13,161 results match your criteria amount fatty

Dietary recommendations during the Covid-19 pandemic. Statement of the Committee of Human Nutrition Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2021 ;72(2):209-220

Department of Dietetics, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, care for an adequate diet, well adapted to the body's needs and the current level of physical activity, becomes of particular importance. Many dietary compounds participate in the functioning of the immune system, while vitamins D, C, A (including beta-carotene), E, B6, B12, folic acid, zinc, copper, selenium, iron, amino acids, n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and intestinal microbiota are crucial in various types of defence processes. There has been no evidence that consumed food and its compounds, including those with pro-/prebiotic properties, play a significant role in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection or alleviating its course. Read More

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January 2021

Albumin used in human IVF contain different levels of lipids and modify embryo and fetal growth in a mouse model.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Purpose: Different commercial human embryo culture mediums can alter embryo quality and change birthweight. One component that could be contributing to variations but is not widely investigated is human serum albumin (HSA). HSA plays a multitude of roles during embryo culture and is a carrier for molecules including lipids. Read More

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Metabolic profiling for dissection of late leaf spot disease resistance mechanism in groundnut.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 May 12;27(5):1027-1041. Epub 2021 May 12.

Food Testing Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, 362 001 India.

Late leaf spot (LLS) caused by fungi is generally more destructive and difficult to control than early leaf spot. The aim of this study was to decipher biochemical defense mechanism in groundnut genotypes against by identifying resistance specific biomarkers and metabolic pathways induced during host-pathogen interaction. Metabolomics of non-infected and infected leaves of moderately resistant (GPBD4 and ICGV86590), resistant (KDG128 and RHRG06083) and susceptible (GG20, JL24 and TMV2) genotypes was carried out at 5 days after infection (65 days after sowing). Read More

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IRE1α-mediated monounsaturated fatty acid synthesis drives B cell differentiation and lupus-like autoimmune disease.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 303 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Objectives: This study is to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying how the lipid metabolic dysregulation is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis.

Methods: B cells in peripheral blood from lupus patients and healthy controls were used for lipid bodipy analysis. B-cell specific IRE1α and SCD1 knockout mice were employed for studying the influence of IRE1α-SCD1/2 pathway on B-cell differentiation and auto-antibody production. Read More

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Comparison of lipids and fatty acids among tissues of two semiterrestrial crabs reveals ecophysiological adaptations in changing coastal environments.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Jun 5;259:111012. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (UCSC), Casilla 297. Concepción, Chile; Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Ambientes Sustentables (CIBAS), Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:

Decapods have successfully colonized changing coastal habitats throughout the world by adapting their behavior, physiology, and biochemistry. Biochemical reserves, such as lipids and fatty acids (FAs), play fundamental roles in this adaptation process. These energy reserves are key for the development of decapods and their composition mainly depends on the type and quality of food available in their habitats. Read More

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colonic fermentation of red kidney beans depends on cotyledon cells integrity and microbiota adaptation.

Food Funct 2021 Jun;12(11):4983-4994

Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands.

In the present study we investigated the effect of cellular integrity on microbial utilization of proteins and carbohydrates by gut microbiota. Cotyledon cells from red kidney beans with different levels of structural integrity were fermented in-vitro by microbial communities previously adapted to the conditions of ascending, transverse and descending colon. The effect of bacterial adaptation to substrate was also assessed by using microbiota exposed to a diet rich in bean cells. Read More

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Nutritional evaluation of some economically important marine and freshwater mollusc species of Bangladesh.

Heliyon 2021 May 25;7(5):e07088. Epub 2021 May 25.

Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI), Mymensingh 2201, Bangladesh.

Molluscs are the most important resources among all the seafood items in South-East Asian countries. However, very little information available on nutritional value of molluscs in these regions. In this study, we evaluated the 7 economically important species of molluscs in terms of proximate composition, amino acids profile, fatty acids profile, cholesterol and heavy metal contents in the bivalves (mussels, oysters, clams and cockles) and univalve (snail) collected from freshwater and marine environments of Bangladesh. Read More

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Potentiation of flutamide-induced hepatotoxicity in mice by Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao through induction of CYP1A2.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 3:114299. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education & Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563003, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao (XLGB) Fufang is herbal formula widely used to treat osteoporosis and other bone disorders. Because of its commonality in the clinical use, there is a safety concern over the use of XLGB combined with other androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) drugs such as flutamide (FLU) that is associated with reduced bone density. To date, there have been no evaluations on the side effects of the drug-drug interaction between XLGB and FLU. Read More

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Fatty acid composition, enzyme inhibitory effect, antioxidant and anticancer activity of extract from Saponaria prostrata WILLD. subsp. anatolica HEDGE.

Bioorg Chem 2021 May 27;113:105032. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Bartin University, 74100 Bartin, Turkey; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

This study attempts to evaluate the antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory, and anticancer properties as well as fatty acid compositions of endemic Saponaria prostrata WILLD. subsp. anatolica HEDGE. Read More

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Risk Factors Affecting Rotator Cuff Retear After Arthroscopic Repair: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

The Second Afliated Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (Guangdong Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine), Guangzhou 510120, China; Research Team on Bone and Joint Degeneration and Injury, Guangdong Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China. Electronic address:

Background: Retear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) consistently challenges medical staff and patients, and the incidence of retear after surgery is 10-94%. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors that cause retear after ARCR and provide theoretical guidance for clinical intervention to reduce the occurrence of postoperative rotator cuff retear.

Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Read More

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Joint effect of changes in physical activity and weight on incident non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Background: Increases in physical activity (PA) and weight have opposite effects on the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but their joint effect remains unknown. We examined the dose-effect of PA increase for NAFLD prevention and the amount of PA increase required to offset the deleterious effect of weight gain.

Methods: We analysed 47 058 participants who were extracted from the Taiwan MJ cohort, aged 20-50 years, without NAFLD at baseline, and followed at 1-5 years between 1997 and 2016. Read More

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Endotrophin, a pro-peptide of Type VI collagen, is a biomarker of survival in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hepat Oncol 2020 Dec 18;8(2):HEP32. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Storr Liver Centre, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, Westmead Hospital & University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Aim: Type VI collagen, is emerging as a signaling collagen originating from different types of fibroblasts. A specific fragment of Type VI collagen, the pro-peptide, is also known as the hormone endotrophin. We hypothesized that this fibroblast hormone would be of particular relevance in cancer types with a high amount of fibrosis activity, namely for outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cirrhotic patients. Read More

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December 2020

Sensory and Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Haddock Fish Cake Enriched with Atlantic Mackerel Quality of Fish Cakes.

Food Technol Biotechnol 2021 Mar;59(1):4-15

Department of Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Sem Saelands vei 6/8, 7491 Trondheim, Norway.

Research Background: It is desirable to increase the consumption of pelagic fish rich in long-chain omega-3 fatty acids. Partial replacement of traditionally used white fish species by pelagic fish will increase the content of omega-3 fatty acids, and thus improve the nutritional value but it may also affect the consumer acceptance. The aim of this study is to assess the physicochemical and sensory quality of novel fish cake prototypes prepared from haddock and mackerel mince. Read More

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Integrating multiple chemical tracers to elucidate the diet and habitat of Cookiecutter Sharks.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 3;11(1):11809. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA, USA.

The Cookiecutter shark (Isistius brasiliensis) is an ectoparasitic, mesopelagic shark that is known for removing plugs of tissue from larger prey, including teleosts, chondrichthyans, cephalopods, and marine mammals. Although this species is widely distributed throughout the world's tropical and subtropical oceanic waters, like many deep-water species, it remains very poorly understood due to its mesopelagic distribution. We used a suite of biochemical tracers, including stable isotope analysis (SIA), fatty acid analysis (FAA), and environmental DNA (eDNA), to investigate the trophic ecology of this species in the Central Pacific around Hawaii. Read More

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Impact of Milk Thistle ( [L.] Gaertn.) Seeds in Broiler Chicken Diets on Rearing Results, Carcass Composition, and Meat Quality.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 26;11(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Institute of Animal Science and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobioengineering and Animal Husbandry, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Bolesława Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland.

The studies aimed to evaluate the impact of milk thistle seeds in broiler chicken feed rations on rearing results, carcass composition and meat quality. The experiment involved 120 broiler chickens randomly allocated to three equinumerous groups (C, MT02, MT23). Each group was divided into five subgroups of eight chickens each. Read More

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Grape Pomace Ingestion by Dry Cows Does Not Affect the Colostrum Nutrient and Fatty Acid Composition.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 31;11(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Trieda A. Hlinku 2, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia.

The utilisation of different by-products from the food industry as nutrient sources for farm animals is both possible and beneficial. Grape pomace is a by-product that contains polyphenols and fatty acids, both of which have the potential to improve the nutritional quality of cow colostrum. This study aimed to explore how the addition of grape pomace to the diet of dry cows affects the concentration of nutrients and fatty acids of colostrum. Read More

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Feeding System Resizes the Effects of Polymorphism on Milk Traits and Fatty Acids Composition in Modicana Cows.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 29;11(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Science, University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno 74, 06121 Perugia, Italy.

The interaction between genetic polymorphism and feeding system on milk traits and fatty acid composition was investigated in Modicana cows. Two K232A genotypes (AK and AA) and two feeding regimes, extensive system (EX) with 8 h of grazing without concentrate (EX) and semi-intensive systems (SI) with 2 h of grazing with concentrate, were investigated. genotype did not influence milk yield and composition. Read More

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Dietary Avian Proteins Are Comparable to Soybean Proteins on the Atherosclerosis Development and Fatty Liver Disease in -Deficient Mice.

Nutrients 2021 May 27;13(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Veterinaria, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón, Universidad de Zaragoza, E-50013 Zaragoza, Spain.

Background And Aim: The type and amount of dietary protein has become a topic of renewed interest in light of their involvement in metabolic diseases, atherosclerosis and thrombosis. However, little attention has been devoted to the effect of avian proteins despite their wide human consumption. The aim was to investigate the influence of chicken and turkey as sources of protein compared with that of soybean on atherosclerosis and fatty liver disease. Read More

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Diminazene Aceturate Stabilizes Atherosclerotic Plaque and Attenuates Hepatic Steatosis in apoE-Knockout Mice by Influencing Macrophages Polarization and Taurine Biosynthesis.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 30;22(11). Epub 2021 May 30.

Chair of Pharmacology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-531 Krakow, Poland.

Atherosclerosis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Western countries. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with its two main opposing effectors, i.e. Read More

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Dietary Patterns of Breastfeeding Mothers and Human Milk Composition: Data from the Italian MEDIDIET Study.

Nutrients 2021 May 19;13(5). Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Branch of Medical Statistics, Biometry and Epidemiology "G.A. Maccacaro", Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.

(1) Background: Several studies have reported associations between maternal diet in terms of single foods or nutrients and human milk compounds, while the overall role of maternal diet and related dietary patterns has rarely been investigated. (2) Methods: Between 2012 and 2014, we enrolled 300 healthy Italian mothers, who exclusively breastfed their infant. During a hospital visit at 6 weeks postpartum, a sample of freshly expressed foremilk was collected and information on maternal dietary habits in the postpartum period was obtained through an interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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Production of Cyclic Anhydride-Modified Starches.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 May 7;13(9). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Chemistry, Institute for Polymer Research, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada.

Modified starches offer a biodegradable, readily available, and cost-effective alternative to petroleum-based products. The reaction of alkenylsuccinic anhydrides (ASAs), in particular, is an efficient method to produce amphiphilic starches with numerous applications in different areas. While ASAs are typically derived from petroleum sources, maleated soybean oil can also be used in an effort to produce materials from renewable sources. Read More

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Zinc Affects Cholesterol Oxidation Products and Fatty Acids Composition in Rats' Serum.

Nutrients 2021 May 6;13(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Warsaw, Banacha 1, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of the nanosized or microsized zinc (Zn) particles on fatty acid profile, enzyme activity and the level of cholesterol, squalene and oxysterols in rats with breast cancer. Rats (female, = 24) were divided into the following groups: control, and two test groups, whose diets were enriched with either Zn microparticles (342 nm) or Zn nanoparticles (99 nm). All rats were treated twice with the carcinogenic agent; 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene. Read More

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In Vitro Fermentation Characteristics and Fiber-Degrading Enzyme Kinetics of Cellulose, Arabinoxylan, -Glucan and Glucomannan by Pig Fecal Microbiota.

Microorganisms 2021 May 16;9(5). Epub 2021 May 16.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Non-digestible polysaccharides are of great significance to human and animal intestinal health. Cellulose, arabinoxylan, -glucan and glucomannan were selected in the present study to investigate the fermentation characteristics and fiber-degrading enzyme kinetics by inoculating pig fecal microbiota in vitro. Our results showed that fermentation of arabinoxylan and -glucan produced the highest amount of acetate and lactate, respectively. Read More

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Fatty Acid Prediction in Bovine Milk by Attenuated Total Reflection Infrared Spectroscopy after Solvent-Free Lipid Separation.

Foods 2021 May 11;10(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

FG Environmental Analytics, Process Analytics and Sensors, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Technische Universität Wien, Getreidemarkt 9, 1060 Vienna, Austria.

In the present study, a novel approach for mid-infrared (IR)-based prediction of bovine milk fatty acid composition is introduced. A rapid, solvent-free, two-step centrifugation method was applied in order to obtain representative milk fat fractions. IR spectra of pure milk lipids were recorded with attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FT-IR) spectroscopy. Read More

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A Low-Protein High-Fat Diet Leads to Loss of Body Weight and White Adipose Tissue Weight via Enhancing Energy Expenditure in Mice.

Metabolites 2021 May 11;11(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.

Obesity has become a worldwide health problem over the past three decades. During obesity, metabolic dysfunction of white adipose tissue (WAT) is a key factor increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes. A variety of diet approaches have been proposed for the prevention and treatment of obesity. Read More

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Implications of SCFAs on the Parameters of the Lipid and Hepatic Profile in Pregnant Women.

Nutrients 2021 May 21;13(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolomics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 24 Broniewskiego Str., 71-460 Szczecin, Poland.

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are the product of the anaerobic intestinal bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber and resistant starch. An abnormal intestinal microbiota may cause a reduction in the production of SCFAs, which stimulate the development of intestinal epithelial cells, nourish enterocytes, influence their maturation and proper differentiation, reduce the pH, and are an additional source of energy for the host. There have been reports of the special role of SCFAs in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism during pregnancy. Read More

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Almond oil: A comprehensive review of chemical composition, extraction methods, preservation conditions, potential health benefits, and safety.

Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Group of Research in Physiology and Physiopathology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.

Almond oil, a rich source of macronutrients and micronutrients, is extracted for food flavorings and the cosmetics industry. In recent years, the need for high-quality and high-quantity production of almond oil for human consumption has been increased. The present review examines the chemical composition of almond oil, storage conditions, and clinical evidence supporting the health benefits of almond oil. Read More

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Invited review: The influence of immune activation on transition cow health and performance-A critical evaluation of traditional dogmas.

J Dairy Sci 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames 50011. Electronic address:

The progression from gestation into lactation represents the transition period, and it is accompanied by marked physiological, metabolic, and inflammatory adjustments. The entire lactation and a cow's opportunity to have an additional lactation are heavily dependent on how successfully she adapts during the periparturient period. Additionally, a disproportionate amount of health care and culling occurs early following parturition. Read More

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Method for beta-carotene extraction from processed baby foods as a model for plant-based fatty food products.

Food Res Int 2021 Jun 22;144:110332. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

nutriFOODchem - Department of Food Technology, Safety and Health, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent Belgium; Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Reliable quantitative determination of carotenoids in complex food matrices such as processed baby food products is challenging because of their incorporation in rigid cellular structures, their sensitivity to oxidation and their lipophilic character. A one-pot liquid-liquid β-carotene extraction procedure is described for solid baby foods, in the presence of enzymes (Clara-Diastase and Rapidase) facilitating matrix disintegration. The combined extraction and enzymatic dissolution not only protected β-carotene from oxidation compared to the sequential approach, but also reduced the use of solvents and amount of filtrations steps, favouring a higher recovery. Read More

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Fermentation of alginate and its derivatives by different enterotypes of human gut microbiota: Towards personalized nutrition using enterotype-specific dietary fibers.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 May 25;183:1649-1659. Epub 2021 May 25.

Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs of Ministry of Education, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Glycoscience and Glycotechnology, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China; Laboratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266003, China. Electronic address:

Alginate and its derivatives are widely used as food additives and dietary fibers. Previous studies indicated that alginate, polyguluronate (PG) and polymannuronate acid (PM) could be fermented by human gut microbiota. However, how different compositions of the microbiota may affect the fermentation outcomes of these polysaccharides remains unknown. Read More

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