119,699 results match your criteria alcohol consumption


[Addicted During Pandemic? - COVID-19 and Addictive Disorders].

Gesundheitswesen 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Bay. Zentrum für Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung, LGL, Bad Kissingen, Deutschland.

Aim: To describe changes in consumer behavior, particularly in Germany, and the population groups affected due to in-creased substance use or are at greater risk of being infected by SARS-CoV-2 and are also in danger of suffering from a more severe course of disease.

Methods: The literature search used databases from PubMed and PubPsych, along with expert opinions.

Results: A slight increase in daily use of alcohol and tobacco was seen, whereas the consumption of illegal drugs decreased in European countries. Read More

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September 2021

Polysubstance use among national samples of in-school adolescents in Tonga and Vanuatu.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Sep 21;65:102819. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Research Administration and Development, University of Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa; ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

The study aimed to provide estimates on current polysubstance use among adolescents in Tonga and Vanuatu. Cross-sectional and national school health survey data were analyzed from 5028 adolescents (mean age 15.4 years) in Tonga and Vanuatu in 2016-2017. Read More

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September 2021

Pre-game drinking among young adults and its association with positive and negative alcohol consequences.

Addict Behav 2021 Sep 15;124:107120. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Pennsylvania State University, Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, 320E Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA 16802, United States.

Background: Pre-gaming, or drinking before going out, is common among young adults and associated with heavier drinking and negative consequences. However, findings have been mixed as to whether a unique, day-level association between pre-gaming and negative consequences exists independent of alcohol intake. It is also unknown whether young adults experience more positive consequences of alcohol use on days they engage in pre-gaming. Read More

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September 2021

Within-AUD outpatient treatment heavy drinking transitions and associations with long-term outcomes.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Aug 28;228:108968. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Syracuse University, United States.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in heavy drinking occurring within alcohol treatment predict long-term functioning.

Method: Latent profile analyses were conducted using data from Project MATCH and COMBINE. Observed changes in heavy and nonheavy drinking within consecutive 2-week periods over the respective treatment durations were characterized for each participant and were used to identify latent profiles. Read More

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Alcohol drinking in one's thirties and forties is associated with body mass index in men, but not in women: A longitudinal analysis of the 1970 British Cohort Study.

Prev Med 2021 Sep 21:106811. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Institute Sport Exercise Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Our objective was to investigate longitudinal associations between alcohol drinking and body mass index (BMI). Alcohol drinking (exposure), BMI (outcome), smoking habit, occupation, longstanding illness, and leisure time physical activity (potential confounders) were assessed at ages 30, 34, 42, and 46 in the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study. Multilevel models were used to cope with the problem of correlated observations. Read More

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September 2021

Identification of independent risk factors for diabetic neuropathy progression in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

J Int Med Res 2021 Sep;49(9):3000605211044366

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.

Objective: To identify independent risk factors for diabetic neuropathy (DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 376 patients with T2DM at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, China between January 2013 and October 2016. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore potential risk factors for progression of DN in patients with T2DM. Read More

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September 2021

Dimensions of Athletic Identity and their Associations with Drinking Behaviors among a National Sample of University Athletes in the United States.

J Youth Adolesc 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, USA.

Although prior studies have indicated athletic identity plays a role in alcohol use among college athletes, this research has largely drawn on a unidimensional conceptualization. Addressing this gap, the current study utilized a sample of 8,550 university athletes (M = 19.70 years, SD = 1. Read More

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September 2021

Daily Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Alcohol Use in At-Risk College Students.

Ann Behav Med 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: The college years present an opportunity to establish health behavior patterns that can track across adulthood. Health behaviors tend to cluster synergistically however, physical activity and alcohol have shown a positive association.

Purpose: This study applied a multi-method approach to estimate between- and within-person associations between daily physical activity, sedentary behavior and alcohol use among polysubstance-using college students. Read More

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September 2021

Influence of gastric morphology on gastroesophageal reflux in adults: An observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(38):e27241

Department of Radiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Abstract: The study's aim was to determine if there was an association between gastric morphology and gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Few published studies have investigated the relationship between gastric morphology and the risk of GER.A total of 777 patients were randomly selected from 3000 to 3300 patients who presented at a medical center in Taipei for annual health checkups from early 2008 through to late 2010 and underwent a series of radiographs of the upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI). Read More

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September 2021

Risk factors and management of pulmonary infection in elderly patients with heart failure: A retrospective analysis.

Authors:
Qi Peng Qin Yang

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(38):e27238

Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services, The Sixth Hospital of Wuhan, Affiliated Hospital of Jianghan University, Jiangan District, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Abstract: Pulmonary infection is common in patients with heart failure, yet the risk factors remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of pulmonary infection in elderly patients with heart failure, to provide reference to the prevention of pulmonary infection.This study was a retrospective study design. Read More

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September 2021

Social Media Use in the Context of Drinking Onset: The Mutual Influences of Social Media Effects and Selectivity.

J Health Commun 2021 Sep 24:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Communication and Media Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The article aims to provide a profound understanding of the multifaceted role of adolescents' social media use in the context of drinking onset. It differentiates between exposure and sharing effects from social media content on drinking behavior and, conversely, exposure to and sharing of alcohol-related content due to drinking in the initiation phase of regular alcohol consumption. We tested our hypotheses based on a two-wave survey among adolescents aged 13 to 17 and focused on those who had not yet been regular drinkers at the first wave of data collection ( = 406). Read More

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September 2021

Effects of acupuncture stimulation on brain activation induced by cue-elicited alcohol craving.

Neural Regen Res 2022 May;17(5):1059-1064

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science, Daegu Haany University, Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea.

Acupuncture has been shown to be effective on alcohol use disorder. However, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. To investigate the effects of Shenmen (HT7) acupoint on brain activation induced by cue-elicited alcohol craving, 30 right-handed healthy light to moderate alcohol drinkers were recruited from the community. Read More

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Is alcohol a tropical medicine? Scientific understandings of climate, stimulants and bodies in Victorian and Edwardian tropical travel.

Br J Hist Sci 2021 Sep 24:1-20. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London and Economic Botany Collection, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

This paper offers a new perspective on historical understandings of the relationship between alcohol, climate and the body, by studying the way that British explorers of tropical Africa drank alcohol and wrote about drink between c.1850 and c.1910. Read More

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September 2021

A review of the role of ethanol-induced adipose tissue dysfunction in alcohol-associated liver disease.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Alcohol-associated liver disease (AALD) encompasses a spectrum of liver diseases that includes simple steatosis, steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. The adverse effects of alcohol in liver and the mechanisms by which ethanol (EtOH) promotes liver injury are well studied. Although liver is known to be the primary organ affected by EtOH exposure, alcohol's effects on other organs are also known to contribute significantly to the development of liver injury. Read More

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September 2021

Associations between Mental Health, Alcohol Consumption and Drinking Motives during COVID-19 Second Lockdown in Ireland.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

APC Microbiome Ireland, University College Cork, Cork T12 YN60, Ireland.

Aims: The novel coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has impacted the lives of people worldwide since March 2020. Social restrictions aimed at flattening the curve may be associated with an increase in mental health problems and have raised concerns regarding their effect on alcohol consumption. The objective of this study was to characterize changes in alcohol use during lockdown in Ireland and associations with drinking motives and psychopathological symptoms. Read More

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September 2021

Heavy alcohol consumption before and after negative life events in late mid-life: longitudinal latent trajectory analyses.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Background: People who experience negative life events report more heavy alcohol consumption compared with people without these experiences, but little is known about patterns of change this group. This study aims to identify trajectories of heavy alcohol consumption before and after experiencing either divorce, or severe illness or death in the family. Furthermore, the aim is to examine characteristics of individuals belonging to each trajectory. Read More

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September 2021

A novel murine model of multi-day moderate ethanol exposure reveals increased intestinal dysfunction and liver inflammation with age.

Immun Ageing 2021 Sep 23;18(1):37. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Surgery, Division of GI, Trauma and Endocrine Surgery, and Alcohol Research Program, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, 12700 East 19th Ave, RC2, Mail Stop #8620, CO, 80045, Aurora, USA.

Background: There are currently > 600 million people over the age of 65 globally and this number is expected to double by the year 2050. Alcohol use among this population is on the rise, which is concerning as aging is associated with increased risk for a number of chronic illnesses. As most studies investigating the effects of alcohol have focused on young/middle-aged populations, there is a dearth of information regarding the consequences of alcohol use in older consumers. Read More

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September 2021

Elevated risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Japanese children with higher genetic susceptibility to ADHD with a birth weight under 2000 g.

BMC Med 2021 09 24;19(1):229. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Research Centre for Child Mental Development, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan.

Background: Both genetic and pre- and perinatal factors, including birth weight, have been implicated in the onset of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) traits among children. This study aimed to elucidate to what extent the genetic risk of ADHD moderates the association between birth weight and ADHD traits among Japanese children.

Methods: We conducted a longitudinal birth cohort study (Hamamatsu Birth Cohort for Mother and Children Study) to investigate the association of genetic risk for ADHD and low birth weight with ADHD traits among Japanese children. Read More

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September 2021

Vesicular glutamate transporter 2-containing neurons of the centrally-projecting Edinger-Westphal nucleus regulate alcohol drinking and body temperature.

Neuropharmacology 2021 Sep 20:108795. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

Previous studies in rodents have repeatedly demonstrated that the centrally-projecting Edinger-Westphal nucleus (EWcp) is highly sensitive to alcohol and is also involved in regulating alcohol intake and body temperature. Historically, the EWcp has been known as the main site of Urocortin 1 (Ucn1) expression, a corticotropin-releasing factor-related peptide, in the brain. However, the EWcp also contains other populations of neurons, including neurons that express the vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (Vglut2). Read More

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September 2021

Oral cancer awareness in patients attending university dental clinics: A scoping review of Australian studies.

Aust Dent J 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Queensland, Australia.

This scoping review was conducted to evaluate the important role Australian university-based dental teaching clinics and dental students may have in promoting oral cancer awareness in their patients. Four Online database (PubMed, OVID, Scopus and Emcare) were searched for studies that assessed oral cancer awareness amongst patients attending Australian university-associated (teaching) clinics. A total of five articles were retrieved for full-text analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Hard Boiled: Alcohol Use as a Risk Factor for MDMA-Induced Hyperthermia: a Systematic Review.

Neurotox Res 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam University Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Although MDMA (ecstasy) is a relatively safe recreational drug and is currently considered for therapeutic use for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD), recreational MDMA use occasionally elicits hyperthermia and hyponatremia, sometimes with a fatal outcome. Specific risk factors for both adverse effects are profuse sweating while vigorously dancing under unfavorable conditions such as high ambient temperatures and insufficient fluid suppletion which result in dehydration. Concomitant use of MDMA and alcohol is highly prevalent, but adds to the existing risk, because alcohol facilitates the emergence of MDMA-induced adverse events, like hyperthermia, dehydration, and hyponatremia. Read More

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September 2021

Real-time reports of drinking to cope: Associations with subjective relief from alcohol and changes in negative affect.

J Abnorm Psychol 2021 Aug;130(6):641-650

Department of Psychological Sciences.

Many individuals report drinking alcohol to cope or relieve negative affective states, but existing evidence is inconsistent regarding whether individuals experience negatively reinforcing effects after drinking to cope (DTC). We used ecological momentary assessment to examine the effects of DTC during daily-life drinking episodes in a sample of current drinkers (N = 110; 52 individuals with borderline personality disorder and 58 community individuals). Multilevel models were used to test whether momentary and episode-level endorsement of DTC-depression and DTC-anxiety motives would be related to increased subjective drinking-contingent relief and decreased depression and anxiety during drinking episodes. Read More

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a preventable disease: 11 ways to reduce your patients' risk.

Intern Med J 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland.

New evidence shows that up to 40% of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cases are attributable to exposure to potentially modifiable factors. We can now identify people at higher risk of RA (pre-RA) through their family history, risk factors, autoantibodies and symptoms. Counselling these patients to act to modify factors known to be associated with RA risk could prevent the development of RA, and evidence shows that informing individuals of their risk and of ways to reduce it leads to positive behavioural change and is not harmful. Read More

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September 2021

Reducing bias in trials from reactions to measurement: the MERIT study including developmental work and expert workshop.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Sep;25(55):1-72

Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Background: Measurement can affect the people being measured; for example, asking people to complete a questionnaire can result in changes in behaviour (the 'question-behaviour effect'). The usual methods of conduct and analysis of randomised controlled trials implicitly assume that the taking of measurements has no effect on research participants. Changes in measured behaviour and other outcomes due to measurement reactivity may therefore introduce bias in otherwise well-conducted randomised controlled trials, yielding incorrect estimates of intervention effects, including underestimates. Read More

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September 2021

Gabapentin Reduces Alcohol Intake in Rats by Regulating NF-κB Signaling Pathway Via PPAR γ.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Rehabilitation Department, Qingdao Mental Health Center, Shandong 266034, PR China.

Aims: Increasing preclinical and clinical reports have demonstrated the efficacy of gabapentin (GBP) in treating alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, the mechanism of the effects of GBP in AUD is largely unknown. Herein, we sought to investigate the effect of GBP in a rat model of AUD and explore the underlying mechanism. Read More

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September 2021

Risk Factors for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Infection and Presence of Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies Among University Student Dormitory Residents, September-November 2020.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Sep 31;8(9):ofab405. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Background: Multiple severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreaks occurred at universities during Fall 2020, but little is known about risk factors for campus-associated infections or immunity provided by anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in young adults.

Methods: We conducted surveys and serology tests among students living in dormitories in September and November to examine infection risk factors and antibody presence. Using campus weekly reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test results, the relationship between survey responses, SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, and infections was assessed. Read More

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September 2021

Predicting Success of a Digital Self-Help Intervention for Alcohol and Substance Use With Machine Learning.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:734633. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam UMC, and Amsterdam Institute for Addiction Research, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Digital self-help interventions for reducing the use of alcohol tobacco and other drugs (ATOD) have generally shown positive but small effects in controlling substance use and improving the quality of life of participants. Nonetheless, low adherence rates remain a major drawback of these digital interventions, with mixed results in (prolonged) participation and outcome. To prevent non-adherence, we developed models to predict success in the early stages of an ATOD digital self-help intervention and explore the predictors associated with participant's goal achievement. Read More

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September 2021

Pilot Cohorts for Development of Concurrent Mobile Treatment for Alcohol and Tobacco Use Disorders.

Subst Abuse 2021 16;15:11782218211030524. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Durham Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Durham, NC, USA.

Alcohol and tobacco are the 2 most frequently used drugs in the United States and represent the highest co-occurrence of polysubstance use. The objective of this study was to refine an intervention combining mobile contingency management with cognitive-behavioral telephone counseling for concurrent treatment of alcohol and tobacco use disorders. Two cohorts (n = 13 total, n = 5 women) of participants were enrolled, with 10/13 completing treatment and 7/13 completing the 6-month follow-up. Read More

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September 2021