and University Hospital, Finland.

Background And Objectives: To clinically, genetically, and histopathologically characterize patients presenting with an unusual combination of distal myopathy and facial weakness, without involvement of upper limb or shoulder girdle muscles.

Methods: Two families with a novel form of actininopathy were identified. Patients had been followed up over 10 years. Read More

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October 2021

Estimating soft tissue artifact of the thigh in high knee flexion tasks using optical motion Capture: Implications for marker cluster placement.

J Biomech 2021 Jul 31;127:110659. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:

Soft tissue artifact in motion capture is widely accepted as a significant source of error in kinematic and kinetic measurements. Non-invasive methods of estimating soft tissue artifact, those requiring only motion capture, provide a feasible method to evaluate marker placement on a segment and enable recommendations for marker configurations which can minimize soft tissue artifact. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of thigh marker cluster location on soft tissue artifact during high knee flexion (>120 deg) as unique deformation of soft tissue occurs in this range (e. Read More

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[Effect of differentarterial occlusion pressure and intermittent mode on KAATSU-loaded deep-squat exercise on the characteristics of thigh muscle activation].

Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 May;37(3):300-304

School of Physical Education and Sports Training, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China.

To investigate the effect of different arterial occlusion pressure and intermittent time on KAATSU-loaded deep-squat exercise on the characteristics of thigh muscle activation, find out the suitable relative value of personal blood pressure limit causing the maximum activation, and to provide some theoretical basis and practical reference for athletes to carry on the KAATSU Training scientifically. Ten elite male players were recruited, four kinds of external pressure condition with 0% arterial occlusion pressure (AOP), 40%AOP, 50%AOP, 60%AOP, respectively, were performed with 30%1RM(One repetition maximum)intensity of intermittent and continuous KAASTU-loaded deep-squat exercise. Wave plus wireless surface electromyography instrument was used to collect the surface EMG signals of the lower thigh muscle group. Read More

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Prevalence of the additional head of quadriceps femoris in the South Indian population: a cadaveric and radiological study.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 9;11(1):16132. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Anatomy, Christian Medical College Vellore, The Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, India.

Quadriceps femoris is an extensor muscle in the anterior compartment of thigh and is traditionally taught to be composed of four heads. Recently, there is an increased interest in the occurrence of an additional muscle head of quadriceps femoris. But scientific knowledge regarding its incidence is lacking in the South Indian population. Read More

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Metastatic Vascular Pleomorphic Leiomyosarcoma in a Previously Treated Cervical Carcinoma Patient: A Diagnostic Dilemma.

Cureus 2021 Jul 4;13(7):e16182. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MYS.

Vascular leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour of the smooth muscle connective tissue. Patients are usually asymptomatic in the early stages and only present when the lesion causes compressive or obstructive effects or has metastasized. We report a case of vascular pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma in a 70-year-old lady with a background history of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Read More

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Functional Data Representation of Inertial Sensor-based Torso-Thigh, Knee, and Ankle Movements during Lifting.

Appl Hum Factors Ergon Conf 2021 Jul 8;273:255-260. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

This study examined the goodness-of-fit of using a sigmoid function to characterize time-series angular displacement trajectories during two-handed anterior lifting. Twenty-six participants performed two-handed anterior lifting with a low (4.5 kg) vs. Read More

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Does Varying Repetition Tempo in a Single-Joint Lower Body Exercise Augment Muscle Size and Strength in Resistance-Trained Men?

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Jan 22. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, The University of Tampa, Tampa, Florida.

Pearson, J, Wadhi, T, Barakat, C, Aube, D, Schoenfeld, BJ, Andersen, JC, Barroso, R, Ugrinowitsch, C, and De Souza, EO. Does varying repetition tempo in a single-joint lower body exercise augment muscle size and strength in resistance-trained men? J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-This study compared the effects of FAST and SLOW eccentric repetition tempo in a single exercise volume-matched intervention on muscle thickness (MT) and strength in resistance-trained men. Using a within-subject design, 13 subjects had each leg randomly assigned to SLOW (1-0-3) or FAST (1-0-1) repetition tempo. Read More

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January 2021

Immediate and 6-week effects of wearing a knee sleeve following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a cross-over laboratory and randomised clinical trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Aug 4;22(1):655. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Macroscopic and Clinical Anatomy, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions is based mainly on comprehensive progressive exercise programmes using a multi-dimensional approach. Elastic knee sleeves may be useful adjuncts to rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to determine the immediate and 6-week effects of wearing a knee sleeve on person-reported outcomes and function in participants who had undergone an ACL reconstruction and who had residual self-reported functional limitations. Read More

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