96,259 results match your criteria african-american community


Demographic disparities of penile cancer in Appalachian Kentucky.

Can J Urol 2021 Jun;28(3):10713-10718

Department of Urology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Introduction: Appalachian Kentucky is a region characterized by poor healthcare literacy and access. We investigate the disparities in demographic distribution and outcomes of penile squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC) in rural Kentucky.

Materials And Methods: Data were retrieved for patients with pSCC from 1995-2015 from the Kentucky Cancer Registry and the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program (SEER) and were used to investigate differences between Appalachian Kentucky and the remainder of the state and country. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does Shared Decision-Making for Prostate Cancer Screening Among African American Men Happen? It Depends on Who You Ask.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Informatics, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, WA, 98195, Seattle, USA.

Background: Shared decision-making (SDM) is recommended for prostate cancer screening, but little is known about how this process is perceived by patients and providers. SDM is especially important for African American men, who are at high risk for the disease.

Objective: To evaluate agreement in SDM ratings among patients, providers, and objective observers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chronic itch in African Americans: an unmet need.

Arch Dermatol Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Miami Itch Center, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Chronic pruritus carries a significant burden of disease and is associated with a negative impact on quality of life. African Americans are disproportionately burdened by chronic pruritic disorders, including but not limited to atopic dermatitis, prurigo nodularis, inflammatory scalp dermatoses, pathologic scarring, and HIV-related dermatoses. Racial differences in skin structure and function may contribute to the pathogenesis of itch in African Americans. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adolescents' Experiences, Emotions, and Coping Strategies Associated With Exposure to Media-Based Vicarious Racism.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jun 1;4(6):e2113522. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of Advanced General Pediatrics and Primary Care, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Importance: Adolescents frequently encounter racism vicariously through online news and social media and may experience negative emotional responses due to these exposures. To mitigate potential adverse health impacts, including negative emotional health, it is important to understand how adolescents cope with these exposures.

Objectives: To examine adolescents' responses to online and media-based vicarious racism exposure and to explore coping strategies, particularly positive coping strategies, that may be used to combat negative emotions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

: global footprint and appointment of a regional Editorial Board.

J Med Microbiol 2021 Jun;70(6)

Immunisation and Countermeasures Division, Public Health England - National Infection Service, London, UK.

The has a global presence with an international Editorial Board. Asian countries such as PR China, India and Iran are prolific in the submission of manuscripts. Overall, the acceptance rate has been highest for European countries, the USA, Canada and Australia, and lowest for African, Asian and Latin American (LATAM) countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"Shouldn't You Spend Your Time Curing Cancer or Something?" Why an African American Female Physician Chose a Career in Palliative Care.

J Palliat Med 2021 Jul;24(7):1109-1110

Division of Geriatrics and Duke Palliative Care, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Secondary Traumatic Stress in Emergency Services Systems (STRESS) Project: Quantifying and Predicting Compassion Fatigue in Emergency Medical Services Personnel.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2021 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Emergency Medical Science, Wake Technical Community College, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Compassion fatigue (CF) is defined as the acute or gradual loss of benevolence that occurs after exposure to critical incident stress. Colloquially referred to as the "cost of caring," CF can affect an individual's future response to stressful situations and is unhealthy for caregivers.To identify the prevalence and predictors of CF in EMS professionals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Overcoming Historical Barriers: Enhancing Positive Perceptions of Medical Research Among African Americans Through a Conference-Based Workshop.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.

Background: African Americans (AAs) and other racial/ethnic minority groups continue to be underrepresented in medical research and clinical trials. Failure to create more racially diverse research cohorts can exacerbate existing health disparities among these groups.

Objective: To investigate best practices and strategies for enhancing participation of AAs in medical research among attendees of a preconference Institute at a faith-based public health conference. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perampanel-Induced Cataplexy in a Young Male with Generalized Epilepsy.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):177

Orange Park Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Perampanel is an anti-epileptic drug reported to exert its effects in the central never system (CNS) by inhibiting post-synaptic glutamate receptors. The most commonly reported neuropsychiatric side effects are affective dysregulation with some reports of psychosis. However, the precise therapeutic mechanism is unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychiatry on a Shoestring: Developing New Standards of Care for a Severe, Prolonged, and Widespread Emergency.

Authors:
James E Black

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):168

University of Minnesota Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, St. Paul, MN, USA.

Study Objective: The COVID-19 crisis has severely stressed our healthcare system and pushed our economy to the brink. This long emergency will probably cause years of severe suffering in every region. Health expenses greatly increased, supply chains were disrupted, and governments coped with much less revenue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mood symptoms Associated with CADASIL Syndrome: A Case Report.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):144

Resident.

Objective: To discuss the psychiatric symptoms that are associated with CADASIL syndrome Abstract Cerebral:Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare type of hereditary disease involving the small cerebral vessels. The clinical symptoms are various and include recurrent ischemic strokes, migraine with aura, seizures with epilepsy, psychiatric problems such as mood disturbances, and progressive cognitive decline leading to dementia. This disease needs awareness amongst the psychiatrists even though it is discussed much more in neurology literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Implementation of NAVIGATE Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode Psychosis: the Michigan Experience.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):177-178

The Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY, USA.

Study Objectives: Coordinated specialty care (CSC) is widely accepted as an evidence-based treatment for first episode psychosis (FEP). The NAVIGATE intervention from the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study is a CSC intervention which offers a suite of evidence-based treatments shown to improve engagement and clinical outcomes, especially in those with shorter duration of untreated psychosis (DUP). Coincident with the publication of this study, legislation was passed by the United States Congress in 2014-15 to fund CSC for FEP via a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) block grant set-aside for each state. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Determinants of Lung Fissure Completeness.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University Medical Center Groningen, Pulmonary diseases, Groningen, Netherlands.

Rationale: New advanced bronchoscopic treatment options for patients with severe COPD have led to increased interest for COPD phenotyping, including fissure completeness.

Objectives: We investigated clinical, environmental, and genetic factors contributing to fissure completeness in patients with and without COPD.

Methods: We used data of 9926 participants of the COPDGene study who underwent chest computed tomography (CT). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Racial Diversity Among American Cardiologists: Implications for the Past, Present, and Future.

Circulation 2021 Jun 14;143(24):2395-2405. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Medicine (A.E.J., M.B.T., E.B., A.J.C., E.M.D., P.K.D., L.M.D.C., U.R.E., A.M.G., M.V.H., A.J.J., C.R.J., N.L.J., L.M., M.A.N., G.S.N., O.O., S.O.-A., A.J.C.S., T.L.S., O.T., R.T., E.U., J.D.W., J.E.S.-P.).

In the United States, race-based disparities in cardiovascular disease care have proven to be pervasive, deadly, and expensive. African American/Black, Hispanic/Latinx, and Native/Indigenous American individuals are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and are less likely to receive high-quality, evidence-based medical care as compared with their White American counterparts. Although the United States population is diverse, the cardiovascular workforce that provides its much-needed care lacks diversity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Imbalance in Heart Transplant to Heart Failure Mortality Ratio Among African American, Hispanic, and White Patients.

Circulation 2021 Jun 14;143(24):2412-2414. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sarver Heart Center (K.B., N.K.S.), University of Arizona, Tucson.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genome-wide association study of phenotypes measuring progression from first cocaine or opioid use to dependence reveals novel risk genes.

Explor Med 2021 28;2:60-73. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Medicine (Biomedical Genetics), Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

Aim: Substance use disorders (SUD) result in substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Opioids, and to a lesser extent cocaine, contribute to a large percentage of this health burden. Despite their high heritability, few genetic risk loci have been identified for either opioid or cocaine dependence (OD or CD, respectively). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Telemedicine in Spine Surgery: Global Perspectives and Practices.

Global Spine J 2021 Jun 14:21925682211022311. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, anonymous, international survey.

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the rapid adoption of telemedicine in spine surgery. This study sought to determine the extent of adoption and global perspectives on telemedicine in spine surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Kidney Transplantation and Cardiovascular Events Among Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease due to Lupus Nephritis: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Clinical Epidemiology Program, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: We sought to assess the potential impact of kidney transplantation on cardiovascular (CV) events among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to lupus nephritis (LN).

Methods: In a nationwide cohort study, we identified all patients with LN-ESRD enrolled in the United States Renal Data System who were waitlisted for a kidney transplant and enrolled in Medicare between January, 2000 and December, 2016. The primary outcome was incident CV events, including myocardial infarctions (MI) and ischemic cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake among a diverse sample of adolescents: An experimental study.

Pediatr Obes 2021 Jun 13:e12823. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California Irvine (UCI), Irvine, California, USA.

Background: African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (HL) females have higher obesity prevalence than do non-Hispanic Whites (NHW); this may be due to AA and HL consuming more energy-dense foods in response to stressors.

Objectives: This study examined racial/ethnic differences in dietary intake under controlled conditions (relaxation and stress) in a diverse sample of adolescent females.

Methods: Participants included 120 adolescent females (30% AA, 37% HL and 33% NHW) who participated in a laboratory food intake study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Awareness of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation as a Specialty Among US Medical Students.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Rehabilitation and Human Performance, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States Department of Internal Medicine, McGovern Medical School, UT Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, McGovern Medical School, UT Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine at UT Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX.

Abstract: The objectives were to assess US medical students' awareness about PM&R, their career goals that may align with PM&R, their exposure to PM&R, and compare the demographics of those applying to, interested or not interested in PM&R residency. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. An online survey was distributed to 76 medical schools and 2067 students responded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Understanding Health Need and Services Received by Youth in Foster Care in Community Safety-Net Health Centers in Oregon.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2021 ;32(2):783-798

Youth in foster care have significant unmet health needs. We assessed health needs and health service use among youth in foster care in Oregon using electronic health record data from 258 community health centers and Medicaid enrollment data from 2014-2016. We identified 2,140 youth in foster care and a matched comparison group of 6,304 youth from the same clinics who were not in foster care, and compared the groups on demographic characteristics, health needs, and health service use. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Sermons to Address Obesity in Partnership With African American and Latino Churches.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA; Department of Health Promotion and Policy, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association between PEG3 DNA methylation and high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

Infect Agent Cancer 2021 Jun 13;16(1):42. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Human Health and the Environment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Background: Epigenetic mechanisms are hypothesized to contribute substantially to the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to cervical cancer, although empirical data are limited.

Methods: Women (n = 419) were enrolled at colposcopic evaluation at Duke Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. Human papillomavirus (HPV) was genotyped by HPV linear array and CIN grade was ascertained by biopsy pathologic review. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of body mass index on 90-day warfarin requirements: a retrospective chart review.

Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;15:17539447211012803

Faculty, College of Pharmacy, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Background: Rates of obesity continue to rise worldwide as evidenced in the 2017 Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that indicated over 35% of United States (US) citizens are obese, with Louisiana ranked as the fifth most obese state in America. Since large clinical trials tend to exclude obese patients, health care providers are faced with concerns of under- or overdosing these patients on warfarin.

Methods: This retrospective chart review evaluated patients who reported to a community anticoagulation clinic for warfarin management between 1 June 2017 and 30 September 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vaginal microbiome: normalcy vs dysbiosis.

Arch Microbiol 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

It has been long understood that the vaginal microflora is crucial in maintaining a normal physiological environment for the host and its involvement is deemed indispensable for reproductive success. A global concept of normalcy vs. dysbiosis of vaginal microbiome is debatable as women of different races have a unique vaginal microflora with regional variations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multi-disciplinary approach for the management of non-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in the Middle East and Africa: Expert panel recommendations.

Lung Cancer 2021 May 26;158:60-73. Epub 2021 May 26.

Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

The Middle East and Africa (MEA) region, a large geographical area, lies at the confluence of Asian, Caucasian and African races and comprises of a population with several distinct ethnicities. The course of management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) differs as per patients' performance status as well as stage of disease, requiring personalized therapy decisions. Although management of NSCLC has received a significant impetus in the form of molecularly targeted therapies and immune therapies in last few years, surgery remains gold standard for patients with early-stage disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Curating the gnomAD Database: Report of Novel Variants in the Thyrogobulin Gene using in silico Bioinformatics Algorithms.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 Jun 10:111359. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Microbiología, Inmunología, Biotecnología y Genética/Cátedra de Genética. Buenos Aires, Argentina; CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Inmunología, Genética y Metabolismo (INIGEM). Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Thyroglobulin (TG) is a large glycosylated protein of 2,767 amino acids, secreted by the thyrocytes into the follicular lumen. It plays an essential role in the process of thyroid hormone synthesis. TG gene variants lead to permanent congenital hypothyroidism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF