182,619 results match your criteria annual


The Time Moving exhibit: Exploring perceptions of time in end-of-life experiences.

Health Expect 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Health Design Studio, OCAD University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Conversations about end of life rarely take place beyond healthcare spaces and in advance of imminent death. As the Canadian ageing population increases and new policies and options emerge for end-of-life choices, there will be an increasing need for supports for decision-making on end of life. Time Moving was a participatory art exhibit created to engage participants in reflections on end-of-life experiences and the ways in which their perception of time fluctuated within these moments. Read More

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January 2022

Failure to advance migratory phenology in response to climate change may pose a significant threat to a declining Nearctic-Neotropical songbird.

Int J Biometeorol 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

College of Sciences and Humanities, Ball State University, Muncie, USA.

Populations of long-distance migrants that breed in seasonal habitats can be significantly impacted by climate change. We examined the migratory and breeding phenologies of the cerulean warbler (Setophaga cerulea), a declining long-distance Nearctic-Neotropical migrant that breeds in deciduous forests of Indiana. Our primary objectives were to determine temporal trends in cerulean warbler migratory timing, and to identify climate variables that explain variation in this species' migratory and breeding phenologies. Read More

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January 2022

Prediction of groundwater drawdown using artificial neural networks.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

Groundwater drawdown is typically measured using pumping tests and field experiments; however, the traditional methods are time-consuming and costly when applied to extensive areas. In this research, a methodology is introduced based on artificial neural network (ANN)s and field measurements in an alluvial aquifer in the north of Iran. First, the annual drawdown as the output of the ANN models in 250 piezometric wells was measured, and the data were divided into three categories of training data, cross-validation data, and test data. Read More

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January 2022

British Dental Students' Association annual conference.

Authors:
Sara Member

Br Dent J 2022 Jan;232(1):10

Dental Student, University of Manchester, UK.

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January 2022

Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a Danish Nurse Cohort study.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Jan 11:153057. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Section of Environmental Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: Long-term road traffic noise exposure is linked to cardio-metabolic disease morbidity, whereas evidence on mortality remains limited.

Objectives: We investigated association of long-term exposure to road traffic noise with all-cause and cause-specific mortality.

Methods: We linked 22,858 females from the Danish Nurse Cohort (DNC), recruited into the Danish Register of Causes of Death up to 2014. Read More

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January 2022

Optimizing use of L-asparaginase-based treatment of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Blood Rev 2021 Nov 12:100908. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Hematology Adolescent and Young Adult Unit, Saint Louis Hospital, URP-3518, Université de Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignancy of lymphoid progenitor cells occurring at an annual incidence rate of approximately 1.1 to 2.1 per 100,000 person-years globally. Read More

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November 2021

Patterns of Medical Care Cost by Service Type for Patients With Recurrent and De Novo Advanced Cancer.

Value Health 2022 Jan 20;25(1):69-76. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.

Objectives: There is limited knowledge about the cost patterns of patients who receive a diagnosis of de novo and recurrent advanced cancers in the United States.

Methods: Data on patients who received a diagnosis of de novo stage IV or recurrent breast, colorectal, or lung cancer between 2000 and 2012 from 3 integrated health systems were used to estimate average annual costs for total, ambulatory, inpatient, medication, and other services during (1) 12 months preceding de novo or recurrent diagnosis (preindex) and (2) diagnosis month through 11 months after (postindex), from the payer perspective. Generalized linear regression models estimated costs adjusting for patient and clinical factors. Read More

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January 2022

Antibodies to watch in 2022.

MAbs 2022 Jan-Dec;14(1):2014296

The Antibody Society, Inc, Framingham, MA, USA.

In this 13th annual installment of the annual 'Antibodies to Watch' article series, we discuss key events in commercial antibody therapeutics development that occurred in 2021 and forecast events that might occur in 2022. Regulatory review of antibody therapeutics that target the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus proceeded at an unprecedented pace in 2021, resulting in both emergency use authorizations and full approvals for sotrovimab, regdanvimab, REGEN-COV2, as well as others, in numerous countries. As of November 1, a total of 11 antibody therapeutics had been granted first approvals in either the United States or European Union in 2021 (evinacumab, dostarlimab loncastuximab tesirine, amivantamab, aducanumab, tralokinumab, anifrolumab, bimekizumab, tisotumab vedotin, regdanvimab, REGEN-COV2). Read More

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January 2022

The impact of climate change on children's nutritional status in coastal Bangladesh.

Soc Sci Med 2022 Jan 10;294:114704. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Health, and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, 1201 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20005, USA. Electronic address:

This paper studies the impact of climate change on the nutritional status of very young children between the ages of 0-3 years by using weather data from the last half century merged with rich information on child, mother, and household characteristics in rural coastal Bangladesh. We evaluate the health consequences of rising temperature and relative humidity and varying rainfall jointly employing alternate functional forms. Leveraging models that control for annual trends and location-specific seasonality, and that allow the impacts of temperature to vary non-parametrically while rainfall and humidity have flexible non-linear forms, we find that temperatures that exceed 25 °C (the "comfortable" benchmark) in the month of birth exert negative effects on children's nutritional status as measured by mid upper arm circumference. Read More

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January 2022

Is overwintering mortality driving enigmatic declines? Evaluating the impacts of trematodes and the amphibian chytrid fungus on an anuran from hatching through overwintering.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(1):e0262561. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Biology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.

Emerging infectious diseases are increasing globally and are an additional challenge to species dealing with native parasites and pathogens. Therefore, understanding the combined effects of infectious agents on hosts is important for species' conservation and population management. Amphibians are hosts to many parasites and pathogens, including endemic trematode flatworms (e. Read More

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January 2022

Assessment of Occupational Exposure in Medical Practice in the Region of Hohhot, China, for the Period 2004-2020.

Health Phys 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Center for Comprehensive Disease Control and Prevention of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hohhot 010031 National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100088, China China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China Hohhot Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hohhot 010040.

Abstract: Individual monitoring is of great significance in efforts to protect the health of radiation workers and improve the level of radiation protection and management. This paper presents a retrospective analysis of occupational exposure to ionizing radiation from medical practice in the region of Hohhot, China, from 2004 to 2020. Results show that the average annual effective dose of occupationally exposed workers in medical practice significantly declined from 1. Read More

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January 2022

Efficacy Trial for a Smartphone Game to Prevent HIV among Young Africans: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial in the Context of COVID-19.

JMIR Res Protoc 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States, 1518 Clifton RoadAtlanta, GA, 30322, Atlanta, US.

Background: Adolescents contribute slightly less than a third of all new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for more effective intervention approaches to help young adolescents safely navigate through adolescence and into adulthood. We are assessing the efficacy of Tumaini, a smartphone game designed to prevent HIV among young Africans. Read More

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January 2022

Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction on stigma, coping styles, and quality of life in patients with permanent colorectal cancer stoma: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(1):e28421

The National Hospital of Enshi Autonomous Prefecture, Enshi, Hubei Province, China.

Background: : Colorectal cancer patients with permanent colostomy may suffer stigma, negative coping style, and low quality of life at varying degrees, which may be improved by the mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). In recent years, MBSR has been used in the comprehensive treatment of colorectal cancer with permanent colostomy, hoping to bring a positive outcome. However, the practical application effect of MBSR has not been elucidated so far. Read More

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January 2022

An approach to the design of photovoltaic noise barriers and a case study from Istanbul, Turkey.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Yildiz Technical University, Beşiktaş, 34349, Istanbul, Turkey.

Solar energy solutions that do not require additional space are critical. Noise barriers, which are built in low-value lands next to noise sources, provide effective areas for PV modules. There are many studies on using noise barriers as a sub-structure for photovoltaic systems, providing electricity generation besides noise reduction targets. Read More

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January 2022

Automatic quantitative computed tomography measurement of longitudinal lung volume loss in interstitial lung diseases.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

University of Lyon, University Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, UJM-Saint-Étienne, CNRS, Inserm, CREATIS UMR 5220, U1206, 69621, Lyon, France.

Objectives: To compare the lung CT volume (CTvol) and pulmonary function tests in an interstitial lung disease (ILD) population. Then to evaluate the CTvol loss between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and non-IPF and explore a prognostic value of annual CTvol loss in IPF.

Methods: We conducted in an expert center a retrospective study between 2005 and 2018 on consecutive patients with ILD. Read More

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January 2022

Effects of nitrogen addition and increased precipitation on xylem growth of Quercus acutissima Caruth. in central China.

Tree Physiol 2021 Nov 19. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition and increasing precipitation affect carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems, but how these two concurrent global change variables affect xylem growth in trees (i.e., independently or interactively) remains unclear. Read More

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November 2021

Effect of FOXO3 and Air Pollution on Cognitive Function: A Longitudinal Cohort Study of Older Adults in China from 2000 to 2014.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China.

Forkhead Box O 3 (FOXO3) genotype is strongly associated with human longevity and may be protective against neurodegeneration. Air pollution is a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia. We aimed to study the individual and combined effects of FOXO3 and air pollution on cognitive function in a large prospective cohort with up to 14 years of follow-up. Read More

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January 2022

Down, then up: non-parallel genome size changes and a descending chromosome series in a recent radiation of Australian allotetraploid plant species, Nicotiana section Suaveolentes (Solanaceae).

Ann Bot 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, University of Vienna, Rennweg, Vienna, Austria.

Background And Aims: The extent to which genome size and chromosome numbers evolve in concert is little understood, particularly after polyploidy (whole-genome duplication), when a genome returns to a diploid-like condition (diploidisation). We study this phenomenon in 46 species of allotetraploid Nicotiana section Suaveolentes (Solanaceae), which formed less than six million years ago and radiated in the arid centre of Australia.

Methods: We analysed newly assessed genome sizes and chromosome numbers within the context of a restriction site-associated nuclear DNA (RADseq) phylogenetic framework. Read More

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January 2022

Trends in the incidence of head and neck cancer by subsite between 1993 and 2015 in Japan.

Cancer Med 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Division of Cancer Information and Control, Department of Preventive Medicine, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are still important risk factors for head and neck cancer (HNC) in developing countries, even though decreasing in tobacco prevalence. Recently, an increased incidence of oropharyngeal cancer due to human papilloma virus (HPV) infection has attracted attention in advanced countries, including the United States and Europe. However, few studies have evaluated trends in the incidence of HNC by subsite in Japan. Read More

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January 2022

The cost of testicular torsion care in Ireland 2009-2018: a novel cost estimation model using a national database.

Ir J Med Sci 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Transplant Urology and Nephrology Directorate, Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Activity-based funding (ABF) is a reimbursement model for public hospitals in Ireland. Little data exist regarding cost estimates for acute surgical admissions in Ireland. This study presents a novel method of direct cost estimation for testicular torsion (TT) care in Ireland. Read More

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January 2022

A comparative study on the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus between children of North African migrants and Italian children in Emilia-Romagna region, Italy.

Eur J Pediatr 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Pediatric Unit, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, via Massarenti 11, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

In the last few decades, many studies have reported an increasing global incidence of type 1 diabetes. Studies on migrant populations have underlined the importance of both environmental and genetic factors.

Aims: Evaluate the incidence of type 1 diabetes in North African vs Italian children aged 0-14 years from 1 January 2015, to 31st December 2018, in Emilia-Romagna region, Italy. Read More

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January 2022

Attitude towards hereditary cancer risk management among women with cancer in Taiwan.

Support Care Cancer 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Koo Foundation Sun-Yat Sen Cancer Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Risk management intentions prior to genetic counseling predict risk management uptake following genetic testing. Limited studies examined the attitude and understanding towards genetic counseling/testing in underserved countries. The purposes of this study were to explore knowledge and attitude towards genetic counseling, testing, and risk management for breast and ovarian cancer, and to understand the factors influencing risk management intentions in women with cancer in Taiwan. Read More

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January 2022

Interaction between plant-based dietary pattern and air pollution on cognitive function: a prospective cohort analysis of Chinese older adults.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2022 Mar 5;20:100372. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Background: Air pollution is a risk factor for poor cognitive function, while a plant-based dietary pattern is associated with better cognitive function. We aimed to explore their interaction with cognitive function among older adults.

Methods: We used a prospective cohort of old individuals, including 6525 participants of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), aged 65-110 years and with normal cognition at baseline. Read More

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Which factor explains the life-history of L., an aggressive alien invasive plant species, along its altitudinal gradient?

Plant Direct 2022 Jan 9;6(1):e375. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

School of General Education College of the North Atlantic - Qatar Doha Qatar.

Invasive biology acknowledges the concept of better performance by invasive plants in the introduced range. L. is one of the successful invasive species in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Read More

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January 2022

The effect of perennial and annual wheat forages, fed with or without lucerne, on the fatty acid profile and oxidative status of lamb meat.

Vet Anim Sci 2022 Mar 2;15:100230. Epub 2022 Jan 2.

Centre for Red Meat and Sheep Development, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cowra NSW 2794, Australia.

The current study investigated the fatty acid profile and oxidative status of the meat from lambs that were fed a novel perennial wheat or a conventional annual wheat, either as a cereal monoculture or lucerne biculture. Twelve lambs were assigned to each of the four dietary treatments (48 lambs in total) and held within individual pens for the duration of the 28 day feeding study. Lambs were slaughtered and the (LL) and (SM) muscles analysed. Read More

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Monitoring climate change, drought conditions and wheat production in Eurasia: the case study of Kazakhstan.

Heliyon 2022 Jan 23;8(1):e08660. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

School of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi ave. 71, 050000, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Wheat is an important global food security commodity. Kazakhstan is currently a producer and exporter of high-quality wheat to global markets. The most important wheat-growing regions, which lie in the northern part of Kazakhstan, are based on spring-sown rain-fed cultivation and are susceptible to climate change and drought. Read More

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January 2022

Prevalence of adult female acne in Colombia: A population-based study.

Int J Womens Dermatol 2021 Dec 21;7(5Part B):727-730. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Universidad El Bosque, Medicina Comunitaria y Salud Colectiva, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Acne is a common inflammatory skin disease with adolescents being the most affected by this condition; however, acne also occurs frequently in the adult population. Adult acne is defined as late-onset acne or acne that persists beyond age 25 years. In terms of epidemiologic data, reports of adult female acne prevalence range from 5. Read More

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December 2021

Dental manpower and treated dental diseases in department of dentistry, Taipei Hospital (the predecessor of National Taiwan University Hospital) in 1923.

J Dent Sci 2022 Jan 7;17(1):170-175. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: In 1906, there was a dental treatment room established in the department of surgery of Taipei Hospital to introduce modern dental services to Taiwan. It is undoubtedly the earliest hospital dentistry in Taiwan. This study tried to assess the dental manpower and treated dental diseases in Taipei Hospital, and hence to explore the appearance of Taiwan's early hospital dentistry. Read More

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January 2022