363 results match your criteria affective prosody

Dual Development of Affective-Speech-Based Emotion Perception.

Shinnosuke Ikeda

J Genet Psychol 2021 Aug 23:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Faculty of Humanities, Kyoto University of Advanced Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Studies have shown that when interpreting emotions from speech, adults focus on prosody, while young children focus on lexical content. However, the kind of socio-emotional processing implemented in such emotion perception, as well as how it is developed, remains unclear. The present study examined the development of a dual process in affective-speech-induced emotion perception in 3- and 5-year-old children. Read More

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Disorders of vocal emotional expression and comprehension: The aprosodias.

Elliott D Ross

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:63-98

Department of Neurology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK, United States; Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO, United States. Electronic address:

Language is traditionally considered to be a dominant function of the left hemisphere because of its role in modulating the propositional or literal aspects of language (what is said). This chapter, however, will address the vital role of the right hemisphere in modulating the nonverbal, affective-prosodic aspects of speech (how it is said) that are essential for appropriate interpersonal interactions, communication competency, and psychosocial well-being. Focal right hemisphere lesions cause various disorders of affective prosody (aprosodic syndromes) that are analogous to the various aphasic syndromes that occur following focal left hemisphere lesions. Read More

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Neural mechanisms of emotions, alexithymia, and depression.

Stephen E Nadeau

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:299-313

Research Service and the Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, United States; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States. Electronic address:

This chapter brings the powerful conceptual tools of the science of parallel distributed processing (PDP) to bear on the cognitive neuroscience of emotions discussed in this book. Cerebral representations are encoded as patterns of activity involving billions of neurons. PDP across these neuronal populations provides the basis for a number of emergent properties: (1) processing occurs and knowledge (long term memories) is stored (as synaptic connection strengths) in exactly the same networks; (2) networks have the capacity for setting into stable attractor states corresponding to concepts, symbols, implicit rules, or data transformations; (3) networks provide the scaffold for the acquisition of knowledge, but knowledge is acquired through experience; (4) PDP networks are adept at incorporating the statistical regularities of experience as well as frequency and age of acquisition effects; (5) networks enable content-addressable memory; (6) because knowledge is distributed throughout networks, they exhibit the property of graceful degradation; (7) networks intrinsically provide the capacity for inference. Read More

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Mood and emotional disorders associated with parkinsonism, Huntington disease, and other movement disorders.

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:175-196

Department of Psychology, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, NY, United States. Electronic address:

This chapter provides a review of mood, emotional disorders, and emotion processing deficits associated with diseases that cause movement disorders, including Parkinson's disease, Lewy body dementia, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, corticobasal degeneration, frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism, Huntington's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, and tardive dyskinesia. For each disorder, a clinical description of the common signs and symptoms, disease progression, and epidemiology is provided. Then the mood and emotional disorders associated with each of these diseases are described and discussed in terms of clinical presentation, incidence, prevalence, and alterations in quality of life. Read More

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Emotion and mood disorders associated with epilepsy.

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:169-173

Department of Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine and Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Malcom Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, United States. Electronic address:

Epilepsy is a disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Epilepsy can alter mood and emotions. Treatments for epilepsy can also alter mood and emotions. Read More

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What Do We Hear in the Voice? An Open-Ended Judgment Study of Emotional Speech Prosody.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2021 Jul 23:1461672211029786. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Tripura University, Agartala, India.

The current study investigated what can be understood from another person's tone of voice. Participants from five English-speaking nations (Australia, India, Kenya, Singapore, and the United States) listened to vocal expressions of nine positive and nine negative affective states recorded by actors from their own nation. In response, they wrote open-ended judgments of what they believed the actor was trying to express. Read More

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Lesion loci of impaired affective prosody: A systematic review of evidence from stroke.

Brain Cogn 2021 08 9;152:105759. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Cognitive Science, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States.

Affective prosody, or the changes in rate, rhythm, pitch, and loudness that convey emotion, has long been implicated as a function of the right hemisphere (RH), yet there is a dearth of literature identifying the specific neural regions associated with its processing. The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence on affective prosody localization in the RH. One hundred and ninety articles from 1970 to February 2020 investigating affective prosody comprehension and production in patients with focal brain damage were identified via database searches. Read More

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Abnormal singing can identify patients with right hemisphere cortical strokes at risk for impaired prosody.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26280

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract: Despite lacking aphasia seen with left hemisphere (LH) infarcts involving the middle cerebral artery territory, right hemisphere (RH) strokes can result in significant difficulties in affective prosody. These impairments may be more difficult to identify but lead to significant communication problems.We determine if evaluation of singing can accurately identify stroke patients with cortical RH infarcts at risk for prosodic impairment who may benefit from rehabilitation. Read More

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The Modulation of Exogenous Attention on Emotional Audiovisual Integration.

Iperception 2021 May-Jun;12(3):20416695211018714. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, China; Brain and Cognition Research Center (BCRC), Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, China.

Although emotional audiovisual integration has been investigated previously, whether emotional audiovisual integration is affected by the spatial allocation of visual attention is currently unknown. To examine this question, a variant of the exogenous spatial cueing paradigm was adopted, in which stimuli varying by facial expressions and nonverbal affective prosody were used to express six basic emotions (happiness, anger, disgust, sadness, fear, surprise) via a visual, an auditory, or an audiovisual modality. The emotional stimuli were preceded by an unpredictive cue that was used to attract participants' visual attention. Read More

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Explicit Training to Improve Affective Prosody Recognition in Adults with Acute Right Hemisphere Stroke.

Brain Sci 2021 May 20;11(5). Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Difficulty recognizing affective prosody (receptive aprosodia) can occur following right hemisphere damage (RHD). Not all individuals spontaneously recover their ability to recognize affective prosody, warranting behavioral intervention. However, there is a dearth of evidence-based receptive aprosodia treatment research in this clinical population. Read More

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Basal ganglia and cerebellum contributions to vocal emotion processing as revealed by high-resolution fMRI.

Sci Rep 2021 May 20;11(1):10645. Epub 2021 May 20.

Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Until recently, brain networks underlying emotional voice prosody decoding and processing were focused on modulations in primary and secondary auditory, ventral frontal and prefrontal cortices, and the amygdala. Growing interest for a specific role of the basal ganglia and cerebellum was recently brought into the spotlight. In the present study, we aimed at characterizing the role of such subcortical brain regions in vocal emotion processing, at the level of both brain activation and functional and effective connectivity, using high resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Sensory contribution to vocal emotion deficit in patients with cerebellar stroke.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 3;31:102690. Epub 2021 May 3.

Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland; Neuroscience of Emotion and Affective Dynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland; Cognitive Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, University Hospitals of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

In recent years, there has been increasing evidence of cerebellar involvement in emotion processing. Difficulties in the recognition of emotion from voices (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

"Motherese" Prosody in Fetal-Directed Speech: An Exploratory Study Using Automatic Social Signal Processing.

Front Psychol 2021 9;12:646170. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

CRPMS, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Motherese, or emotional infant directed speech (IDS), is the specific form of speech used by parents to address their infants. The prosody of IDS has affective properties, expresses caregiver involvement, is a marker of caregiver-infant interaction quality. IDS prosodic characteristics can be detected with automatic analysis. Read More

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Deficient auditory emotion processing but intact emotional multisensory integration in alexithymia.

Psychophysiology 2021 06 20;58(6):e13806. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Neuroscience, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Center for Brain Disorders and Cognitive Sciences, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.

Alexithymia has been associated with emotion recognition deficits in both auditory and visual domains. Although emotions are inherently multimodal in daily life, little is known regarding abnormalities of emotional multisensory integration (eMSI) in relation to alexithymia. Here, we employed an emotional Stroop-like audiovisual task while recording event-related potentials (ERPs) in individuals with high alexithymia levels (HA) and low alexithymia levels (LA). Read More

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Recognition of affective prosody in autism spectrum conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Autism 2021 Mar 15:1362361321995725. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences and Center for Neurobehavioral Development, The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN, USA.

Lay Abstract: Differences in understanding others' emotions and attitudes through features in speech (e.g. intonation) have been observed in individuals with autism spectrum conditions, which contribute greatly to their social communication challenges. Read More

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Electroencephalographic Correlate of Mexican Spanish Emotional Speech Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorder: To a Social Story and Robot-Based Intervention.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 26;15:626146. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Neuroengineering and Neuroacoustics Research Group, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Monterrey, Mexico.

Socio-emotional impairments are key symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders. This work proposes to analyze the neuronal activity related to the discrimination of emotional prosodies in autistic children (aged 9 to 11-year-old) as follows. Firstly, a database for single words uttered in Mexican Spanish by males, females, and children will be created. Read More

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February 2021

Emotional prosody perception in presbycusis patients after auditory rehabilitation.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2021 May 6;138(3):163-168. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Ear, nose and throat department, CHRU de Tours, 2, boulevard Tonnellé, 37000 Tours, France; Université François-Rabelais de Tours, UMR-S1253, Tours, France; INSERM U1253, iBrain, équipe 3, Tours, France.

Objective: Perception of emotion plays a major role in social interaction. Studies have shown that hearing loss and aging degrade emotional recognition. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of first-time hearing aids (HA) for emotional prosody perception in presbycusis patients. Read More

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Subthalamic nucleus oscillations during vocal emotion processing are dependent of the motor asymmetry of Parkinson's disease.

Neuroimage 2020 11 1;222:117215. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, Switzerland; Neuropsychology Unit, Neurology Department, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is involved in different aspects of emotional processes and more specifically in emotional prosody recognition. Recent studies on the behavioral effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have uncovered an asymmetry in vocal emotion decoding in PD, with left-onset PD patients showing deficits for the processing of happy voices. Whether and how PD asymmetry affects STN electrophysiological responses to emotional prosody, however, remains unknown. Read More

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November 2020

I know that voice! Mothers' voices influence children's perceptions of emotional intensity.

J Exp Child Psychol 2020 11 15;199:104907. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16803, USA.

The ability to interpret others' emotions is a critical skill for children's socioemotional functioning. Although research has emphasized facial emotion expressions, children are also constantly required to interpret vocal emotion expressed at or around them by individuals who are both familiar and unfamiliar to them. The current study examined how speaker familiarity, specific emotions, and the acoustic properties that comprise affective prosody influenced children's interpretations of emotional intensity. Read More

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November 2020

Human Discrimination and Categorization of Emotions in Voices: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Study.

Front Neurosci 2020 5;14:570. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Neuroscience of Emotion and Affective Dynamics Lab, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences and Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Functional Near-Infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neuroimaging tool that has been recently used in a variety of cognitive paradigms. Yet, it remains unclear whether fNIRS is suitable to study complex cognitive processes such as categorization or discrimination. Previously, functional imaging has suggested a role of both inferior frontal cortices in attentive decoding and cognitive evaluation of emotional cues in human vocalizations. Read More

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Hormonal and modality specific effects on males' emotion recognition ability.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2020 09 2;119:104719. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Affective Neuroscience and Psychophysiology, Institute of Psychology, University of Goettingen, 37073 Goettingen, Germany; Leibniz ScienceCampus "Primate Cognition", 37077 Goettingen, Germany.

Successful emotion recognition is a key component of human socio-emotional communication skills. However, little is known about the factors impacting males' accuracy in emotion recognition tasks. This pre-registered study examined potential candidates, focusing on the modality of stimulus presentation, emotion category and individual baseline hormone levels. Read More

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September 2020

Motor symptom asymmetry in Parkinson's disease predicts emotional outcome following subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation.

Neuropsychologia 2020 07 13;144:107494. Epub 2020 May 13.

'Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology' Laboratory, Faculty of Psychology, Geneva, Switzerland; Cognitive Neurology Unit, Neurology Department, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to explore the brain modifications associated with vocal emotion (i.e., emotional prosody) processing deficits in patients with Parkinson's disease after deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus, and the impact of motor asymmetry on these deficits. Read More

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Affective Prosody Perception and the Relation to Social Competence in Autistic and Typically Developing Children.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2020 07;48(7):965-975

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.

Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty perceiving and expressing emotions. Since prosodic changes in speech (i.e. Read More

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The role of spatial selective attention in the processing of affective prosodies in congenitally blind adults: An ERP study.

Brain Res 2020 07 3;1739:146819. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Germany; University of Lincoln, School of Social Sciences, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The question whether spatial selective attention is necessary in order to process vocal affective prosody has been controversially discussed in sighted individuals: whereas some studies argue that attention is required in order to process emotions, other studies conclude that vocal prosody can be processed even outside the focus of spatial selective attention. Here, we asked whether spatial selective attention is necessary for the processing of affective prosodies after visual deprivation from birth. For this purpose, pseudowords spoken in happy, neutral, fearful or threatening prosodies were presented at the left or right loudspeaker. Read More

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ERP Markers of Valence Coding in Emotional Speech Processing.

iScience 2020 Mar 24;23(3):100933. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Milan Center for Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1, Milan, Italy.

How is auditory emotional information processed? The study's aim was to compare cerebral responses to emotionally positive or negative spoken phrases matched for structure and content. Twenty participants listened to 198 vocal stimuli while detecting filler phrases containing first names. EEG was recorded from 128 sites. Read More

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Perception of Child-Directed Versus Adult-Directed Emotional Speech in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users.

Ear Hear 2020 Sep/Oct;41(5):1372-1382

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Objectives: Cochlear implants (CIs) are remarkable in allowing individuals with severe to profound hearing loss to perceive speech. Despite these gains in speech understanding, however, CI users often struggle to perceive elements such as vocal emotion and prosody, as CIs are unable to transmit the spectro-temporal detail needed to decode affective cues. This issue becomes particularly important for children with CIs, but little is known about their emotional development. Read More

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Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa.

J Affect Disord 2020 04 29;266:273-281. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, London, United Kingdom; South London and Maudsley NHS Trust, National Eating Disorders Service, Psychological Medicine Clinical Academic Group, London, United Kingdom; Department of Psychology, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Background: Social and emotional difficulties have been identified as key factors in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, few studies have investigated the influence of comorbid psychopathology on social cognition. The aim of the current study was to examine perception of nonverbal communication and empathy in AN using ecologically valid, performance-based measures, and to explore associations with comorbid psychopathology (anxiety, depression, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, alexithymia, and social anxiety). Read More

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Higher order language impairments can predict the transition of ultrahigh risk state to psychosis-An empirical study.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2021 Apr 12;15(2):314-327. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Affective and Psychotic Disorders, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.

Aim: Higher order language skills, for example, non-literal language, humour, prosody deal with 'what is meant' and they are necessary for communicative exchange and relationships; No study has investigated their link with conversion to psychosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such skills could act as predictors of the onset of psychosis, and compare those of individuals converting and non-converting to psychosis with control of cognitive functions.

Methods: Seventy-three patients, aged 15 to 32 years, fulfilling ultrahigh risk criteria took part: 14% of whom were receiving antipsychotic drugs. Read More

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What you say versus how you say it: Comparing sentence comprehension and emotional prosody processing using fMRI.

Neuroimage 2020 04 30;209:116509. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Center for Brain Plasticity and Recovery, Georgetown University, Building D, Suite 145, 4000 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC, 20057, USA.

While language processing is often described as lateralized to the left hemisphere (LH), the processing of emotion carried by vocal intonation is typically attributed to the right hemisphere (RH) and more specifically, to areas mirroring the LH language areas. However, the evidence base for this hypothesis is inconsistent, with some studies supporting right-lateralization but others favoring bilateral involvement in emotional prosody processing. Here we compared fMRI activations for an emotional prosody task with those for a sentence comprehension task in 20 neurologically healthy adults, quantifying lateralization using a lateralization index. Read More

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Concurrent affective and linguistic prosody with the same emotional valence elicits a late positive ERP response.

Eur J Neurosci 2020 06 29;51(11):2236-2249. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Change in linguistic prosody generates a mismatch negativity response (MMN), indicating neural representation of linguistic prosody, while change in affective prosody generates a positive response (P3a), reflecting its motivational salience. However, the neural response to concurrent affective and linguistic prosody is unknown. The present paper investigates the integration of these two prosodic features in the brain by examining the neural response to separate and concurrent processing by electroencephalography (EEG). Read More

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