17,700 results match your criteria anniversary journal


Myocardial Angiotensin Metabolism in End-Stage Heart Failure.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 Apr;77(14):1731-1743

Clinical Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The myocardium exhibits an adaptive tissue-specific renin-angiotensin system (RAS), and local dysbalance may circumvent the desired effects of pharmacologic RAS inhibition, a mainstay of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) therapy.

Objectives: This study sought to investigate human myocardial tissue RAS regulation of the failing heart in the light of current therapy.

Methods: Fifty-two end-stage HFrEF patients undergoing heart transplantation (no RAS inhibitor: n = 9; angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitor: n = 28; angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]: n = 8; angiotensin receptor neprilysin-inhibitor [ARNi]: n = 7) were enrolled. Read More

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Insulin action in adipocytes, adipose remodeling, and systemic effects.

Cell Metab 2021 Apr;33(4):748-757

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

On this 100 anniversary of the discovery of insulin, we recognize the critical role that adipocytes, which are exquisitely responsive to insulin, have played in determining the mechanisms for insulin action at the cellular level. Our understanding of adipose tissue biology has evolved greatly, and it is now clear that adipocytes are far more complicated than simple storage depots for fat. A growing body of evidence documents how adipocytes, in response to insulin, contribute to the control of whole-body nutrient homeostasis. Read More

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Mazzini at 150: the Italian death of a London exile.

Intern Emerg Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Warwick Medical School, Biomedical Sciences, The University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

The year 2022 will mark the 150th anniversary of the death of Giuseppe Mazzini, the spiritual father of the Italian Republic and one of the best political minds of the nineteenth century. In this review, we revisit the events surrounding Mazzini's death, based on a report published in 1872 by Dr. Giovanni Rossini, the Italian physician who cared for him during his last days in Pisa. Read More

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[Academician A.A. Bogomolets. Life dedicated to science. On the occasion of the 140th anniversary of his birth].

Arkh Patol 2021 ;83(3):65-68

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russia.

The paper presents the life and career of Aleksander Aleksandrovich Bogomolets, outstanding pathophysiologist of the country; famous statesman and public figure; founder of a large scientific school; Academician and Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences; Academician of the UkrSSR Academy of Sciences; Academician of the BelSSR Academy of Sciences; Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences; Honored Scientist of the RSFSR and UkrSSR; USSR State Prize Winner, and Hero of Socialist Labor. Read More

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[The Corypheus in Russian pathological anatomy. On the occasion of the 120th anniversary of the birth of Anatoly Ivanovich Strukov].

Authors:
V S Paukov

Arkh Patol 2021 ;83(3):62-64

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

The article dedicated to the 120 anniversary of the birth of Academician A.I. Strukov shows his role in the development of Russian and European pathological anatomy and describes his life and merits in the modernization of teaching pathological anatomy at medical universities. Read More

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Remembering William Hunter (1718-1783) the Pioneer in Obstetrics: A Prelude to Sestercentennial Anniversary of .

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2021 Feb 16;71(1):97-100. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Anatomy, 3rd Floor, Academic Building, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Phulwarisharif, Patna, Bihar 801507 India.

William Hunter (1718-1783) was a Scottish anatomist and physician. He started his career as a man midwife and went on to become the leading obstetrician in London. He prepared anatomically dissected specimens depicting anatomy of gravid uterus and undelivered fetus with placenta in different stages of gestation. Read More

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February 2021

25 Years of the International Bipolar Collaborative Network (BCN).

Int J Bipolar Disord 2021 Apr 2;9(1):13. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Stanley Foundation Bipolar Treatment Outcome Network (SFBN) recruited more than 900 outpatients from 1995 to 2002 from 4 sites in the United States (US) and 3 in the Netherlands and Germany (abbreviated as Europe). When funding was discontinued, the international group of investigators continued to work together as the Bipolar Collaborative Network (BCN), publishing so far 87 peer-reviewed manuscripts. On the 25th year anniversary of its founding, publication of a brief summary of some of the major findings appeared appropriate. Read More

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Rhizome Extract Inhibits Glutamate-Induced Toxicity in HT-22 Mouse Hippocampal Neuronal Cells and Extends Longevity in .

Biology (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Natural Products for Neuroprotection and Anti-Ageing Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Wall. ex Baker (KP) or "Kra-chai-dam" has been shown to exhibit several pharmacological effects including anti-inflammation, antimicrobial, and sexual-enhancing activity. The objectives of this study included an investigation of the effect of KP rhizome extract against glutamate-induced toxicity in mouse hippocampal HT-22 neuronal cells, determination of the underlying mechanism of neuroprotection, and an evaluation of the effect of KP extract on the longevity of . Read More

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The 35th Anniversary of the Discovery of EPR Effect: A New Wave of Nanomedicines for Tumor-Targeted Drug Delivery-Personal Remarks and Future Prospects.

Authors:
Hiroshi Maeda

J Pers Med 2021 Mar 22;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

BioDynamics Research Foundation, Kumamoto 862-0954, Japan.

This Special Issue on the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect commemorates the 35th anniversary of its discovery, the original 1986 Matsumura and Maeda finding being published in as a new concept in cancer chemotherapy. My review here describes the history and heterogeneity of the EPR effect, which involves defective tumor blood vessels and blood flow. We reported that restoring obstructed tumor blood flow overcomes impaired drug delivery, leading to improved EPR effects. Read More

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Green Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced with Black/White Rice Husk Ashes: Effects of Reinforcing Agent on Film's Mechanical and Dielectric Properties.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Mar 13;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Bio-Circular-Green-Economy Technology & Engineering Center, BCGeTEC, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Green natural rubber (NR) composites reinforced with black rice husk ash (BRHA)/white rice husk ash (WRHA), using alginate as a thickening and dispersing agent and crosslinking by CaCl, was developed to improve mechanical, chemical and dielectric properties of NR-based films by using a latex aqueous microdispersion process. A maximum of 100 per hundred rubbers (phr) of rice husk ashes (RHAs) could be integrated in NR matrix without phase separation. Mechanical properties of the composite films were considerably enhanced, compared to the neat NR film. Read More

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The role of pharmacy in the management of cardiometabolic risk, metabolic syndrome and related diseases in severe mental illness: a mixed-methods systematic literature review.

Syst Rev 2021 Mar 31;10(1):92. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, B4 7ET, UK.

Background: Individuals with severe mental illness, e.g. schizophrenia have up to a 20% shortened life expectancy compared to the general population. Read More

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Mucosal immunoglobulins of teleost fish: a decade of advances.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Mar 27:104079. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are complex glycoproteins that play critical functions in innate and adaptive immunity of all jawed vertebrates. Given the unique characteristics of mucosal barriers, secretory Igs (sIgs) have specialized to maintain homeostasis and keep pathogens at bay at mucosal tissues from fish to mammals. In teleost fish, the three main IgH isotypes, IgM, IgD and IgT/Z can be found in different proportions at the mucosal secretions of the skin, gills, gut, nasal, buccal, and pharyngeal mucosae. Read More

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Bilingualism is a long-term cognitively challenging experience that modulates metabolite concentrations in the healthy brain.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 29;11(1):7090. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Centro de Ciencia Cognitiva, Facultad de Lenguas y Educación, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, Calle de Sta. Cruz de Marcenado, 27, 28015, Madrid, Spain.

Cognitively demanding experiences, including complex skill acquisition and processing, have been shown to induce brain adaptations, at least at the macroscopic level, e.g. on brain volume and/or functional connectivity. Read More

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Introduction to the 25th anniversary issue.

Urol Oncol 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Urology, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029.

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Lessons learned in the collection of convalescent plasma during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Vox Sang 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Unit Transfusion Medicine, Sanquin Blood Supply Foundation, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: The lack of definitive treatment or preventative options for COVID-19 led many clinicians early on to consider convalescent plasma (CCP) as potentially therapeutic. Regulators, blood centres and hospitals worldwide worked quickly to get CCP to the bedside. Although response was admirable, several areas have been identified to help improve future pandemic management. Read More

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[Statement for the rights of the elderly].

Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 2021 Mar;19(1):9-19

Commission Âge Droits Liberté (SFGG), Conseil Scientifique Fédération 3977 contre les maltraitances.

The SFGG (French Society of geriatrics and gerontology) stands up against ageism and fights it in all its forms of expression. The SFGG warns about the persistence of age discrimination and the emergence of new forms of ageism alongside traditional stereotypes. The SFGG has taken a position on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in December 2018. Read More

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The 25th Anniversary of Laser Vision Correction in the United States.

Authors:
Stephen N Joffe

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 17;15:1163-1172. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

History of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Laser Vision Correction (LVC) is an elective, self-pay and safe surgical procedure to correct myopia and hyperopia. Since FDA approval 25 years ago, there have been a progression of technological improvements leading to better outcomes and LVC is now one of the safest surgical procedures. With a potential pool of 50 million patients, 6000 trained ophthalmic surgeons regularly treating in over 1000 centers of which 65% are physician owned. Read More

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Over 40 years with jumping spiders: on the 70th birthday of Wanda Wesołowska.

Zootaxa 2020 Dec 30;4899(1):zootaxa.4899.1.3. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Institute of Biology and Earth Sciences, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Arciszewskiego 22b, 76-200 Słupsk, Poland.

Professor Wanda Wesołowska (maiden name Nowysz)-an internationally recognised expert in the taxonomy of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae)-was born in Włocławek (Central Poland) on 11 August 1950. Wanda spent her youth and received her primary and secondary education in Szczecin (NW Poland). After finishing school in 1968, she entered the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, where she studied biology. Read More

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December 2020

Bound on 3+1 Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing from the First Four-Week Science Run of KATRIN.

Phys Rev Lett 2021 Mar;126(9):091803

Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe (TLK), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany.

We report on the light sterile neutrino search from the first four-week science run of the KATRIN experiment in 2019. Beta-decay electrons from a high-purity gaseous molecular tritium source are analyzed by a high-resolution MAC-E filter down to 40 eV below the endpoint at 18.57 keV. Read More

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The PDB and the Ribosome.

Authors:
Peter B Moore

J Biol Chem 2021 Mar 17:100561. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

This essay, which was written to commemorate the 50 anniversary of the Protein Data Bank, opens with some comments about the intentions of the scientists who pressed for its establishment, and the nature of services it provides. It includes a brief account of the events that resulted in the determination of the crystal structure of the large ribosomal subunit from Haloarcula marismortui. The magnitude of the challenge the first ribosome crystal structures posed for the PDB is commented upon, and in the description of subsequent developments in the ribosome structure field that follows, it is pointed out that cryo-EM has replaced X-ray crystallography as the method of choice for investigating ribosome structure. Read More

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Advances in Glycation: from food to human health and disease.

Glycoconj J 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Ochanomizu University, 2-1-1 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 112-8610, Japan.

This Special Issue on "Advances in Glycation: from food to human health and disease" was planned after the XXV International Symposium on Glycoconjugates (Glyco25) in Milan in order to ask special attention of importance of glycation to glycoscience community. In addition, we also celebrate the 30th anniversary of JMARS (Japan Maillard Reaction Society), and dedicated to one of the pioneers of this field, Professor Vincent Monnier, MD. He contributed enormously to studies on glycation related to aging and diseases to date and also he contributed to establish IMARS (International Maillard Reaction Society) as well as JMARS. Read More

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Fifty years after the eradication of Malaria in Italy.The long pathway toward this great goal and the current health risks of imported malaria.

Pathog Glob Health 2021 Mar 18:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

University Museum System of Siena (Simus), History of Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Fifty years ago, Italy was declared a malaria-free country by the World Health Organization (WHO). In remembering this important anniversary, the authors of this paper describe the long journey that led to this goal. In the century following the unification of Italy, malaria was one of the main public health problems. Read More

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Happy 10 volume Anniversary .

Authors:
Nairn Wilson

Prim Dent J 2021 Mar;10(1)

Honorary Founding President of the College of General Dentistry (CGDent).

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Needlestick Injuries Among Healthcare Workers Administering COVID-19 Vaccinations in the United States.

New Solut 2021 Mar 15:10482911211001483. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

International Safety Center, League City, TX, USA.

As mass COVID-19 vaccination programs roll out across the country, we are potentially faced with compromising workers' health for the sake of the broader public health, as it relates to occupational exposure to contaminated needles and syringes. We have the opportunity to provide recommendations that advance protection of workers through the industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls, especially in light of the twentieth anniversary of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act. Specifically, greater focus on institutional controls that can dictate the safety culture and climate of institutions that roll out COVID-19 vaccination programs, while maintaining careful focus on preventing sharps injuries and blood exposure. Read More

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Reflecting on the Anthropocene: The Call for Deeper Transformations : This article belongs to Ambio's 50th Anniversary Collection. Theme: Anthropocene.

Authors:
Karen O'Brien

Ambio 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

University of Oslo in Norway, Oslo, Norway.

Research on global environmental change has transformed the way that we think about human-environment relationships and Earth system processes. The four Ambio articles highlighted in this 50th Anniversary Issue have influenced the cultural narrative on environmental change, highlighting concepts such as "resilience," "coupled human and natural systems", and the "Anthropocene." In this peer response, I argue that global change research is still paying insufficient attention to how to deliberately transform systems and cultures to avoid the risks that science itself has warned us about. Read More

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Framing, deframing and reframing the Anthropocene : This article belongs to Ambio's 50th Anniversary Collection. Theme: Anthropocene.

Authors:
Noel Castree

Ambio 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Ultimo, Australia.

Publishing in Ambio and elsewhere, geoscientists distributed across several disciplines have both created and substantiated the Anthropocene concept since the turn of the millennium. Epochal and topically encompassing, the concept has served to focus academic and political attention on the extraordinary scale, scope and magnitude of the human impact on the Earth. The concept serves as a metaphorical 'roof' that allows a family of geoscientific terms to reside together harmoniously in the same space. Read More

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Structuring and advancing solution-oriented research for sustainability : This article belongs to Ambio's 50th Anniversary Collection. Theme: Solutions-oriented research.

Ambio 2021 Mar 14. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Center for Global Sustainability and Cultural Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

The sustainability challenges the world faces today call for concerted and immediate action. Complementing problem-oriented, descriptive-analytical research with solution-oriented research could strengthen sustainability science's contribution to address these challenges. We introduce different types of solution-oriented sustainability research to structure the discourse, outline opportunities to advance this research trajectory, and close with recommendations on how to support particularly students and early career researchers in getting involved with solution-oriented sustainability research. Read More

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