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Imaging evaluation of uterine perforation and rupture.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 N.E. Pacific Street, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Uterine perforation and rupture, denoting iatrogenic and non-iatrogenic uterine wall injury, respectively, are associated with substantial morbidity,and at times mortality. Diverse conditions can result in injury to both the gravid and the non-gravid uterus, and imaging plays a central role in diagnosis of such suspected cases. Ultrasound (US) is the initial imaging modality of choice, depicting the secondary signs associated with uterine wall injury and occasionally revealing the site of perforation. Read More

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Sphenoid sinus pseudoaneurysm with carotid cavernous fistula presenting with delayed subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26383

Department of Radiology.

Rationale: Sphenoid sinus pseudoaneurysm arising from the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) caused by traumatic vessel injury is rare, and rarer is a concomitant carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). In particular, delayed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to pseudoaneurysm rupture has not been reported to-date in literature. Here, we report a case of sphenoid sinus pseudoaneurysm with CCF presenting with delayed SAH. Read More

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Comparative analysis of ischemic changes in electrocardiogram and coronary angiography results: A retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26007

Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Abstract: To improve the correct diagnosis rate of coronary heart disease and to explore the guiding value of electrocardiogram (ECG) ST-T ischemic changes in the clinical diagnosis of coronary heart disease.A retrospective analysis was conducted on a total of 310 cases who underwent a conventional 12-lead ECG, 12-lead dynamic ECG (DECG, Holter) with ST-T ischemic changes, and then coronary angiography (CA) within 1 week in Qingdao Sttarr Heart Hospital from June 2015 to April 2020 in the study. Ischemic ST-T changes were evaluated using conventional diagnostic criteria, and Judkins diagnostic criteria were used in CA. Read More

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Effect of Location on Treatment and Outcomes of Cardiac Arrest Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction in England & Wales.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, School of Medicine, Keele University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom; Department of cardiology, Royal Stoke University Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom; Department of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

We investigated the incidence, management, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients according to cardiac arrest location. Patients admitted with a diagnosis of AMI between January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2017 from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) were studied. We used logistic regression models to evaluate predictors of the clinical outcomes and treatment strategy. Read More

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Methylphenidate-Induced Chorea Due to Possible Cytochrome P450 Metabolism Heterogeneity - A Rare Case.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):176-177

University of Colorado, Department of Neurosurgery, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Chorea is defined as a hyperactive movement disorder associated with involuntary, quick, and unpredictable muscle contractions of the limbs, face, and trunk. The unpredictable nature of these movements includes variation in speed, timing, and direction of movement. A wide variety of medications, medical conditions and illicit drugs have been associated with movement disorders. Read More

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Robust multimodal registration of fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography angiography images using evolutionary algorithms.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jun 2;134:104529. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain; CITIC-Research Center of Information and Communication Technologies, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.

Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and fluorescein angiography (FA) are two different vascular imaging modalities widely used in clinical practice to diagnose and grade different relevant retinal pathologies. Although each of them has its advantages and disadvantages, the joint analysis of the images produced by both techniques to analyze a specific area of the retina is of increasing interest, given that they provide common and complementary visual information. However, in order to facilitate this analysis task, a previous registration of the pair of FA and OCTA images is desirable in order to superimpose their common areas and focus the gaze on the regions of interest. Read More

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Optical Coherence Tomography for Neurovascular Disorders.

Neuroscience 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave N, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, United States.

Diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease includes vascular neuroimaging techniques such as CT angiography, MR angiography (with or without use of contrast agents) and catheter digital subtraction angiography. These techniques provide mostly information about the vessel lumen. Vessel wall imaging with MR seeks to characterize cerebrovascular pathology, but with resolution that is often insufficient for small lesions. Read More

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Arteriovenous Malformation of the Upper Eyelid: A Case Report.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Jun 10;9(6):e3609. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions formed by direct connection of arteries and veins bypassing capillary beds. AVM locations can vary; however, extracranial AVMs remain the least common. The vast majority of these malformations are congenital and can be triggered by hormonal changes. Read More

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Moyamoya Disease in an adult female from Nepal: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jun 25;66:102424. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Emergency Medicine and General Practice, Dr. Iwamura Memorial Hospital, Bhaktapur, 44800, Nepal.

Introduction And Importance: Moyamoya is a progressive vasoocclusive disease of large intracranial arteries with characteristic collaterals formation. It has a bimodal distribution and more frequent in females compared to males.

Case Presentation: We present a case of 38 years female who presented with a loss of consciousness following headache. Read More

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A case of endovascular management to gain control of a lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage caused by appendiceal artery bleeding.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 10;2021(6):rjab204. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Frimley Park Hospital, Camberley GU16 7UJ, UK.

Bleeding from the appendix is a rare cause of lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Previous publications have noted diagnosis via colonoscopy or computed tomography angiogram and treatment via surgical or endoscopy. We report a case of large volume per rectal bleeding from the appendix, with diagnosis and treatment via angiography and coil insertion, which is the first of its kind reported in the literature. Read More

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Temporal-Spatial Feature Extraction of DSA Video and Its Application in AVM Diagnosis.

Front Neurol 2021 28;12:655523. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is one of the most common causes of intracranial hemorrhage in young adults, and its expeditious diagnosis on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is essential for clinical decision-making. This paper firstly proposed a deep learning network to extract vascular time-domain features from DSA videos. Then, the temporal features were combined with spatial radiomics features to build an AVM-assisted diagnosis model. Read More

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To show the effect of intermittent fasting during ramadan on endothelial dysfunction via TIMI frame count.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jun;24(6):943-947

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bicard Clinic, Bishkek/, Kirghizstan.

Background: Fasting and coronary functions are prestige fields for the study. There are a limited number of studies on these topics. The effect of Ramadan fasting on endothelial dysfunction, which can be manifested by loss of nitric oxide bioavailability, has been demonstrated via flow-mediated vasomotion in patients with the slow coronary flow in a small number of studies. Read More

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Evaluation of retinal microvascular changes in patients with prediabetes.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jun;24(6):911-918

Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: Diabetic retinopathy is a chronic progressive complication with neuronal cell and retinal microvascular involvement and is closely associated with blood sugar and blood pressure levels. Studies have shown that retinal neural dysfunction takes place before the microvascular changes in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to compare the retinal microvascular changes of patients who are at the prediabetes stage and healthy volunteers. Read More

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CT angiography evaluation of intracranial aneurysms: Distribution, characteristics, and association with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Authors:
E Caliskan D Oncel

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jun;24(6):833-840

Department of Radiology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Aims: To investigate the distribution, characteristics, and association with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of aneurysms identified in Turkish adult patients with computed tomography angiography (CTA) performed with suspicion of intracranial aneurysms and/or SAH.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 356 patients (164 male, and 192 female) with a mean age of 55.6 ± 4. Read More

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Comparison of echocardiography and 320-row multidetector computed tomography for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease in children.

Rev Port Cardiol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul Saglik Bilimleri University Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Echocardiography (echo) is the primary non-invasive imaging modality for the assessment of congenital heart disease (CHD). Computed tomography angiography (CTA) also has potential to examine the anatomy of complex heart anomalies as well as extracardiac involvement.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of new CTA technology in the diagnosis of CHD and to compare echo and CTA in terms of diagnostic accuracy. Read More

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Identification of high risk clinical and imaging features for intracranial artery dissection using high-resolution cardiovascular magnetic resonance.

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2021 Jun 14;23(1):74. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University, 10 Building, 168 Changhai Road, Yangpu, Shanghai, 200433, China.

Background: Intracranial artery dissection (IAD) often causes headache and cerebral vascular ischemic events. The imaging characteristics of IAD remain unclear. This study aims to characterize the appearance of culprit and non-culprit IAD using high-resolution cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (hrCMR) and quantify the incremental value of hrCMR in identifying higher risk lesions. Read More

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Increased pulmonary embolism in patients with COVID-19: a case series and literature review.

Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines 2021 Jun 12;7(1):16. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

There is some recent evidence that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases the risk of venous thromboembolism by creating a prothrombotic state. COVID-19 and pulmonary embolism (PE) are both associated with tachypnoea, hypoxemia, dyspnoea, and increased D-dimer. Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in a patient with COVID-19 compared to an individual without it, using the conventional clinical and biochemical evidence is challenging and somehow impossible. Read More

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Retinal thickness and microvascular pathway in Idiopathic Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder and Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Jun 6;88:40-45. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies GF Ingrassia, Section of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Catania, CT, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Retinal impairment has previously been described in Parkinson's Disease (PD), also in early stage of disease. Idiopathic Rapid-eye-movement sleep Behavior Disorder (iRBD) is considered the strongest marker in the diagnosis of "Prodromal PD". Thus, we evaluated the thickness of retinal layers and the microvascular retinal pattern in a group of iRBD patients compared to PD and healthy subjects (HCs). Read More

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Emergency endoscopic surgery for pituitary apoplexy presenting as cerebral infarction in a limited resources condition: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;83:106015. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgery, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Department of Neurosurgery I, Viet Duc University Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Pituitary apoplexy is defined as a sudden onset of neurologic deficit due to infarction or hemorrhage of the pituitary tumor. We report a case of emergency endoscopic surgery for pituitary apoplexy presenting as cerebral infarction due to ICA compression in a limited resources condition.

Case Presentation: A 38-year-old female presented with acute onset of severe headache, decreased level of consciousness, decreased visual acuity bilaterally, aphasia, and right hemiparesis. Read More

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Atrial fibrillation is a predictor of nonobstructive coronary artery disease in elective angiography in old age: a cross-sectional study in Poland and Russia.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Bialystok, M. Sklodowska-Curie Str. 24A, 15-276, Bialystok, Poland.

Background: Significant changes in the coronary vessels are not confirmed in a large proportion of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization.

Aims: The present study aimed to determine correlates and independent predictors of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in older adults referred for elective coronary angiography.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 2,214 patients referred to two medical centers (in Poland and Russia) between 2014 and 2016 for elective coronary angiography due to exacerbated angina, despite undergoing optimal therapy for CAD. Read More

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Anticoagulation in the obese patient with COVID-19-associated venous thromboembolism.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Internal Medicine, Midland Regional Hospital Portlaoise, Portlaoise, Ireland.

A 61-year-old obese man who had recently tested positive for COVID-19 presented to the emergency department following an unwitnessed collapse, with a brief period of unresponsiveness. CT pulmonary angiography confirmed the presence of extensive bilateral pulmonary embolism despite the patient reporting full compliance with long-term dabigatran. The patient was initially anticoagulated with low-molecular-weight heparin and was treated with non-invasive ventilation and dexamethasone for COVID-19 pneumonia. Read More

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Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Compared with Multimodal Imaging for Diagnosing Neovascular Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; 2010 Retina & Macula Centre, Hong Kong.

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) compared with multimodal imaging for CNV in CSC eyes and to determine the features that predicted CNV.

Design: Prospective cross-sectional study.

Methods: Consecutive CSC patients were recruited from retina clinic. Read More

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A Case Report of Subclinical Myasthenia Gravis Associated with Castleman's Disease.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;22:e930948. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Castleman's disease is defined as a benign lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain origin. It is most commonly found in the area of mediastinum. Castleman's disease is classified based on pathological features into hyaline-vascular, plasma cell, and mixed variants, which the hyaline-vascular variant is the commonest in association with Myasthenia Gravis. Read More

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Transthoracic Echocardiography: Beginner's Guide with Emphasis on Blind Spots as Identified with CT and MRI.

Radiographics 2021 Jun 11:200142. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

From the Departments of Radiology (M.D.G., R.D.M., S.D.K., R.M.B., J.D.M., D.W.G., E.A.R.) and Cardiology (J.M.R.), Madigan Army Medical Center, 9040 Jackson Ave, Tacoma, WA 98431; and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Md (M.D.G., J.M.R., D.W.G., E.A.R.).

Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the primary initial imaging modality in cardiac imaging. Advantages include portability, safety, availability, and ability to assess the morphology and physiology of the heart in a noninvasive manner. Because of this, many patients who undergo advanced imaging with CT or MRI will have undergone prior TTE, particularly when cardiac CT angiography or cardiac MRI is performed. Read More

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Laser-induced choroidal neovascularization: A case report and some reflection on animal models for age-related macular degeneration.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26239

Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University.

Rationale: Laser induced maculopathy includes retinal photoreceptor disruption, macular hole, macular hemorrhage, and rarely choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Here we report a case of laser induced CNV that was treated by intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injection and resulted in visual improvement and CNV resolution during 1-year follow up. In addition, the case of laser induced CNV treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF injections are reviewed for the first time in literature. Read More

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Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings of Iris Ischemia and Reperfusion in Cytomegalovirus Panuveitis.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Jun 11:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science "Luigi Sacco", Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

: To report a case of iris ischemia in an eye affected by Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related Chronic Retinal Necrosis (CRN) with partial reperfusion after antiviral therapy demonstrated by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).: Retrospective case report. Multimodal imaging was performed at each follow-up visits. Read More

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Myocardial infarction secondary to coronary embolus in a patient with left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 10;5(3):ytab077. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Cardiovascular Division, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 982265 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA.

Background: Coronary embolism is a rare cause of myocardial infarction (MI). We present a case report which emphasizes the importance of intracoronary imaging in these cases to identify the pathophysiological mechanism of MI.

Case Summary: A 53-year-old male with no past medical history presented to the hospital with typical angina. Read More

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Endovascular treatment of coronary subclavian steal syndrome: a case series highlighting the diagnostic usefulness of a multimodality imaging approach.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 29;5(3):ytab056. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Cardiology, Instituto Cardiovascular, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, C/Profesor Martín Lagos S/N, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Background: Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is an uncommon complication observed in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafts. It is defined as coronary ischaemia due to reversal flow from the LIMA to the left subclavian artery (SA) when a proximal left SA stenosis is present. In practice, the entire clinical spectrum of ischaemic heart disease, ranging from asymptomatic patients to acute myocardial infarction, may be encountered. Read More

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Immunoglobulin G4-related masses surrounding coronary arteries: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 8;5(3):ytab055. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nara Prefecture General Medical Centre, 2-897-5, Shichijonishimachi, Nara-City, Nara 630-8581, Japan.

Background: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated fibroinflammatory condition with high serum IgG4 levels affecting various organs, such as the pancreas, lacrimal and salivary glands, thyroid, kidney, and lung. Typical cardiovascular manifestations of IgG4-RD include periaortitis, coronary arteritis, and pericarditis. However, reports of IgG4-RD associated with coronary arteritis are rare. Read More

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A case report of takotsubo syndrome complicated by ischaemic stroke: the clinical dilemma of anticoagulation.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 15;5(3):ytab051. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, Cardiology Unit, University Hospital "San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d'Aragona", Heart Tower-Room 807, Largo Città d'Ippocrate, 84131 Salerno, Italy.

Background: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute and transient heart failure syndrome due to reversible myocardial dysfunction characterized by a wide spectrum of possible clinical scenarios. About one-fifth of TTS patients experience adverse in-hospital events. Thromboembolic complications, especially stroke, have been reported, albeit in a minority of patients. Read More

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