129 results match your criteria americans panic


Racial Disparities in Healthcare: How COVID-19 Ravaged One of the Wealthiest African American Counties in the United States.

Authors:
Darius D Reed

Soc Work Public Health 2021 02 28;36(2):118-127. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Social Work, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion.

The COVID-19 pandemic swept the globe in January of 2020 causing mass panic and extreme hysteria. While pandemics are not new, COVID-19 is emerging as a public health crisis in nearly every household in America. In this paper, I discuss how COVID-19 has ravaged one of the wealthiest African American counties in the United States. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Lifetime and Twelve-Month Prevalence, Persistence, and Unmet Treatment Needs of Mood, Anxiety, and Substance Use Disorders in African American and U.S. versus Foreign-Born Caribbean Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 09 25;17(19). Epub 2020 Sep 25.

UCLA Center for Bridging Research Innovation, Training and Education for Minority Health Disparities Solutions (BRITE), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

There is growing diversity within the Black population in the U.S., but limited understanding of ethnic and nativity differences in the mental health treatment needs of Black women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Outcomes of a Multicomponent Culturally Tailored Cervical Cancer Screening Intervention Among Underserved Hispanic Women ().

Health Promot Pract 2021 01 24;22(1):112-121. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA.

Hispanic women have almost double the cervical cancer incidence and are twice as likely to die from cervical cancer compared with non-Hispanic White women. Cervical cancer is preventable with screening, and based on available data, multiple component screening interventions have been proposed as a strategy to maximize screening, but such studies are lacking. We sought to test the effectiveness of a multicomponent screening intervention for primary prevention and early detection of cervical cancer among underserved Hispanic women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

The Adaptive Effect of Illness-Specific Panic-Fear on Asthma Outcomes in Mexican and Puerto Rican Children.

J Pediatr 2019 11 15;214:178-186. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

School of Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Objective: To examine baseline measures of illness-specific panic-fear (ie, the level of anxiety experienced specifically during asthma exacerbations) as a protective factor in pediatric asthma outcomes over a 1-year period.

Study Design: The sample comprised 267 children (Mexican, n = 188; Puerto Rican, n = 79; age 5-12 years) from a longitudinal observational study conducted in Phoenix, AZ and Bronx, NY. Assessments were done at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Psychiatric Disorders and Alcohol Consumption Among Low-Income African Americans:Gender Differences.

Brain Sci 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Family Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA.

Background: Although cooccurrence of nonsubstance use disorders (non-SUDs) and substance use is well-established in the literature, most of what we know in this regard is derived from studies that have recruited predominantly White sample populations. As a result, there is a gap in knowledge on this link among low-income African Americans (AAs). There is also a need to understand how low-income AA men and women differ in these associations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Medicalization of Poverty in the Lives of Low-Income Black Mothers and Children.

Authors:
Ruby Mendenhall

J Law Med Ethics 2018 09;46(3):644-650

Ruby Mendenhall, Ph.D., M.P.P., is an Assistant Professor of Sociology and African American Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Assistant Dean, Diversity and Democratization of Health Innovation at Carle Illinois College of Medicine.

Scholars are beginning to use the concept medicalization of poverty to theorize how the United States spends large amounts of money on illnesses related to poverty but invests much less in preventing these illnesses and the conditions that create them (e.g., economic insecurity, housing instability, continuous exposure to violence, and racism). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

The Clandestine Operations Performed on President Grover Cleveland and the Rationale for Surgical Secrecy.

Am Surg 2018 Sep;84(9):1484-1488

The 1893 operations to remove a maxillofacial tumor from President Grover Cleveland aboard a private yacht remained a secret until long after his unrelated death from heart disease. Many historical studies have suggested that Cleveland kept his health and surgical care confidential because of the fragility of the economy during the Panic of 1893. Although that observation is true, it does not fully address the underlying reason for why the public would react poorly to news about an operation on the president. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

Examining racial/ethnic differences in patterns of benzodiazepine prescription and misuse.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 06 26;187:29-34. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck St., Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Background: Benzodiazepines (BZDs) are widely prescribed during psychiatric treatment. Unfortunately, their misuse has led to recent surges in overdose emergency visits and drug-related deaths.

Methods: Electronic health record data from a large healthcare system were used to describe racial/ethnic, sex, and age differences in BZD use and dependence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Alcohol withdrawal hallucinations in the general population, an epidemiological study.

Psychiatry Res 2018 04 5;262:129-134. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

VA Connecticut Healthcare System, Yale School of Medicine, West Haven, CT, USA.

Hallucinations are sometimes encountered in the course of alcohol withdrawal; however, both the factors predisposing to alcohol withdrawal hallucinations (AWH) and the implications of AWH with respect to the mechanisms of hallucinations remain unclear. To clarify these issues, we used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to investigate the demographic correlates, alcohol-use clinical patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities in two groups: drinkers with and without a history of AWH. We estimated the odds ratios for studied factors and used logistic regression analyses to compare the two groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychiatric Disorders Differently Correlate with Physical Self-Rated Health across Ethnic Groups.

Authors:
Shervin Assari

J Pers Med 2017 Nov 13;7(4). Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2017

Mental disorders among undocumented Mexican immigrants in high-risk neighborhoods: Prevalence, comorbidity, and vulnerabilities.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2017 Oct;85(10):927-936

Office of Graduate Studies, University of Central Florida.

Objective: This study aimed to: (a) provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders, including substance use, among undocumented Mexican immigrants; (b) assess for relevant comorbidities; and (c) identify sociodemographic, immigration and contextual vulnerabilities associated with meeting criteria for a disorder.

Method: This cross-sectional study used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border. The M. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2017

Ethnic Groups Differ in How Poor Self-Rated Mental Health Reflects Psychiatric Disorders.

Authors:
Shervin Assari

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 08 14;5(4):728-736. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Aim: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impact of Refugee Mothers' Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress, and Depression on Their Children's Adjustment.

J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Apr;20(2):271-282

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.

The mechanisms linking refugee parents' trauma onto their children's functioning are not well understood. The current study sought to identify how Somali refugee mothers' past trauma and current mental health impact their children's psychosocial adjustment. One hundred and ninety-eight Somali mothers (M age = 39 years) and their children (M age = 10 years; 56% male) were studied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mental Health Problems and Related Factors in Ecuadorian College Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 05 15;14(5). Epub 2017 May 15.

Deparment of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Although the mental health problems of college students have been the subject of increasing research, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuadorian college students. The aim of this study was to determine the mental health problems and their associated factors in Ecuadorian freshmen university students. A sample of 1092 students (53. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Emotionally triggered asthma and its relationship to panic disorder, ataques de nervios, and asthma-related death of a loved one in Latino adults.

J Psychosom Res 2017 02 29;93:76-82. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Research has demonstrated high comorbidity between asthma and panic disorder (PD). Less is known about the relationship between asthma and the Latino cultural idiom of distress of ataques de nervios, as well as the role that psychosocial stressors play. The current study tested the hypotheses that Latino asthma patients who experience PD, ataques de nervios, and/or asthma-related death of a loved one endorse greater psychological triggers of asthma, greater perceived impact of asthma triggers, and greater difficulty controlling such triggers than do those without these conditions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2017

Test for association of common variants in GRM7 with alcohol consumption.

Alcohol 2016 09 31;55:43-50. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. Electronic address:

Recent work using a mouse model has identified the glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 (Grm7) gene as a strong candidate gene for alcohol consumption. Although there has been some work examining the effect of human glutamate metabotropic receptor 7 (GRM7) polymorphisms on human substance use disorders, the majority of the work has focused on other psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, and autism spectrum disorders. The current study aimed to evaluate evidence for association between GRM7 and alcohol behaviors in humans using a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) approach, as well as a gene-based approach. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2016

Telephone-Delivered Stepped Collaborative Care for Treating Anxiety in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Gen Intern Med 2017 Mar 6;32(3):245-255. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, White Plains, NY, USA.

Background: Collaborative care for depression is more effective in improving treatment outcomes than primary care physicians' (PCPs) usual care (UC). However, few trials of collaborative care have targeted anxiety.

Objective: To examine the impact and 12-month durability of a centralized, telephone-delivered, stepped collaborative care intervention (CC) for treating anxiety disorders across a network of primary care practices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychological treatment of comorbid asthma and panic disorder in Latino adults: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

Behav Res Ther 2016 12 17;87:142-154. Epub 2016 Sep 17.

Department of Medicine (Pulmonary Medicine), Jacobi Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1400 Pelham Parkway South, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Confusion between panic and asthma symptoms can result in serious self-management errors. A cognitive behavior psychophysiological therapy (CBPT) intervention was culturally adapted for Latinos consisting of CBT for panic disorder (PD), asthma education, differentiation between panic and asthma symptoms, and heart rate variability biofeedback. An RCT compared CBPT to music and relaxation therapy (MRT), which included listening to relaxing music and paced breathing at resting respiration rates. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2016

NURSING FACULTY DIVERSITY: BARRIERS AND PERCEPTIONS ON RECRUITMENT, HIRING AND RETENTION.

J Cult Divers 2016 ;23(2):65-75

The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of nursing faculty on the barriers to recruitment, hiring, and retention of minority nursing faculty who are Black/African-American, and Hispanic/Latina (o) in order to understand the current dynamics limiting the representation of these two minority groups in nursing education. The design was a descriptive, comparative design, using an online survey. A multi-stage sampling method selected 667 nursing faculty from 56 colleges, resulting in a final sample size of 103 (15. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anxiety sensitivity and mindful attention in terms of anxiety and depressive symptoms and disorders among Latinos in primary care.

Psychiatry Res 2015 Sep 15;229(1-2):245-51. Epub 2015 Jul 15.

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Neurobehavioral Research on Addictions, Houston, TX, United States.

The present investigation examined the interactive effects of anxiety sensitivity and mindful attention in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 145 adult Latinos (85.5% female; Mage=39.9, SD=10. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2015

Anxiety sensitivity and subjective social status in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms and disorders among Latinos in primary care.

J Anxiety Disord 2015 May 21;32:38-45. Epub 2015 Mar 21.

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Neurobehavioral Research on Addictions, Houston, TX, United States.

The present investigation examined the interactive effects of anxiety sensitivity and subjective social status in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 143 Latinos (85.7% female; Mage=39.0, SD=10. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Misdiagnosis of African-Americans with Psychiatric Issues - Part II.

J Natl Med Assoc 2015 Mar 2;107(3):35-41. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Northwestern University.

Purpose: The second "Misdiagnosis of African-Americans with Psychiatric Issues" article focuses on traumatic life experiences that meet a proposed criteria for Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD).l

Method: Psychiatric evaluations of 330 patients were reviewed and clinically identifiable variables of: a) childhood mental retardation (MR), special education, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), or Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD); b) head injury causing Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) or Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE); c) a history of chronic substance abuse prior to the development of psychiatric symptoms; or d) childhood trauma causing Anxiety, Depression, and Panic Disorders were tabulated.

Results: In Part I,2-Reference Part I we learn that the above four variables did not influence two-thirds of the African-American patient's psychiatric diagnoses; however, excluding patients with multiple diagnoses, 26. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Misdiagnosis of African-Americans with Psychiatric Issues - Part I.

J Natl Med Assoc 2015 Mar 2;107(3):25-34. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Northwestern University.

Purpose: This article highlights issues of misdiagnosis in an African-American, adult clinical population by doing point prevalence, record review study within a comprehensive community mental health center.

Method: Psychiatric evaluations of 330 patients were reviewed and clinically identifiable variables of: a) childhood Intellectual Disability (ID), special education, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), or Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD); b) head injury causing Organic Brain Syndrome (OBS) or Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE); c) a history of chronic substance abuse prior to the development of psychiatric symptoms; or d) childhood trauma causing Anxiety, Depression, and Panic Disorders were tabulated.

Results: Two hundred and twenty patients, who were free of the four variables, had a single psychiatric diagnosis and 18 had multiple co-morbid diagnoses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Efficacy of Self-Report Measures in Predicting Social Phobia in African American Adults.

J Natl Med Assoc 2015 Mar 2;107(3):9-19. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

University of Louisville.

Unlabelled: Empirical literature pertaining to anxiety in African Americans has been relatively sparse. More recent studies indicate that the construct of social fear is different in African Americans than in non-Hispanic Whites. Although some of these studies have examined factor structure utilizing self-report measures of anxiety in African American samples, none to date have examined the clinical utility of these measures in predicting anxiety diagnoses, particularly social phobia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Panic attacks in minority Americans: the effects of alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, and discrimination.

J Affect Disord 2015 Mar 29;174:106-12. Epub 2014 Nov 29.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, UAB Sparkman Center for Global Health, 517 Ryals Public Health Building, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.

Background: Lifetime prevalence of panic attacks is estimated at 22.7%, and research on the correlates and causes of depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses have yielded mixed results in minority groups. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between panic attacks, minority status, and nativity by focusing on the effects of health lifestyle behaviors and discrimination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychological distress and psychiatric diagnoses among primary caregivers of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant: an examination of prevalence, correlates, and racial/ethnic differences.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2014 Nov-Dec;36(6):620-6. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Objective: The aims of the study were to examine the prevalence of self-reported psychological distress, examine the prevalence of interview-rated psychiatric diagnoses, identify correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric diagnosis and examine racial/ethnic group differences on measures of psychological distress among primary caregivers of children preparing to undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Methods: Caregivers (N = 215) completed the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Impact of Events Scale, and a psychiatric interview assessing major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Regression analyses examined correlates of distress and psychiatric diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anxiety sensitivity across four ethnoracial groups in an undergraduate sample.

Cogn Behav Ther 2015 22;44(1):33-43. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

a Department of Psychology , University of Houston , Houston , TX , USA.

Anxiety sensitivity (AS), the fear of anxious cognitive and physiological experiences, is multidimensional and adds incrementally to the prediction of relationships of panic and relevant phenomenology. Many agree upon the content of the dimensions, but there is less agreement about the factor structure of the anxiety sensitivity index (ASI), a widely used measure of AS, across cultural groups. Anxiety disorders vary in their epidemiology and phenomenology across ethnoracial groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anxiety and substance use during adolescence.

Subst Abus 2014 ;35(4):418-25

a Children's Center for Community Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center , University of Connecticut School of Medicine , Hartford , Connecticut , USA.

Background: The primary goal of this study was to examine the relationship between anxiety symptomatology and substance use (alcohol use and drug use) during adolescence, systematically by gender and race/ethnicity.

Methods: Self-report surveys were administered to 905 15-17-year-old adolescents (54% girls) in the spring of 2007.

Results: RESULTS from multiple group analyses indicated that the relationship between anxiety and substance use differs by gender and race/ethnicity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2015

Disseminating treatment for anxiety disorders step 2: peer recommendations to seek help.

J Anxiety Disord 2014 Oct 27;28(7):712-6. Epub 2014 Jul 27.

University of Arizona College of Medicine, Department of Family & Community Medicine, 1642 East Helen Street, Tuscon, AZ 85719, USA. Electronic address:

Despite the high prevalence of and significant psychological burden caused by anxiety disorders, as few as 25% of individuals with these disorders seek treatment, and treatment seeking by African-Americans is particularly uncommon. This purpose of the current study was to gather information regarding the public's recommendations regarding help-seeking for several anxiety disorders and to compare Caucasian and African-American participants on these variables. A community sample of 577 US adults completed a telephone survey that included vignettes portraying individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia/social anxiety disorder (SP/SAD), panic disorder (PD), and for comparison, depression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2014