14,569 results match your criteria adults genders

Gender determination in adults using calcaneal diameters from lateral foot X-ray images in the Iranian population.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 14;35:76. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Nephrology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Using morphologic features of the bones is the basis of gender determination in anthropology and forensic medicine. In this study, we evaluated the calcaneus diameters for gender determination in the Iranian population. This cross-sectional study was conducted on Iranians referring to Hazrat-e Rasool Hospital's radiology ward for plain lateral X-ray of the foot. Read More

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Order Effects of Presenting Coercive Tactics on Young Adults' Reports of Sexual Victimization.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jul 19:8862605211030012. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

University of Potsdam, Germany.

Measures designed to collect prevalence reports of sexual victimization need to be robust against variations of question context to yield valid findings. Previous research has examined variations in the order in which questions about unwanted sexual acts and questions about coercive tactics are presented. The current study examined potential effects of the order in which coercive tactics are presented on self-reported prevalence rates of sexual victimization. Read More

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The association of WTELS as a master motivator with higher executive functioning and better mental health.

Curr Psychol 2021 Jul 10:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Trauma and Resiliency, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA USA.

The goal is to test the validity of the "Will to exist-live and survive (WTELS) as a master motivator that activates executive functions. A sample of 262 adults administered different measures that included WTELS and executive functions. We conducted hierarchical regressions with working memory deficits (WMD) and inhibition deficits (ID) as dependent variables. Read More

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Intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with falls in older adults: a case-control study in Mexico.

Gac Med Mex 2021 ;157(2):127-132

Clinical Epidemiology Research Unit, Specialty Hospital, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City. Mexico.

Background: The literature refers that falls are of multifactorial origin, and some authors have proposed to classify risk factors as intrinsic and extrinsic.

Objective: To estimate the risk of falls and their association with some intrinsic and extrinsic factors in older adults who receive medical care at the Mexican Institute of Social Security.

Methods: Case-control study that included individuals of both genders aged ≥ 60 years. Read More

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January 2021

Maternal thyroid hormone programs cardiovascular functions in the offspring.

Thyroid 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, CBBM Molecular Endocrinology, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Lübeck, Germany, 23562.

Background: Maternal thyroid hormone plays an essential role for fetal development, especially for the cardiovascular system and its central control. However, the precise consequences of altered thyroid hormone action during the different periods in pregnancy remain poorly understood.

Methods: To address this question, we used mice heterozygous for a mutant thyroid hormone receptor α1 (TRα1) and wildtype controls that were born by wildtype mothers treated with 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) during the first or the second half of pregnancy. Read More

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Seroprevalence of among a nationally representative sample of Iranian pediatric population: The childhood and adolescence surveillance and prevention of adult noncommunicable disease-V study.

J Res Med Sci 2021 31;26:21. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Noncommunicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable respiratory infection and seroepidemiology of the infection could be a marker of the pertussis immunity in a population. In many countries, despite vaccination coverage, high prevalence of pertussis has been observed. The present study aimed to evaluate the immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody against pertussis and the role of demographic and anthropometric variables on the immunity rate in the Iranian pediatric population to evaluate the impact of existing immunization program in order to envisage future vaccination strategies to prevent infection. Read More

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Fear and depression during the COVID-19 outbreak in Cameroon: a nation-wide observational study.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 07 15;21(1):356. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Brain Research Africa Initiative (BRAIN), Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with significant psychological and social distress worldwide. We investigated fear and depression among adults in Cameroon during different phases of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Methods: An online survey was conducted in Cameroon from June-December 2020 using a structured questionnaire. Read More

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Determinants of the number of days people in the general population spent at home during end-of-life: Results from a population-based cohort analysis.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(7):e0253483. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Central Catalonia Chronicity Research Group (C3RG), Centre for Health and Social Care Research (CESS), University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVIC-UCC), Vic, Spain.

Background: The number of days spent at home in the last six months of life has been proposed as a comprehensive indicator of high-value patient-centered care; however, information regarding the determinants of this outcome is scarce, particularly among the general population. We investigated the determinants of spending time at home within the six months preceding death.

Methods: Population-based, retrospective analysis of administrative databases of the Catalan government. Read More

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Association of central obesity and high body mass index with function and cognition in older adults.

Endocr Connect 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

J Morley, Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, United States.

Objective: To investigate the association of normal body mass index (BMI) with central obesity (CO), high BMI with CO, high BMI without CO, and normal BMI without CO, with function and cognition in older adults.

Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 754 participants ≥ 65 years. Data collected include demographics, cognition and physical measurements. Read More

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Prevalence of restless leg syndrome in Mongolian adults: Mon-TimeLine study.

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Jun;20(2):405-409

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, 13270 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

We conducted an epidemiologic study based on survey neuroscience screening for restless leg syndrome in the Mongolian to determine the prevalence of restless leg syndrome. We used baseline data from the Mon-TimeLine study, a multidisciplinary, prospective, population-based cohort study. The total number of participants (n = 1572) ranged from 18 to 65 years of age. Read More

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Reference values for the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve using high-resolution ultrasonography.

J Ultrason 2021 Jun 18;21(85):e95-e104. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Radiodiagnosis, SGRD University of Health Sciences, India.

Aim: High-resolution ultrasonography is a new and promising technique to evaluate peripheral and spinal nerves. Its validity as a diagnostic tool in neurological diseases has been demonstrated in adults. The aims of study were to establish the reference values for the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve on high-resolution ultrasonography, and to determine the relationship between the cross-sectional area of the normal sciatic nerve and the subjects' age, gender, height (in cm), weight (in kg), and body mass index. Read More

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Serum IgE Predicts Difference of Population and Allergens in Allergic Diseases: Data from Weifang City, China.

Mediators Inflamm 2021 25;2021:6627087. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Allergy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University/Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

Background: Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is the most important promoter of allergic inflammation. However, there are few systematic studies on IgE in age range, genders, disease spectrum, and time regularity.

Aim: To screen the common allergens, allergen spectrum, and IgE difference between type 2 inflammatory allergic diseases and other allergic diseases in Weifang, China. Read More

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Heart Rate Variability measured during rest and after orthostatic challenge to detect autonomic dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus using the Classification and Regression Tree model.

Technol Health Care 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Physiology, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, India.

Background: According to the World Health Organization, one in ten adults will have Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in the next few years. Autonomic dysfunction is one of the significant complications of T2DM. Autonomic dysfunction is usually assessed by standard Ewing's test and resting Heart Rate Variability (HRV) indices. Read More

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Three-dimensional reconstruction and morphometric analysis of the mandible in Van cats: A computed tomography (CT) study.

Pol J Vet Sci 2021 Jun;24(2):261-270

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Harran University, 63200, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

This study was carried out to determine the morphometric and volumetric features of the mandible in Van cats by using computed tomography (CT) and a three-dimensional (3D) software program. The study also aimed at presenting the biometrical differences of these mea- surements between genders. A total of 16 adult Van cats (8 males, 8 females) were used in the study. Read More

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The relationship between thoracic kyphosis and age, and normative values across age groups: a systematic review of healthy adults.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jul 9;16(1):447. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine), School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Thoracic kyphosis is reported to increase with ageing. However, this relationship has not been systematically investigated. Peoples' kyphosis often exceeds 40°, but 40° is the widely accepted cut-off and threshold for normality. Read More

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Relationship between phase angle and physical performance measures in community-dwelling older adults.

Exp Gerontol 2021 Sep 6;152:111466. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Introduction: The phase angle (PhA) is a measure of great clinical relevance provided through the Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA). PhA is related to health status. Physical performance measures are also similarly associated to the health status of older individuals, however, studies which asses the relationship between these two measures are scarce. Read More

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September 2021

[Effect of Air Pollution on Emergency Room Visits for Respiratory Diseases in Lanzhou].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2021 Jun;43(3):382-394

Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health,School of Public Health,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China.

Objective To explore the effect of air pollution on the number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in residents at different ages and its seasonal changes in Lanzhou,so as to provide a scientific basis for the early prevention of respiratory diseases in Lanzhou. Methods The daily number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases in three class A hospitals in Lanzhou from January 1,2013 to December 31,2017,as well as the air pollutants and meteorological data of Lanzhou in the same period,was collected.After controlling the confounding factors including long-term trend of time,meteorological factors and day-of-week effect using a generalized additive model,we analyzed the relationships between air pollutants and the daily number of emergency room visits for respiratory diseases,and explored whether there was a lag effect of air pollutants. Read More

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Measurement Invariance of the Sex-Related Cannabis Expectancies Scale across Age and Gender.

J Sex Res 2021 Jul 8:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

The Edward R. Murrow College of Communication, Washington State University.

Sex-related cannabis expectancies have been found to be associated with intentions to use cannabis, cannabis use, and sexual behavior. However, the construct of sex-related cannabis expectancies has been adapted from research with limited examination of the scales themselves. We tested (N = 350 adolescents age 13-17; N = 929 young adults age 18-29) measurement invariance of a sex-related cannabis expectancies scale and found the scale invariant between adolescents and emerging adults as well as between genders. Read More

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Association between Leisure Time Physical Activity and HDL-C in the Elsa-Brasil Study Participants: Are There Any Gender Differences in the Dose-Response Effect?

Arq Bras Cardiol 2021 Jul 2. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Instituto de Saúde Coletiva - Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA - Brasil.

Background: High levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) are known for their protective effect against cardiovascular diseases and the regular practice of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) may be associated with their increase.

Objective: To verify the existence of differences between genders in the dose-response effect regarding the association between LTPA and HDL-C in the ELSA-Brasil study cohort.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with data from wave 2 of 13,931 participants of both genders (7,607 women) from the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health ELSA-Brasil. Read More

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Prevention of sexually transmitted infections in the sexual scripts of young people: differences according to gender.

Cien Saude Colet 2021 Jul 11;26(7):2683-2692. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, UERJ. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

This study aims to address the vulnerability of young university students to sexually transmitted infections and to identify and analyze the sexual behavior of university students and practices to prevent sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive and qualitative research study conducted in a private university in Rio de Janeiro in 2016, with 30 university students of both genders, aged 18-29 years old. The discursive data were collected by the Focal Group technique and analyzed using the content analysis technique, with the aid of the Nvivo 9. Read More

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Value of Serum Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) in Distinguishing between Tuberculous and Non-tuberculous Lymphadenopathies.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Jul;30(3):704-709

Professor Dr Shohael Mahmud Arafat, Professor & Chairman, Department of Internal Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Persistent lymphadenopathy with or without fever is often a diagnostic challenge to the physician which are usually caused by infection like tuberculosis, hematological malignancy (lymphoma, leukemia), connective tissue diseases (SLE, RA, Sjogren's syndrome etc.), sarcoidosis, storage diseases, drugs (like phenytoin) in Bangladesh. To establish the cause of lymphadenopathy, we need to do a good number of investigations including invasive tests like FNAC or histopathology of the involved lymph node. Read More

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Lumbar myofascial physical properties in healthy adults: myotonometry vs. shear wave elastography measurements.

Acta Reumatol Port 2021 Apr-Jun;46(2):110-119

Rheumatology, NMS-NOVA.

Objective: The human resting myofascial tone maintains the body tone in a neutral posture, the assessment of this and other muscle physical properties (MPP) is relevant, since, it is altered in many pathological states.

Patients And Methods: Seventeen healthy subjects (8 males), between 18-50 years old, were assessed. The MPP of lower lumbar muscles was evaluated on right and left sides during prone resting position using two devices; myotonometry (stiffness, elasticity and tone) and ultrasound-based shear-wave elastography (SWE) (shear modulus). Read More

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A computed tomography comprehensive evaluation of the ostium of the sphenoid sinus and its clinical significance.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Background: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the size of the sphenoid sinuses' ostia, the distance between them and the distance between the medial margin of the ostia and the median line in the Polish adult population.

Materials And Methods: The analysis was undertaken as a retrospective study of 296 computed tomography (CT) scans of patients (147 females, 149 males) with no comorbidities in their sphenoid sinuses. The paranasal sinuses were investigated by using Spiral CT Scanner (Siemens Somatom Sensation 16), in the option Siemens CARE Dose 4D, without administering any contrast medium. Read More

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Examination of race and gender differences in predictors of neuropsychological decline and development of Alzheimer's disease.

Clin Neuropsychol 2021 Jul 5:1-26. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Psychology, Ohio University, Athens, OH00, USA.

Objective: Black adults are diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) at higher rates than White adults. Biopsychosocial risk factors that differentially affect individuals by race, including health, education, and APOE e4, may explain these findings. Some research suggests that the risk for AD associated with the APOE e4 allele may differ by race. Read More

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Open versus Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the Australian Private Sector Over Twenty Years.

J Endovasc Ther 2021 Jul 2:15266028211028215. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: Over the past two decades, the proliferation of endovascular surgery has changed the approach to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. In Australia, close to two-thirds of surgical procedures are performed in the private healthcare system. We aimed to describe the trends in AAA repair in the Australian private sector throughout the early 21st century. Read More

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Mortalità per cause cardiovascolari e respiratorie attribuibile all'esposizione alle emissioni di una centrale a carbone: una proposta per stimare l'accorciamento individuale di vita.

Epidemiol Prev 2021 May-Jun;45(3):155-163

Unit of Environmental Epidemiology and Pathology Registries, Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council, Pisa (Italy).

Background: the exposure to a coal-fired power plant has been shown to increase mortality both for cardiovascular and respiratory causes among an exposed cohort in comparison with a cohort of unexposed. Hazard ratios between 1.30 and 1. Read More

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Multifaceted functions of Rab23 on primary cilium- and Hedgehog signaling-mediated cerebellar granule cell proliferation.

J Neurosci 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Neuroscience Academic Clinical Programme, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore

Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling from the primary cilium drives cerebellar granule cell precursor (GCP) proliferation. Mutations of hedgehog (Hh) pathway repressors commonly cause medulloblastoma, the most prevalent and malignant childhood brain tumor that arises from aberrant GCP proliferation. We demonstrate that Nestin Cre-driven conditional knockout of a Shh pathway repressor- in the mouse brain of both genders caused mis-patterning of cerebellar folia and elevated GCP proliferation during early development, but with no prevalent occurrence of medulloblastoma at adult stage. Read More

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Effects of COVID-19 Lockdown on Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors in Kuwait: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 30;13(7). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Kuwait Public Policy Centre, General Secretariat of the Supreme Council for Planning and Development, Safat 13001, Kuwait.

The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has brought about drastic measures that have significantly altered the norms of daily living. These measures have affected human behaviors in disparate ways. This study seeks to understand the impact of the pandemic on physical activity and dietary behavior among adults living in Kuwait. Read More

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The Relationship between Differentiation of Self and Psychological Adjustment to Separation.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, Av. de la Universidad, s/n, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

Many individuals suffer negative mental health consequences such as anxiety and depression following separation from a romantic partner and/or co-parenting conflict due to divorce. Consequently, treating the psychological aftermath of divorce and partner separation remains a predominant concern for mental health practitioners. According to family systems theory, high interdependence and low differentiation of self are associated with a lessened capacity for managing anxiety or adapting to stressful events since intense emotions may inhibit the ability to cope. Read More

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Safe Sexual Behavior Intentions among College Students: The Construction of an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 11;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 20224, Taiwan.

Sexual health education is an essential part of quality-oriented education for college students. It aims to help these students to acquire knowledge of sexual physiology, sexual psychology, and sexual social norms that is consistent with the maturity of the students. Along with college students'attitudes toward sex, their perceptions regarding sexual behavior have also undergone profound changes. Read More

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