30,239 results match your criteria adverse childhood


Associations of Maternal Adverse Childhood Experiences with Behavioral Problems in Preschool Children.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Oct 15:8862605211050093. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Maternal, Child & Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, 12485Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Investigations have found maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) cause an intergenerational danger to their children's health. However, no study has investigated the effects of maternal ACEs on behavioral problems of preschool children in China and gender differences on these effects. This paper aims to investigate the role of maternal ACEs on behavioral problems of preschool children in China and explore gender differences as related to these behavioral problems. Read More

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October 2021

A Cross-Sectional Study on the Effect of Adverse Childhood Events and Perception Toward Parents on Emotional Intelligence.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2021 Oct 14;23(5). Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Psychiatry, RG Kar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Emotional intelligence describes how well an individual understands and manages his or her emotions. Parenting styles and early life events have an important bearing on emotional intelligence. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of adverse childhood events and perception toward parents on the various domains of emotional intelligence among medical interns. Read More

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October 2021

Associations between childhood adversities and late-life cognitive function: Potential mechanisms.

Authors:
Ruoxi Ding Ping He

Soc Sci Med 2021 Oct 9;291:114478. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

China Center for Health Development Studies, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address:

Rationale: Childhood adversity, which is related to negative cognitive consequences, is highly prevalent across the world. Nonetheless, there is still a scarcity of research on late-life cognitive function that accounted for multiple aspects of adverse events as well as the potential mediating mechanism of social context and individual's wellbeing in adulthood.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between childhood adversities and late-life cognitive function among the middle-aged and older Chinese population and to determine the mediating role of education attainment, marital status, financial status, and self-rated health in adulthood. Read More

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October 2021

Contributions of childhood abuse and neglect to reward neural substrates in adolescence.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Sep 27;32:102832. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States; San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, United States.

Background: Childhood adverse experiences may come to bear particularly during adolescence, when neural reward systems are developing rapidly and psychopathology spikes. Despite prior work differentiating threat- (abuse) vs. deprivation- (neglect) related adversity, no research has yet identified their relative nor interactive contributions to reward neural substrates during adolescence. Read More

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September 2021

Improving the content validity of the Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences Survey (TRACES) and the Child and Adolescent PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (CAPC-5): A collaborative research methodological approach.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Center for Child and Family Health.

Objective: The current study aimed to improve the content validity of the Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences Survey (TRACES) and the Child and Adolescent PTSD Checklist for the DSM-5 (CAPC-5).

Method: Two community-based collaborative research methods were used-cognitive interviewing and focus groups. Three rounds of cognitive interviews included a racially and economically diverse sample of 12 trauma-exposed youth and 12 caregivers. Read More

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October 2021

Electronic Teen Dating Violence Curves by Age.

J Youth Adolesc 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior & Health Education, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Electronic dating violence is a form of violence perpetrated through electronics between dating partners and is associated with worse mental health, greater risk of substance use, and increased risk of in-person forms of dating violence. Though prevalent and seeming to increase in occurrence across adolescence, little is known about trajectories of electronic dating violence throughout adolescence and both risk and protective factors predicting a given trajectory. Latent growth models were used to evaluate change over time in three specific domains of electronic dating violence: harassment, coercion, and monitoring. Read More

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October 2021

Childhood maltreatment results in altered deactivation of reward processing circuits in depressed patients: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of a facial emotion recognition task.

Neurobiol Stress 2021 Nov 24;15:100399. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Neurobiology of Stress Research Group, Szentágothai János Research Centre, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Importance And Objectives: Childhood adversity is a strong risk factor for the development of various psychopathologies including major depressive disorder (MDD). However, not all depressed patients experience early life trauma. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies using facial emotion processing tasks have documented altered blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) responses in specific cortico-limbic networks both in MDD patients and in individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment (CM). Read More

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November 2021

Effects of Exercise Interventions on Immune Function in Children and Adolescents With Cancer and HSCT Recipients - A Systematic Review.

Front Immunol 2021 27;12:746171. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Center for Child and Adolescent Medicine, Clinic for Pediatrics III, West German Cancer Centre, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background: Pediatric cancer patients are at high risk for life-threatening infections, therapy associated complications and cancer-related side effects. Exercise is a promising tool to support the immune system and reduce inflammation. The primary objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of exercise interventions in pediatric cancer patients and survivors on the immune system. Read More

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September 2021

Interpregnancy weight gain and childhood obesity: analysis of a UK population-based cohort.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

School of Primary Care, Population Sciences and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Background: Maternal obesity increases the risk of adverse long-term health outcomes in mother and child including childhood obesity. We aimed to investigate the association between interpregnancy weight gain between first and second pregnancies and risk of overweight and obesity in the second child.

Methods: We analysed the healthcare records of 4789 women in Hampshire, UK with their first two singleton live births within a population-based anonymised linked cohort of routine antenatal records (August 2004 and August 2014) with birth/early life data for their children. Read More

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October 2021

Stressful life events among individuals with a history of eating disorders: a case-control comparison.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Oct 13;21(1):501. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Regional Department for Eating Disorders, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Experiencing stressful life events (SLEs) can negatively impact mental health and increase risk for psychiatric disorders including eating disorders (EDs). Previous research has shown that childhood sexual abuse is associated with some EDs, but less is known about the association between other non-sexual SLEs and EDs.

Method: A case-control study of individuals with (n = 495, age mean ± SD = 29. Read More

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October 2021

The Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences, Body Shame, and Revision Request Rate in 218 Plastic Surgery Patients: What Drives Postoperative Dissatisfaction?

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

From the Department of Surgery (Plastic Surgery), St. Joseph Hospital; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, and Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health; and Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Medical School.

Background: What drives patients who are unhappy despite good results? Adverse childhood experiences are common, can impair adult health, and can cause body shame. Neither adverse childhood experiences nor body shame has been studied in surgical patients. The authors report adverse childhood experience prevalences in a plastic surgical population and investigate associations from adverse childhood experiences to body shame and to postoperative dissatisfaction. Read More

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October 2021

The English Version of the Schema Inventory for Children: Psychometric Evaluation of a Measure of Early Maladaptive Schemas in a Primary School-Aged Sample.

Assessment 2021 Oct 13:10731911211051281. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are proposed to be maladaptive ways of thinking and feeling that develop from adverse experiences and basic needs not being met in childhood or adolescence. Once developed, EMSs increase vulnerability to psychopathology. Psychometric evaluations of EMS measures in children are scarce. Read More

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October 2021

Childhood adversities among students at an English University: A latent class analysis.

J Trauma Dissociation 2021 Oct 13:1-18. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

School of Psychology, Ulster University, Derry, UK.

University students routinely participate in research, including research on trauma and adversity, but the unique implications of trauma and adversity for educational and developmental outcomes for this group have received less attention. This study surveyed first year undergraduate students at an urban university located in the most ethnically diverse district in England, with the second highest poverty rate. Of 7,110 students, 858 responded; a response rate of 12%. Read More

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October 2021

Adverse Childhood Experiences: Are They Associated With Greater Risk of Elder Abuse Victimization?

J Interpers Violence 2021 Oct 13:8862605211028328. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Beijing Normal University, Haidian, Beijing, China.

Though a growing number of studies have examined the associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and negative later-life health outcomes, the effects of these early life-course factors on elder abuse victimization have yet to be fully investigated. Using a life-course perspective, this study examines the associations between ACEs and elder abuse victimization. We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in Beijing, China. Read More

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October 2021

Neighborhood and Child Development at Age Five: A UK-US Comparison.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Oct 4;18(19). Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Graduate Center, The City University of New York, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Early childhood is a critical period in the life course, setting the foundation for future life. Early life contexts-neighborhoods and families-influence developmental outcomes, especially when children are exposed to economic and social disadvantage. Residential mobility, frequent among families with pre-school children, may reduce or increase exposure to adverse surroundings. Read More

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October 2021

Association between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Time Spent Playing Video Games in Adolescents: Results from A-CHILD Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Oct 2;18(19). Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Bunkyo 113-8519, Japan.

Background: Excessive time spent playing video games is associated with adverse health outcomes in adolescents. Although poor child-parent relationship and social relations with peers are considered as possible predictors, little is known as to whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with time spent playing video games. The aim is to examine the association between ACEs and time spent playing video games in adolescents. Read More

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October 2021

Approach to the patient: Safety of Growth Hormone Replacement in Children and Adolescents.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Children's National Hospital, Washington DC.

The use of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in children and adolescents has expanded since its initial approval to treat patients with severe GH deficiency (GHD) in 1985. rhGH is now approved to treat several conditions associated with poor growth and short stature. Recent studies have raised concerns that treatment during childhood may impact morbidity and mortality in adulthood, with specific controversies over cancer risk and cerebrovascular events. Read More

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October 2021

Poor Individual Risk Classification From Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening.

Am J Prev Med 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Social, Genetic & Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; National and Specialist CAMHS Clinic for Trauma, Anxiety, and Depression, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Adverse childhood experiences confer an increased risk for physical and mental health problems across the population, prompting calls for routine clinical screening based on reported adverse childhood experience exposure. However, recent longitudinal research has questioned whether adverse childhood experiences can accurately identify ill health at an individual level.

Methods: Revisiting data collected for the Adverse Childhood Experience Study between 1995 and 1997, this study derived approximate area under the curve estimates to test the ability of the retrospectively reported adverse childhood experience score to discriminate between adults with and without a range of common health risk factors and disease conditions. Read More

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October 2021

Understanding the impact of exposure to adverse socioeconomic conditions on chronic stress from a complexity science perspective.

BMC Med 2021 Oct 12;19(1):242. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, 1105 AZ, The Netherlands.

Background: Chronic stress increases chronic disease risk and may underlie the association between exposure to adverse socioeconomic conditions and adverse health outcomes. The relationship between exposure to such conditions and chronic stress is complex due to feedback loops between stressor exposure and psychological processes, encompassing different temporal (acute stress response to repeated exposure over the life course) and spatial (biological/psychological/social) scales. We examined the mechanisms underlying the relationship between exposure to adverse socioeconomic conditions and chronic stress from a complexity science perspective, focusing on amplifying feedback loops across different scales. Read More

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October 2021

Plant-based dietary intake moderates adverse childhood experiences association with early mortality in an older Adventist cohort.

J Psychosom Res 2021 Sep 28;151:110633. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, USA.

Background: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) consistently predict poor mental and physical health as well as early all-cause mortality. Much work examines health harming behaviors that may be used to cope with ACEs associated stress responses and dysregulation. Limited research has been conducted assessing plant-based dietary intake on the ACEs and mortality relationship. Read More

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September 2021

Child wellbeing in the United Kingdom following the COVID-19 lockdowns.

Paediatr Child Health (Oxford) 2021 Sep 30. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

, Specialist Trainee in Paediatrics, Birmingham Community Healthcare NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK. Conflicts of interest: none declared.

The COVID-19 pandemic led to huge changes to children's daily lives including school closures, loss of contact with family and friends, and financial difficulties which impacted on the wellbeing of all children. The Social Determinants of Health model gives us a framework to consider the impact of lockdown directly on children, and indirectly through the impact on parents, families, community and government policy as children cannot be considered in isolation to families or society. Children have suffered directly with lack of access to healthcare, and a decline in their mental health. Read More

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September 2021

The Role of Trauma in Early Onset Borderline Personality Disorder: A Biopsychosocial Perspective.

Front Psychiatry 2021 23;12:721361. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

The role of childhood trauma in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in young age has long been studied. The most accurate theoretical models are multifactorial, taking into account a range of factors, including early trauma, to explain evolutionary pathways of BPD. We reviewed studies published on PubMed in the last 20 years to evaluate whether different types of childhood trauma, like sexual and physical abuse and neglect, increase the risk and shape the clinical picture of BPD. Read More

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September 2021

Treatment of hepatitis B virus infection in children and adolescents.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Sep;27(36):6053-6063

Department Neurofarba, University of Florence and Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence 50139, Italy.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Most children acquire the infection perinatally or during early childhood and develop a chronic hepatitis characterized by a high viral replication and a low-inflammation phase of infection, with normal or only slightly raised aminotransferases. Although a conservative approach in children is usually recommended, different therapies exist and different therapeutic approaches are possible. Read More

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September 2021

A comparison of oral health outcomes of self-reported and agency-notified child maltreatment in a population-based birth cohort at 30-year-old follow-up.

Psychosom Med 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba 4102, Queensland, Australia. Departments of Psychiatry, Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Canada. Stead Family Department of Paediatrics, Developmental and Behavioural Paediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. Center for Disabilities and Development, University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa, USA School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Public Health Building, Herston, 4006, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Information on the oral health outcomes of childhood maltreatment in adulthood is limited and reliant on retrospective questionnaires that are subject to recall bias. There are no data from prospective studies using maltreatment reports to statutory agencies. We therefore assessed the effect on dental outcomes and oral health care at 30-year follow-up using both prospective agency notifications and retrospective self-reports of child maltreatment in the same birth cohort. Read More

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October 2021

Pediatric Antibiotic Stewardship.

Am J Nurs 2021 Oct 7. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Amanda Good is a certified pediatric NP and a family medicine nurse at Charles River Community Health, Boston. Rita Olans is an associate professor at the MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston. Contact author: Amanda Good, The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise. A podcast with the authors is available at www.ajnonline.com.

Abstract: With the rise of antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial stewardship programs can now be found in the ambulatory setting, where nearly 95% of antibiotic prescriptions originate. Judicious use of antibiotics is of particular importance to the ambulatory pediatric provider, as the annual antibiotic prescription rate is highest among children ages two and younger and inappropriate early-life antibiotic use is associated with elevated childhood risk of several medical conditions. While most ambulatory antibiotic stewardship programs have focused on shaping clinician behaviors to prevent unnecessary antibiotic prescribing, duration of antibiotic therapy has been found to be a critical, yet underexamined, facet of antibiotic use. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical Outcomes of Severe Forms of Early Social Stress.

Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2021 Oct 10. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Central Institute of Mental Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Early social stress, particularly severe but nevertheless frequent forms such as abuse and neglect, are among the major risk factors for the development of mental disorders. However, we only have very limited knowledge of the psychobiological disease mechanisms underlying the influence of early life stress and stress-related disorders during this vulnerable phase of life. Early stress can have long-lasting adverse effects on the brain and other somatic systems, e. Read More

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October 2021

Mechanisms of neuroplasticity linking early adversity to depression: developmental considerations.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 10 9;11(1):517. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Early exposure to psychosocial adversity is among the most potent predictors of depression. Because depression commonly emerges prior to adulthood, we must consider the fundamental principles of developmental neuroscience when examining how experiences of childhood adversity, including abuse and neglect, can lead to depression. Considering that both the environment and the brain are highly dynamic across the period spanning gestation through adolescence, the purpose of this review is to discuss and integrate stress-based models of depression that center developmental processes. Read More

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October 2021

Mental health benefits of a 1-week intensive multimodal group program for adolescents with multiple adverse childhood experiences.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Oct 7;122:105349. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 625 W. Washington Ave., Madison, WI 53703, United States of America; Universitat Oberta de Catalonia (UOC), Rambla del Poblenou, 156, 08018 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a wide range of diseases, unsafe behavior and shorter life expectancy. However, there is scarce evidence on effective interventions for children or adolescents who report multiple ACEs, including abuse, neglect and household dysfunction.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mental health outcomes of a multimodal program designed for adolescents with multiple ACEs. Read More

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October 2021

Adverse experiences as predictors of maladaptive and adaptive eating: Findings from EAT 2018.

Appetite 2021 Oct 7;168:105737. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA.

Adverse experiences, such as childhood abuse and other violence victimization, are associated with problematic eating. However, whether different types of adversity relate to both maladaptive and adaptive eating behaviors is unclear. This study examined the associations of different adverse experiences with maladaptive (i. Read More

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October 2021