118 results match your criteria alleged correlation

Exploring the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool and Lower Extremity Functional Scale in a Proximal Hamstring Avulsion Cohort: A Cross-sectional Study.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Jun 28;49(7):1732-1740. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Orthopaedics, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The goal of treatment for a proximal hamstring avulsion (PHA) is an objectively restored muscle and a subjectively satisfied, pain-free patient at follow-up. Different self-reported and performance-based outcome measures have been used to evaluate recovery, but their validity is poorly investigated.

Purpose: To investigate (1) the correlation between the commonly used self-reported outcome measurements, the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool (PHAT) and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS); (2) to what extent these scores can be explained by physical dysfunction as measured by performance-based tests; (3) whether performance-based tests can discriminate between the injured and uninjured extremity; and (4) which activity limitations are perceived by patients several years after the injury. Read More

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["If there is a risk, I should have a choice:" Risk management and risk perception in Italian vaccine hesitancy movements].

Salud Colect 2021 Feb 10;17:e3231. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Licenciada en Antropología Médica y Salud Global. Magíster en Antropología Médica y Salud Global, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Cataluña, España.

In Italy, the passing of mandatory pediatric vaccinations in 2017 was a consequence of increasing vaccine hesitancy in the country, a phenomenon that has largely spread on social networks. This article examines risk management and risk perception regarding pediatric vaccinations through an analysis of online content shared by Italian vaccine hesitancy movements between December of 2019 and April of 2020. Results show that these movements carry out a reinterpretation of risk, scientific evidence, and parental responsibility, especially with regard to the alleged correlation between the measles vaccine and autism. Read More

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February 2021

Traditional Applications of Tannin Rich Extracts Supported by Scientific Data: Chemical Composition, Bioavailability and Bioaccessibility.

Foods 2021 Jan 26;10(2). Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Nutrition and Bromatology Group, Analytical and Food Chemistry Department, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Ourense Campus, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain.

Tannins are polyphenolic compounds historically utilized in textile and adhesive industries, but also in traditional human and animal medicines or foodstuffs. Since 20th-century, advances in analytical chemistry have allowed disclosure of the chemical nature of these molecules. The chemical profile of extracts obtained from previously selected species was investigated to try to establish a bridge between traditional background and scientific data. Read More

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January 2021

Injuries from alleged accidental minor head trauma in a prospective cohort of children aged 0-3 years in an emergency department.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Mar 13;49:101846. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Legal Medicine, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille University Hospital Center, Marseille, France; Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, EFS, ADES, Marseille, France.

Introduction: Minor head trauma in the child, whether accidental or inflicted, is a frequent reason for seeking medical attention. Our aim is to describe the characteristics of minor head trauma in children aged 0-3 years and the resulting injuries. This in order to help the clinician to suspect and thelegal expert to confirm intentional abuse. Read More

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Disentangling the magnetic dimensionality of an alleged magnetically isolated cuprate spin-ladder CuHpCl system: a long-lasting issue.

Dalton Trans 2021 Feb;50(5):1754-1765

Secció Química Física, Dept. Ciència de Materials i Química Física & IQTCUB, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, E-08820, Barcelona, Spain.

The Cu2(1,4-diazacycloheptane)2Cl4 (CuHpCl) crystal is a molecular transition metal antiferromagnetic complex, whose magnetism has been a long-lasting issue. The outcome of a variety of experimental studies (on magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, magnetization, spin gap and INS) reported many different J values depending on the fitting ladder model used. From all available experimental data, one can infer that CuHpCl is a very complex system with many competing microscopic magnetic JAB interactions that lead to its overall antiferromagnetic behavior. Read More

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February 2021

How Does Mechanism of Injury Relate to Similar Fracture Patterns in Bilateral Displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures?

J Foot Ankle Surg 2020 Nov - Dec;59(6):1162-1166. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Trauma Surgeon, Trauma Unit, Academic Medical Center location AMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Several biomechanical/cadaver studies have established a correlation between mechanism of injury and fracture classification in calcaneal fractures. However, this has never been backed up by clinical studies. In this study, the hypothesis is tested whether the alleged similar mechanism of injury for both feet in bilateral calcaneal fractures leads to similar fracture types. Read More

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Correlation Between Glutathione Plasma with Degree Severity of Melasma in Balinese Women.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2020 9;13:455-459. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Dermatology and Venereology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana-Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.

Introduction: Melasma is a condition of hyperpigmentation of the facial skin that increases in prevalence with ageing. The alleged involvement of reactive oxygen species and antioxidants is the basis of the pathology of melasma. Glutathione is one of the non-enzymatic antioxidants produced by the body and plays a role in melanogenesis. Read More

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Separating the effects of 24-hour urinary chloride and sodium excretion on blood pressure and risk of hypertension: Results from PREVEND.

PLoS One 2020 5;15(2):e0228490. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Nephrology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objective: Research into dietary factors associated with hypertension has focused on the sodium component of salt. However, chloride has distinct physiological effects that may surpass the effect of sodium on blood pressure. This study aims to separate the specific effects of chloride and sodium intake on blood pressure. Read More

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Correlation of Clinical Features, Laboratory Finding, and Pelvic Ultrasonography of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Women with Infertility.

Int J Gen Med 2019 31;12:485-489. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Background And Purpose: The prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in Indonesia is still high, whereas the prevalence of extra pulmonary tuberculosis such as female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) affecting infertility is unknown. FGTB caused irreversible severe damaged of tubes and endometrium, resulting in tubal occlusion and partial or total obliteration of the uterine cavity. Diagnosis of FGTB is difficult. Read More

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December 2019

Prospective Validation of Repeatability of Shear Wave Dispersion Imaging for Evaluation of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2019 10 15;45(10):2688-2696. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Radiology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

This study was aimed at evaluating the intra-observer repeatability of shear wave dispersion imaging (SWDI) for evaluation of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and assessing inter-observer repeatability in asymptomatic volunteers, using a commercial ultrasound system. This prospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was obtained from all patients. In group I composed of patients with suspected or alleged non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (n = 71), two sessions of SWDI were performed by one radiologist for evaluation of intra-observer repeatability. Read More

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October 2019

Recent Contributions to the Coordination Chemistry of Beryllium.

Magnus R Buchner

Chemistry 2019 Sep 11;25(52):12018-12036. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Anorganische Chemie, Nachwuchsgruppe Berylliumchemie, Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse 4, 35032, Marburg, Germany.

Given the alleged extreme toxicity of beryllium and its compounds, it is the least investigated nonradioactive element. However, beryllium exhibits unique properties among the elements and therefore the related coordination chemistry is unprecedented. With the emergence of s-block catalysis and the introduction of low-valent magnesium complexes as versatile reducing agents, the interest in related beryllium compounds also has increased. Read More

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September 2019

Evidence of sulfur mustard exposure in victims of chemical terrorism by detection of urinary β-lyase metabolites.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2020 01 10;58(1):36-44. Epub 2019 May 10.

Department of Medical CBRN Defense, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesicant chemical warfare agent. Ocular, dermal, and respiratory systems are the primary targets of SM exposure. The aims of this study were to perform a quantitative analysis of β-lyase metabolites of SM as 1,1'-sulfonylbis[2-(methylthio) ethane] (SBMTE) in urine samples of chemical casualties and to investigate the relationship between the measured SBMTE levels and the severity of characteristic symptoms of SM poisoning. Read More

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January 2020

Narrative language skills of maltreated children living in out-of-home care.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2020 04 2;22(2):117-128. Epub 2019 May 2.

Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

: Children's narrative accounts of their experiences are central to the prosecution of perpetrators of alleged maltreatment. We describe the narrative language skills of children who were placed in out-of-home care (OOHC) following substantiated maltreatment. It was hypothesised that (i) children with such histories would display narrative language skills that fall significantly below published age-expected norms, (ii) narrative language skills and core language skills would be positively correlated and (iii) narrative language skills would be associated with measures of socio-economic disadvantage. Read More

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Detection of cellular material in lip-prints.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Sep 22;15(3):362-368. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, 5042, Australia.

We report on the visualization of cellular material within lip-prints using Diamond™ dye (DD). The transfer of cellular material via the lips can occur in cases of contact with food or drinking items as well as cases of alleged sexual assault involving oral contact. DD can effectively detect cellular material transferred by touch. Read More

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September 2019

Variants in two gene members of the TNF ligand superfamily and hepatitis C virus chronic disease.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S66-S72

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To assess the possible correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of two members of TNF ligand superfamily genes, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and lymphotoxin-α (LTA), and HCV chronic disease.

Background: The causes of disease progression from hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to chronic liver disease still remains unclear. Abnormal production of the cytokines alleged to be contributed to progression of the disease or viral persistence. Read More

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January 2018

Do Semilocal Density-Functional Approximations Recover Dispersion Energies at Small Intermonomer Separations?

Phys Rev Lett 2018 Sep;121(11):113402

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA.

The methods that add dispersion energies to interaction energies computed using density-functional theory (DFT), known as DFT+D methods, taper off the dispersion energies at distances near van der Waals minima and smaller based on an assumption that DFT starts to reproduce the dispersion energies there. We show that this assumption is not correct as the alleged contribution behaves unphysically and originates to a large extent from nonexchange-correlation terms. Thus, dispersion functions correct DFT in this region for deficiencies unrelated to dispersion interactions. Read More

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September 2018

Levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease: still no proof? A meta-analysis.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2018 09 19;125(9):1341-1349. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Department of Neurology, University of Ioannina, Stavrou Niarchou Av., University Campus, Ioannina, Greece.

We investigated whether there is a linear relationship between levodopa (LD) dose and treatment duration, and the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) among patients with early untreated Parkinson's disease (PD). We performed a meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LD monotherapy to any other antiparkinsonian treatment in early PD patients. Meta-regressions were conducted including as covariates the effects of LD dose, treatment duration, and age. Read More

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September 2018

Development and validation of a Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) model based on the determination of ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair for the diagnosis of chronic alcohol abuse.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Jan 12;282:221-230. Epub 2017 Nov 12.

Centro Regionale Antidoping e di Tossicologia "A. Bertinaria", Regione Gonzole 10/1, 10043 Orbassano (TO), Italy; Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Torino, via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino, Italy.

The chronic intake of an excessive amount of alcohol is currently ascertained by determining the concentration of direct alcohol metabolites in the hair samples of the alleged abusers, including ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and, less frequently, fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs). Indirect blood biomarkers of alcohol abuse are still determined to support hair EtG results and diagnose a consequent liver impairment. In the present study, the supporting role of hair FAEEs is compared with indirect blood biomarkers with respect to the contexts in which hair EtG interpretation is uncertain. Read More

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January 2018

Shear Wave Liver Elastography with a Propagation Map: Diagnostic Performance and Inter-Observer Correlation for Hepatic Fibrosis in Chronic Hepatitis.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2017 07 18;43(7):1355-1363. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The aim of this study was to determine the performance of shear wave elastography (SWE) with a propagation map in the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis, and to assess its reliability with transient elastography (TE) as the reference standard. Our prospective study included 115 consecutive patients with suspected or alleged chronic hepatitis. Patients underwent SWE by two different operators and TE by sonographers on the same day. Read More

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Iodinated Contrast Media and the Alleged "Iodine Allergy": An Inexact Diagnosis Leading to Inferior Radiologic Management and Adverse Drug Reactions.

Rofo 2017 Apr 1;189(4):326-332. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Department of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric Radiology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

 To test the hypothesis that the incomplete diagnosis "iodine allergy" is a possibly dangerous concept for patients under routine radiologic conditions.  300 patients with a history of an "iodine allergy" were retrospectively screened and compared with two age-, sex-, and procedure-matched groups of patients either diagnosed with a nonspecific "iodine contrast medium (ICM) allergy" or an allergy to a specific ICM agent. For all groups, the clinical symptoms of the most recent past adverse drug reaction (ADR), prophylactic actions taken for subsequent imaging, and ultimate outcome were recorded and analyzed. Read More

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Neurobiological Aspects of Mindfulness in Pain Autoregulation: Unexpected Results from a Randomized-Controlled Trial and Possible Implications for Meditation Research.

Front Hum Neurosci 2016 26;10:674. Epub 2017 Jan 26.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Medical Center, Medical Faculty, University of FreiburgFreiburg, Germany; Institute for Transcultural Health Studies, European University ViadrinaFrankfurt (Oder), Germany.

Research has demonstrated that short meditation training may yield higher pain tolerance in acute experimental pain. Our study aimed at examining underlying mechanisms of this alleged effect. In addition, placebo research has shown that higher pain tolerance is mediated via endogenous neuromodulators: experimental inhibition of opioid receptors by naloxone antagonized this effect. Read More

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January 2017

Identifying Dyscalculia Symptoms Related to Magnocellular Reasoning Using Smartphones.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2016 ;226:229-32

Department of Information Science and Media Studies, University of Bergen, Norway.

This paper presents a study that has developed a mobile software application for assisting diagnosis of learning disabilities in mathematics, called dyscalculia, and measuring correlations between dyscalculia symptoms and magnocellular reasoning. Usually, software aids for dyscalculic individuals are focused on both assisting diagnosis and teaching the material. The software developed in this study however maintains a specific focus on the former, and in the process attempts to capture alleged correlations between dyscalculia symptoms and possible underlying causes of the condition. Read More

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[Conflict of interest in continuing medical education - Studies on certified CME courses].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2016 5;110-111:60-8. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

vormals Ärztliches Zentrum für Qualität in der Medizin (ÄZQ), Berlin, Germany; Institut für Gesundheitsökonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie der Universität zu Köln (IGKE), Köln, Germany.

Objectives: Although the problem of conflict of interest in medical education is discussed intensively, few valid data have been published on how to deal with the form, content, funding, sponsorship, and the influence of economic interests in continuing medical education (CME). Against this background, we carried out an analysis of data which had been documented for the purpose of certification by a German Medical Association. A central aim of the study was to obtain evidence of possible influences of economic interests on continuing medical education. Read More

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January 2017

DNA polymorphisms in chickpea accessions as revealed by PCR-based markers.

Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 2015 Oct 23;61(5):84-90. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Jiwaji University School of Studies in Biotechnology Gwalior India sameerbhagyawant@gmail.com.

Chickpea is a food legume which is alleged to be a preferred source of protein next only to milk. Germplasm of cultivated chickpea available is deficient in desired genetic variation. Genetic manipulations therefore, necessitate the genetic exploitation of its related annual and wild species. Read More

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October 2015

Sarcomatoid Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Clinicopathologic Correlation of 13 Cases.

Am J Surg Pathol 2015 Nov;39(11):1568-75

Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Peritoneal mesothelioma is rare, and the sarcomatoid variant is more infrequent, with <30 cases reported to date in the literature. Several case series have described the morphologic features of sarcomatoid peritoneal mesothelioma (SPe); however, the clinicopathologic features are not well characterized. To our knowledge, this is the first large series reporting the clinicopathologic features of SPe. Read More

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November 2015

Molecular Targets of Cannabidiol in Neurological Disorders.

Neurotherapeutics 2015 Oct;12(4):699-730

School of Chemistry, Food and Nutritional Sciences, and Pharmacy, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AP, UK.

Cannabis has a long history of anecdotal medicinal use and limited licensed medicinal use. Until recently, alleged clinical effects from anecdotal reports and the use of licensed cannabinoid medicines are most likely mediated by tetrahydrocannabinol by virtue of: 1) this cannabinoid being present in the most significant quantities in these preparations; and b) the proportion:potency relationship between tetrahydrocannabinol and other plant cannabinoids derived from cannabis. However, there has recently been considerable interest in the therapeutic potential for the plant cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD), in neurological disorders but the current evidence suggests that CBD does not directly interact with the endocannabinoid system except in vitro at supraphysiological concentrations. Read More

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October 2015

Sibling assessment based on likelihood ratio and total number of shared alleles using 21 short tandem repeat loci included in the GlobalFiler™ kit.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2016 Mar 21;19:122-6. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

National Research Institute of Police Science, Japan.

Sibling assessment using the 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the Identifiler® kit can be difficult when comparing an unidentified party to an alleged sibling. Therefore, we investigated the likelihood ratio (LR) and the total number of shared alleles (TNSA) for sibship determination using the 21 autosomal STR loci included in the GlobalFiler™ kit. We computationally generated the genotypes of 10,000 sibling pairs and 10,000 unrelated pairs based on previously reported allele frequencies of the 15 Identifiler loci and the remaining 6 GlobalFiler loci. Read More

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An assessment of the subjectivity of sperm scoring.

Forensic Sci Int 2015 Jun 24;251:83-6. Epub 2015 Mar 24.

Centre for Forensic Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

Current histological investigation of vaginal swabs after alleged sexual assault includes the scoring of spermatozoa (0, + to ++++) and the recording of visible tails. It is a method that is universally employed. Despite this method being used for 40 years, there has never been a study investigating its suitability for forensic science. Read More

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Milk fat globule E-8 and interleukin 17 in systemic lupus erythematosus: partners in crime?

Reumatologia 2015 11;53(6):309-14. Epub 2016 Feb 11.

Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-factorial, autoimmune disease with a wide array of manifestations. The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-17 has been implicated in the inflammatory response and tissue damage in SLE; however, its correlation with disease activity is still questionable. Meanwhile, efficient clearance of apoptotic cells is required for immune tolerance. Read More

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