Phys Chem Chem Phys 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.
Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.
Although numerous doubly positively charged diatomic molecules (diatomic dications) are known from investigations using mass spectrometry and ab initio quantum chemistry, only three of them, NO2+, N22+ and DCl2+, have been studied using rotationally resolved optical spectroscopy and only about a dozen by vibrationally resolved double-ionization methods. So far, no thermodynamically stable diatomic dication has been characterized spectroscopically, primarily because of experimental difficulties associated with their synthesis in sufficient densities in the gas phase. Indeed, such molecules typically involve, as constituents, rare-gas, halogen, chalcogen, and metal atoms. Read More