3,783 results match your criteria analysis health-promoting

Structure-function analysis of purified proanthocyanidins reveals a role for polymer size in suppressing inflammatory responses.

Commun Biol 2021 Jul 21;4(1):896. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Proanthocyanidins (PAC) are dietary compounds that have been extensively studied for beneficial health effects due to their anti-inflammatory properties. However, the structure-function relationships of PAC and their mode-of-action remain obscure. Here, we isolated a wide range of diverse PAC polymer mixtures of high purity from plant material. Read More

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Bio-guided bioactive profiling and HPLC-DAD fingerprinting of Ukrainian saffron (Crocus sativus stigmas): moving from correlation toward causation.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Jul 21;21(1):203. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, 33302, Taiwan.

Background: Saffron or stigmas of Crocus sativus L. is one of the most valuable food products with interesting health-promoting properties. C. Read More

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Benefits and Challenges in the Incorporation of Insects in Food Products.

Front Nutr 2021 30;8:687712. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Departamento de Bioingeniería, Puebla, Mexico.

Edible insects are being accepted by a growing number of consumers in recent years not only as a snack but also as a side dish or an ingredient to produce other foods. Most of the edible insects belong to one of these groups of insects such as caterpillars, butterflies, moths, wasps, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, bees, and ants. Insect properties are analyzed and reported in the articles reviewed here, and one common feature is nutrimental content, which is one of the most important characteristics mentioned, especially proteins, lipids, fiber, and minerals. Read More

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Promoting Students' Health at University: Key Stakeholders, Cooperation, and Network Development.

Front Public Health 2021 30;9:680714. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Cooperation among university units is considered a cornerstone for the promotion of students' health. The underlying mechanisms of health-promoting networks at universities have rarely been examined so far. Shedding light on partnerships is generally limited to the naming of allied actors in a network. Read More

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Understanding mechanisms behind unwanted health behaviours in Nordic and South Asian women and how they affect their gestational diabetes follow-ups: a qualitative study.

Diabet Med 2021 Jul 16:e14651. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Digital Health Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: The type 2 diabetes risk following gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is high, particularly among South Asian women in Western countries. Our study aimed to advance the knowledge regarding the mechanisms behind suboptimal follow-up in the Nordic and South Asian women with previous GDM by comparing: 1) their experiences, 2) health and disease perceptions, and 3) barriers to and facilitators of health-promoting behaviours.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in three hospital outpatient clinics in Norway, comprising 6 focus group interviews with 28 women 1-3 years after a pregnancy with GDM. Read More

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Local government funding and life expectancy in England: a longitudinal ecological study.

Lancet Public Health 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Public Health, Policy, and Systems, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Since 2010, large reductions in funding for local government services have been introduced in England. These reductions in funding have potentially led to reduced provision of health-promoting public services. We aimed to investigate whether areas that showed a greater decline in funding also had more adverse trends in life expectancy and premature mortality. Read More

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Association between milk and yogurt intake and mortality: a community-based cohort study (Yamagata study).

BMC Nutr 2021 Jul 14;7(1):33. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Public Health and Hygiene, Yamagata University Graduate School of Medical Science, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata, 990-9585, Japan.

Background: Dairy products are known as health-promoting foods. This study prospectively examined the association between milk and yogurt intake and mortality in a community-based population.

Methods: The study population comprised of 14,264 subjects aged 40-74 years who participated in an annual health checkup. Read More

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The effect of feeding whole-crop barley or black oat silage in the fatty acid content of milk from cows in small-scale dairy systems in the highlands of Mexico.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jul 12;53(3):399. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus UAEM El Cerrillo, El Cerrillo Piedras Blancas, Toluca, 50090, Estado de Mexico City, México.

Diets have an important effect on the fatty acid (FA) content in milk from dairy cows so that feeding strategies may modify the FA profile. There is little information on the fatty acid contents of whole-crop barley (BLY) and black oat (BKO) silages and on milk from cows fed these silages that are an alternative forage for small-scale dairy systems (SSDS). Given the growing interest in foods with favourable health attributes, the objective was to identify the FA content of milk from dairy cows fed whole-crop BLY and BKO silages in small-scale systems. Read More

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[Ethical implications in the development of functional training in mixed and augmented reality environments to treat hypertension in old age: A qualitative content analysis].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Klinik für Geriatrie und Altersmedizin, Berlin, Deutschland.

Background: E-Health is of increasing importance in ensuring demand-oriented health care. In addition to technical feasibility, issues concerning the normative requirements for their use are growing. This paper discusses the ethical, legal and social implications of the use of mixed reality (MR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies in the therapy of elderly people with hypertension. Read More

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The Relationship Between International Students' Health Perceptions and Their Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Department Faculty of Health Sciences, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.

This study was carried out to examine the relationship between international students' health perceptions and their healthy lifestyle behaviors. This descriptive and relational study was conducted with 216 international students studying at a university in Turkey. Study data were collected using the descriptive information form, the Perception of Health Scale (PHS) and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II). Read More

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Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) fortified with Camellia sinensis mediates apoptosis, Notch-1 signaling, and mitigates obesity-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver.

J Food Biochem 2021 Jul 9:e13849. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt.

The habit of drinking tea is highly prevalent and could be utilized to introduce more health benefits through fortification with medicinal plants. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the nutritional quality and health benefits of fortified Ziziphus tea (ZT) with green tea (GT) against obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Proximate analysis and sensory evaluation were carried out on the fortified tea. Read More

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A Synchronized Increase of Stilbenes and Flavonoids in Metabolically Engineered cv. Gamay Red Cell Culture.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jul 8;69(28):7922-7931. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Ornamental Plants and Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, P.O.B 15159 Rishon LeZion 7505101, Israel.

Stilbenes and flavonoids are two major health-promoting phenylpropanoid groups in grapes. Attempts to promote the accumulation of one group usually resulted in a decrease in the other. This study presents a unique strategy for simultaneously increasing metabolites in both groups in cv. Read More

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A facile colorimetric aptasensor for low-cost chlorpyrifos detection utilizing gold nanoparticle aggregation induced by polyethyleneimine.

Analyst 2021 Jul;146(15):4848-4857

Department of Chemistry and Research Laboratory for Analytical Instrument and Electrochemistry Innovation, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, and Research Center on Chemistry for Development of Health Promoting Products from Northern Resources, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

A colorimetric aptasensor for chlorpyrifos detection utilizing the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of gold nanoparticle (AuNP) aggregates coupling with a specific aptamer and cationic polyethyleneimine (PEI) has been developed. The measurement principle is based on a remarkable characteristic of AuNPs that can change their colors under the aggregation and dispersion conditions, which enables a sensitive colorimetric detection. In the absence of chlorpyrifos, negatively charged phosphate backbones of the aptamer potentially interact with the cationic PEI, resulting in the red color appearance of the dispersed AuNPs, whereas, in the presence of chlorpyrifos, the aptamer binds explicitly to chlorpyrifos, consequently releasing cationic PEI. Read More

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Depression and its correlation with social support and health-promoting lifestyles among Chinese university students: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 5;11(7):e044236. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Xiangya International Academy of Translational Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of depression in college students and determine how social support and healthy lifestyle factors are associated with depression in this population.

Design: A cross-sectional design.

Setting: A comprehensive university in Changsha, Hunan, South China. Read More

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Investigation of health-promoting behaviors of employees of medical university: A perspective from West of Iran.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 20;10:139. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Employees spend most of their time at work, and hence, it is important to pay attention to health-promoting behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the status of health-promoting behaviors of employees in the Medical University of Ilam-Iran.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study has been conducted by the participation of 208 employees, whom selected through the simple random sampling method. Read More

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Low-Dose Antibiotic Prophylaxis Induces Rapid Modifications of the Gut Microbiota in Infants With Vesicoureteral Reflux.

Front Pediatr 2021 17;9:674716. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Pediatric Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplant Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Maturation of the gut microbiota (GM) in infants is critically affected by environmental factors, with potential long-lasting clinical consequences. Continuous low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) is the standard of care for children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), in order to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections. We aimed to assess short-term GM modifications induced by CAP in infants. Read More

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MrMYB6 From Chinese Bayberry () Negatively Regulates Anthocyanin and Proanthocyanidin Accumulation.

Front Plant Sci 2021 18;12:685654. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

College of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Wanli University, Ningbo, China.

Anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins (PAs) are important flavonoids in Chinese bayberry (), which functions in fruit color and exhibits multiple health promoting and disease-preventing effects. To investigate the regulation of their biosynthesis in Chinese bayberries, we isolated and identified a subgroup 4 MYB transcription factor (TF), MrMYB6, and found MrMYB6 shared similar repressor domains with other MYB co-repressors of anthocyanin and PA biosynthesis after sequence analysis. Gene expression results revealed the transcripts of were negatively correlated with the anthocyanin and insoluble PA contents and also with the gene expressions involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis and PA specific genes such as and during the late ripening stages of bayberries. Read More

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Variation in urine osmolality throughout pregnancy: a longitudinal, randomized-control trial among women with overweight and obesity.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Purpose: Water needs increase during pregnancy, and proper hydration is critical for maternal and fetal health. This study characterized weekly hydration status changes throughout pregnancy and examined change in response to a randomized, behavioral intervention. An exploratory analysis tested how underhydration during pregnancy was associated with birth outcomes. Read More

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Muscles proteome analysis; irisin administration mimics some molecular effects of exercise in quadriceps muscle.

Biochimie 2021 Jul 1;189:144-157. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran; QIANBIOTEC, Research and Development Center for Biotechnology, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Because of health-promoting effects, the adaptation of skeletal muscles to exercise is considered a therapeutic strategy for metabolic complications and musculoskeletal disabilities. Myokines display many beneficial effects of different exercise modalities. Among them, irisin is known as a systemic effector that positively influences several organs. Read More

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Lam. in Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Molecules 2021 Jun 9;26(12). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Graduate School of Nutritional Science, Sagami Women's University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0383, Japan.

Plant-derived phytochemicals have been interested in as nutraceuticals for preventing the onset and progress of diabetes mellitus and its serious complications in recent years. Lam. is used in vegetables and in herbal medicine for its health-promoting properties against various diseases including diabetes mellitus. Read More

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The Health Behaviour of German Outpatient Caregivers in Relation to Their Working Conditions: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 1;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Centre, Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Seewartenstr. 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

Ongoing demographic change is leading to an increasingly older society and a rising proportion of people in need of care in the German population. Therefore, the professional group of outpatient caregivers is highly relevant. Their work is characterised not only by interacting with patients in a mobile setting but also by working in shifts. Read More

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Suitability Analysis of 17 Probiotic Type Strains of Lactic Acid Bacteria as Starter for Kimchi Fermentation.

Foods 2021 Jun 21;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Brain Korea 21 Center for Bio-Health Industry, Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Cheongju 28644, Korea.

The use of probiotic starters can improve the sensory and health-promoting properties of fermented foods. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as a starter for kimchi fermentation. Seventeen probiotic type strains were tested for their growth rates, volatile aroma compounds, metabolites, and sensory characteristics of kimchi, and their characteristics were compared to those of (. Read More

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Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 19;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Secretariat, Alliance for Healthy Cities, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan.

Background: A substantial global burden of health can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyles and an unhealthy living environment. The concept of a Healthy City is continually creating and improving physical and social environments to enable healthy living. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the Healthy City concept would tackle the complexity of health by addressing the socio-economic and political determinants of health in the Western Pacific Region. Read More

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Extra Virgin Olive Oil Extracts Modulate the Inflammatory Ability of Murine Dendritic Cells Based on Their Polyphenols Pattern: Correlation between Chemical Composition and Biological Function.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Jun 24;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Pharmacy-Drug Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70126 Bari, Italy.

Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) represents one of the most important health-promoting foods whose antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities are mainly associated to its polyphenols content. To date, studies exploring the effect of EVOO polyphenols on dendritic cells (DCs), acting as a crosstalk between the innate and the adaptive immune response, are scanty. Therefore, we studied the ability of three EVOO extracts (cv. Read More

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Phytochemical Characterization of L. Cultivars of Cilento National Park (South Italy) through NMR-Based Metabolomics.

Molecules 2021 Jun 24;26(13). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali, Biologiche e Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", via Vivaldi 43, 81100 Caserta, Italy.

germplasm is constituted by a huge number of cultivars, each one characterized by specific features. In this context, endemic cultivars evolved for a very long period in a precise local area, developing very specific traits. These characteristics include the production and accumulation of phytochemicals, many of which are also responsible for the nutraceutical value of the drupes and of the oils therefrom. Read More

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Learn, Have Fun and Be Healthy! An Interview Study of Swedish Teenagers' Views of Participation in Club Sport.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jun 25;18(13). Epub 2021 Jun 25.

The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), 114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.

In Sweden, participation in club sport is a vital part of many children's lives. Despite this, many stop in their teenage years, raising questions concerning if and in what ways club sport can provide health-promoting activities via longer, sustained participation. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to explore and discuss young people's views of club sport from a health-promoting perspective. Read More

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A Comprehensive Review of Almond Clinical Trials on Weight Measures, Metabolic Health Biomarkers and Outcomes, and the Gut Microbiota.

Mark L Dreher

Nutrients 2021 Jun 8;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Nutrition Science Solutions, LLC, 900 S Rainbow Ranch Rd, Wimberley, TX 78676, USA.

This comprehensive narrative review of 64 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 14 systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses provides an in-depth analysis of the effect of almonds on weight measures, metabolic health biomarkers and outcomes, and the colonic microbiota, with extensive use of figures and tables. Almonds are a higher energy-dense (ED) food that acts like a lower ED food when consumed. Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses of nut RCTs showed that almonds were the only nut that had a small but significant decrease in both mean body mass and fat mass, compared to control diets. Read More

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In Vitro Bioaccessibility of Bioactive Compounds from Citrus Pomaces and Orange Pomace Biscuits.

Molecules 2021 Jun 8;26(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias de la Alimentación (CIAL) (CSIC-UAM), C/Nicolás Cabrera, 9, Campus de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain.

The present investigation aimed to provide novel information on the chemical composition and in vitro bioaccessibility of bioactive compounds from raw citrus pomaces (mandarin varieties Clemenule and Ortanique and orange varieties Navel and Valencia). The effects of the baking process on their bioaccessibility was also assessed. Samples of pomaces and biscuits containing them as an ingredient were digested, mimicking the human enzymatic oral gastrointestinal digestion process, and the composition of the digests were analyzed. Read More

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Chilling and Freezing Temperature Stress Differently Influence Glucosinolates Content in var. .

Plants (Basel) 2021 Jun 27;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Department of Molecular Biology, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

var. is known to have a strong tolerance to low temperatures, but the protective mechanisms enabling this tolerance are unknown. Simultaneously, this species is rich in health-promoting compounds such as polyphenols, carotenoids, and glucosinolates. Read More

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Metabo-tip: a metabolomics platform for lifestyle monitoring supporting the development of novel strategies in predictive, preventive and personalised medicine.

EPMA J 2021 Jun 4;12(2):141-153. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background/aims: Exposure to bioactive compounds from nutrition, pharmaceuticals, environmental contaminants or other lifestyle habits may affect the human organism. To gain insight into the effects of these influences, as well as the fundamental biochemical mechanisms behind them, individual molecular profiling seems to be a promising tool and may support the further development of predictive, preventive and personalised medicine.

Methods: We developed an assay, called metabo-tip for the analysis of sweat, collected from fingertips, using mass spectrometry-by far the most comprehensive and sensitive method for such analyses. Read More

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