4,391 results match your criteria adherence smoking

Telemedicine Improves the Short-Term Medical Care of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 12;8:693731. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Telemedicine appears to be a promising tool for healthcare professionals to deliver remote care to patients with cardiovascular diseases especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed in this study to evaluate the value of telemedicine added to the short-term medical care of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Two hundred acute STEMI patients after primary PCI were randomly divided into two groups. Read More

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Genetic risk for overall cancer and the benefit of adherence to a healthy lifestyle.

Cancer Res 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University.

Cancer site-specific polygenic risk scores (PRS) effectively identify individuals at high risk of individual cancers, but the effectiveness of PRS on overall cancer risk assessment and the extent to which a high genetic risk of overall cancer can be offset by a healthy lifestyle remain unclear. Here we constructed an incidence-weighted overall cancer polygenic risk score (CPRS) based on 20 cancer site-specific PRSs. Lifestyle was determined according to smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, and diet. Read More

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"At least someone thinks I'm doing well": a real-world evaluation of the quit-smoking app StopCoach for lower socio-economic status smokers.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2021 Jul 28;16(1):48. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Smoking is more prevalent and persistent among lower socio-economic status (SES) compared with higher-SES groups, and contributes greatly to SES-based health inequities. Few interventions exist that effectively help lower-SES smokers quit. This study evaluated "De StopCoach", a mobile phone delivered eHealth intervention targeted at lower-SES smokers based on the evidence-based StopAdvisor, in a real-world setting (five municipalities) in The Netherlands in 2019-2020. Read More

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Health behaviours in 131,182 UK women planning pregnancy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jul 28;21(1):530. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, 10th Floor North Wing, St Thomas' Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, SE1 7EH, London, UK.

Background: A woman's health at the time of conception lays the foundation for a healthy pregnancy and the lifelong health of her child. We investigated the health behaviours of UK women planning pregnancy.

Methods: We analysed survey data from the 'Planning for Pregnancy' online tool (Tommy's, UK). Read More

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Potential for optimizing management of obesity in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.

Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, FoU - Tema Hjärta och Kärl, S1:02, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset/Solna, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: Prevention guidelines have identified the management of obese patients as an important priority to reduce the burden of incident and recurrent cardiovascular disease. Still, studies have demonstrated that over 80% of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) fail to achieve their weight target. Here, we describe advice received and actions reported by overweight CHD patients since being discharged from hospital and how weight changes relate to their risk profile. Read More

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Decision-support tools via mobile devices to improve quality of care in primary healthcare settings.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jul 27;7:CD012944. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The ubiquity of mobile devices has made it possible for clinical decision-support systems (CDSS) to become available to healthcare providers on handheld devices at the point-of-care, including in low- and middle-income countries. The use of CDSS by providers can potentially improve adherence to treatment protocols and patient outcomes. However, the evidence on the effect of the use of CDSS on mobile devices needs to be synthesized. Read More

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A Combination of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Reduces Risk of Incident Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Rheumatology, Inflammation and Immunity, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: While the association between individual factors related to lifestyle and the risk of SLE has been previously evaluated, it is unclear how the combination of these factors might affect the risk of incident SLE. We prospectively evaluated whether a combination of healthy lifestyle factors is associated with lower risk of incident SLE and its subtypes (dsDNA positive and negative).

Methods: We included 185,962 women with 203 incident SLE cases (96 anti-dsDNA positive,107 anti-dsDNA negative) during 4,649,477 person-years of follow-up from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII cohorts. Read More

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Return to normal diet following mandibular fractures - how long is long enough?

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; The Canberra Hospital, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Mandibular fractures are a common injury managed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Current open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) treatment strategies are based on Champy's ideal line of osteosynthesis with the use of miniplate and load-sharing fixation techniques. Postoperative instructions for the duration of a soft diet have varied. Read More

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In vitro affinity for nicotine of soft contact lenses of different materials.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2021 Jul 19:101490. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

University of Milano Bicocca, Materials Science Department, via R. Cozzi 55, I-20125 Milan, Italy; University of Milano Bicocca, COMiB Research Center, via R. Cozzi 55, I-20125 Milan, Italy.

Smoking is a risk factor for the development of microbial keratitis and corneal infiltrates in contact lens (CL) wearers. It is still unknown if this risk is directly associated with the presence of nicotine in the eye and if adherence of nicotine on the CL can enhance these effects. A better understanding of the interaction between nicotine and CL materials could offer insights to explain this risk associated with smoking. Read More

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Genetic risk, adherence to a healthy lifestyle, and cognitive decline in African Americans and European Americans.

Alzheimers Dement 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Introduction: We investigated the role of genetic risk and adherence to lifestyle factors on cognitive decline in African Americans and European Americans.

Methods: Using data from the Chicago Health and Aging Project (1993-2012; n = 3874), we defined the genetic risk based on presence of apolipoprotein E (APOE) allele and determined a healthy lifestyle using a scoring of five factors: non-smoking, exercising, being cognitively active, having a high-quality diet, and limiting alcohol use. We used linear mixed-effects models to estimate cognitive decline by genetic risk and lifestyle score. Read More

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Determinant factors of poor adherence to iron supplementation among pregnant women in Ethiopia: A large population-based study.

Heliyon 2021 Jul 9;7(7):e07530. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Anemia during pregnancy increases the risk of premature delivery as well as maternal and child mortality. More than 40% and almost one-third of pregnant women are anemic worldwide and in Ethiopia respectively. Iron supplementation is important to prevent anemia during pregnancy in developing countries including Ethiopia. Read More

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Poor adherence to lifestyle recommendations in patients with coronary heart disease: results from the EUROASPIRE surveys.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

National Institute for Prevention and Cardiovascular Health, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Aims : Despite the high use of cardioprotective medications, the risk factor control in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) is still inadequate. Guidelines identify healthy lifestyles as equally important in secondary prevention as pharmacotherapy. Here, we describe reasons for poor lifestyle adherence from the patient's perspective. Read More

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Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle and the Risk of All-Cause Mortality and Cardiovascular Events in Individuals With Diabetes: The ARIC Study.

Front Nutr 2021 5;8:698608. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine and National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Research Laboratory of Emergency Medicine, Disaster Medicine Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

The relationship between combined healthy lifestyle and cardiovascular (CV) events in diabetes is unclear. We aim to investigate the association between a healthy lifestyle score (HLS) and the risk of mortality and CV events in diabetes. We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors scores (including healthy diet, moderate alcohol and regular coffee intakes, never smoking, physical activity, and normal weight) with diabetes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study of 3,804 participants with diabetes from the United States at baseline. Read More

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Re-evaluating composite scores: Adaptive Lasso variable selection for non-linear models.

Stat 2019 17;8(1). Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Statistics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3143, USA.

In nutrition, epidemiology, and other public health fields, composite scores are a common tool used to assess a health behaviour. These composite scores compare an individual's health behaviour to an idealized standard and provide a number, often between 0 and 100, to indicate their compliance to a health behaviour. Crucially, this measure of health behaviour is applied across populations (gender, smoking status, etc. Read More

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December 2019

Coronary artery calcification on low-dose chest CT is an early predictor of severe progression of COVID-19-A multi-center, multi-vendor study.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(7):e0255045. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Purpose: Cardiovascular comorbidity anticipates severe progression of COVID-19 and becomes evident by coronary artery calcification (CAC) on low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT). The purpose of this study was to predict a patient's obligation of intensive care treatment by evaluating the coronary calcium burden on the initial diagnostic LDCT.

Methods: Eighty-nine consecutive patients with parallel LDCT and positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 were included from three centers. Read More

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Predictors of COVID-19 in an outpatient fever clinic.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(7):e0254990. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Pneumology and Infectious diseases, Klinikum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

Background: The objective of this study was to identify clinical risk factors for COVID-19 in a German outpatient fever clinic that allow distinction of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients from other patients with flu-like symptoms.

Methods: This is a retrospective, single-centre cohort study. Patients were included visiting the fever clinic from 4th of April 2020 to 15th of May 2020. Read More

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Elevated plasma levels of NT-proBNP in ambulatory patients with peripheral arterial disease.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(7):e0253792. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a cardiac disease biomarker, has been demonstrated to be a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular events in patients without heart failure. Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are at high risk of cardiovascular events and death. In this study, we investigated levels of NT-proBNP in patients with PAD compared to non-PAD controls. Read More

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Quality Care in Survivorship: Lessons Learned From the ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative.

JCO Oncol Pract 2021 Jul 20:OP2100290. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Purpose: The ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) project was established to evaluate the influence of guideline recommendations on routine clinical practice.

Methods: QOPI provided summary data from 839 unique practices in which data were collected every six months from the Fall of 2015 to the Spring of 2019. From these data, six items were chosen based on their relationship to domains of survivorship. Read More

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Lifestyle Habits among Pregnant Women in Denmark during the First COVID-19 Lockdown Compared with a Historical Period-A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 07 3;18(13). Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Obstetrics, Copenhagen University Hospital-Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

The first national lockdown in Denmark due to the COVID-19 pandemic was declared on 11 March 2020. From this date, national restrictions were imposed. We aimed to assess the potential influence of this first nationwide lockdown on exercise, alcohol consumption, and smoking in early pregnancy. Read More

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Changes in Health Behaviors, Mental and Physical Health among Older Adults under Severe Lockdown Restrictions during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 07 1;18(13). Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28029 Madrid, Spain.

We used data from 3041 participants in four cohorts of community-dwelling individuals aged ≥65 years in Spain collected through a pre-pandemic face-to-face interview and a telephone interview conducted between weeks 7 to 15 after the beginning of the COVID-19 lockdown. On average, the confinement was not associated with a deterioration in lifestyle risk factors (smoking, alcohol intake, diet, or weight), except for a decreased physical activity and increased sedentary time, which reversed with the end of confinement. However, chronic pain worsened, and moderate declines in mental health, that did not seem to reverse after restrictions were lifted, were observed. Read More

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Mobile Technology Improves Adherence to Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Propensity Score-Matched Study.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jul 19:e020482. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Section Boston Medical Center Boston University School of Medicine Boston MA.

Background Despite its established effectiveness, adherence to cardiac rehabilitation remains suboptimal. The purpose of our study is to examine whether mobile technology improves adherence to cardiac rehabilitation and other outcomes. Methods and Results We identified all enrollees of the cardiac rehabilitation program at Boston Medical Center from 2016 to 2019 (n=830). Read More

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Narrative review of current COPD status in Japan.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Jun;13(6):3878-3887

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to the improvement in environmental sanitation and medical care, the general life span has increased in the past decades in Japan. However, many older patients with COPD develop a wide range of comorbidities, and the impairments in the activities of daily living result in frailty and increase social and economic burdens. Read More

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Effect of quitting smoking on health outcomes during treatment for tuberculosis: secondary analysis of the TB & Tobacco Trial.

Thorax 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Despite treatment, patients with tuberculosis (TB) who smoke have poorer outcomes compared with non-smokers. It is unknown, however, if quitting smoking during the 6 months of TB treatment improves TB outcomes.

Methods: The TB & Tobacco Trial was a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised trial of cytisine for smoking cessation in 2472 patients with pulmonary TB in Bangladesh and Pakistan. Read More

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Systematic review of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies of five public health-related behaviours: review protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 16;11(7):e046435. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, Faculty of Population Health Sciences, University College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) involves repeated, real-time assessments of phenomena (eg, cognitions, emotions, behaviours) over a period of time in naturalistic settings. EMA is increasingly used to study both within-person and between-person processes. We will review EMA studies investigating key health behaviours and synthesise: (1) study characteristics (eg, frequency of assessments, adherence, incentives), (2) associations between psychological predictors and behaviours and (3) moderators of adherence to EMA protocols. Read More

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The relationship between dietary patterns, dietary quality index, and dietary inflammatory index with the risk of all types of cancer: Golestan cohort study.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 13;35:48. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Digestive Diseases Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Dietary patterns and diet quality index (DQI) are widely discussed in relation with different health conditions and have recently been taken into consideration for all cancer types. Since chronic inflammation has been recognized as an important biologic risk factor for cancer occurrence, especially in epithelial tissues, proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory characteristics of diet has become the center of attention. In the present study, we aimed to identify whether a specific dietary pattern, Mediterranean dietary score (MDs), and dietary inflammatory index (DII) were associated with overall cancer risk in Iranian population. Read More

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What risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome are preterm and term medically complex infants exposed to at home?

Paediatr Child Health 2021 Jul 15;26(4):e184-e188. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Medical Outcomes and Research in Economics (MORE®) Research Group, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives: Risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome include premature birth, maternal smoking, prone or side sleeping position, sleeping with blankets, sharing a sleeping surface with an adult, and sleeping without an adult in the room. In this study, we compare parents' responses on sleep patterns in premature and term infants with medical complexity.

Methods: Parents of children enrolled in the Canadian Respiratory Syncytial Virus Evaluation Study of Palivizumab were phoned monthly regarding their child's health status until the end of each respiratory syncytial virus season. Read More

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Changes in lifestyle factors after endoscopic screening: a prospective study in the US.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Division of Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Clinical and Translational Epidemiology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Endoscopic screening and adherence to a healthy lifestyle are major avenues for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. We investigated changes in lifestyles after endoscopic screening.

Methods: We drew data from 76,303 pairs of time- and age-matched individuals who had and had not, respectively, reported first time endoscopic screening, in the three cohorts (Nurses' Health Study I and II and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study). Read More

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Supportive Accountability and Mobile App Use in a Tobacco Control Intervention Targeting Low-Income Minority Mothers Who Smoke: Observational Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jul 2;9(7):e28175. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

User Centered Design Inc, Ashburn, VA, United States.

Background: Smartphone mobile apps are frequently used in standalone or multimodal smoking cessation interventions. However, factors that impede or improve app usage are poorly understood.

Objective: This study used the supportive accountability model to investigate factors that influence app usage in the context of a trial designed to reduce maternal smoking in low-income and predominantly minority communities. Read More

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Effectiveness of home-based cardiac telerehabilitation as an alternative to Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation of coronary heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Block MD 11, 10 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore.

Aims: The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic saw the suspension of centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR) and has underscored the need for home-based cardiac telerehabilitation (HBCTR) as a feasible alternative rehabilitation delivery model. Yet, the effectiveness of HBCTR as an alternative to Phase 2 CBCR is unknown. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to quantitatively appraise the effectiveness of HBCTR. Read More

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Radiotherapy-Induced Fatigue in Breast Cancer Patients.

Breast Care (Basel) 2021 Jun 14;16(3):236-242. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: A large proportion of breast cancer patients who undergo adjuvant radiotherapy suffer from radiotherapy-induced fatigue. The possible causative factors of this specific side effect are diverse.

Summary: Prevalence, duration, and severity of radiotherapy-induced fatigue are dependent on the type of radiotherapy, as well as on the irradiated volume, dose scheme, on the number of radiation fields, the combination with other treatments, diurnal rhythm, smoking, and time-to-hospitalization. Read More

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