233,218 results match your criteria anemia


Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency in pediatric patients: A scoping review.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica e Experimental- MENULab, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Departamento de Pediatria, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Objective: Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is an underdiagnosed autosomal recessive disease with onset between the first years of life and adulthood. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective therapy and long-term survival. The objective of this article is to recognize warning signs among the clinical and laboratory characteristics of LAL-D in pediatric patients through a scope review. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Daprodustat in Japanese Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Ther Apher Dial 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Clinical Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline, King of Prussia, PA, USA.

Daprodustat is a hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor for the treatment of anemia of chronic kidney disease. This phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of daprodustat in an uncontrolled cohort of 56 Japanese peritoneal dialysis patients with anemia over 52 weeks. Subjects received daprodustat 4 mg orally once daily for 4 weeks and the dose was subsequently adjusted every 4 weeks. Read More

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Cytokine Storm in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia.

J Med Virol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Gaziosmanpasa Taksim Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Department of Dermatology, Gaziosmanpasa Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: In this study, laboratorial parameters of hospitalized covid -19 patients, who were complicated with severe pneumonia, were compared with the findings of cytokine storm developing in macrophage activation syndrome (MAS)/secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis(sHLH). Severe pneumonia occurred as a result of cytokine storm in some patients who needed intensive care unit(ICU), and it is aimed to determine the precursive parameters in this situation. Also in this study, the aim is to identify laboratory criteria that predict worsening disease and ICU intensification, as well as the development of cytokine storm. Read More

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Ubiquitin-mediated DNA damage response is synthetic lethal with G-quadruplex stabilizer CX-5461.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9812. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Molecular Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, 675 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L3, Canada.

CX-5461 is a G-quadruplex (G4) ligand currently in trials with initial indications of clinical activity in cancers with defects in homologous recombination repair. To identify more genetic defects that could sensitize tumors to CX-5461, we tested synthetic lethality for 480 DNA repair and genome maintenance genes to CX-5461, pyridostatin (PDS), a structurally unrelated G4-specific stabilizer, and BMH-21, which binds GC-rich DNA but not G4 structures. We identified multiple members of HRD, Fanconi Anemia pathways, and POLQ, a polymerase with a helicase domain important for G4 structure resolution. Read More

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[Hypophosphatemia following the administration of intravenous iron formulations: A case report and literature review].

Therapie 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), hôpital Bicêtre, Centre de Recherche Clinique AP-HP, université Paris-Saclay, 78, rue du Général-Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia are common medical conditions. Management of the etiology and iron supplementation are both necessary to treat this condition. Use of intravenous iron preparations is increasing due to its advantages over oral iron. Read More

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Influence of the degree of anaemia on the prognosis of older adults with heart failure (SPAN-HF study).

Med Clin (Barc) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, IMIBIC/Hospital Reina Sofía, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España.

Objective: To assess whether a sustained optimal haemoglobin value in the 3 months after admission for heart failure (HF) decompensation reduces morbidity and mortality during the 12 months after admission for acute HF.

Patients And Method: Retrospective study of the 1408 patients older than 65 years included in the RICA registry divided into 3 groups: no anaemia (group A), recovered anaemia (group B), and persistent anaemia (group C), according to haemoglobin levels on admission, and 3 months after discharge. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed, comparing the groups using the log-rank test and a Cox regression model was performed to analyse survival. Read More

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Effect of the Phosphate Binders Sevelamer Carbonate and Calcium Acetate on the Pharmacokinetics of Roxadustat After Concomitant or Time-Separated Administration in Healthy Individuals.

Clin Ther 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Exploratory Development, Astellas Pharma Europe B.V., Leiden, the Netherlands.

Purpose: Roxadustat, a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, treats anemia in chronic kidney disease. Hyperphosphatemia, a common complication in chronic kidney disease, is treated with phosphate binders (PBs). This study in healthy individuals investigated the effect of 2 PBs, sevelamer carbonate and calcium acetate, on the pharmacokinetic properties of a single oral dose of roxadustat administered concomitantly or with a time lag. Read More

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Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction caused by anti-Yt.

Immunohematology 2021 Mar;37(1):13-17

Department of Transfusion Medicine and Transplantation Biology, University Clinical Hospital Zagreb , Zagreb , Croatia .

Many patients with anti-Yt receive multiple transfusions of Yt(a+) red blood cells (RBCs) with no ill effects. However, anti-Yt has been implicated in hemolytic transfusion reactions. Antibody identification typically determines specificity of antibodies and their clinical significance to justify blood requirements for antigen-negative blood when clinically significant antibodies are involved. Read More

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Fetomaternal Hemorrhage: Evaluation of Recurrence Within a Large Integrated Health Care System.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Kaiser Permanente Oakland Department of Pathology, 275 W MacArthur Boulevard Oakland, CA 94610.

Background: Fetomaternal hemorrhage is associated with severe fetal morbidity and mortality. The recurrence risk of fetomaternal hemorrhage is unknown.

Objective: We sought to establish the recurrence rate of fetomaternal hemorrhage in a large integrated healthcare system over a 10-year period. Read More

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Trastuzumab deruxtecan (DS-8201) in patients with HER2-expressing metastatic colorectal cancer (DESTINY-CRC01): a multicentre, open-label, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: HER2 amplification has been identified in 2-3% of patients with colorectal cancer, although there are currently no approved HER2-targeted therapies for colorectal cancer. We aimed to study the antitumour activity and safety of trastuzumab deruxtecan (an antibody-drug conjugate of humanised anti-HER2 antibody with topoisomerase I inhibitor payloads) in patients with HER2-expressing metastatic colorectal cancer.

Methods: DESTINY-CRC01 is an open-label, phase 2 study that recruited patients from 25 clinics and hospitals in Italy, Japan, Spain, the UK, and the USA. Read More

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Anemia and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.

Cancer Invest 2021 May 7:1-17. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

We analyzed the effect of anemia on tumor response of patients with primary invasive breast cancer (BC) receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). The patient collective was very homogenous; finally, 74 BC patients with identical medication and duration of NACT were enrolled. After completion of NACT, 49 patients (66. Read More

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Ferumoxytol-enhanced vascular suppression in magnetic resonance neurography.

Skeletal Radiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: To evaluate ferumoxytol-enhanced vascular suppression for visualizing branch nerves of the brachial plexus in magnetic resonance (MR) neurography.

Materials And Methods: Signal simulations were performed to determine ferumoxytol's effect on nerve-, fat-, and blood-to-muscle contrast and to optimize pulse sequence parameters. Prospective, in vivo assessment included 10 subjects with chronic anemia who underwent a total of 19 (9 bilateral) pre- and post-infusion brachial plexus exams using three-dimensional (3D), T-weighted short-tau inversion recovery (T-STIR) sequences at 3. Read More

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The causes of Fanconi anemia in South Asia and the Middle East: A case series and review of the literature.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2021 May 7:e1693. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome associated with characteristic dysmorphology primarily caused by biallelic pathogenic germline variants in any of 22 different DNA repair genes. There are limited data on the specific molecular causes of FA in different ethnic groups.

Methods: We performed exome sequencing and copy number variant analyses on 19 patients with FA from 17 families undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation evaluation in Pakistan. Read More

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Randomized double-blinded clinical trial on acute transfusion reactions in dogs receiving leukoreduced versus nonleukoreduced packed red blood cells.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Herts, United Kingdom.

Background: Leukoreduction of blood products is commonly performed in human medicine, but its effect on outcome or incidence of transfusion reactions (TRs) in dogs is unknown.

Objectives: To prospectively evaluate the incidence of acute TRs in, and the outcome of, dogs receiving either leukoreduced (LR) or nonleukoreduced (N-LR) packed red blood cells (PRBC).

Animals: Dogs (n = 194) administered PRBC between August 2017 and June 2020. Read More

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Whole exome sequencing identifies functional classes of gene mutations associated with bone marrow failure in pediatric Fanconi Anemia patients.

Eur J Haematol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

The Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Department of Pediatrics, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College, Lebanon, NH, USA.

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by biallelic germline mutations in FA genes in the DNA damage repair pathway. Defective DNA damage repair leading to genomic instability suggests a role of acquired somatic mutations in disease progression to bone marrow failure (BMF). We hypothesize that the somatic mutational landscape of FA patients can predict the development of BMF, the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Read More

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Clustering of blood cell count abnormalities and future risk of death.

Eur J Clin Invest 2021 May 7:e13562. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: The identification of novel predictors of poor outcome may help stratify cardiovascular risk. Aim was to evaluate the individual contribution of blood cell count parameters, as well as their clustering, on the risk of death and cardiovascular events over the long term in the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cohort.

Methods: In 30,447 individuals (age 57 ± 8 years), we assessed the incidence of all-cause death (primary endpoint) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, secondary outcome measure) according to absence or presence of one, two and three factors at baseline out of the following: anaemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis. Read More

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Response to first-line treatment predicts progression-free survival benefit of small-cell lung cancer patients treated with anlotinib.

Cancer Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Oncology, General Hospital of Chinese PLA, Beijing, China.

Background: Anlotinib significantly extended progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) as third or later line treatment.

Methods: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and safety of anlotinib in the clinical practice and aimed to identify risk factors for predicting the clinical benefit of anlotinib in SCLC patients. 29 SCLC patients treated with anlotinib monotherapy or combination therapy as second or later line treatment were included. Read More

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Uncovering the first occurrence of Tilapia parvovirus in Thailand in tilapia during co-infection with Tilapia tilapinevirus.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.

The recently-discovered Tilapia parvovirus (TiPV) was the first Parvovirus confirmed to infect fish, causing mortality outbreaks in farmed adult Nile tilapia in China. Severe mortality outbreaks caused by Tilapia tilapinevirus (TiLV) to farmed tilapia in Thailand revealed the concomitant occurrence of TiPV. Out of ten fish farms screened, TiPV was detected in one site rearing juvenile red hybrid tilapia. Read More

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Differences in biochemical, gas exchange and hydraulic response to water stress in desiccation tolerant and sensitive fronds of the fern Anemia caffrorum.

New Phytol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Dept. Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa.

(1) Desiccation tolerant plants can survive extreme water loss in their vegetative tissues. The fern Anemia caffrorum produces desiccation tolerant (DT) fronds in the dry season and desiccation sensitive (DS) fronds in the wet season, providing a unique opportunity to explore the physiological mechanisms associated with desiccation tolerance. (2) A. Read More

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Variables affecting the presence of occult cerebral microbleeds and subsequent spontaneous intracranial haemorrhage in adult patients with severe thrombocytopenia.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Haematology, Post graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India.

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Factors associated with the absence of pharmacological treatment for common modifiable complications in children with chronic kidney disease.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, MLC: 7022, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3039, USA.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with many comorbidities requiring complex management. We described treatment patterns for common modifiable CKD complications (high blood pressure, anemia, hyperphosphatemia, and acidosis) according to severity of CKD and examined factors associated with the absence of drug therapy, among participants with a persistent comorbidity, for 1 year in children enrolled in the CKiD study.

Methods: A total of 703 CKiD participants contributed 2849 person-visits over a median 3. Read More

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Iron Fortification and Supplementation: Fighting Anemia of Chronic Diseases or Fueling Obesity?

Curr Dev Nutr 2021 Apr 7;5(4):nzab032. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

The significant worldwide increase in obesity has become a major health problem. Excess adiposity has been extensively linked to inflammation. Recently, studies have shown that dietary intake and microbiota dysbiosis can affect the health of the gut and lead to low-grade systemic inflammation, worsening the state of obesity and further exacerbating inflammation. Read More

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Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma with hepatocytotropism in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):20551169211005914. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Case Summary: A 14-year 3-month-old spayed female mixed-breed cat presented with jaundice, anaemia and thrombocytopenia. Haemophagocytic syndrome associated with lymphoma was suspected after cytological examination of the spleen. Despite treatment with prednisolone, L-asparaginase and nimustine, the cat died 176 days after the initial presentation. Read More

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Roxadustat and thyroid-stimulating hormone suppression.

Clin Kidney J 2021 May 20;14(5):1472-1474. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan.

Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitors belong to a new class of orally administered drugs for treating anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of hypothyroidism is disproportionately high in patients with CKD on hemodialysis. We report a rapid suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and decrease in free triiodothyronine (T3) and free tetraiodothyronine levels after switching from darbepoetin alfa to roxadustat in a hemodialysis patient with hypothyroidism on levothyroxine therapy. Read More

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Cell-free DNA as a marker for the outcome of end-stage renal disease patients on haemodialysis.

Clin Kidney J 2021 May 24;14(5):1371-1378. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

UCIBIO/REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Background: DNA damage and inflammation are common in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Our aim was to evaluate the levels of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and the relationship with inflammation, anaemia, oxidative stress and haemostatic disturbances in ESRD patients on dialysis. By performing a 1-year follow-up study, we also aimed to evaluate the predictive value of cfDNA for the outcome of ESRD patients. Read More

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Infantile giant cell hepatitis with autoimmune hemolytic anemia.

World J Hepatol 2021 Apr;13(4):411-420

Department of Pediatrics, National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan.

Giant cell hepatitis (GCH) is characterized by large and multinucleated (syncytial) hepatocytes in the context of liver inflammation. Infantile GCH is typically associated with autoimmune hemolytic anemia in the absence of any other systemic or organ-specific autoimmune comorbidity. The etiology is unknown; concomitant viral infections (as potential trigger factors) have been identified in a few patients. Read More

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Anthracycline-containing carboplatin-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy in combination with trastuzumab for HER2-positive breast cancer: the neoCARH phase II randomized clinical trial.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 20;13:17588359211009003. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Breast Cancer, Cancer Center, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, No.123 Huifu West, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China.

Background: Although dual blockade HER2-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with excellent outcomes for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer, pertuzumab is not available to all patients due to cost. The optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer in the presence of a single HER2 blockade is unknown. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel/trastuzumab (EC-TH) with docetaxel/carboplatin/trastuzumab (TCH) neoadjuvant setting for HER2-positive breast cancer under the single HER2 blockade. Read More

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Impairment of Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics in Patients With Severe and Milder Forms of Sickle Cell Disease.

Front Physiol 2021 20;12:645205. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, Location AMC, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

In patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), cerebral blood flow (CBF) is elevated to counteract anemia and maintain oxygen supply to the brain. This may exhaust the vasodilating capacity of the vessels, possibly increasing the risk of silent cerebral infarctions (SCI). To further investigate cerebrovascular hemodynamics in SCD patients, we assessed CBF, arterial transit time (ATT), cerebrovascular reactivity of CBF and ATT (CVR and CVR ) and oxygen delivery in patients with different forms of SCD and matched healthy controls. Read More

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Knowledge of Pre-Pregnancy Care Among Men Attending the Outpatient Clinics of Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Malays J Med Sci 2021 Apr 21;28(2):119-127. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Family Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Background: Men's involvement in pre-pregnancy care is important to ensure a positive pregnancy outcome. The objective of this study is to determine the level of knowledge of pre-pregnancy care among men and the factors associated with poor knowledge.

Methods: This work is a cross-sectional study conducted at the outpatient clinics of Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia involving 235 married men. Read More

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Predictors of Anemia Among Adult HIV Positive Patients on First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy in Northwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Follow-Up Study.

HIV AIDS (Auckl) 2021 29;13:455-466. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, anemia is a common hematological disorder among HIV-infected patients. People with anemia often suffer from impaired physical functioning, psychological distress, and poor quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the incidence of anemia and its determinants among HIV positive individuals in northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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