8,362 results match your criteria alcohol illicit

Substance use, substance use disorders, and treatment in adolescent and young adult cancer survivors-Results from a national survey.

Cancer 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Substance use can exacerbate cancer-related morbidity and mortality in adolescent/young adult (AYA) cancer survivors and place them at increased risk for adverse health outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess substance use, misuse, and substance use disorders [SUDs], as well as receipt of treatment for SUDs, among AYA cancer survivors.

Methods: The authors used data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2015-2018) to identify a nationally representative sample of AYAs aged 12 to 34 years. Read More

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A factor analytic approach to understanding health risk behaviors and resilience among multi-racial/ethnic adolescents in New Mexico.

Ethn Health 2021 May 10:1-19. Epub 2021 May 10.

Psychology Department, University of New Mexico.

Objective: This study examined the factor validity of health risk behaviors and resilience indicators and their covariation across a large racially/ethnically diverse adolescent population.

Design: The study subsample (47% Hispanic, 31% White Non-Hispanic, 17% American Indian) was derived from the 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk Resilience Survey (YRRS; N-19,033). We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis on the 6 health risk domains identified by the CDC as contributing most to adolescent morbidity/mortality: (1) cigarette use, (2) alcohol and other illicit drug use, (3) marijuana use, (4) sexual activity, (5) nutrition habits, and (6) physical activity. Read More

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Examining the heterogeneity of polysubstance use patterns in young adulthood by age and college attendance.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health.

Substance use in young adulthood and polysubstance users (PSU), in particular, pose unique risks for adverse consequences. Prior research on young adult PSU has identified multiple classes of users, but most work has focused on college students. We examined PSU patterns by age and college attendance during young adulthood in two nationally representative samples. Read More

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Socioeconomic factors associated with drug consumption in Mexico.

J Addict Dis 2021 May 8:1-9. Epub 2021 May 8.

Universidad Nacional Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Illicit drug consumption in Mexico has been growing constantly and has begun to be a public health problem. The aim of this study is to identify the principal characteristics and socioeconomic variables associated with consumption of illegal drugs in Mexico.

Methods: Using information from the 2016 national addictions survey in Mexico, we develop a logistic regression model to determine the variables associated with drug consumption, sometime in lifetime or recently, in the general population of Mexico. Read More

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Adverse reactions to illicit drugs (marijuana, opioids, cocaine) and alcohol.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Southdale Allergy and Asthma Clinic, LLC, Minneapolis, MN USA. Electronic address:

Drug allergy has been a research topic within the allergy field for decades. However, many drug reactions presumed to be of allergic nature, are not and originate from different mechanisms. Drug-induced reactions can affect numerous organ systems, present with a variety of symptoms, and have more than one mechanism of action. Read More

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Drinking and acquisition of unrecorded alcohol across educational groups in Sweden.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: It is estimated that 18.5% of total alcohol consumption in Sweden in 2018 was unrecorded. However, little is known about the socio-economic profile of consumers of unrecorded alcohol. Read More

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Twitter Surveillance at the Intersection of the Triangulum.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Keck School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California.

Introduction: A holistic public health surveillance approach can help capture the public's tobacco and marijuana-related attitudes and behaviors. Using publicly available data from Twitter, this is one of the first studies to describe key topics of discussions related to each intersection (e-cigarette, combustible tobacco, and marijuana) of the Triangulum framework.

Method: Twitter posts (n=999,447) containing marijuana, e-cigarette and combustible tobacco terms were collected from January 1, 2018, to December 23, 2019. Read More

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Illicit Drug Use and Associated Problems in the Nightlife Scene: A Potential Setting for Prevention.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 30;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

STAD, Stockholm Prevents Alcohol and Drug Problems, SE-113 64 Stockholm, Sweden.

Illicit drug use is prevalent in the nightlife scene, especially at electronic dance music (EDM) events. The aim of the present study was to investigate illicit drug use patterns and consequences of drug use among frequent visitors of EDM events. Young adults (18-34 years old) who had visited at least six EDM events in Sweden during the past year participated in a web-based survey on drug use patterns and its consequences. Read More

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Self-reported and Documented Substance Use Among Adolescents in the Pediatric Hospital.

Pediatrics 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri.

Background And Objectives: Adolescent substance use is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. A hospitalization represents an opportunity to identify and address substance use. We sought to describe self-reported and documented substance use among hospitalized adolescents. Read More

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Trends and correlates of cocaine use among adults in the United States, 2006-2019.

Addict Behav 2021 Apr 20;120:106950. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cocaine is the most commonly reported illicit stimulant used in the U.S., yet limited research has examined recent changes in cocaine use patterns and co-occurring substance use and mental health characteristics among adults using cocaine. Read More

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Facilitators and barriers to substance-free pregnancies in high-income countries: A meta-synthesis of qualitative research.

Women Birth 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Pregnancy Loss Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Cork. Cork University Maternity Hospital, Cork, Ireland; National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC), University College Cork. Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 5th Floor, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork. Electronic address:

Background: Previous studies have associated substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs and smoking) to negative pregnancy outcomes, including higher risk of stillbirth.

Aim: This study aims to identify facilitators and barriers reported by women to remain substance free during pregnancy.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted in six databases from inception to March 2019 and updated in November 2020. Read More

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Health Literacy, Self-Perceived Health, and Substance Use Behavior among Young People with Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 19;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital in Prague, Charles University, Apolinářská 4, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic.

Licit and illicit substance use is one of the major public health issues with severe negative health consequences for individuals and society. Health literacy is essential for improving one's health and navigation in the healthcare system. However, the evidence of health literacy in people with substance use disorders is limited. Read More

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Prevalence and correlates of daily blunt use among U.S. African American, Hispanic, and White adults from 2014 to 2018.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Addiction Sciences Division.

Objective: Blunt smoking presents unique public health concerns relative to other methods of marijuana use, including greater exposure to toxins and carcinogens as well as increased risk for cannabis use disorder. This study examines correlates of self-reported daily blunt use among a nationally representative sample of adult blunt users in the United States.

Method: We pooled and analyzed 5 years of cross-sectional data from = 10,826 adult blunt smokers in the United States using the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2014-2018). Read More

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Ageing with psychosis - Fifty and beyond.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 Apr 27:48674211009619. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

The University of Melbourne, Department of Psychiatry Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: While there is considerable current emphasis on youth and early psychosis, relatively little is known about the lives of people who live with psychotic disorders into middle age and beyond. We investigated social functioning, physical health status, substance use and psychiatric symptom profile in people with psychotic disorders aged between 50 and 65 years.

Methods: Data were collected as part of the Survey of High Impact Psychosis, a population-based survey of Australians aged 18-65 years with a psychotic disorder. Read More

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Use of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and other substances during the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Europe: a survey on 36,000 European substance users.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2021 04 26;16(1):36. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187, Dresden, Germany.

Background: SARS-CoV-2 reached Europe in early 2020 and disrupted the private and public life of its citizens, with potential implications for substance use. The objective of this study was to describe possible changes in substance use in the first months of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Europe.

Methods: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional online survey of 36,538 adult substance users from 21 European countries conducted between April 24 and July 22 of 2020. Read More

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Outpatient Treatment of Chronic Designer Benzodiazepine Use: A Case Report.

J Addict Med 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Addictions Division, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (TSH, PS); Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (TSH, PS); Brant Haldimand Norfolk Rapid Access Addiction Medicine Clinic, Brantford, Ontario, Canada (TSH, SR, PB); Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (PS); Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (PS); Campbell Family Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (PS).

Background: Novel psychoactive substances, such as designer benzodiazepines unapproved for therapeutic purposes, are an emerging concern worldwide. They have unknown or unpredictable pharmacological properties. Using a case example, we discuss the use of "Xanax bars," which now generally do not contain the pharmaceutical alprazolam. Read More

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Perceptions of the barriers, facilitators, outcomes, and helpfulness of strategies to implement screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment in acute care.

Implement Sci 2021 Apr 23;16(1):44. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Dr., Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Background: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a clinical intervention used to address alcohol and illicit drug use. SBIRT use has resulted in positive health and social outcomes; however, SBIRT implementation remains low. Research on implementing interventions, such as SBIRT, lacks information about challenges and successes related to implementation. Read More

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Factors associated with crack-cocaine early initiation: a Brazilian multicenter study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 23;21(1):781. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil, Rua Major Maragliano, 241, SP, 04017030, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Crack-cocaine dependence is a serious public health issue, related to several psychiatric and psychosocial problems. Crack-cocaine users are usually embedded in a context of great social vulnerability, often associated with violence, poverty, family conflict and easy and early access to alcohol, tobacco and other drugs.

Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled a consecutive sample of 577 patients admitted to 20 therapeutic communities located in Southern Brazil, between September 2012 and September 2013. Read More

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Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences and substance use in youth offenders in Singapore.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 21;117:105072. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Probation and Community Rehabilitation Services, Ministry of Social and Family Development, 1 Kay Siang Rd, #01-10, 248922, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Adverse Childhood Experiences are associated with worse outcomes in delinquency and substance use.

Objective: Current research is overwhelmingly from Western perspectives, leaving a gap in non-Western, low crime-rate jurisdictions. Moreover, there exists a gap in characterizing the effect of ACE frequency on delinquency. Read More

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Cannabis use, abuse, and withdrawal: cannabinergic mechanisms, clinical, and preclinical findings.

J Neurochem 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Center on Compulsive Behaviors, National Institutes of Health.

Cannabis sativa is the most widely used illicit drug in the world. Its main psychoactive component is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of over 100 phytocannabinoid compounds produced by the cannabis plant. THC is the primary compound that drives cannabis abuse potential and is also used and prescribed medically for therapeutic qualities. Read More

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Oral cytological changes in young adults related to alcohol consumption.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Apr 16;126:105127. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Programa de Pós graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil; Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil; Centro Regional de Estudos, Prevenção e Recuperação de Dependentes Químicos - CENPRE Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the oral cytological changes in young adults with recent history of alcohol consumption, as well as its relation with the consumption of alcohol.

Design: The sample included 67 young adults, who performed a smear of the oral mucosa and answered a questionnaire about recent and lifetime consumption of alcohol and other drugs. The methods used were sensitive to show the association between alcohol consumption and other drugs with the damage to oral cavity cells. Read More

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Association between Alcohol, Substance Use, and Inpatient Burn Outcomes.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Manning Drive Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

The use of alcohol and illicit substances has been associated with impaired judgement and health, but the effect on inpatient outcomes after burn injury remains unsettled. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of alcohol and illicit substance use on our inpatient burn outcomes. Adult patients admitted with burn injury-including inhalation injury only-between January 1, 2014 and June 30, 2019 were eligible for inclusion. Read More

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The identification of artefacts in reporting of drug-induced deaths using structural breaks analysis of time series statistics.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, USA.

Introduction: Drug-related mortality is a key epidemiological indicator that is collected nationally and internationally. Significant efforts were made in 2006-2007 to improve the quality of data concerning drug-related mortality in the Czech Republic. The aim of this article is to identify the effect of a quality improvement project on the drug-induced mortality data reported in the General Mortality Registry (GMR), and to demonstrate how to identify, quantify and interpret changes in drug-induced mortality based on the example of the Czech Republic. Read More

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Potential alcohol use disorder among MSM in Ireland - Findings from the European MSM internet survey (EMIS 2017).

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 14;223:108698. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, T12 XF62, Ireland; Department of Public Health HSE-South, St. Finbarr's Hospital, Cork, T12XH60, Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: Alcohol consumption is a major public health concern in Ireland. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). However, little is known about the prevalence of AUD in this group in Ireland specifically, and the characteristics of MSM who may struggle with this. Read More

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Orthorexia nervosa and substance use for the purposes of weight control, conformity, and emotional coping.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology, Texas State University, 601 University Dr., San Marcos, TX, 78666, USA.

Purpose: Orthorexia nervosa (ON), characterized by extreme behaviors driven by the goal of eating only healthy and pure foods, could plausibly be associated with avoidance of nicotine, alcohol, and illicit drugs. However, findings from the limited research on these relationships are mixed, and other eating disorders are associated with greater substance abuse.

Method: An online survey was completed by 471 participants (86% women, mean age = 20) recruited from undergraduate courses and through an Instagram advertisement. Read More

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Optimal design of sin taxes in the presence of nontaxable sin goods.

Health Econ 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Banco Central del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Sin good consumption entails health damage, which is in general not fully perceived by individuals, what results in its overconsumption. One way to tackle this problem is to tax these unhealthy goods. However, not all the individual choices that affect health status can be easily observed and effectively taxed by the government. Read More

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Mental health treatment use among cannabis users aged 50+: Associations with cannabis use characteristics.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 10;223:108705. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Center for Integrated Health Care Research, Kaiser Permanente, Honolulu, HI, 96817, United States.

Background: This study examined associations of mental health treatment use and perceived treatment need with cannabis use characteristics (medical vs. nonmedical use, initiation age, use frequency, and cannabis use disorder) among past-year cannabis users aged 50+.

Methods: Data came from the 2015-2019 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 44,007). Read More

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Prevalence of Substance Use in University Students, Ethiopia.

Subst Abuse 2021 30;15:11782218211003558. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Although substance use is a known public health problem and a pressing issue in Ethiopia, its real extent and magnitude are not yet properly explored. The current study aimed to determine the extent and predictors of substance use among regular undergraduate students in the Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was carried among 794 undergraduate regular students at the Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, using a self-administered structured questionnaire filled by study participants. Read More

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Effects of Implementation and Enforcement Differences in Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs in 3 States: Connecticut, Kentucky, and Wisconsin.

Subst Abuse 2021 25;15:1178221821992349. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Institute for Health and Equity, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Background And Aims: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) were designed to curb opioid misuse and diversion by tracking scheduled medications prescribed by medical providers and dispensed by pharmacies. The effects of PDMPs on opioid prescription, misuse and overdose rates have been mixed due in part to variability in states' PDMPs and difficulties measuring this complexity, and a lack of attention to implementation and enforcement of PDMP components. The current study uses qualitative interviews with key informants from 3 states with different PDMPs, Connecticut, Kentucky and Wisconsin to explore differences in the characteristics of the PDMPs in each state; how they are implemented, monitored and enforced; and unintended negative consequences of these programs. Read More

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A cluster of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) poisonings following insufflation of a white powder sold as cocaine.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2021 Apr 13:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

NSW Poisons Information Centre, Sydney Children's Hospitals Network, Westmead, Australia.

Objective: Adulteration, substitution or contamination of illicit substances can have clinically significant implications when other illicit substances are included. Such circumstances can present as clusters of poisonings, including severe toxicity and death following exposure to unexpected illicit substances. We report a cluster of laboratory-confirmed lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in a powder that was sold as cocaine and used recreationally. Read More

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