2,777,074 results match your criteria age 18 years


Moderate dietary boron supplementation improved growth performance, crude protein digestibility and diarrhea index in weaner pigs regardless to the sanitary condition.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Objective: The study was conducted to investigate the impact of boron supplementation on nutrient digestibility, inflammatory responses, blood metabolites and diarrhea index, and their relevance to growth performance in weaned pigs housed in good and poor sanitary environments for 14 days after weaning.

Methods: A total of 108 male pigs [Duroc × (Yorkshire × Landrace)] weaned at 21 days of age were used in a randomized complete block design with 2 × 3 factorial arrangement. Pigs were assigned to three boron treatments (0, 5, and 10 mg/kg) under two environments (good and poor sanitary) to give six replicates per treatment (3 pigs per replicate). Read More

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Blood biochemical parameters and organs development of brown layers fed reduced dietary protein levels in two rearing systems.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Goiás, GO, 74690-900, Brazil.

Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of crude protein (CP) and two rearing systems (cage and floor), on blood parameters and digestive and reproductive organ development of brown laying hens.

Methods: A total of 400 Hisex Brown laying hens between 30 and 45 weeks of age were distributed in a completely randomized design and a 2×4 factorial arrangement, with main effects including two rearing systems (cage and floor) and levels of CP (140, 150, 160, and 180 g/kg), in a total of eight treatments and five replicates of 10 birds each with initial body weight of 1,877 g (laying hen in cage) and 1,866 g (laying hens in floor). The parameters evaluated were plasma total protein, albumin, uric acid, total cholesterol, relative weights of oviduct, abdominal fat, liver, gizzard, crest and dewlap, length of small intestine and oviduct. Read More

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Effect of social order, perch and dust-bath allocation on behavior in laying hens.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, 150030 Harbin, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different social ranking order (SRO) and the enrichments (perch and dust-bath) allocation (EA) on behavior of laying hens in furnished cages.

Methods: A total of 4 weeks in experiment period. 216 Hy-line brown layers beak-trimmed at 1 d of age were selected randomly at 14 weeks of age from a commercial farm, and randomly divided into 36 cages with 6 hens in each cage. Read More

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Menstrual distress in females of reproductive age: a literature review.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Menstrual-related issues have significant public-health ramifications. Women who are having menstruation troubles should get their mental health checked by healthcare specialists. In young women, a menstrual-related condition has serious health implications. Read More

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The Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Early Brain Edema Score (SEBES) as radiographic marker of clinically relevant intracranial hypertension and unfavorable outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, University Hospital of Essen, Germany.

Objective: The severity of early brain edema after aneurysm rupture was reported to be strongly associated with the risk of poor outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Using the recently developed SEBES (Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Early Brain Edema Score), we analyzed the predictors of early brain edema and its impact on the complications related to intracranial pressure (ICP) increase after SAH and poor outcome.

Methods: All consecutive SAH cases treated between January 2003 and June 2016 with assessable SEBES were included (n=745). Read More

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Multiple sclerosis is associated with higher comorbidity and healthcare resource use: a population-based, case-control study in a western Mediterranean region.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Servei de Neurología-Neuroimmunología, Centre d'Esclerosi Múltiple de Catalunya (Cemcat), Vall d'Hebron Hospital Universitari, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Comorbidities are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), and have been associated with worse outcomes and increased healthcare resource usage. We studied the frequency of comorbidities and adverse health behaviors (AHB) in MS patients in the Mediterranean region of Catalonia.

Methods: Population-based, case-control study using primary healthcare information covering 80% of Catalonia's population. Read More

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Is Telemedicine the Preferred Visit Modality in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes?

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disease, Kaplan Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 7661041, Israel.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic limits access to diabetes clinics. Remote communication by phone calls and WhatsApp messages became available in the past years. However, the current need to avoid face-to-face meetings necessitates further expansion of telemedicine services. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of a novel artificial intelligence system for adenoma detection in daily practice: a prospective non-randomized comparative study.

Endoscopy 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Gastroenterology and interventional Endoscopy, Krankenhaus Barmherzige Bruder Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Background And Aims: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) varies significantly between endoscopists with up to 26% adenoma miss rate (AMR). Artificial intelligence (AI) systems may improve endoscopic quality and reduce the rate of interval cancer. We evaluated the efficacy of an AI system in real time colonoscopy and its influence on the AMR and the ADR. Read More

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Long-Term Quality of Life in Patients Following Minimally Invasive Conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy With StopLoss Jones Tube.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Jozef Strus City Hospital, Poznan, Poland Department of Ophthalmology, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland Govindram Seksaria Institute of Dacryology, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Purpose: To assess the long-term quality of life outcomes of minimally invasive conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with StopLoss Jones tubes.

Methods: A retrospective interventional case series was performed on all patients diagnosed with proximal bicanalicular obstruction who underwent a minimally invasive conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with StopLoss Jones tubes over a period of 5 years from October 2014 to September 2019. The procedure was performed as per standard published protocols of minimally invasive conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy and StopLoss Jones tubes. Read More

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Periocular Presentation of Solitary Plasmacytomas and Multiple Myeloma.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdon.

Aims: To describe patients with periocular solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEMP) and multiple myeloma (MM), together with an estimate of the risk of progression from SEMP to MM.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective case-note review for patients seen between 1978 and 2020, examining demographics, presentation, imaging, pathology, management, and outcome.

Results: Twenty patients (10 male; 50%) presented at a mean age of 60. Read More

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Tocilizumab for the Management of Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

The Pacific Center for Oculofacial and Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Purpose: To describe the efficacy of tocilizumab in the treatment of a cohort of patients with active thyroid-associated orbitopathy.

Methods: Patients were identified with active thyroid-associated orbitopathy who were intolerant of or had progression of disease despite systemic corticosteroids and subsequently were treated with tocilizumab between January 2015 and December 2020. Clinical Activity Score, Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy Scale score, and thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin levels were assessed prior to initiation of tocilizumab, following the first dose, and after the completion of treatment. Read More

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Spheno-Orbital Dermoid Masquerading as Recurrent Orbital Abscess.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

phthalmic Plastic Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.

A 10-month-old girl presented with eyelid edema and erythema that did not improve with systemic antibiotics. Due to a lack of improvement, MRI was performed to avoid ionizing radiation from CT. An orbital abscess was recognized and drained. Read More

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Accelerated Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy in a Patient with Acquired Lipodystrophy Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Purpose: To report a case of bilateral proliferative diabetic retinopathy and lipemia retinalis in a patient with acquired lipodystrophy.

Methods: A retrospective case report.

Results: A 23-year-old woman with a diagnosis of acquired lipodystrophy was referred for ophthalmic evaluation. Read More

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Anatomic Distribution of Cherry Angiomas in the General Population.

Dermatology 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Dermatology Research Centre, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Cherry angiomas are common benign vascular skin lesions of unknown aetiology, found largely on the trunk. However, their exact anatomic distribution besides their truncal predisposition, and how they manifest in the general population, has not been characterised.

Methods: Three-dimensional (3D) total body imaging was obtained from 163 adult participants of a general population cohort study in Brisbane, Australia. Read More

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Risk Factors for Retinopathy of Prematurity in the Netherlands: A Comparison of Two Cohorts.

Neonatology 2021 Jul 22:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains an important cause for preventable blindness. Aside from gestational age (GA) and birth weight, risk factor assessment can be important for determination of infants at risk of (severe) ROP.

Methods: Prospective, multivariable risk-analysis study (NEDROP-2) was conducted, including all infants born in 2017 in the Netherlands considered eligible for ROP screening by pediatricians. Read More

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Effect of Sustained Interventions from Infancy to Toddlerhood in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate for Preventing Early Childhood Caries.

Caries Res 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, India.

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of sustained interventions in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) for preventing early childhood caries (ECC). This prospective, nonrandomized interventional cohort study was conducted in infants aged 0-12 months with congenital CLP. Interventions were given to parents/primary caregivers in the form of combined oral health-care measures (sterile wet gauze piece, finger brush, toothbrush, and toothpaste) by a motivational interviewing approach. Read More

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SOURCE-PANC: A Prediction Model for Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Based on Nationwide Population-Based Data.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

1Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam.

Background: A prediction model for overall survival (OS) in metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) including patient and treatment characteristics is currently not available, but it could be valuable for supporting clinicians in patient communication about expectations and prognosis. We aimed to develop a prediction model for OS in metastatic PDAC, called SOURCE-PANC, based on nationwide population-based data.

Materials And Methods: Data on patients diagnosed with synchronous metastatic PDAC in 2015 through 2018 were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Read More

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Erratum to "The impact of personality traits on medication adherence and self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: The moderating role of gender and age" [Journal of Psychosomatic Research 136 (2020) 110178].

J Psychosom Res 2021 Jul 20;148:110571. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran; Health Psychology and Behavior Medicine Research Group, Student Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

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Tumor Budding is a reliable predictor for death and metastasis in invasive ductal breast cancer and correlates with other prognostic clinicopathological parameters.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Jul 15;54:151792. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Turkey.

Background And Objective: Breast cancers are the most common type of cancer and the most common cause of mortality in women worldwide. Different prognostic factors are the subject of research to differentiate the prognosis even between cases at a similar stage and identify risky patients earlier and create individual treatment approaches. Tumor budding (TB) has been identified as a poor prognostic factor in many types of cancer, especially colorectal carcinomas. Read More

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Characteristics and predictors for silent hypoxemia in a cohort of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Auton Neurosci 2021 Jul 17;235:102855. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Background: An intriguing feature recently unveiled in some COVID-19 patients is the "silent hypoxemia" phenomenon, which refers to the discrepancy of subjective well-being sensation while suffering hypoxia, manifested as the absence of dyspnea.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and predictors of silent hypoxemia in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study including consecutive hospitalized adult (≥ 18 years) patients with confirmed COVID-19 presenting to the emergency department with oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≤ 80% on room air from March 15 to June 30, 2020. Read More

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Factors influencing under-five mortality in rural- urban Ghana: An applied survival analysis.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 7;284:114185. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Economics, University of Ghana, Ghana. Electronic address:

Objectives: This paper uses a survival analysis technique to examine socio-economic and demographic factors that influence under-five mortality for rural and urban Ghana.

Method: The paper employs the Breslow Method for Ties for survival probability and uses data for the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). Data on some 5884 children was also generated through the interview of 4086 women aged 15-49. Read More

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Impacts of internal migration experience on health among middle-aged and older adults-Evidence from China.

Authors:
Nan Sun Fan Yang

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 16;284:114236. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Research Institute of Social Development, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

As a life course factor, internal migration plays a role in shaping health condition in middle age and later life. Using data from the 2014 and 2015 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), the present study examined the impacts and mechanism of internal migration experience on the health of middle-aged and older adults in China. Internal migration experience had significant negative impacts on health, whether in relation to self-reported health or number of chronic diseases. Read More

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Systemic therapy and prognosis of older patients with stage II/III breast cancer: A large-scale analysis of the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jul 19;154:157-166. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Breast Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aimed at investigating the real-world prognostic impact of systemic treatment in older patients with stage II/III breast cancer (BC).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with stage II/III primary BC, aged ≥55 years, and registered in the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry from 2004 to 2011. The clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, and prognosis of patients aged ≥75 years (older) were compared to those of younger patients. Read More

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Long term follow up in 183 high grade meningioma: A single institutional experience.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Jul 10;207:106808. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Neuro-oncology Unit, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Via Celoria, 11, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Meningiomas are usually considered benign lesions, however a proportion of them shows a more aggressive behavior, defined high-grade meningiomas (HGM). Effective medical treatments are lacking, especially at the time of recurrence.

Methods: Through a retrospective analysis, we examined epidemiological, diagnostic, therapeutic, recurrence information and survival data of HGM treated at our institution between 2010 and 2018. Read More

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Diagnostic potential of trace metals concentration in expressed prostatic secretion and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2021 Jul 8;68:126819. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Scientific Research Center, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi, China; Guangxi Health Commission Key Laboratory of Disease Proteomics Research, China. Electronic address:

Background: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) category IV prostatitis is a painless prostate gland inflammation, just as its name implies, this type of prostatitis is related with inflammation of the prostate, but most men are not conscious of it. However, category IV prostatitis is fairly common in general populations and reported having indirect relationships with prostate cancer.

Method: We analyzed the concentration of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis and healthy controls, investigating the diagnostic potential of different metals in category IV prostatitis using a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS). Read More

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Maternal urinary cadmium concentrations in early pregnancy in relation to prenatal and postpartum size of offspring.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2021 Jul 16;68:126823. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The impacts of environmental cadmium (Cd) exposure on birth size parameters including weight, length and head circumference (HC) have been reported in multiple studies. However, little remains known of the impacts of maternal Cd exposure during pregnancy on size during in utero development and during early childhood. The aim of this study was to comprehensively investigate impacts of maternal Cd exposure during pregnancy on the size of offspring in utero (from 24 weeks pregnancy) until six months of age. Read More

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Self-reported reasons for colonoscopy among adults aged 45-49 versus 50 years and older from 2010-2018.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 Jul 19;74:101984. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: In May of 2018, the American Cancer Society lowered the age of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening initiation from 50 to 45 years and in October 2020, United States Preventive Services Task Force published draft guidelines also lowering age of screening initiation to 45 years. Evaluating guideline adherence is needed; however, the majority of prior research on cancer screening do not distinguish whether colonoscopy was performed for true screening purposes or for post-symptomatic diagnosis.

Methods: Using data from the National Health Interview Survey between 2010 to mid-2018, we assessed response to the question "What was the MAIN reason you had [last] colonoscopy?" stratified by age (45-49 versus 50+ years). Read More

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Cancer mortality in a population-based cohort of American Indians - The strong heart study.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 Jul 19;74:101978. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

MedStar Health Research Institute, 6525 Belcrest Road, Suite 700, Hyattsville, MD, 20782, USA; Georgetown, Howard Universities Center for Clinical and Translational Research, Washington, DC, 2000, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cancer mortality among American Indian (AI) people varies widely, but factors associated with cancer mortality are infrequently assessed.

Methods: Cancer deaths were identified from death certificate data for 3516 participants of the Strong Heart Study, a population-based cohort study of AI adults ages 45-74 years in Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota. Cancer mortality was calculated by age, sex and region. Read More

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Home-based early stimulation program targeting visual and motor functions for preterm infants with delayed tracking: Feasibility of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Jul 20;116:104037. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Health Science, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Araranguá, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: To verify the feasibility of a home-based early stimulation program targeting visual and motor functions in preterm infants with delayed visual tracking.

Method: We applied a randomized controlled trial. We included thirty low-risk preterm infants, from both genders, with delayed visual tracking, gestational between 28-37 weeks, and age at entrance between 1-2 months of corrected age, and absence of visual impairments. Read More

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