522 results match your criteria analyzed gel-permeation


Development of CO-Selective Polyimide-Based Gas Separation Membranes Using Crown Ether and Polydimethylsiloxane.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Jun 10;13(12). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Organic Material Synthesis Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Incheon National University, 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22012, Korea.

A series of CO-selective polyimides (CE-PDMS-PI-x) was synthesized by copolymerizing crown ether diamine (trans-diamino-DB18C6) and PDMS-diamine with 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene) di-phthalic anhydride (6FDA) through the polycondensation reaction. The structural characteristics of the copolymers and corresponding membranes were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The effect of PDMS loading on the CE-PDMS-PI-x copolymers was further analyzed and a very good structure-property relationship was found. Read More

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Folding-controlled assembly of -phenylene-based macrocycles.

Chem Sci 2021 Apr 14;12(20):6992-7002. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Miami University Oxford OH 45056 USA

The self-assembly of foldamers into macrocycles is a simple approach to non-biological higher-order structure. Previous work on the co-assembly of -phenylene foldamers with rod-shaped linkers has shown that folding and self-assembly affect each other; that is, the combination leads to new emergent behavior, such as access to otherwise unfavorable folding states. To this point this relationship has been passive. Read More

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Low-Temperature Mechanical Properties of High-Density and Low-Density Polyethylene and Their Blends.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 May 31;13(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of Russian Academy of Sciences (TIPS RAS), Leninskii pr. 29, 119991 Moscow, Russia.

Low-temperature properties of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and their blends were studied. The analyzed low-temperature mechanical properties involve the deformation resistance and impact strength characteristics. HDPE is a bimodal ethylene/1-hexene copolymer; LDPE is a branched ethylene homopolymer containing short-chain branches of different length; LLDPE is a binary ethylene/1-butene copolymer and an ethylene/1-butene/1-hexene terpolymer. Read More

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Purification and structure analysis of zinc-binding protein from Mizuhopecten yessoensis.

J Food Biochem 2021 06 16;45(6):e13756. Epub 2021 May 16.

School of Food Science and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China.

Zn-binding protein was obtained after purification from scallops (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) using gel permeation and ion-exchange chromatography. Amino acid determination showed that the cysteine of the zinc-binding protein accounted for one-third of the total amino acids, which is a typical feature of metallothionein (MT). The spectra of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Circular Dichroism (CD) were analyzed to predict the secondary structure information of zinc-binding protein: the α-helix was 46. Read More

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Fructose-Based Production of Short-Chain-Length and Medium-Chain-Length Polyhydroxyalkanoate Copolymer by Arctic sp. B14-6.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Apr 26;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Konkuk University, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Arctic bacteria employ various mechanisms to survive harsh conditions, one of which is to accumulate carbon and energy inside the cell in the form of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). Whole-genome sequencing of a new Arctic soil bacterium sp. B14-6 revealed two PHA-production-related gene clusters containing four PHA synthase genes (). Read More

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A novel chondroitin AC lyase from Pedobacter xixiisoli: Cloning, expression, characterization and the application in the preparation of oligosaccharides.

Enzyme Microb Technol 2021 May 19;146:109765. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Chondroitin AC lyase can efficiently hydrolyze chondroitin sulfate (CS) to low molecule weight chondroitin sulfate, which has been widely used in clinical therapy, including anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, hypolipidemic, and anti-inflammatory. In this work, a novel chondroitin AC lyase from Pedobacter xixiisoli (PxchonAC) was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The characterization of PxchonAC showed that it has specific activities on chondroitin sulfate A, Chondroitin sulfate C and hyaluronic acid with 428. Read More

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Investigating the Effectiveness of Nano-Montmorillonite on Asphalt Binder from Rheological, Thermodynamics, and Chemical Perspectives.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Mar 16;14(6). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Civil Engineering Department, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China.

In this research, the feasibility of using nano-montmorillonite (MMT) in asphalt binders was investigated in terms of rheological properties, thermomechanical properties, and chemical structure composition. Different doses of MMT were added to the base asphalt and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) asphalt as test subjects. The effect of nanomaterials on the high-temperature resistance of asphalt binders to permanent deformation was analyzed from dynamic mechanical rheology using the multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) test. Read More

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Solubility, Permeability, Anti-Inflammatory Action and In Vivo Pharmacokinetic Properties of Several Mechanochemically Obtained Pharmaceutical Solid Dispersions of Nimesulide.

Molecules 2021 Mar 10;26(6). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

National Engineering Research Center for Process Development of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, Collaborative Innovation Center of Yangtze River Delta Region Green Pharmaceuticals, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China.

Nimesulide (NIM, -(4-nitro-2-phenoxyphenyl)methanesulfonamide) is a relatively new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic drug. It is practically insoluble in water (<0.02 mg/mL). Read More

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Evaluation of Micro-Mechanism and High- and Low-Temperature Rheological Properties of Disintegrated High Volume Crumb Rubber Asphalt (DHVRA).

Materials (Basel) 2021 Feb 28;14(5). Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Road and bridge design and Research Institute branch of China Highway Engineering Consulting Group Co., Ltd., Wuhan 430024, China.

The aims of this paper are to prepare disintegrated high volume crumb rubber asphalt (DHVRA) with low viscosity, good workability and low-temperature performance by adding disintegrating agent (DA) in the preparation process, and to further analyze the disintegrating mechanism and evaluated high-temperature and low-temperature rheological properties. To obtain DHVRA with excellent comprehensive performance, the optimum DA dosage was determined. Based on long-term disintegrating tests and the Fluorescence Microscopy (FM) method, the correlations between key indexes and crumb rubber (CR) particle diameter was analyzed, and the evaluation indicator and disintegrating stage division standard were put forward. Read More

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February 2021

Characterization of Organosolv Birch Lignins: Toward Application-Specific Lignin Production.

ACS Omega 2021 Feb 1;6(6):4374-4385. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Biochemical Process Engineering, Division of Chemical Engineering, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971-87 Luleå, Sweden.

Organosolv pretreatment represents one of the most promising biomass valorization strategies for renewable carbon-based products; meanwhile, there is an overall lack of holistic approach to how extraction conditions affect the suitable end-usages. In this context, lignin extracted from silver birch ( L.) by a novel hybrid organosolv/steam-explosion treatment at varying process conditions (EtOH %; time; catalyst %) was analyzed by quantitative NMR (H-C HSQC; C NMR; P NMR), gel permeation chromatography, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), Pyr-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS), and thermogravimetric analysis, and the physicochemical characteristics of the lignins were discussed regarding their potential usages. Read More

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February 2021

High throughput extraction strategy for simultaneous analysis of 19 tetrabromobisphenol A and halogenated carbazole analogs in seafood.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 8;350:129214. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, 266071 Qingdao, China.

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), halogenated carbazole (HCZ), and their analogs are the emerging pollutants invading the marine environment. So far, a few methods have been reported for the simultaneous analysis of these pollutants due to their large polarity difference. In this study, an effective extraction and cleanup strategy was developed for the simultaneous determination of 19 TBBPA and HCZ congeners in seafood. Read More

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Distinct Differences in Lipoprotein Particle Number Evaluation between GP-HPLC and NMR: Analysis in Dyslipidemic Patients Administered a Selective PPARα Modulator, Pemafibrate.

J Atheroscler Thromb 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University.

Aim: We established a method to evaluate the lipid concentrations, size and particle numbers (PNs) of lipoprotein subclasses by gel permeation chromatography (GP-HPLC). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is widely used to analyze these parameters of lipoprotein subclasses, but differences of the two methods are unknown. Current study compared the PNs of each lipoprotein subclass measured by GP-HPLC and NMR, and assessed the effect of a selective PPARα modulator, pemafibrate. Read More

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February 2021

Visualizing Degradation of Cellulose Nanofibers by Acid Hydrolysis.

Biomacromolecules 2021 04 1;22(4):1399-1405. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, School of Chemical Engineering, Aalto University, P.O Box 16300, Aalto 00076, Finland.

Cellulose hydrolysis is an extensively studied process due to its relevance in the fields of biofuels, chemicals production, and renewable nanomaterials. However, the direct visualization of the process accompanied with detailed scaling has not been reported because of the vast morphological alterations occurring in cellulosic fibers in typical heterogeneous (solid/liquid) hydrolytic systems. Here, we overcome this distraction by exposing hardwood cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) deposited on silica substrates to pressurized HCl gas in a solid/gas system and examine the changes in individual CNFs by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Read More

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Identification of Phenolic Constituents and Inhibitory Activity of Persimmon Calyx and Shiteito against Tumor Cell Proliferation.

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2021 ;69(1):32-39

Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University.

The persistent calyx on the fruit of Diospyros kaki, called "Shitei" in Japanese, is reported to contain phenolic compounds including condensed tannins. In this study, we isolated and characterized a new compound, together with 26 phenolic components, from the 70% acetone extract of Shitei, with structural elucidation based on spectroscopic analyses. In addition, we confirmed the presence of condensed tannins by C-NMR spectra, and the weight-average molecular weight was estimated by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis. Read More

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Hydrogels Based on Poly(Ether-Ester)s as Highly Controlled 5-Fluorouracil Delivery Systems-Synthesis and Characterization.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Dec 28;14(1). Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Biomaterials Chemistry, Chair of Analytical Chemistry and Biomaterials, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Warsaw, 1 Banacha St., 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

A novel and promising hydrogel drug delivery system (DDS) capable of releasing 5‑fluorouracil (5-FU) in a prolonged and controlled manner was obtained using ε‑caprolactone‑poly(ethylene glycol) (CL-PEG) or ‑lactide-poly(ethylene glycol) LA-PEG) copolymers. Copolymers were synthesized the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) process of cyclic monomers, ε‑caprolactone (CL) or -lactide (LA), in the presence of zirconium(IV) octoate (Zr(Oct)) and poly(ethylene glycol) 200 (PEG 200) as catalyst and initiator, respectively. Obtained triblock copolymers were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) techniques; the structure and tacticity of the macromolecules were determined. Read More

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December 2020

Data on making uniform lignin building blocks via in-situ real-time monitoring of hydroxyethyl modification.

Data Brief 2020 Dec 10;33:106512. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Wood Science, The University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

In this work, a lab-designed apparatus was developed to collect and record the CO amount during the hydroxyethyl modification of lignin. We presented the CO volume amount and the production rate under different reaction conditions (80 - 120 °C and 2 - 6 hrs). Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to analyze the chemical structure of the hydroxyethyl lignin corresponding with different amounts of CO that evolved during the reaction. Read More

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December 2020

Phenolics from the Bolivian highlands food plant Ombrophytum subterraneum (Aspl.) B. Hansen (Balanophoraceae): Antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.

Food Res Int 2020 11 4;137:109382. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Laboratorio de Química de Productos Naturales, Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Campus Lircay, 3460000 Talca, Chile. Electronic address:

The Balanophoraceae Ombrophytum subterraneum is an endemic highland food plant occurring in Bolivia, northern Argentina and Chile. The upper part of this parasitic plant is eaten fresh. The aim of this work was to characterize the compounds occurring in the edible part and to assess any differences between the inflorescence and tuber. Read More

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November 2020

High-Throughput Analysis of Lignin by Agarose Gel Electrophoresis.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Dec 17;68(48):14297-14306. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Institute of Process Research and Development, School of Chemistry and School of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.

A high-throughput agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) analytical method has been developed to separate lignin fractions according to their molecular weight (), charge, and shape. Operating conditions to effect separation of species have been evaluated along with imaging parameters. Kraft, soda (Protobind), and Organosolv lignins showed distinct differences in migration. Read More

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December 2020

pH-bioresponsive poly(ε-caprolactone)-based polymersome for effective drug delivery in cancer and protein glycoxidation prevention.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2020 11 22;695:108643. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey; Central Research Testing and Analysis Laboratory Research and Application Center, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, 35100, Turkey. Electronic address:

Artificial nanostructures using polymers to produce polymeric vesicles are inspired by the many intricate structures found in living organisms. Polymersomes are a class of self-assembled vesicles known for their great stability and application in drug delivery. They can be tuned according to their intended use by changing their components and introducing activable block copolymers that transform these polymersomes into smart nanocarriers. Read More

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November 2020

Combining humic acid with phosphate fertilizer affects humic acid structure and its stimulating efficacy on the growth and nutrient uptake of maize seedlings.

Sci Rep 2020 10 15;10(1):17502. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs / Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.

This paper analyzed the compositional and structural changes of humic acid (HA) after combined with phosphate fertilizer (PHA), and investigated its effects on the growth of maize seedlings with four humic acid concentrations. The results showed that the atomic ratios of O/C and (O + N)/N of PHA were significantly lower than those of HA, which indicated that PHA had poor hydrophilicity compared with HA. The spectra of FTIR and NMR results suggested that the relative content of carboxyl group in PHA was higher than that in HA. Read More

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October 2020

Synthesis, conjugating capacity and biocompatibility evaluation of a novel amphiphilic polynorbornene.

Des Monomers Polym 2020 Aug 30;23(1):141-154. Epub 2020 Aug 30.

Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Polynorbornenes, prepared by the 'living' and 'controlled' ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) method, have emerged as a stimuli-sensitive new class of polymer carriers. Herein, we reported a novel amphiphilic diblock polynorbornene, , containing active benzaldehyde units, which exhibited good conjugating capacity to amino-containing molecules (e.g. Read More

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Heparosan Chain Characterization: Sequential Depolymerization of E. Coli K5 Heparosan by a Bacterial Eliminase Heparin Lyase III and a Bacterial Hydrolase Heparanase Bp to Prepare Defined Oligomers.

Biotechnol J 2021 Mar 10;16(3):e2000336. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, 12180, USA.

Heparosan is a non-sulfated polysaccharide and potential applications include, chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparin and heparan sulfates. Heparosan is produced using microbial cells (natural producers or engineered cells). The characterization of heparosan isolated from both natural producers and engineered-cells are critical steps towards the potential applications of heparosan. Read More

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Structural characterization, antifungal and cytotoxic profiles of quaternized heteropolysaccharide from Anadenanthera colubrina.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Dec 18;165(Pt A):279-290. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Research Center on Biodiversity and Biotechnology, BIOTEC, Federal University of the Parnaíba Delta, UFDPar, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

In the present work, we investigated the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against fungal strains (Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Microsporum canis, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans), and cytotoxicity to normal cell lines for modified red angico gum (AG) with eterifying agent N-chloride (3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl) trimethylammonium (CHPTAC). Quaternized ammonium groups were linked to AG backbone using N-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl) trimethylammonium chloride. The chemical features of the quaternized gum derivatives (QAG) were analyzed by: FTIR, elemental analysis, Zeta potential and gel permeation chromatography. Read More

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December 2020

The Thermal Properties and Degradability of Chiral Polyester-Imides Based on Several l/d-Amino Acids.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Sep 9;12(9). Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Processing & Testing Technology of Glass and Functional Ceramics, School of Materials Science & Engineering, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250353, China.

Eight kinds of chiral diacid monomers were prepared with amino acids with different side groups or configurations. Polyester-imides (PEIs) were synthesized from these diacid monomers and diphenol monomers through polycondensation reaction, and the performances and properties were compared with the chiral polyamide-imides (PAIs) previously synthesized by our work group. Their thermal properties were analyzed by thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic thermomechanical analysis (DMA), and it was found that the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PEI was mainly affected by the volume of side groups. Read More

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September 2020

Enhanced Photodegradation Stability in Poly(butylene adipate--terephthalate) Composites Using Organically Modified Layered Zinc Phenylphosphonate.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Aug 30;12(9). Epub 2020 Aug 30.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

The enhancement of the ultraviolet (UV) photodegradation resistance of biodegradable polymers can improve their application efficacy in a natural environment. In this study, the hexadecylamine modified layered zinc phenylphosphonate (m-PPZn) was used as a UV protection additive for poly(butylene adipate--terephthalate) (PBAT) via solution mixing. The results from the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction analysis of the m-PPZn indicated the occurrence of hexadecylamine intercalation. Read More

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Bioactivities and Molecular Characterizations of the Polysaccharide(s) from Ultrasonic-Circulating Extracts of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes).

Int J Med Mushrooms 2020 ;22(5):455-466

Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, China.

Total polysaccharide (i.e., GLP-UCE) was effectively isolated from the crude polysaccharide extract powder of Ganoderma lucidum by ultrasonic-circulating extraction, which was separated into three fractions (i. Read More

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Novel Exopolysaccharide Produced from Fermented Bamboo Shoot-Isolated .

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Jul 10;12(7). Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam.

This study aimed at providing a route towards the production of a novel exopolysaccharide (EPS) from fermented bamboo shoot-isolated . A lactic acid bacteria strain, with high EPS production ability, was isolated from fermented bamboo shoots. This strain, R-49757, was identified in the BCCM/LMG Bacteria Collection, Ghent University, Belgium by the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase gene sequencing method, and it was named MC3. Read More

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Preparative Separation of Procyanidins from Cocoa Polyphenolic Extract: Comparative Study of Different Fractionation Techniques.

Molecules 2020 Jun 19;25(12). Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Foodomics Laboratory, Institute of Food Science Research (CIAL, CSIC-UAM), Nicolás Cabrera 9, 28049 Madrid, Spain.

To provide further insight into the antioxidant potential of procyanidins (PCs) from cocoa beans, PC extract was fractionated by several methodologies, including solid phase extraction, Sephadex LH-20 gel permeation, and preparative HPLC using C18 and diol stationary phases. All the isolated fractions were analyzed by UHPLC-QTOF-MS to determine their relative composition. According to our results, classical techniques allowed good separation of alkaloids, catechins, dimers, and trimers, but were inefficient for oligomeric PCs. Read More

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Selection of Water-Soluble Chitosan by Microwave-Assisted Degradation and pH-Controlled Precipitation.

Polymers (Basel) 2020 Jun 2;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Group for Functionalized Biomaterials, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, EPFL SB ISIC SCI-SB-SG, Station 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.

In the field of gene therapy, chitosan (CS) gained interest for its promise as a non-viral DNA vector. However, commercial sources of CS lack precise characterization and do not generally reach sufficient solubility in aqueous media for in vitro and in vivo evaluation. As low molecular weight CS showed improved solubility, we investigated the process of CS depolymerization by acidic hydrolysis, using either long time heating at 80 °C or short time microwave-enhanced heating. Read More

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Adsorption of enhanced oil recovery polymer, schizophyllan, over carbonate minerals.

Carbohydr Polym 2020 Jul 14;240:116263. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Schizophyllan is a natural polysaccharide that has shown great potential as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) polymer for high-temperature, high-salinity reservoirs. Nevertheless, the adsorption behavior of schizophyllan over carbonate minerals remains ambiguous element towards its EOR applications. Here, we investigate the adsorption of schizophyllan on different carbonate minerals. Read More

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