1,023 results match your criteria anastomosis emptying


Internal stenting across the pancreaticojejunostomy anastomosis and main pancreatic duct after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Pol Przegl Chir 2021 Feb;93(3):1-5

Department of Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Studies have reported internal stenting of the pancreaticojejunostomy anastomosis to reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula, but it is still controversial.

Materials And Methods: Fifty patients undergoing elective pancreaticoduodenectomy, were included. Read More

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February 2021

High-risk Pancreatic Anastomosis vs. Total Pancreatectomy after Pancreatoduodenectomy: Postoperative Outcomes and Quality of Life Analysis.

Ann Surg 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

*The Department of General and Pancreatic Surgery †Pathology ‡Anesthesia and Intensive Care of Verona University Hospital, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate total pancreatectomy (TP) as an alternative to pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) in patients at high-risk for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF).

Background: Outcomes of high-risk PD (HR-PD) and TP have never been compared.

Methods: All patients who underwent PD or TP between July 2017 and December 2019 were identified. Read More

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Safe Use of Erythromycin For Refractory Gastroparesis After Small Bowel Transplantation.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

From the the Intestinal Rehabilitation and Transplant Center, Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Current therapeutic options with prokinetic agents for posttransplant gastroparesis are limited. Erythromycin is associated with adverse reactions, including corrected QT interval prolongation and cytochrome P450 3A4 isoenzyme inhibition. The use of erythromycin has been avoided in patients undergoing treatment with cyclosporine or tacrolimus because of significant fluctuations in therapeutic immunosuppression levels. Read More

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Predictors and Outcomes of Pancreatic Fistula Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy: a Dual Center Experience.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 27;12(1):22-30. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Vibhuti Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226010 India.

Fistula following leaked pancreatico-enteric anastomosis is a common, potentially lethal complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Early assessment and prediction of its occurrence can improve postoperative outcomes. Various perioperative factors were analyzed for its contribution to clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (crPOPF). Read More

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A Novel Anastomosis Technique for Laparoscopic Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Case Series of Our Center's Experience.

Front Surg 2021 12;8:583671. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Weihai Central Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University, Weihai, China.

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy has developed rapidly in recent years. Postoperative pancreatic fistula is still the most dangerous complication of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy. Baumgart pancreaticojejunostomy is considered one of the safest anastomosis procedures, with low rates of pancreatic fistula. Read More

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Prospective randomized controlled trial of omental roll-up technique on pancreatojejunostomy anastomosis for reducing perioperative complication in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Wrapping pancreatojejunal anastomosis with omentum to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) has only been reported in non-randomized, controlled trials. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a randomized, controlled trial to compare outcomes between omental roll-up and non-omental roll-up in pancreatojejunal anastomosis.

Methods: This single-center, randomized, two-arm trail (Clinical Trials Register: NCT03083938) was conducted between February 2017 and February 2019. Read More

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Blumgart Anastomosis After Pancreaticoduodenectomy. A Comprehensive Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Meta-Regression.

World J Surg 2021 Jun 15;45(6):1929-1939. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Internal Medicine and Surgery (DIMEC), Alma Mater Studiorum, , S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi Via Massarenti n.9, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

Background: The superiority of Blumgart anastomosis (BA) over non-BA duct to mucosa (non-BA DtoM) still remains under debate.

Methods: We performed a systematic search of studies comparing BA to non-BA DtoM. The primary endpoint was CR-POPF. Read More

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A comparative study of postoperative outcomes after stapled versus handsewn gastrojejunal anastomosis for pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021 Feb;25(1):84-89

Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital and Medical School, Hwasun, Korea.

Backgrounds/aims: A stapler is widely used in various surgeries, and there have been recent attempts to use it for performing duodenojejunostomy and gastrojejunostomy during pancreaticoduodenectomy. This study aimed to compare the postoperative results of handsewn gastrojejunostomy (HGJ) and stapled gastrojejunstomy (SGJ) limited to pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy (PrPD) performed by a single surgeon.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2014 and March 2020, and included 131 patients who underwent PrPD performed by a single surgeon. Read More

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February 2021

Adaptations in gastrointestinal physiology after sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 03;6(3):225-237

Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Linked to the growing obesity epidemic, demand for bariatric and metabolic surgery has increased, the most common procedures being sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Originally, bariatric procedures were described as purely restrictive, malabsorptive, or combined restrictive-malabsorptive procedures limiting food intake, nutrient absorption, or both. Nowadays, anatomical alterations are known to affect gastrointestinal physiology, which in turn affects the digestion and absorption of nutrients and drugs. Read More

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Treatment Modalities and the Role of Endoscopy for Delayed Gastric Emptying After Whipple Operation: Analysis of 53 Patients.

Am Surg 2021 Jan 31:3134821989037. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ankara City Hospital, Health of Science University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is one of the most common complications after Whipple surgery. This situation delays postoperative oral food intake and prolongs hospitalization. Postoperative DGE often develops due to complications such as intra-abdominal abscess, collections, and anastomosis leaks, and these are called secondary DGE. Read More

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January 2021

[Comparison of different reconstruction procedures after distal gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Dec;100(48):3884-3889

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To systematically compare the effect of Roux-en-Y with Billroth Ⅰ or Billroth Ⅱ in gastric cancer patients after distal gastrectomy by meta-analysis. Systematic search was conducted on the relevant electronic databases of Pubmed, Embase, Wanfang Database, CNKI and VIP from the established time to August 18, 2019. The randomized controlled trials about comparison of Roux-en-Y with Billroth Ⅰ or Billroth Ⅱ were strictly screened and analyzed by the software of Revman 5. Read More

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December 2020

End-to-side duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy A comparison trial of small versus larger jejunal incision. A single center experience.

Ann Ital Chir 2020 ;91:469-477

Aim: The rates of post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are between 5% and 30%. Nowadays, pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) represents the most common type of reconstruction after PD, but the ideal technique is still debated. Our randomized trial was conceived with the intent to evaluate if two variants of PJ could influence the post-operative outcome in term of early complications. Read More

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January 2020

Analysis of risk factors and prevention strategies for functional delayed gastric emptying in 1243 patients with distal gastric cancer.

World J Surg Oncol 2020 Nov 19;18(1):302. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Changhai Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, 168 Changhai Road, Shanghai, 200433, China.

Background: Analysis of the risk factors associated with functional delayed gastric emptying after distal gastric cancer surgery to provide a basis for further reduction of the incidence of this complication.

Methods: Total of 1382 patients with distal gastric cancer from January 2016 to October 2018 were enrolled. Correlation analysis was performed in 53 patients with FDGE by logistic regression. Read More

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November 2020

Percutaneous Gastrojejunostomy Tube Insertion in Patients with Surgical Gastrojejunal Anastomoses: Analysis of Success Rates and Durability.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 02 5;32(2):277-281. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3808, 2301 Erwin Road, Durham, NC 27710. Electronic address:

Patients with a gastrojejunal anastomosis pose challenging anatomy for percutaneous gastrojejunostomy (GJ)-tube placement. A retrospective review of 24 patients (mean age 67.8 years, 13 males) with GJ anastomoses who underwent attempted GJ tube placement revealed infeasible placement in 6 patients (25%) due to an inadequate window for puncture. Read More

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February 2021

Atrial Reservoir Strain is Associated with Decreased Cardiac Index and Adverse Outcomes Post Fontan Operation.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 Feb 13;42(2):307-314. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2003, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.

Fontan patients rely on atrial function for diastolic filling and to augment cardiac output. Emerging data suggests that diminished atrial function is predictive of poor outcomes in adults but studies evaluating the association between atrial mechanics in Fontan patients and outcomes are lacking. We sought to assess atrial function in Fontan patients using speckle tracking echocardiography to determine whether atrial function is associated with invasive hemodynamics and clinical outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Late rectal anastomotic leakage treated with diode laser FiLaC probe. A case report of a new minimal invasive treatment.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 8;77S:S132-S134. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Division of General, Mini-Invasive and Obesity Surgery- Master of Coloproctology and Master of Pelvi-Perineal Rehabilitation, University of Study of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Anastomotic Leakage (AL) is one of the most important early postoperative complication of the adenocarcinoma's surgical treatment. Fistula Laser Closure (FiLaC®) is a minimal invasive technique that use diode laser energy to obtain the fistula track obliteration and it is finding large application for other affection characterized by fistula tracts presence.

Presentation Of Case: A 56 years old male, with no clinical history of adenocarcinoma in his family, underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection with ileostomy for a rectal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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September 2020

Efficacy of stomach-partitioning on gastric emptying in patients undergoing palliative gastrojejunostomy for malign gastric outlet obstruction.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2020 Sep;26(5):678-684

Department of General Surgery, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon-Turkey.

Background: Palliative efficacy of conventional gastrojejunostomy in palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction is debatable. This study aims to compare the outcomes of conventional gastrojejunostomy and stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy and to explore the factors influencing the delayed gastric emptying after surgery in patients with malignant gastric outlet obstruction.

Methods: The study subjects were divided into the following two groups based on whether the stomach was partitioned or not: Conventional gastrojejunostomy and stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy. Read More

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September 2020

Randomized clinical trial of pancreaticogastrostomy versus pancreaticojejunostomy regarding incidence of delayed gastric emptying after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2020 Nov 8;405(7):921-928. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Purpose: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is an important postoperative complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), and its incidence may be associated with the utilized surgical procedures. Compared with pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) after PD, it may be speculated that pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) is a risk factor for DGE, because it needs an anastomosis of the remnant pancreas to the back wall of the stomach. This study aimed to compare PG and PJ with regard to the incidence of DGE after PD. Read More

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November 2020

Mesopancreas level 3 dissection in robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Surgery 2021 02 4;169(2):362-368. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital and National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: There are no reports of performing mesopancreas dissections in robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy. This study evaluated the feasibility and justification for mesopancreas level 3 dissection in robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Methods: Surgical outcomes after robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy and open pancreaticoduodenectomy were evaluated and compared. Read More

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February 2021

Innovations in pancreatic anastomosis technique during pancreatoduodenectomies.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2020 Nov 31;405(7):1039-1044. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Surgery, Clinical Center, Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Purpose: Pancreatic fistula following pancreatic resections is still a relevant complication. The present work shows the efforts of a single institute to decrease this problem.

Methods: A total of 130 patients (63 men, 67 women) with a mean age of 60 (range: 23-81) years were operated on between January 2013 and March 2020. Read More

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November 2020

Feasibility of totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy with intracorporeal gastro-gastrostomy for early gastric cancer: a retrospective cohort study.

World J Surg Oncol 2020 Jul 16;18(1):170. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Medical Safety Science, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Iwate, Japan.

Background: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been accepted as a function-preserving surgery for the treatment of early gastric cancer in East Asian countries. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of totally laparoscopic PPG (TLPPG) with intracorporeal anastomosis.

Methods: A total of 43 patients with early gastric cancer underwent laparoscopy-assisted PPG (LAPPG) with extracorporeal anastomosis between May 2006 and November 2012. Read More

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Functional outcome after laparoscopic assisted gastric transposition including pyloric dilatation in long-gap esophageal atresia.

J Pediatr Surg 2020 Nov 13;55(11):2335-2341. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University Children's Hospital, Tübingen, Germany.

Background/purpose: Among the options for esophageal replacement in long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), gastric transposition (GT) is accessible for an endoscopic approach. Here we report a novel technique and functional results after laparoscopic-assisted gastric transposition (LAGT), including pyloric dilatation in patients with LGEA.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 14 children undergoing LAGT. Read More

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November 2020

Delayed gastric emptying after Pancreaticoduodenectomy: a propensity score-matched analysis and clinical Nomogram study.

BMC Surg 2020 Jul 9;20(1):149. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital, 57 Xingning Road, 315000, Ningbo, PR China.

Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common and frustrating complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Studies suggest that surgical methods and other clinical characteristics may affect the occurrence of DGE. Nevertheless, the results of such studies are conflicting. Read More

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A comparison between pylorus-preserving and distal gastrectomy in surgical safety and functional benefit with gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

World J Surg Oncol 2020 Jul 8;18(1):160. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 121 Jiangjiayuan Road, Nanjing, 210011, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Due to better functional outcomes, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been widely applied for early gastric cancer (EGC) patients as an alternative to distal gastrectomy (DG). However, controversies still persist regarding the surgical efficacy and oncological safety of PPG.

Methods: Original studies comparing PPG and DG for EGC were searched in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials up to December 2019. Read More

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[The clinical value of totally laparoscopic stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy for malignant gastric outlet obstruction].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2020 Jun;42(6):445-448

Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To explore the clinical value of totally laparoscopic stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy (TLSPGJ) for malignant gastric outlet obstruction. The clinical data of 9 gastric cancer patients who underwent TLSPGJ in Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, Cancer Hospital between September 2018 and September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean operative blood loss of 9 cases were (13. Read More

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Surgical Outcomes of Laparoscopic Right Colectomy with Complete Mesocolic Excision.

JSLS 2020 Apr-Jun;24(2)

Department of General Surgery and Oncological Surgery, Advanced Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgery Center, Policlinico San Marco, Zingonia (BG), Italy.

Background And Objectives: Literature demonstrates that colorectal cancer is nowadays one of the most common malignancies. Laparoscopy and robotic surgery are progressively gaining popularity in the treatment of colorectal tumors. Complete mesocolic excision and central vascular ligation have been widely adopted with encouraging results in terms of an improvement of overall survival, but some studies in the literature seem to demonstrate a higher morbidity rate. Read More

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November 2020

Open ureteroplasty with buccal mucosa graft for long proximal strictures: A good option for a rare problem.

Investig Clin Urol 2020 05 9;61(3):316-322. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Urology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: To report a single surgeon experience with one year follow-up after open ureteroplasty with buccal mucosa graft (OUBMG) in the rare situation of long segment proximal ureteral strictures.

Materials And Methods: Four patients with long segment proximal ureteral stricture underwent OU-BMG between February and July 2017. Functional outcome was assessed by pre- and postoperative serum creatinine, ultrasound and renal scintigraphy as well as patient reported outcomes. Read More

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An Ivor Lewis Esophagectomy Designed to Minimize Anastomotic Complications and Optimize Conduit Function.

J Vis Exp 2020 04 17(158). Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Medicine, Medical Oncology Division, Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center.

We describe a novel esophagogastric anastomotic technique ("side-to-side: staple line-on-staple line", STS) for intrathoracic anastomoses designed to create a large diameter anastomosis while simultaneously maintaining conduit blood supply. This technique aims to minimize the incidence of anastomotic leaks and strictures, which is a frequent source of morbidity and occasional mortality after esophagectomy. We analyze the results of this STS technique on 368 patients and compared outcomes to 112 patients who underwent esophagogastric anastomoses using an end-to-end stapler (EEA) over an 8-year time interval at our institution. Read More

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Why We Think Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Is a Good Operation: Step-by-Step Technique.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 22;30(6):615-618. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Division of Bariatric Surgery, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure in the world, with 75% of the primary procedures performed in the United States. It is a safe and effective primary bariatric procedure with good weight loss. When comparing with other procedures, LSG is limited to the stomach, avoiding the presence of internal hernias, preserving the pyloric anatomy, with normal gastric emptying, and conveying less severe rebound hypoglycemia. Read More

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Delayed gastric emptying after pancreatoduodenectomy: comparison between invaginated pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy.

BMC Surg 2020 Apr 3;20(1):60. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery II, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, N-15, W-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: The association between delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) and pancreatic reconstruction technique remain unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the occurrence of DGE differs between pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) and pancreaticogastrostomy (PG).

Methods: A total of 83 patients who underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy was retrospectively analyzed, and the factors associated with clinically relevant DGE were explored. Read More

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