14,311 results match your criteria aldehyde dehydrogenase


Genome-wide identification, evolution, and transcript profiling of Aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily in potato during development stages and stress conditions.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 14;11(1):18284. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, 3114, Bangladesh.

The Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily comprises a group of enzymes involved in the scavenging of toxic aldehyde molecules by converting them into their corresponding non-toxic carboxylic acids. A genome-wide study in potato identified a total of 22 ALDH genes grouped into ten families that are presented unevenly throughout all the 12 chromosomes. Based on the evolutionary analysis of ALDH proteins from different plant species, ALDH2 and ALDH3 were found to be the most abundant families in the plant, while ALDH18 was found to be the most distantly related one. Read More

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September 2021

Regulation of gliomagenesis and stemness through acid sensor ASIC1a.

Int J Oncol 2021 Oct 13;59(4). Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most prevalent and aggressive type of adult gliomas. Despite intensive therapy including surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, invariable tumor recurrence occurs, which suggests that glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) render these tumors persistent. Recently, the induction of GSC differentiation has emerged as an alternative method to treat GBM, and most of the current studies aim to convert GSCs to neurons by a combination of transcriptional factors. Read More

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October 2021

Knockdown of ALDH1A3 reduces breast cancer stem cell marker CD44 via the miR-7-TGFBR2-Smad3-CD44 regulatory axis.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Oct 2;22(4):1093. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Pathogenic Biology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, P.R. China.

Inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A3 (ALDH1A3) has been revealed to lead to significant increase of microRNA (miR)-7 expression and decrease of CD44 expression in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), however the mechanism is not clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory relationship between ALDH1A3, miR-7, and CD44 in BCSCs. The expression of ALDH1A3 was inhibited by small interfering RNA (siRNA or si), and the expression of miR-7 was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Read More

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October 2021

Combinational Therapy of Cardiac Atrial Appendage Stem Cells and Pyridoxamine: The Road to Cardiac Repair?

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 27;22(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

UHasselt-Hasselt University, BIOMED-Biomedical Research Institute, Agoralaan, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Myocardial infarction (MI) occurs when the coronary blood supply is interrupted. As a consequence, cardiomyocytes are irreversibly damaged and lost. Unfortunately, current therapies for MI are unable to prevent progression towards heart failure. Read More

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Auxin-mediated induction of GAL promoters by conditional degradation of Mig1p improves sesquiterpene production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with engineered acetyl-CoA synthesis.

Microb Biotechnol 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN), the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, 4072, Australia.

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae uses the pyruvate dehydrogenase-bypass for acetyl-CoA biosynthesis. This relatively inefficient pathway limits production potential for acetyl-CoA-derived biochemical due to carbon loss and the cost of two high-energy phosphate bonds per molecule of acetyl-CoA. Here, we attempted to improve acetyl-CoA production efficiency by introducing heterologous acetylating aldehyde dehydrogenase and phosphoketolase pathways for acetyl-CoA synthesis to enhance production of the sesquiterpene trans-nerolidol. Read More

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September 2021

Identification of potential genes associated with ALDH1A1 overexpression and cyclophosphamide resistance in chronic myelogenous leukemia using network analysis.

Med Oncol 2021 Sep 7;38(10):123. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Molecular Modeling Lab (MML), Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, 147002, India.

Cyclophosphamide (CP), an important alkylating agent which is used in the treatment therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, acquired drug resistance owing to the inactivation of its active metabolite aldophosphamide via tumoral-overexpressing aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1A1) is one of the major issues with the CP therapy. However, the underlying mechanism of ALDH1A1 overexpression in cancer cells remains poorly defined. Read More

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September 2021

The Role of LINC00284 in the Development of Thyroid Cancer Its Regulation of the MicroRNA-30d-5p-Mediated ADAM12/Notch Axis.

Front Oncol 2021 18;11:643039. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Thyroid cancer is a commonly diagnosed endocrine malignancy with increasing incidence worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to function in the invasion and metastasis of thyroid cancer. According to the GSE66783 microarray dataset, long intergenic nonprotein coding RNA 284 (LINC00284) is aberrantly upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues. Read More

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Effect and Response of subsp. [Desf.] Samp. Seedlings From Three Contrasting Andalusian Populations to Individual and Combined and Drought Stresses.

Front Plant Sci 2021 19;12:722802. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Agroforestry and Plant Biochemistry, Proteomics and Systems Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

L. is the dominant species in the Mediterranean forest and agrosilvopastoral ecosystem "." Currently, this forest species is threatened by natural and anthropogenic agents, especially by the decline syndrome, which is caused by and drought periods. Read More

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Geotrichum candidum aldehyde dehydrogenase-inorganic nanocrystal with enhanced activity.

Enzyme Microb Technol 2021 Oct 8;150:109866. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Life Science and Technology, School of Life Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, 226-8501, Japan. Electronic address:

A novel Geotrichum candidum aldehyde dehydrogenase (GcALDH) effectively oxidized aldehydes to carboxylic acids under mild conditions. Nonetheless, the free form of GcALDH still had a limitation in stability and recyclability. Herein, to overcome these limitations, this study achieved the immobilization of the GcALDH by the organic-inorganic nanocrystal formation. Read More

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October 2021

Trehalose activates hepatic transcription factor EB (TFEB) but fails to ameliorate alcohol-impaired TFEB and liver injury in mice.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Background: Recent evidence demonstrates that alcohol activates the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and impairs hepatic transcription factor EB (TFEB) reducing autophagy and contributing to alcohol-induced liver injury. Trehalose, a disaccharide, activates TFEB and protects against diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether trehalose would reverse the impairment of TFEB induced by alcohol and protect against alcohol-induced liver injury. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal and offspring genetic risk score analyses of fetal alcohol exposure and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder risk in offspring.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background: Studies investigating the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using conventional observational designs have reported inconsistent findings, which may be affected by unmeasured confounding and maternal and fetal ability to metabolize alcohol. We used genetic variants from the alcohol metabolizing genes, alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), as proxies for fetal alcohol exposure to investigate their association with risk of offspring ADHD symptoms around age 7-8 years.

Methods: We used data from 3 longitudinal pregnancy cohorts: Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), Generation R study (GenR), and the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort study (MoBa). Read More

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September 2021

Diabetic Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 Mutant (ALDH2*2) Mice Are More Susceptible to Cardiac Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury Due to 4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal Induced Coronary Endothelial Cell Damage.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Sep 6:e021140. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Division of Hypertension and Vascular Research Department of Internal Medicine Henry Ford Health System Detroit MI.

Background Aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2), a mitochondrial enzyme, detoxifies reactive aldehydes such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4HNE). A highly prevalent E487K mutation in ALDH2 (ALDH2*2) in East Asian people with intrinsic low ALDH2 activity is implicated in diabetic complications. 4HNE-induced cardiomyocyte dysfunction was studied in diabetic cardiac damage; however, coronary endothelial cell (CEC) injury in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in diabetic mice has not been studied. Read More

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September 2021

The protective effects and mechanisms of modified Lvdou Gancao decoction on acute alcohol intoxication in mice.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Sep 1;282:114593. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Science and Technology Innovation Center, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) is a ubiquitous emergency worldwide, whereas the searching for both effective and safe drugs is still a task to be completed. Modified Lvdou Gancao decoction (MLG), a traditional Chinese medicine decoction, has been confirmed to be valid to alcohol-induced symptoms and hepatotoxicity clinically, whereas its protective mechanisms have not been determined.

Materials And Methods: AAI mice model was established by alcohol gavage (13. Read More

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September 2021

In silico docking of Novel Phytoalkaloid Camalexin in the Management of Benomyl Induced Parkinson's disease and its In vivo Evaluation by Zebrafish Model.

CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Pharmacology, SRM College of Pharmacy,SRMIST,Kattankulathur-603203,Tamilnadu, India.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibits the extra pyramidal symptoms caused due to the dopaminergic neuronal degeneration in the substantia nigra of the brain and depletion of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzyme.

Objective: This study was designed to enlighten the importance of Aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme in protecting the dopamine levels in a living system. Camalexin, a potentially active compound has been evaluated for its dopamine enhancing and aldehyde dehydrogenase protecting role in pesticide induced Parkinson's disease. Read More

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September 2021

Hsa-circ_0003420 induces apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia stem cells and impairs stem cell properties.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2021 Sep 3:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Hematology, Huai'an Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical College and Huai'an Second People's Hospital, Huai'an, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of circular RNA-0003420 (circ_0003420) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse and leukemia stem cells (LSCs) properties.

Materials And Methods: TRIzol reagent was used to extract total RNA from AML tissues or cells. Cell viability was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 and EdU staining assays. Read More

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September 2021

Epithelial membrane protein 3 regulates lung cancer stem cells via the TGF‑β signaling pathway.

Int J Oncol 2021 10 3;59(4). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Radiation Biology, Environmental Safety Assessment Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 34057, Republic of Korea.

Epithelial membrane protein 3 (EMP3) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that contains a peripheral myelin protein 22 domain. EMP3 first received attention as a tumor suppressor, but accumulating evidence has since suggested that it may exhibit a tumor‑promoting function. Nonetheless, the biological function of EMP3 remains largely unclear with regards to its role in cancer. Read More

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October 2021

Substrate Channeling by a Rationally Designed Fusion Protein in a Biocatalytic Cascade.

JACS Au 2021 Aug 1;1(8):1187-1197. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, 315 S 1400 E, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, United States.

Substrate channeling, where an intermediate in a multistep reaction is directed toward a reaction center rather than freely diffusing, offers several advantages when employed in catalytic cascades. Here we present a fusion enzyme comprised of an alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase, that is computationally designed to facilitate electrostatic substrate channeling using a cationic linker bridging the two structures. Rosetta protein folding software was utilized to determine an optimal linker placement, added to the truncated termini of the proteins, which is as close as possible to the active sites of the enzymes without disrupting critical catalytic residues. Read More

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Production of aromatic three-line hybrid rice using novel alleles of BADH2.

Plant Biotechnol J 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Center for Rice Improvement, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou, China.

Aroma is a key grain quality trait that directly influences the market price of rice globally. Loss of function of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (OsBADH2) affects the biosynthesis of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2-AP), which is responsible for aroma in fragrant rice. The current study was aimed at creating new alleles of BADH2 using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology under the genetic background of the japonica Ningjing 1 (NJ1) and indica Huang Huazhan (HHZ) varieties. Read More

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Alda-1, an Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 Agonist, Improves Cutaneous Wound Healing by Activating Epidermal Keratinocytes via Akt/GSK-3β/β-Catenin Pathway.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.

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Identification and expression analysis of pathogenicity-related genes of anastomosis groups infecting rice.

3 Biotech 2021 Aug 2;11(8):394. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Division of Plant Pathology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012 India.

Sheath blight disease caused by Kuhn (teleomorph; ) is a major constraint in rice production. Among the different anastomosis groups (AGs) of , AG1-IA causes sheath blight of rice, which induce necrotic lesions on leaf sheaths of the infected plants. Several reports contradict the host specificity of anastomosis groups in . Read More

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Uncovering cancer vulnerabilities by machine learning prediction of synthetic lethality.

Mol Cancer 2021 08 28;20(1):111. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

BioMed X Institute (GmbH), Im Neuenheimer Feld 583, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Synthetic lethality describes a genetic interaction between two perturbations, leading to cell death, whereas neither event alone has a significant effect on cell viability. This concept can be exploited to specifically target tumor cells. CRISPR viability screens have been widely employed to identify cancer vulnerabilities. Read More

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Ampelopsin Suppresses Stem Cell Properties Accompanied by Attenuation of Oxidative Phosphorylation in Chemo- and Radio-Resistant MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Aug 12;14(8). Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Advanced Convergence Technology and Science, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea.

Ampelopsin, also known as dihydromyricetin, is a commonly found flavonoid in medicinal plants. The cancer stem cell (CSC) population is a promising target for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). In this study, flavonoid screening was performed in the established MDA-MB-231/IR cell line, which is enriched in CSCs. Read More

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Modification of an engineered Escherichia coli by a combinatorial strategy to improve 3,4-dihydroxybutyric acid production.

Biotechnol Lett 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, New World Institute of Biotechnology, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: 3,4-Dihydroxybutyric acid (3,4-DHBA) is a multifunctional C4 platform compound widely used for the synthesis of various materials, including pharmaceuticals. Although, a biosynthetic pathway for 3,4-DHBA production has been developed, its low yield still precludes large-scale use. Here, a heterologous four-step biosynthetic pathway was established in recombinant Escherichia coli (E. Read More

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Deep-Red/Near-Infrared Turn-On Fluorescence Probes for Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1A1 in Cancer Stem Cells.

ACS Sens 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan.

Accumulating evidence supports that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for cancer proliferation, metastasis, and therapy resistance; therefore, an effective strategy to identify and isolate CSCs is required urgently. Because of their low invasiveness and high signal/noise ratio, "turn-on" fluorescence probes working in the deep-red/near-infrared (DR/NIR) region are one of the most attractive yet undeveloped tools for CSC detection. Herein, we report DR/NIR turn-on fluorescence probes, and , targeted to aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 as an intracellular CSC marker. Read More

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Analysis of Several Pathways for Efficient Killing of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells: A Central Role of NF-κB RELA.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 18;22(16). Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Cell Biology, University of Bielefeld, Universitätsstrasse 25, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany.

Prostate cancer is a common cause of death worldwide. Here, we isolated cancer stem cells (CSCs) from four adenocarcinomas of the prostate (Gleason scores from 3 + 3 up to 4 + 5). CSCs were characterized by the expression of the stem cell markers , the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (), the transcription factors SNAI1 () and SNAI2 () and cancer markers such as CD44 and prominin-1 (CD133). Read More

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Ethnic Differences in Serum Levels of microRNAs Potentially Regulating Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1B and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 19;10(16). Epub 2021 Aug 19.

BioTechMed Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria.

Ethnic difference is known in genetic polymorphisms of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) and alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B), which cause Asian flushing by blood vessel dilation due to accumulation of acetaldehyde. We investigated ethnic differences in microRNAs (miRNAs) related to ALDH2 and ADH1B. miRNA levels in serum were totally analyzed by using miRNA oligo chip arrays and compared in Austrian and Japanese middle-aged men. Read More

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ALDH1 and SALL4 Expression in Cell Block Samples from Patients with Lung Adenocarcinoma and Malignant Pleural Effusion.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 12;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Tumor Pathology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) can accompany advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Recent studies suggest that MPE could contain a heterogeneous subpopulation of cells with stem-like properties, such as tumorigenicity and self-renewal, indicating that they could be the source of metastasis. Although previous studies analyzed the correlation between cancer stem cell (CSC) marker expression and clinical outcomes using lung cancer tissues, investigations regarding the association of MPE with CSC marker expression are limited. Read More

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Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Mutation Exacerbated High-Fat-Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Gut Microbiota Remodeling in Male Mice.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Aug 1;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 1.

National Laboratory Animal Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 115, Taiwan.

Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a critical enzyme involved in ethanol clearance in acetaldehyde metabolism and plays a key role in protecting the liver. The ALDH2*2 mutation causes a significant decrease in acetaldehyde scavenging capacity, leading to the accumulation of acetaldehyde after consuming alcohol. The prevalence of the ALDH2*2 variant is in 45% of Taiwanese individuals. Read More

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Silencing the lncRNA NORAD inhibits EMT of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma stem cells via miR‑26a‑5p.

Mol Med Rep 2021 11 26;24(5). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310012, P.R. China.

Cancer stem cells are closely associated with tumor metastasis or recurrence. According to previous literature reports, microRNA (miR)‑26a has an inhibitory effect on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and the long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) non‑coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) has been found to interact with miR‑26a‑5p. The present study aimed to investigate the regulation and mechanism of NORAD and miR‑26a‑5p in the epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HNSCC stem cells. Read More

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November 2021

Alda-1, an Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 Agonist, Improves Cutaneous Wound Healing by Activating Epidermal Keratinocytes Via Akt/GSK-3β/β-Catenin Pathway.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

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