248 results match your criteria adhd-c children

Characterizing Underlying Cognitive Components of ADHD Presentations and Co-morbid Diagnoses: A Diffusion Decision Model Analysis.

J Atten Disord 2021 Jun 4:10870547211020087. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

University of North Carolina at Asheville, USA.

Objective: To Explore whether subtypes and comorbidities of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) induce distinct biases in cognitive components involved in information processing.

Method: Performance on the Integrated Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test (IVA-CPT) was compared between 150 children (aged 7 to 10) with ADHD, grouped by DSM-5 presentation (ADHD-C, ADHD-I) or co-morbid diagnoses (anxiety, oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], both, neither), and 60 children without ADHD. Diffusion decision modeling decomposed performance into cognitive components. Read More

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Psychopathologic Profiles and Clusters in Tertiary Clinic Referred Patients with Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Person-Centered Analysis.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 25;18(4):304-311. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a heterogeneous clinical presentation with patients showing very frequent emotional problems. In the present study, patients with adult ADHD were subtyped based on their psychopathology using a person-centered approach.

Methods: In the present chart review study, detailed findings of psychological evaluation conducted as part of routine care were utilized. Read More

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Clinical presentations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents: comparison of neurocognitive performance.

Child Neuropsychol 2021 Apr 30:1-30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

This study aimed to compare performance in working memory (WM), processing speed (PRS), and attention measures in children and adolescents with typical development (TD) and with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (inattentive [ADHD-I] or combined [ADHD-C]) presentations, and to determine the predictive ability of the measures mentioned to discriminate between ADHD presentations and TD. 260 children and adolescents, 138 with ADHD (70 ADHD-I and 68 ADHD-C) and 122 TD in two age cohorts (8-12 years; 13-16 years), were assessed with WM and PRS indexes of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) and the d2 attention test. Significant differences between ADHD and TD groups in the WISC-IV GAI scores were found in children but not in adolescents. Read More

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Technological addictions in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Are they associated with emotional intelligence?

Indian J Psychiatry 2020 Nov-Dec;62(6):670-677. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

Background: The impaired regulation of emotional responses has significant social consequences for patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and can be thought to increase the risk for technological addictions.

Aim: Ditto objective of the present research is to investigate the relationship between technological addictions and trait emotional intelligence (EI) in adolescents with ADHD.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 150 treatment-naïve adolescents with ADHD, aged 12-18 years. Read More

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December 2020

Predicting disease severity in children with combined attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using quantitative features from structural MRI of amygdaloid and hippocampal subfields.

J Neural Eng 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Radiology, Shandong First Medical University, No. 6699 Qingdao Road, Jinan, Shandong, 250000, CHINA.

Objective: Volumetric changes in the amygdaloid and hippocampal subfields have been observed in children with combined attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-C). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether volumetric changes in the amygdaloid and hippocampal subfields could be used to predict disease severity in children with ADHD-C.

Approach: The data used in this study was from ADHD-200 datasets, a total of 76 ADHD-C patients were included in this study. Read More

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Asymmetry in Cortical and Subcortical Structures of the Brain in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 12;17:493-502. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100088, People's Republic of China.

Background: Human cognitive and emotional functions are asymmetrical between the left and right hemispheres. In neuroimaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients, the absence of aberrant asymmetry might serve as a neuroanatomical marker of ADHD. However, few studies have estimated abnormalities in cortical and subcortical asymmetry in children and adolescents of different ADHD subtypes. Read More

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February 2021

The role of tryptophan metabolic pathway in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbid oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 28;298:113770. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Selçuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

Accumulating data presented that tryptophan metabolic pathway (TMP) may play a role in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, no study have investigated potential role of TMP in disruptive behavior disorders coexisting with ADHD. This study compared serum levels of tryptophan, kynurenine, kynurenic acid, 3-hydroxykynurenine and 3-hydroxyantranilic acid in medication-free children with ADHD combined presentation (ADHD-C), with ADHD-C and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and with ADHD-C and conduct disorder (CD) versus healthy controls. Read More

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Effects of the dopamine transporter gene on neuroimaging findings in different attention deficit hyperactivity disorder presentations.

Brain Imaging Behav 2021 Apr 20;15(2):1103-1114. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a phenotipically and neurobiologically heterogeneous disorder. Deficiencies at different levels in response inhibition, differences in dopamine transporter genotype (DAT1) and various symptomatic presentations contribute to ADHD heterogeneity. Integrating these three aspects into a functional neuroimaging research could help unreval specific neurobiological components of more phenotipically homogeneous groups of patients with ADHD. Read More

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Relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo and sleep, psychological, somatic, and cognitive problems and impairment in children with autism and children with ADHD.

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Apr 18;26(2):518-530. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

Sluggish cognitive tempo SCT) is a topic of renewed interest. Much remains to be learned about its association with symptoms and diagnoses that have received little research attention, particularly sleep disturbance, somatic complaints, and autism. Our study is the first to explore the relationship between SCT and sleep, internalizing, externalizing, somatic, and cognitive problems, impairment, and demographics in large samples of children with autism, ADHD-Combined, and ADHD-Inattentive. Read More

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and behavioural planning deficiencies in South African primary school children.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2020 22;26:1411. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Behavioural Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as a cognitive or behavioural developmental disorder. Inattentiveness, overactivity and impulsivity are regarded as the main clinical symptoms of ADHD. These symptoms may occur together or separately resulting in three recognised presentations: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive and combined presentations. Read More

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October 2020

ADHD subtypes are associated differently with circadian rhythms of motor activity, sleep disturbances, and body mass index in children and adolescents: a case-control study.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020 Oct 15. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Nutrition, Food Science, and Gastronomy, University of Barcelona, Av. Prat de la Riba 171. Recinte Torribera. Edifici Verdaguer, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, 08921, Barcelona, Spain.

To date, few studies have examined the circadian pattern of motor activity in children and adolescents newly diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective was to study the circadian pattern of motor activity in subjects with ADHD (medication naïve) and to investigate the relationships between alterations in circadian patterns, the ADHD subtype (combined or inattentive), sleep disturbances and body mass index (BMI). One-hundred twenty children and adolescents (60 medication naïve ADHD and 60 controls) were included in a gender- and age-matched case-control study. Read More

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October 2020

ADHD subtype-specific cognitive correlates and association with self-esteem: a quantitative difference.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 10 12;20(1):502. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Department of Psychology and Neurosciences, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany.

Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major neurodevelopmental disorder with heterogeneous symptoms, subtypes, and cognitive deficits. Cognitive deficits are central to ADHD pathophysiology and one potential source of heterogeneity in ADHD. Subtype-specific cognitive correlates are not, however, well-studied. Read More

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October 2020

Discrimination of ADHD Subtypes Using Decision Tree on Behavioral, Neuropsychological, and Neural Markers.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2020 May-Jun;11(3):359-367. Epub 2020 May 1.

Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a well-known neurodevelopmental disorder. Diagnosis and treatment of ADHD can often lead to a developmental trajectory toward positive results. The present study aimed at implementing the decision tree method to recognize children with and without ADHD, as well as ADHD subtypes. Read More

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Aberrant functional connectivity in resting state networks of ADHD patients revealed by independent component analysis.

BMC Neurosci 2020 09 18;21(1):39. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Medical Engineering and Technology Research Center, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Taian, 271016, China.

Background: ADHD is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Altered functional connectivity has been associated with ADHD symptoms. This study aimed to investigate abnormal changes in the functional connectivity of resting-state brain networks (RSNs) among adolescent patients with different subtypes of ADHD. Read More

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September 2020

Diagnostic Associations of Processing Speed in a Transdiagnostic, Pediatric Sample.

Sci Rep 2020 06 22;10(1):10114. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Center for the Developing Brain, Child Mind Institute, New York, New York, USA.

Introduction: The present study examines the relationships between processing speed (PS), mental health disorders, and learning disorders. Prior work has tended to explore relationships between PS deficits and specific diagnoses in isolation of one another. Here, we simultaneously investigated PS associations with five diagnoses (i. Read More

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Spatiotemporal consistency analysis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder children.

Neurosci Lett 2020 08 26;734:135099. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Internal Neurology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No.136 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400014, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify the local spatiotemporal consistency of spontaneous brain activity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) adolescents and its relation with clinical performance.

Materials And Methods: A cohort of 50 adolescents with ADHD-I or ADHD-C and a cohort of age- and gender- matched 46 typical development controls (TDC) were recruited from ADHD-200 dataset. FOur-dimensional (spatiotemporal) Consistency of local neural Activities (FOCA) metric was used to analyze the local spatiotemporal consistency, which integrating local temporal homogeneity and regional stability of brain activity states. Read More

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Symptom Level Associations Between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and School Performance.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2020 09 22;59(9-10):874-884. Epub 2020 May 22.

Vermont Department of Health, Burlington, VT, USA.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with reduced school performance. To determine which ADHD symptoms and subtypes have the strongest association, we used type and frequency of symptoms on the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome (NS-DATA) to create symptom scores for inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity and define subtypes (ADHD-Inattentive [ADHD-I], ADHD-Hyperactive-Impulsive, ADHD-Combined [ADHD-C]). Regression methods were used to examine associations between symptoms and subtype and a composite measure of school performance. Read More

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September 2020

Does behavioural inhibition system dysfunction contribute to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Personal Neurosci 2019 8;2:e5. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Department Psychology, University of Otago, POB 56, Dunedin, New Zealand.

The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality has as its main foundation a Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS), defined by anxiolytic drugs, in which high trait sensitivity should lead to internalising, anxiety, disorders. Conversely, it has been suggested that low BIS sensitivity would be a characteristic of externalising disorders. BIS output should lead to increased arousal and attention as well as behavioural inhibition. Read More

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Epidemiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2020 13;19:21. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Paulo's Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood and adolescence, affecting 2.2 to 17.8% of all school-aged children and adolescents. Read More

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Neurofeedback trains a superordinate system relevant for seemingly opposing behavioral control deficits depending on ADHD subtype.

Dev Sci 2020 11 17;23(6):e12956. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Cognitive Neurophysiology, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine of the TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

ADHD is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood, but symptoms vary considerably between individuals. Therefore, different ADHD subtypes can be distinguished. Yet, it is widely elusive whether the specific subtype is critical to consider when examining treatment effects. Read More

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November 2020

Sleep among presentations of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Analysis of objective and subjective measures.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2020 Jan-Apr;20(1):54-61. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Laboratorio del Sueño y Promoción de la Salud; Centro de Investigación, Mente, Cerebro y Comportamiento (CIMCYC), Universidad de Granada, España.

To examine subjective and objective sleep patterns in children with different Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) presentations.

Method: We assessed 92 children diagnosed with ADHD (29 ADHD-Inattentive [ADHD-I], 31 ADHD-Hyperactive/Impulsive [ADHD-H/I], and 32 ADHD-Combined [ADHD-C)]) aged 7-11 years. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS), and a sleep diary were used as subjective sleep measures, and polysomnography was used to objectively assess sleep quantity, quality, and fragmentation. Read More

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October 2019

Multi-Source Interference Task paradigm to enhance automatic and controlled processes in ADHD.

Res Dev Disabil 2020 Feb 5;97:103542. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Via Bivona, 98100, Messina, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: The role of automatic and controlled processes in children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has recently been debated. Most theories on ADHD assume that core deficits are related to controlled processes and executive function.

Aims: The main aim of the present study is to examine automatic and controlled attention in children with ADHD, compared to TD subjects. Read More

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February 2020

Visual Attention, Orthographic Word Recognition, and Executive Functioning in Children With ADHD, Dyslexia, or ADHD + Dyslexia.

J Atten Disord 2021 05 16;25(7):942-953. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

University of Azuay, Cuenca, Ecuador.

The current study examined the differences in visual selective attention, orthographic word recognition, and executive functioning. One hundred and forty Ecuadorian children in third and fifth grades of elementary school (8-10 years old) participated in the study-35 with only dyslexia (DD), 35 with the combined type of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-C), 35 with disorders (DD + ADHD-C), and 35 typical development children (TD). The Ecuadorian children with DD and/or ADHD-C in this age range usually have difficulties in visual selective attention, and also in orthographic word recognition. Read More

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Fine motor deficits and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in primary school children.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2019 22;25:1232. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Behavioural Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Background: Many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display motor deficiencies during their daily routine, which may have impact on their developmental course. Children with ADHD who experience motor deficiencies often display deficits in tasks requiring movements, such as handwriting.

Aim: This study investigated deficiencies in fine motor skills in primary school children with ADHD. Read More

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January 2019

Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch): Greek Normative Data and Discriminative Validity for Children with Combined Type of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder.

Dev Neuropsychol 2019 Mar-Apr;44(2):189-202. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a School of Psychology , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

We examined the utility of the Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch) for Greek children. Discrete and regression-based norms, controlling for demographic characteristics and intelligence, were derived from the performance of 172 children. We also assessed the ability of the TEA-Ch to differentiate children with ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C) from healthy matched peers. Read More

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Differential Efficacy of Neurofeedback in Children with ADHD Presentations.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 7;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Plaza Feijoo s/n, 33003 Oviedo (Asturias), Spain.

Training in neurofeedback (NF) reduces the symptomatology associated with attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, ADHD differs in terms of the type of presentation, i.e. Read More

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February 2019

Subjective and objective assessments of sleep problems in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the effects of methylphenidate treatment.

Biomed J 2018 12 11;41(6):356-363. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: to investigate the sleep problems in children with different ADHD presentations and effects of methylphenidate (MPH) on the sleep problems of children with ADHD by both subjective and objective measurements.

Methods: 71 children with ADHD and 30 controls were included. 35 had ADHD with predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I) and 36 with predominantly hyperactive/impulsive or combined presentation (ADHD-C). Read More

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December 2018

Sex and racial/ethnic differences in the association between childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom subtypes and body mass index in the transition from adolescence to adulthood in the United States.

Pediatr Obes 2019 05 10;14(5):e12498. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: While attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with higher body mass index (BMI), little research has focused on how this association differs by sex or race/ethnicity.

Objective: To investigate the association between ADHD and BMI by sex and race/ethnicity (ie, European [EA], African [AA], and Hispanic American [HA]).

Methods: Data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves II to IV (n = 13 332, age: 12-34 years). Read More

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Comparing directed functional connectivity between groups with confirmatory subgrouping GIMME.

Neuroimage 2019 03 21;188:642-653. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Connectivity modeling in functional neuroimaging has become widely used method of analysis for understanding functional architecture. One method for deriving directed connectivity models is Group Iterative Multiple Model Estimation (GIMME; Gates and Molenaar, 2012). GIMME looks for commonalities across the sample to detect signal from noise and arrive at edges that exist across the majority in the group ("group-level edges") and individual-level edges. Read More

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