2,323 results match your criteria aid video


The role of California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) hindflippers as aquatic control surfaces for maneuverability.

J Exp Biol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

George Washington University, USA.

California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are a highly maneuverable species of marine mammal. During uninterrupted, rectilinear swimming, sea lions oscillate their foreflippers to propel themselves forward without aid from the collapsed hindflippers, which are passively trailed. During maneuvers such as turning and leaping (porpoising), the hindflippers are spread into a delta-wing configuration. Read More

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September 2021

Frequent callers to UK ambulance services in the COVID-19 pandemic: managing mental health, social isolation and loneliness.

Br Paramed J 2021 Sep;6(2):66-75

Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust.

Objectives: Patients who frequently call ambulance services are a vulnerable yet heterogeneous population with unmet multiple and complex physical health, mental health and/or social care needs. In this article, we report the challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic has introduced for ambulance services across the UK when managing frequent callers, and reflect on how existing systems and practices are adapting to support changing patient needs.

Methods: Data reported in this article comprise reflections from the frequent caller leads in each ambulance service in the UK. Read More

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September 2021

Can Haptic Stimulation Enhance Music Perception in Hearing-Impaired Listeners?

Authors:
Mark D Fletcher

Front Neurosci 2021 31;15:723877. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

University of Southampton Auditory Implant Service, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Cochlear implants (CIs) have been remarkably successful at restoring hearing in severely-to-profoundly hearing-impaired individuals. However, users often struggle to deconstruct complex auditory scenes with multiple simultaneous sounds, which can result in reduced music enjoyment and impaired speech understanding in background noise. Hearing aid users often have similar issues, though these are typically less acute. Read More

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Development and piloting of four decision aids for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in different media formats.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Adult and Child Consortium for Outcomes Research and Delivery Science.

Objectives:  Develop and pilot implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) decision aids (DAs) for patients considering primary prevention ICDs.

Background: Using DAs for preference-sensitive decisions is an evidence-based way to improve patient-centered decisions. Reimbursement mandates have increased the need for DAs in ICD care, although none have been formally evaluated. Read More

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September 2021

Rectal mobilization for laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy of the lower paracervical pathway in patients with uterine cancer.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federation of National Public Service Personnel Mutual Aid Associations Tachikawa Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: The pelvic lymphatic drainage system comprises the upper and lower paracervical pathways (LPP). Lymph node dissection of the lower paracervical pathway, including the cardinal ligament, internal iliac, internal common iliac, and presacral lymph nodes, requires higher surgical skills because of the anatomical limitations of the pelvic cavity and the dissection of vessels while preserving the nerves in the pelvic floor. In this video, we demonstrate rectal mobilization for laparoscopic complete pelvic lymph node dissection of the LPP in patients with uterine cancer. Read More

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September 2021

Acceptability and satisfaction towards self-collection for chlamydia and gonorrhoea testing among transgender women in Tangerine Clinic, Thailand: shifting towards the new normal.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 09;24(9):e25801

Institute of HIV Research and Innovation (IHRI), Bangkok, Thailand.

Introduction: Provider-collected swabs are an unappealing procedure for many transgender women and may have led to suboptimal rates of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) testing. Self-collection for CT/NG testing is recommended for men who have sex with men. However, the information on acceptability and clinical performance to support a recommendation for transgender women is lacking. Read More

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September 2021

Eyewitness Memory for Person Identification: Predicting Mugbook Recognition Accuracy According to Person Description Abilities and Subjective Confidence of Witnesses.

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:675956. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Unit, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Mugbook searches are conducted in case a suspect is not known and to assess if a previously convicted person might be recognized as a potential culprit. The goal of the two experiments reported here was to analyze if prior statements and information about the suspect can aid in the evaluation if such a mugbook search is subsequently advised or not. In experiment 1, memory accuracy for person descriptors was tested in order to analyze, which attributes could be chosen to down-scale the mugbook prior to testing. Read More

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Laypeople perception and interpretation of simulated life-threatening bleeding: a controlled experimental study.

BMC Emerg Med 2021 Sep 4;21(1):100. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Center for Disaster Medicine and Traumatology, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Introduction: First aid performed by immediate responders can be the difference between life and death in the case of trauma with massive bleeding. To develop effective training programs to teach bleeding control to laypersons, it is important to be aware of beliefs and misconceptions people hold on bleeding and severity of bleeding situations.

Method: A controlled study was conducted in which 175 American college students viewed 78 video clips of simulated bleeding injuries. Read More

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September 2021

Disposable Hearing Aid Battery Management: Survey Assessment of Providers and Qualitative Interviews of Patients.

Am J Audiol 2021 Sep 31;30(3):730-744. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to better understand the behaviors that hearing aid users engage in to manage batteries. Method Two arms of research, a survey of audiologists ( = 110) and qualitative interviews with adult hearing aid users ( = 13), were conducted. Surveys were distributed and collected both via paper and online methods. Read More

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September 2021

Student Performance During a Simulated Patient Encounter Has No Impact on Debriefer Adherence to PEARLS Debriefing Model.

Med Sci Educ 2021 Jun 23;31(3):1141-1148. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia.

Purpose: Debriefing is necessary for effective simulation education. The PEARLS (Promoting Excellence and Reflective Learning in Simulations) is a scripted debriefing model that incorporates debriefing best practices. It was hypothesized that student simulation performance might impact facilitator adherence to the PEARLS debriefing model. Read More

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Effects of Smartphone-Delivered Positive-Word Stimulation on Depressed Mood in People with Subthreshold Depression: Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 20;17:2739-2748. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan.

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important public health problem. Thus, preventive interventions against subthreshold depression (StD), which is one of the key risk factors for the development of MDD, are important. The study developed a smartphone application (SPSRS) that improves depressive symptoms in people with StD by automatically presenting positive word stimuli during videos. Read More

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Implementation of Goals of Care Communication Innovation Among Nursing Homes: A Multiple Case Study Design.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Global Health and Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: Nursing homes (NHs) provide care to residents with serious illness and related complex health care needs. As such, discussions about end-of-life care between NH staff and residents and families are necessary to ensure residents receive care consistent with their goals. Interventions such as video decision aids have been developed to promote discussions and improve advance care planning, but few studies have examined how NH characteristics may relate to the implementation of these interventions; such information might lead toward more use of successful interventions. Read More

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Health Care Disparities and Access to Video Visits Before and After the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Patient Survey in Primary Care.

Telemed J E Health 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Family Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

p Read More

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Acceptability of a Mobile-Health Living Kidney Donor Advocacy Program for Black Wait-Listed Patients.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 4;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 4.

College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29424, USA.

Marked racial disparities exist in rates of living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT). The Living Organ Video Educated Donors (LOVED) program is a distance-based, mobile health program designed to help Black kidney transplant wait-list patients advocate for a living donor. This study reported on the acceptability outcomes to aid in future refinements. Read More

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Remote physical examination for temporomandibular disorders.

Pain 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Section for Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences (SCON), Aarhus, Denmark. Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil. Faculty of Odontology, Malmø University, Sweden Department of Biosciences, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, Brazil.

Abstract: There is a need to further develop telemedicine approaches due to the immediate and perhaps long-term consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019. Thus, a remote protocol for assessment of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) was developed, and the agreement of this protocol was compared to the guidelines of the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD). A total of 16 individuals were first assessed by a reference standard examination (RSE) and three other examinations applied in a random order by three examiners: standard physical examination (standard examination), physical examination keeping 2 m distance (physical distanced examination) and examination done with the aid of video communication technology (video communication examination). Read More

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Assembly of Cell Mimicking Supported and Suspended Lipid Bilayer Models for the Study of Molecular Interactions.

J Vis Exp 2021 Aug 3(174). Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Center for Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, Brown University;

Model cell membranes are a useful screening tool with applications ranging from early drug discovery to toxicity studies. The cell membrane is a crucial protective barrier for all cell types, separating the internal cellular components from the extracellular environment. These membranes are composed largely of a lipid bilayer, which contains outer hydrophilic head groups and inner hydrophobic tail groups, along with various proteins and cholesterol. Read More

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Exploring the experience of Gamblers Anonymous meetings during COVID-19: a qualitative study.

Curr Psychol 2021 Aug 17:1-14. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

School of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH UK.

Whilst much research has explored the possible causes and consequences of gambling, Gamblers Anonymous (GA) - one of the most accessed forms of support for gamblers - has been largely overlooked and, to date, only a few studies have explored how members experience this programme. Core to GA is the social interaction between members. From March 2020, however, the COVID-19 pandemic forced GA to move their meetings online. Read More

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Weight Loss Interventions for Adolescents With Intellectual Disabilities: An RCT.

Pediatrics 2021 Sep 19;148(3). Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Departments of Internal Medicine.

Objectives: In this randomized trial, we compared the effectiveness of 2 diets (enhanced stop light diet [eSLD] versus conventional meal plan diet [CD]) and 2 delivery strategies (face-to-face [FTF] versus remote delivery [RD]) on weight loss across 6 months in adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities who were overweight or obese.

Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 arms (FTF/CD, RD/CD, or RD/eSLD) and asked to attend one-on-one sessions with a health educator every 2 weeks to aid in maintaining compliance with recommendations for a reduced-energy diet and increased physical activity. The CD followed the US dietary guidelines. Read More

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September 2021

Intraocular lens explantation following cataract surgery: Indications, techniques, and video demonstrations.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Aug 18:11206721211039686. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of New South Wales at Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

As techniques for modern cataract surgery have expanded and premium intraocular lens (IOL) use is now widespread, patient expectations are high. The need for IOL explantation, whilst still low, remains an ongoing issue. Intraocular lens explantation can be challenging for a number of reasons and as such we have introduced an additional technique to add to the surgeon's repertoire. Read More

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Intraoperative neuromonitoring in thoracoscopic excision of brachial plexus schwannoma.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Città della Salute e Della Scienza di Torino, Torino, Italy.

Mediastinal schwannoma arising from brachial plexus are rare, but their surgical treatment could be challenging with a minimally invasive approach, given their position. Furthermore, their proximity to brachial plexus nerve fibres raises the risk for postoperative upper limb deficits. A 72-year-old man presented mediastinal schwannoma arising from the T1 nerve root. Read More

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The role of the biomechanics analyst in swimming training and competition analysis.

Sports Biomech 2021 Aug 17:1-18. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Aquatic Testing, Training and Research Unit, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT, Australia.

Swimming analysts aid coaches and athletes in the decision-making by providing evidence-based recommendations. The aim of this narrative review was to report the best practices of swimming analysts that have been supporting high-performance athletes. It also aims to share how swimming analysts can translate applied research into practice. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Different E-Learning Modalities in Enhancing Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Principles, Knowledge, and Communication Skills of Undergraduate Paramedic Students.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2021 Aug 16:1-10. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Vocational School of Health Services, First and Emergency Aid Program, Istanbul (Turkey).

Introduction: Paramedic students should have the crucial cognitive and psychomotor skills related to neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (N-CPR).

Study Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of blended learning on the theoretical knowledge and preliminary knowledge of the psychomotor skills, adherence to the algorithm, and teamwork in simulation-based education (SBE) of N-CPR.

Methods: This randomized, prospective study was conducted on 60 fourth-semester paramedic students. Read More

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Effectiveness of contraceptive decision aids in adolescents and young adults: A Systematic Review.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Aug 10. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics.

Importance: Contraceptive decision aids may support adolescents and young adults (AYA) in choosing contraceptive methods that fit their unique reproductive health needs.

Objective: To provide a systematic review of studies examining the effectiveness of contraceptive decision aids in AYA.

Evidence Review: A systematic search was conducted of studies published between January 1, 2011 and March 31, 2021 using PubMed, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Endovascular Coil Embolization of a Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2020 Nov;19(6):E597-E598

Since the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial,1 endovascular treatment has been the favored treatment for appropriate ruptured intracranial aneurysms. While our endovascular technology has advanced to allow us to treat the majority of intracranial aneurysms, simple coil embolization is still the most common modality. This video demonstrates the fundamentals of aneurysm catheterization and coiling for safe treatment. Read More

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November 2020

Troubleshooting Cochlear Implant Processors via Tele-Audiology.

Authors:
Benjamin Boss

Semin Hear 2021 May 2;42(2):107-114. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Audiology, Eye and Ear Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

This case study examines the methods used to troubleshoot a cochlear implant processor via video visit with a nonagenarian (90+ years old) with a bimodal cochlear implant system. This article will discuss the evaluation and management as well as which specific issues could be addressed virtually and how they were resolved. Examples will be provided about how to virtually connect with the patient and how to best facilitate communication during a video visit. Read More

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An eye tracking based virtual reality system for use inside magnetic resonance imaging systems.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 11;11(1):16301. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Centre for the Developing Brain, School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, UK.

Patients undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) often experience anxiety and sometimes distress prior to and during scanning. Here a full MRI compatible virtual reality (VR) system is described and tested with the aim of creating a radically different experience. Potential benefits could accrue from the strong sense of immersion that can be created with VR, which could create sense experiences designed to avoid the perception of being enclosed and could also provide new modes of diversion and interaction that could make even lengthy MRI examinations much less challenging. Read More

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Inter-Brain Synchrony in Open-Ended Collaborative Learning: An fNIRS-Hyperscanning Study.

Authors:
Nan Zhao Yi Zhu Yi Hu

J Vis Exp 2021 Jul 21(173). Epub 2021 Jul 21.

School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Crisis Intervention, East China Normal University;

fNIRS hyperscanning is widely used to detect the neurobiological underpinnings of social interaction. With this technique, researchers qualify the concurrent brain activity of two or more interactive individuals with a novel index called inter-brain synchrony (IBS) (i.e. Read More

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Single Cell Swimming Strategy: A Novel Motility Pattern Regulated by Viscoelastic Properties of the Environment.

Front Microbiol 2021 21;12:715220. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institute for Medical Microbiology and Virology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Flagellar motility is important for the pathogenesis of many intestinal pathogens, allowing bacteria to move to their preferred ecological niche. is currently the major cause for bacterial health care-associated intestinal infections in the western world. Most clinical strains produce peritrichous flagella and are motile in soft-agar. Read More

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Does the Management of Visual and Audible Motion Information during an Immersive Virtual Reality Timed Up and Go Test Impact Locomotor Performance in the Elderly?

Gerontology 2021 Aug 6:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

UFR STAPS, Faculty of Sport Science, Université de Lorraine, Villers-lès- Nancy, France.

Background/aims: Falling among the elderly is a major public health issue, especially with the advancing age of the baby boomers. The fall risk assessment tests for many lack a context that would bring them closer to everyday life. Thus, immersive virtual reality, which makes it possible to simulate everyday situations, could make it possible to strengthen the quality of the assessment of the risk of falls. Read More

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Assessing Parent Behaviours in Parent-Child Interactions with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Infants Aged 0-3 Years: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 29;10(15). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Language and Communication Science Division, University of London, London EC1 0HB, UK.

Background: Despite early identification and advancements in cochlear implant and hearing aid technology, delays in language skills in deaf children continue to exist. Good-quality parent-child interaction (PCI) is a key predictor for the successful development of deaf children's signed and/or spoken language. Though professionals have standard assessments to monitor child language, a clinical tool to observe the quality of parental interaction is yet to be developed. Read More

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