16,833 results match your criteria annual report


Which factor explains the life-history of L., an aggressive alien invasive plant species, along its altitudinal gradient?

Plant Direct 2022 Jan 9;6(1):e375. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

School of General Education College of the North Atlantic - Qatar Doha Qatar.

Invasive biology acknowledges the concept of better performance by invasive plants in the introduced range. L. is one of the successful invasive species in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Dental manpower and treated dental diseases in department of dentistry, Taipei Hospital (the predecessor of National Taiwan University Hospital) in 1923.

J Dent Sci 2022 Jan 7;17(1):170-175. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: In 1906, there was a dental treatment room established in the department of surgery of Taipei Hospital to introduce modern dental services to Taiwan. It is undoubtedly the earliest hospital dentistry in Taiwan. This study tried to assess the dental manpower and treated dental diseases in Taipei Hospital, and hence to explore the appearance of Taiwan's early hospital dentistry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

High Use of Antidepressant Medication in Both Mild-to-Modelate and Possible Severe Asthma - A Nationwide Cohort Study.

J Asthma Allergy 2022 5;15:13-23. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital - Hvidovre, Hvidovre, Denmark.

Purpose: In asthma, increased severity has been linked to depression assessed as assessed by patient-reported outcomes. However, little is known about predictors of antidepressant use in asthma compared to the background population.

Methods: The study consists of 60,534 asthma patients aged 18-45 and a 1:1 age- and sex-matched control group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Five-year attrition, active enrollment, and predictors of level of participation in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS-2) study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Nov 27. Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Reporting high-quality bariatric surgery outcomes depends on participant attrition and level of study participation among enrolled participants.

Objectives: Our aims are to report participant attrition, active enrollment, and level of participation, and to evaluate pre-surgery sociodemographic, physical health, and psychosocial factors as predictors of attrition and level of participation through 5 years.

Setting: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 study which enrolled 2458 adults undergoing a first bariatric surgical procedure at 1 of 6 US cites from 2006 through 2009. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Annual report of the Committee on Gynecologic Oncology, the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Annual Patient Report for 2018 and Annual Treatment Report for 2013.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

To provide information including the trend of gynecological malignancies in Japan, we hereby present the Annual Patient Report for 2018 and the Annual Treatment Report for 2013, on the outcomes of patients who started treatment in 2013. The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology maintains an annual tumor registry, where information on gynecological malignancies from various participating institutions is gathered. The data of patients whose treatment with gynecologic malignancies was initiated in 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Trend analysis and risk of gallbladder cancer mortality in China, 2013-2019.

Public Health 2022 Jan 10;203:31-35. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

School of Public Health, The Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, 550025 China. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is a lack of comprehensive analysis of recent gallbladder cancer (GBC) mortality trends in China. This study aims to analyse trends in GBC mortality in China, with a specific focus on urban and rural area differences, and to determine possible risk factors.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The Clinical Course of Severe Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency in Patients Identified by Screening.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2022 5;17:43-52. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: Severe alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic condition predisposing to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and liver disease. Its natural course is not well known. Our aim was to study the natural course of AATD by analyzing the clinical course in individuals with severe AATD identified by screening. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

COVID-19 Testing Among US Children, Parental Preferences for Testing Venues, and Acceptability of School-Based Testing.

Public Health Rep 2022 Jan 13:333549211065518. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives: Testing remains critical for identifying pediatric cases of COVID-19 and as a public health intervention to contain infections. We surveyed US parents to measure the proportion of children tested for COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic, preferred testing venues for children, and acceptability of school-based COVID-19 testing.

Methods: We conducted an online survey of 2074 US parents of children aged ≤12 years in March 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Annual Report of the American Board of Prosthodontics.

Authors:
Heather J Conrad

J Prosthodont 2022 Jan;31(1)

American Board of Prosthodontics, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Alcohol-related Opioid Overdose Deaths in Minnesota Between 2011 and 2020: Trends by Sex.

J Addict Med 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (JKF); Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (NW); Injury and Violence Prevention Section, Minnesota Department of Health, Saint Paul, MN (NW, KMG).

Objectives: To characterize the overall trend and differences by sex in opioid overdose death (OOD) and alcohol-related opioid overdose deaths (AOOD) in Minnesota between 2011 and 2020 in relation to drug overdose deaths.

Methods: Using Minnesota death certificate data from 2011 to 2020, we identified OOD and AOOD among Minnesota residents aged 15 and older who died of a drug overdose death. We calculated significant differences in the annual proportion of OOD and AOOD and sex differences using Pearson x2 tests. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Incidence of Glaucoma Progression and Rate of Visual Field Deterioration in a Cohort of Urban Ghanaians.

J Glaucoma 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA Department of Ophthalmology, The Glaucoma Center, Bowie, Maryland, USA The Moreton Eye Group, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Department of Ophthalmology, Kaiser Permanente Woodland Hills Medical Center, Woodland Hills, California, USA South Florida Eye Health, Hollywood, Florida, USA Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Trust Institute of Ophthalmology, University College of London, London, UK.

Precis: The annual incidence of glaucoma progression (9.7%) and rates of visual field mean deviation change in progressors (-1.02±0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Educators' Perspectives on Integrating Technology Into Sexual Health Education: Implementation Study.

JMIR Hum Factors 2022 Jan 12;9(1):e31381. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: In the last decade, the use of technology-based sexual health education has increased. Multiple studies have shown the feasibility of technology-based interventions, while a subset has also shown efficacy in improving youths' sexual health outcomes such as increased condom use and knowledge. However, little is known about health educators' experiences in integrating technology to augment sexual health curricula. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis induced by gene mutation of SOD1G142A: a case report.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Dec;10(12):12900-12905

Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease involving both upper and lower motor neurons. The total prevalence of ALS is [2-9]/100,000, with an annual incidence rate of 3/100,000. The disease progresses rapidly and clinically is considered to be progressive degeneration of the upper and lower motor neurons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Society for palliative radiation oncology: report from the Eighth Annual Meeting (2021).

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Dec;10(12):13030-13034

New York Proton Center, New York, NY, USA.

The Society for Palliative Radiation Oncology (SPRO) is an international group of clinicians whose primary aim is to advance the field of palliative radiation oncology by promoting evidence-based palliative radiation therapy and excellence in primary palliative care through research, education, collaboration, and patient advocacy. SPRO held its 8th Annual Meeting on November 4th, 2021 in association with the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 63rd Annual Meeting. Accomplishments and goals from the prior year, including SPRO gaining official non-profit status, were discussed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

State of South Dakota's Child: 2021.

S D Med 2022 Jan;75(1):6-15

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

The total number of 2020 resident births in South Dakota continues to decline with a 4 percent decrease from the previous year yielding the state's lowest crude birth rate (12.3 per 1,000 population) since its first recording in 1910. Currently, similar to the U. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Metastatic pulmonary nodule after a seventeen-year disease-free interval resected through thoracoscopic subsegmentectomy: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of general thoracic surgery, Yamanashi University, Yamanashi, Japan.

The lung is the most common site of metastasis in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Metastatic RCCs, even those classified as stage I, can recur after >10 years. Therefore, it is critical to completely resect metastatic nodules. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Revisiting the annual incidence of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in children from the Southeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey: A Regional report.

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Pediatric Endocrinology, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Objective: Type 1 Diabetes mellitus (T1D) incidence in children has an increasing trend with a variable rate depending on region and ethnicity. Our group had firstly reported T1D incidence in Diyarbakır in the year 2011. The present study aims to evaluate the current incidence rate of pediatric T1D in Diyarbakır, and compare the incidence, clinical and presenting characteristics of the cases with those reported in our first report. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Design and methods for a quasi-experimental pilot study to evaluate the impact of dual active ingredient insecticide-treated nets on malaria burden in five regions in sub-Saharan Africa.

Malar J 2022 Jan 10;21(1):19. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Background: Vector control tools have contributed significantly to a reduction in malaria burden since 2000, primarily through insecticidal-treated bed nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying. In the face of increasing insecticide resistance in key malaria vector species, global progress in malaria control has stalled. Innovative tools, such as dual active ingredient (dual-AI) ITNs that are effective at killing insecticide-resistant mosquitoes have recently been introduced. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Vaccine Hesitancy in Central Texas Immediately Prior to COVID-19 Vaccine Availability.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 30;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Undergraduate Public Health Program, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.

Vaccine-induced herd immunity remains the best opportunity for ending the COVID-19 pandemic. However, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy is a real concern. In this paper, we report on vaccine hesitancy in Central Texas immediately prior to the release of the two mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in late December 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Twelfth Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support Report: Readmissions after LVAD.

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York.

The twelfth annual report from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (Intermacs) highlights outcomes for 26,688 continuous-flow LVAD patients over the past decade (2011-2020). In 2020, we observed the largest drop in yearly LVAD implant volumes since the registry's inception, which reflects the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiac surgical volumes in the United States. The 2018 heart transplant allocation policy change in the U. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Long-Term Outcomes of Patients with Acromegaly - A Report from the Swedish Pituitary Register.

Eur J Endocrinol 2022 Jan 1. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

B Edén Engström, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrinology and Mineral Metabolism, Uppsala University and Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: To describe treatment and long-term outcomes of patients with acromegaly from all health-care regions in Sweden.

Design And Methods: Analysis of prospectively reported data from the Swedish Pituitary Register of 698 patients (51% females) with acromegaly diagnosed from 1991-2011. The latest clinical follow-up date was December, 2012, while mortality data were collected for 28. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Nephrotic-range proteinuria in type 2 diabetes: Effects of empagliflozin on kidney disease progression and clinical outcomes.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jan 24;43:101240. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: Diabetic kidney disease with nephrotic-range proteinuria (NRP) is commonly associated with rapid kidney function loss, increased cardiovascular risk, and premature mortality. We explored the effect of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, complicated by presence of this major risk factor for progressive kidney disease, in a analysis of data from the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial (NCT01131676).

Methods: Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the risk of cardiovascular and kidney outcomes in participants with and without NRP, defined by urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥2200 mg/g at baseline. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Case Report: Persistent Hypogammaglobulinemia More Than 10 Years After Rituximab Given Post-HSCT.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:773853. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Pediatric Immunology and Vaccinology Unit, General Pediatrics Division, Department for Women, Children, and Teenagers, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Rituximab (RTX) is an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that targets B cells-from the immature pre-B-cell stage in the bone marrow to mature circulating B cells-while preserving stem cells and plasma cells. It is used to treat autoimmune diseases, hematological malignancies, or complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Its safety profile is acceptable; however, a subset of patients can develop persistent hypogammaglobulinemia and associated severe complications, especially in pediatric populations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Direct and Indirect Costs of Asthma Burden in Abu Dhabi: A Retrospective Analysis of Insurance Claims Data from 2015 to 2018.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2021 29;13:969-980. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Respiratory Medicine Division, Zayed Military Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Purpose: Asthma causes a high economic burden on the health-care system. Previous research on the cost of asthma in Abu Dhabi was in 2011 and revealed high medical costs. This work aimed to estimate both direct and indirect costs of asthma with trend analysis over a period of four years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Case Report: Intracorneal Hemorrhages Seen with Scleral Contact Lens Wear and Netarsudil Therapy.

Optom Vis Sci 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins Medicine | Wilmer Eye Institute, Odenton, Maryland (both authors).

Significance: Intracorneal hemorrhages are a rare finding generally associated with surgery or trauma. There is no consensus on preferred management except eliminating or addressing the causative mechanism in hopes of reducing the risk of corneal haze or scarring.

Purpose: This case highlights a rare adverse outcome of intracorneal hemorrhages occurring after recent initiation of netarsudil, possibly exacerbated by scleral contact lens wear in a patient with open-angle glaucoma and limbal stem cell deficiency. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Play & Grow: prospective observational cohort of toddlers to inform obesity prevention, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

BMJ Open 2022 01 7;12(1):e055490. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Division of Epidemiology, The Ohio State University College of Public Health, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Purpose: Obesity prevention is increasingly focused on early childhood, but toddlers have not been well-studied, and children born preterm are frequently excluded. The Play & Grow Cohort was established to investigate child growth in relation to parent-child interactions in mealtime and non-mealtime settings.

Participants: Between December 2017 and May 2019, 300 toddlers and primary caregivers were recruited from records of a large paediatric care provider in Columbus, Ohio, USA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Esophageal xanthoma with nearby coexistent squamous cell carcinoma observed using magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chugoku Central Hospital, Fukuyama, 720-0001, Japan.

We report the case of a 63-year-old man who underwent annual surveillance esophagogastroduodenoscopy, during which a small squamous cell carcinoma and a tiny yellowish granular lesion were found in the middle esophagus, slightly apart from each other. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging of the yellowish granular lesion showed yellowish spots and blots scattered within an approximately 2-mm area. The larger spots appeared nodular and were overlaid with tortuous microvessels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Explaining the gap in the experience of depression among arthritis patients.

Clin Rheumatol 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Better Start Group, School of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5006, Australia.

Objective: To explain the factors contributing to the gap in depression between employed arthritis patients with and without paid sick leave.

Methods: Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis was used to identify factors that explain the gap in the experience of depressive symptoms among arthritis patients with paid and unpaid sick leave. Data from the 2018 National Health Interview Survey, USA, was used. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Variations in Low-Risk Cesarean Delivery Rates in the United States Using the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Definition.

Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jan 6. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, and the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and the Chiles Center, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Objective: To assess variations in low-risk cesarean delivery rates in the United States using the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) definition of low-risk for cesarean delivery and to identify factors associated with low-risk cesarean deliveries.

Methods: From hospital discharge data in the 2018 National Inpatient Sample and State Inpatient Databases, we identified deliveries that were low-risk for cesarean delivery using the SMFM definition based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. We estimated national low-risk cesarean delivery rates overall and by patient characteristics, clinically relevant conditions not included in the SMFM definition, and hospital characteristics based on the nationally representative sample of hospital discharges in the National Inpatient Sample. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022