121,748 results match your criteria angiogenesis


INFLAMMATION IN CHILDHOOD EPILEPSY SYNDROMES.

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):88-92

Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Paediatric Neurology, Georgia.

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorder affecting up to 1% of the world population. It is a heterogeneous disorder and includes genetic, structural, metabolic causes, sometimes reason is unknown. In recent 20 years inflammation has been considered as a possible etiologic factor in angiogenesis and epileptogenesis in experimental models but there is still lack of evidence if inflammation could be seen in clinical cases of children with different forms of epilepsy. Read More

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Discovery of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine-based derivatives as potent VEGFR-2 kinase inhibitors and anti-cancer agents.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Apr 27;112:104947. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, AlMaarefa University, Ad Diriyah 13713, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Cairo 11884, Egypt. Electronic address:

Vascular endothelial growth factor-2 (VEGFR-2) is considered one of the most important factors in tumor angiogenesis, and consequently a number of anticancer therapeutics have been developed to inhibit VEGFR-2 signaling. Accordingly, eighteen derivatives of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidines having structural characteristics similar to VEGFR-2 inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Anticancer activities of the new derivatives were assessed against three human cancer cell lines (HCT-116, HepG2, and MCF-7) using MTT. Read More

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Spatially-directed angiogenesis using ultrasound-controlled release of basic fibroblast growth factor from acoustically-responsive scaffolds.

Acta Biomater 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Vascularization is a critical step following implantation of an engineered tissue construct in order to maintain its viability. The ability to spatially pattern or direct vascularization could be therapeutically beneficial for anastomosis and vessel in-growth. However, acellular and cell-based strategies to stimulate vascularization typically do not afford this control. Read More

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Hypoxia-induced retinal pigment epithelium cell-derived bFGF promotes the migration and angiogenesis of HUVECs through regulating TGF-β1/smad2/3 pathway.

Gene 2021 May 5:145695. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University. Electronic address:

Hypoxia promotes the secretion of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which plays an important part in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study preliminarily explored the effect of hypoxia-induced RPE-derived bFGF on the biological functions of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). After cell culture in hypoxia conditions, the cell viability, apoptosis, and the expressions of bFGF and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in human RPEs were detected by 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), flow cytometry, Western blot, RT-qPCR, or ELISA. Read More

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Amelioration of diabetic retinopathy in db/db mice by treatment with different proportional three active ingredients from Tibetan medicine Berberis dictyophylla F.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 5:114190. Epub 2021 May 5.

Innovative Institute of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Berberis dictyophylla F., a famous Tibetan medicine, has been used to prevent and treat diabetic retinopathy (DR) for thousands of years in clinic. However, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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Injectable Hydrogel for Co-Delivery of 5-Azacytidine in Zein Protein Nanoparticles with Stem Cells for Cardiac Function Restoration.

Int J Pharm 2021 May 5:120673. Epub 2021 May 5.

Stem cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of Biosciences, Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai-600036, TN, India. Electronic address:

Heart failure is major cause of mortality associated with mostly Myocardial infarction (MI). Transplanting mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have exhibited potential role in myocardial regeneration. Secretion of immune-modulatory cytokines and various growth factors after transplantation plays significant role in remodelling process of MI region. Read More

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[Synergistic effect of polysaccharide from and oxaliplatin on colorectal cancer cells ].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):504-513

School of Pharmacy, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China.

Objective: To explore the synergistic inhibitory effect of polysaccharide from (EPS) and oxaliplatin (Oxa) on colorectal cancer (CRC) HCT116 cells.

Objective: HCT116 cells were treated with 8 μg/mL Oxa and 100 μg/mL EPS alone or in combination, and the changes in cell viability was assessed with CCK-8 assay. CompuSyn software was used for fitting the Fa-CI curve to evaluate the combined effect of the two agents. Read More

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3D Printing of Strontium Silicate Microcylinder-Containing Multicellular Biomaterial Inks for Vascularized Skin Regeneration.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 May 8:e2100523. Epub 2021 May 8.

State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200050, P. R. China.

The reconstruction of dermal blood vessels is essential for skin regeneration process. However, the lack of vascular structure, insufficient angiogenesis induction, and ineffective graft-host anastomosis of the existing skin substitutes are major bottle-necks for permanent skin replacement in tissue engineering. In this study, the uniform strontium silicate (SS) microcylinders are successfully synthesized and integrated into the biomaterial ink to serve as stable cell-induced factors for angiogenesis, and then a functional skin substitute based on a vascularization-induced biomimetic multicellular system is prepared via a "cell-writing" bioprinting technology. Read More

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Upregulation of Nogo-B by HIF-1 and AP-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cancer Sci 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200062, China.

Nogo-B is an important regulator of tumor angiogenesis. Expression of Nogo-B is remarkably upregulated in multiple tumor types, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we show the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of Nogo-B in liver cancer. Read More

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Growth factor mimetics for skin regeneration: In vitro profiling of primary human fibroblasts and keratinocytes.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2021 May 8:e2100082. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Biochemistry, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Small molecules have gained considerable interest in regenerative medicine, as they can effectively modulate cell fates in a spatiotemporal controllable fashion. A continuous challenge in the field represents genuine mimicry or activation of growth factor signaling with small molecules. Here, we selected and profiled three compounds for their capacity to directly or indirectly activate endogenous FGF-2, VEGF, or SHH signaling events in the context of skin regeneration. Read More

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Spotlight on PSMA as a new theranostic biomarker for bladder cancer.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9777. Epub 2021 May 7.

IRCCS Istituto Romagnolo per lo Studio dei Tumori (IRST) "Dino Amadori", Via P. Maroncelli 40, 47014, Meldola, Italy.

Bladder cancer (BCa) patients are diagnosed by cytology and cystoscopy. However, these diagnostic tests bear some limitations. We sought for reliable biomarkers to better determine BCa extension. Read More

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A Review of Recent Research on the Role of MicroRNAs in Renal Cancer.

Med Sci Monit 2021 May 8;27:e930639. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, China (mainland).

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a most common type of urologic neoplasms; it accounts for 3% of malignant tumors, with high rates of relapse and mortality. The most common types of renal cancer are clear cell carcinoma (ccRCC), papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC), and chromophobe renal carcinoma (chRCC), which account for 90%, 6-15%, and 2-5%, respectively, of all renal malignancies. Although surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy are the most common treatment method for those diseases, their effects remain dissatisfactory. Read More

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate, a potential target in neovascular retinal disease.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Pharmacy, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Neovascular ocular diseases (such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion) are characterised by common pathological processes that contribute to disease progression. These include angiogenesis, oedema, inflammation, cell death and fibrosis. Currently available therapies target the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the main mediator of pathological angiogenesis. Read More

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Macrophage miR-210 induction and metabolic reprogramming in response to pathogen interaction boost life-threatening inflammation.

Sci Adv 2021 May 7;7(19). Epub 2021 May 7.

Laboratory of Tumor Inflammation and Angiogenesis, CCB, VIB, Leuven, Belgium.

Unbalanced immune responses to pathogens can be life-threatening although the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we show a hypoxia-inducible factor 1α-dependent microRNA (miR)-210 up-regulation in monocytes and macrophages upon pathogen interaction. MiR-210 knockout in the hematopoietic lineage or in monocytes/macrophages mitigated the symptoms of endotoxemia, bacteremia, sepsis, and parasitosis, limiting the cytokine storm, organ damage/dysfunction, pathogen spreading, and lethality. Read More

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EphA2: A promising therapeutic target in breast cancer.

J Genet Genomics 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223, China; KIZ-CUHK Joint Laboratory of Bioresources and Molecular Research in Common Diseases, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223, China; Affiliated Cancer Hospital & Institute of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510095, China. Electronic address:

EphA2 (ephrin type-A receptor 2), a receptor tyrosine kinase, is overexpressed in human breast cancers often linked to poor patient prognosis. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that EphA2 plays important roles in several critical processes associated with malignant breast progression, such as proliferation, survival, migration, invasion, drug resistance, metastasis, and angiogenesis. As its inhibition through multiple approaches can inhibit the growth of breast cancer and restore drug sensitivity, EphA2 has become a promising therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment. Read More

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NEDD4 regulates ubiquitination and stability of the cell adhesion molecule IGPR-1 via lysosomal pathway.

J Biomed Sci 2021 May 7;28(1):35. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Boston University Medical Campus, 670 Albany Street, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Background: The cell adhesion molecule IGPR-1 regulates various critical cellular processes including, cell-cell adhesion, mechanosensing and autophagy and plays important roles in angiogenesis and tumor growth; however, the molecular mechanism governing the cell surface levels of IGPR-1 remains unknown.

Results: In the present study, we used an in vitro ubiquitination assay and identified ubiquitin E3 ligase NEDD4 and the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UbcH6 involved in the ubiquitination of IGPR-1. In vitro GST-pulldown and in vivo co-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that NEDD4 binds to IGPR-1. Read More

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Light rare earth elements hinder bone development via inhibiting type H vessels formation in mice.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 4;218:112275. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopedics, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China. Electronic address:

Light rare earth elements (LREEs) are widely used in medical, industrial, and agricultural fields. Wide application of light rare earth and exposure to these elements in human society leads to increasing accumulation of LREE in human skeletal system. However, the effects of LREEs on human bone health is not clear. Read More

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Quercetin inhibits invasion and angiogenesis of esophageal cancer cells.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Apr 28;222:153455. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, Hubei Province, China.

Background: Esophageal carcinoma has poor prognosis and novel therapies for esophageal carcinoma are urgently needed. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid compound that can be found in many foods. In this study, we investigated the effects of quercetin on invasion and angiogenesis of esophageal cancer cells. Read More

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Novel 4-(piperazin-1-yl)quinolin-2(1H)-one bearing thiazoles with antiproliferative activity through VEGFR-2-TK inhibition.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Apr 22;40:116168. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, 61519 Minia, Egypt; Department of Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Deraya University, New Minia, Minia, Egypt. Electronic address:

A new series of 2-(4-(2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinolin-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl)-N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)acetamide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for anticancer activity. All target compounds showed anticancer activity higher than that of their 2-oxo-4-piperazinyl-1,2-dihydroquinolin-2(1H)-one precursors. Multidose testing of target compounds was performed against breast cancer T-47D cell line. Read More

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Melatonin prevents blood-retinal barrier breakdown and mitochondrial dysfunction in high glucose and hypoxia-induced in vitro diabetic macular edema model.

Toxicol In Vitro 2021 May 4:105191. Epub 2021 May 4.

Trakya University, Department of Medicinal Biology, Edirne, Turkey.

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a leading cause of blindness in diabetic retinopathy. Prolonged hyperglycemia plus hypoxia contributes to DME pathogenesis. Retinal pigmented epithelial cells comprise the outer blood-retinal barrier and are essential for maintaining physiological functioning of the retina. Read More

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lncRNA UCA1 induced by SP1 and SP3 forms a positive feedback loop to facilitate malignant phenotypes of colorectal cancer via targeting miR-495.

Life Sci 2021 May 4:119569. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, Hunan Province, PR China; Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, Changsha 410013, Hunan Province, PR China. Electronic address:

Aims: Long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) urothelial cancer associated 1 (UCA1) was dysregulated in colorectal cancers (CRC) and promoted tumor progression of CRC. The aims of this study are to further investigate the underlying mechanism.

Main Methods: Short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) were applied for gene knockdown. Read More

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Coronary Microvascular Adaptations Distal to Epicardial Artery Stenosis.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Michael E. DeBakey Institute for Comparative Cardiovascular Science and Biomedical Devices, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, United Statesgrid.264756.4.

Until recently, epicardial coronary stenosis has been considered the primary outcome of coronary heart disease and clinical interventions have been dedicated primarily to identification and removal of flow-limiting stenoses. However, a growing body of literature indicates that both epicardial stenosis and microvascular dysfunction contribute to damaging myocardial ischemia. In this review, we discuss the co-existence of macro- and microvascular disease, and how the structure and function of the distal microcirculation is impacted by the hemodynamic consequences of an epicardial, flow-limiting stenosis. Read More

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Pericyte-specific deletion of Ninjurin-1 induces fragile vasa vasorum formation and enhances intimal hyperplasia of injured vasculature.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Biochemistry, Division of Integrated Life Science; Department of Cardiovascular Regeneration and Innovation, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, 2-1-1 Midorigaoka-higashi, Asahikawa 078-8510, Japangrid.252427.4.

Adventitial abnormalities including enhanced vasa vasorum malformation are associated with development and vulnerability of atherosclerotic plaque. However, the mechanisms of vasa vasorum malformation and its role in vascular remodeling have not been fully clarified. We recently reported that Ninjurin-1 (Ninj1) is a crucial adhesion molecule for pericytes to form matured neovessels. Read More

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AminoBODIPY Conjugates for Targeted Drug Delivery Systems and Real-Time Monitoring of Drug Release.

Mol Pharm 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Tr. 17. Listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.

In this work, we report two concepts of drug delivery based on small-molecule drug conjugates with the ability of specific targeting and drug release monitoring via ratiometric fluorescence. The functionality of these concepts has been verified by two model systems consisting of three parts: (i) fluorescent aminoBODIPY for real-time detection of conjugate cleavage, (ii) a c(RGDfK) peptide specific for αβ integrin receptors targeting angiogenesis in most solid tumors or redBODIPY for conjugate cleavage monitoring via FRET, and (iii) pegylated-2-phenyl-3-hydroxy-4(1)-quinolinone (3HQ) as a model drug. The model drug release is based on a self-immolative disulfide linker sensitive to environments containing thiols, especially glutathione, which is overexpressed in cancer cells. Read More

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Impact of Nutritional Epigenetics in Essential Hypertension: Targeting microRNAs in the Gut-Liver Axis.

Curr Hypertens Rep 2021 May 7;23(5):28. Epub 2021 May 7.

Microbiome Consortium, Center for Hypertension and Precision Medicine, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Block Health Science Bldg, 3000 Arlington Ave, Toledo, OH, 43614, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To review the current knowledge on interactions between dietary factors and microRNAs (miRNAs) in essential hypertension (EH) pathogenesis.

Recent Findings: There exists an integration of maintenance signals generated by genetic, epigenetic, immune, and environmental (e.g. Read More

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Blood Vessel Density Measured Using Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography is a Tool for Wound Healers.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 May 7:15347346211017334. Epub 2021 May 7.

Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a relatively new technique that may be used to study the substructures in the retina, in the skin and its microcirculation. Furthermore, D-OCT is a validated method of imaging blood flow in skin microcirculation. The skin around venous and mixed arterio-venous ulcers was imaged and found to have tortuous vessels assumed to be angiogenic sprouts, and classified as dots, blobs, coils, clumps, lines, and curves. Read More

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A new syndrome of moyamoya disease, kidney dysplasia, aminotransferase elevation, and skin disease associated with de novo variants in RNF213.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Human Genetics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Ring-finger protein 213 (RNF213) encodes a protein of unknown function believed to play a role in cellular metabolism and angiogenesis. Gene variants are associated with susceptibility to moyamoya disease. Here, we describe two children with moyamoya disease who also demonstrated kidney disease, elevated aminotransferases, and recurrent skin lesions found by exome sequencing to have de novo missense variants in RNF213. Read More

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Environmental oxygen regulates astrocyte proliferation to guide angiogenesis during retinal development.

Development 2021 May 7;148(9). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurobiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

Angiogenesis in the developing mammalian retina requires patterning cues from astrocytes. Developmental disorders of retinal vasculature, such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), involve arrest or mispatterning of angiogenesis. Whether these vascular pathologies involve astrocyte dysfunction remains untested. Read More

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Nano drug delivery system reconstruct tumor vasculature for the tumor vascular normalization.

J Drug Target 2021 May 7:1-46. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Ningxia Medical University, No. 1160, Shengli Street, Yinchuan, 750004, China.

The specific tumor microenvironment plays a crucial role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Among them, the abnormal structure and function of blood vessels in the tumor microenvironment are obvious characteristics of the tumor. Abnormal blood vessels with high leakage can lead to impaired blood perfusion and non-specific leakage of blood components into the surrounding interstitial spaces. Read More

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Xenotransplantation of neonatal porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells improves murine hind limb ischemia through lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis.

Xenotransplantation 2021 May 6:e12693. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Regenerative Medicine & Transplantation, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: The clinical utility of stem cell therapy for peripheral artery disease has not been fully discussed, and one obstacle is limited donor supplies. In this study, we attempted to rescue mouse ischemic hind limb by xenotransplantation of neonatal porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (npBM-MSCs).

Methods: Neonatal porcine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted to ischemic hind limbs of male C57BL/6J mice (npBM-MSCs group). Read More

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