619 results match your criteria adductor strength


Intramuscular fatty infiltration and physical function in controlled acromegaly.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

E Valassi, Endocrinology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Patients with acromegaly show musculoskeletal symptoms which may persist despite disease control. Increased intramuscular fat fraction is a known cause of muscle dysfunction in several disorders.

Objective: To assess the degree of fat fraction in thigh muscles of controlled acromegaly patients, and its relationship with muscle dysfunction. Read More

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Exploring the Determinants of Repeated-Sprint Ability in Adult Women Soccer Players.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 26;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Faculty of Educational Sciences and Sports Sciences, University of Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain.

This study aimed to explore the main determinants of repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in women soccer players considering aerobic capacity, sprinting performance, change-of-direction, vertical height jump, and hip adductor/abductor isometric strength. Twenty-two women soccer players from the same team participating in the first Portuguese league were observed. Fitness assessments were performed three times during a 22-week cohort period. Read More

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Biomechanical Parameters that May Influence Lower Limb Injury during Landing in Taekwondo.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 12;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

College of Education, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul 02450, Korea.

: The jumping kick of Taekwondo was a unilateral exercise that repeatedly moves in one direction. The exercise was exposed to the risk of injury due to the heavy ground reaction force and load in the landing. The first purpose of this study was to compare the impact force (IF), peak vertical ground reaction force (PVGRF), vertical loading rate (VLR), vertical stiffness (VS), and landing foot angle (LFA) during the landing of the jumping kick according to the experience of lower injury. Read More

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The impact of IPACK combined with adductor canal block under ultrasound guidance on early motor function after total knee arthroplasty.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Department of Anesthesiology, Qingdao, China.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of Infiltration between the Popliteal Artery and Capsule of the posterior Knee (IPACK) combined with an adductor canal block under the guidance of ultrasound on early motor function after Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods: A sample of 60 cases who were scheduled for elective unilateral TKA were divided into two groups using random number table method: a group with IPACK combined with an adductor canal block (I group, n = 30), and a group with femoral nerve block combined with superior popliteal sciatic nerve block (FS group, n = 30). Before anesthesia induction was completed, the patients in I group received an ultrasound-guided adductor canal block with 15 mL of 0. Read More

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Magnetization Transfer Ratio in Lower Limbs of Late Onset Pompe Patients Correlates With Intramuscular Fat Fraction and Muscle Function Tests.

Front Neurol 2021 16;12:634766. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Neuromuscular Disorders Unit, Neurology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

Magnetization transfer (MT) imaging exploits the interaction between bulk water protons and protons contained in macromolecules to induce signal changes through a special radiofrequency pulse. MT detects muscle damage in patients with neuromuscular conditions, such as limb-girdle muscular dystrophies or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, which are characterized by progressive fiber loss and replacement by fatty tissue. In Pompe disease, in which there is, in addition, an accumulation of glycogen inside the muscle fibers, MT has not been tested yet. Read More

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The conservative treatment of longstanding adductor-related groin pain syndrome: a critical and systematic review.

Biol Sport 2021 Mar 5;38(1):45-63. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

FC Internazionale Medical Staff, Milan, Italy.

Longstanding (chronic) adductor-related groin pain syndrome is a widely common problem for athletes in many sports activities which often drastically reduces player activity and performance. The first choice in therapeutic treatment is conservative therapy. The objective of this study is to provide a systematic review regarding conservative treatment for longstanding adductor-related groin pain syndrome present in literature today. Read More

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Muscle activity of cutting manoeuvres and soccer inside passing suggests an increased groin injury risk during these movements.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 31;11(1):7223. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopedics, German Sport University Cologne, 50933, Cologne, Germany.

Cutting manoeuvres and inside passing are thought to increase the risk of sustaining groin injuries. But both movements have received little research attention in this regard. The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activity of adductor longus and gracilis as well as hip and knee joint kinematics during [Formula: see text]-cutting and inside passing. Read More

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Motor Impairment and Its Influence in Gait Velocity and Asymmetry in Community Ambulating Hemiplegic Individuals.

Arch Rehabil Res Clin Transl 2021 Mar 25;3(1):100093. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Center for Health Research and Movement Science, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.

Objectives: To determine the most important motor impairments that are predictors of gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetrical ratio in patients with stroke.

Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive analysis study.

Setting: Human performance laboratory of the University of Santo Tomas. Read More

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Perineural Dexmedetomidine Reduces the Median Effective Concentration of Ropivacaine for Adductor Canal Block.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Mar 17;27:e929857. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Center Hospital of Bao Ding, Baoding, Hebei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Multimodal analgesic regimens are well known as the best option for total knee arthroplasty. They include the adductor canal block, combined with local infiltration analgesia and a block of the interspace between the popliteal artery and the capsule of the posterior knee. However, these analgesic techniques all require a large amount of local anesthetics. Read More

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Comparison between gymnasts and non-gymnasts in isometric strength of the lower limbs.

Eur J Transl Myol 2021 Mar 9;31(1). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

University of Primorska, Faculty of Health Sciences, Izola, Slovenia; S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd., Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behaviour, Ljubljana, Slovenia; InnoRenew CoE, Livade 6, Izola.

Muscle asymmetries in gymnasts are common and can lead to injury. We aimed to determine differences in hip, knee, and ankle strength between female gymnasts and non-gymnasts, and secondly, to determine the effect of strength training intervention. Fifteen gymnasts (aged 11. Read More

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Past-season, pre-season and in-season risk assessment of groin problems in male football players: a prospective full-season study.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Sports Orthopaedic Research Center-Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Hovedstaden, Denmark.

Objective: We assessed past-season, pre-season and in-season risk factors to investigate their association with an in-season groin problem in male amateur football players.

Methods: Past-season groin-pain information and pre-season short-lever and long-lever adductor squeeze strength were obtained at baseline, together with anthropometrics (weight, lower limb lever length) and player age. In-season hip-related and groin-related sporting function was monitored every 4 weeks using the Sports and Recreation (Sport) subscale from the Hip And Groin Outcome Score questionnaire (HAGOS (Sport)). Read More

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Relationship Between Sexual Function and Pelvic Floor and Hip Muscle Strength in Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence.

Sex Med 2021 Apr 1;9(2):100325. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Laboratory of Kinetic Ergocise Based on Movement Analysis, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: The pelvic floor muscle (PFM) could affect female sexual functions. The hip muscles are morphologically and functionally linked to PFM and are important elements of female sexual attraction.

Aim: To determine the relationship between female sexual function and hip muscle strength and PFM functions in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Read More

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Association of adductor pollicis muscle thickness and handgrip strength with nutritional status in hospitalized individuals.

Nutr Hosp 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde. Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados.

Background: malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients and early diagnosis can contribute to better clinical and nutritional outcomes. Adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) and handgrip strength (HGS) have been used to identify reductions in strength and muscle mass, associated or not with conventional methods.

Objective: we aimed to correlate APMT and HGS with conventional anthropometric variables in hospitalized patients, and assess their relationship with nutritional status as evaluated by the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) method. Read More

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Hip and knee muscle torque and its relationship with dynamic balance in chronic ankle instability, copers and controls.

J Sci Med Sport 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: We compared hip and knee isometric muscle torque between individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI), those who have sustained one ankle sprain with no ongoing problems (copers) and healthy controls. Our secondary objective was to compare balance between groups and investigate the relationship between muscle torque and balance.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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February 2021

Offseason Workout Recommendations for Baseball Players.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2021 Apr 26;14(2):174-184. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Chicago White Sox, Chicago, IL, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Offseason training programs are crucial for the baseball athlete. Preparation for the competitive season should be carefully planned to allow long-term athletic success. The two goals of the offseason training program are to optimize performance and reduce injury risk. Read More

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Randomized Trial of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia - The SPASTOX Trial.

Mov Disord 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Neurology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

Background: Hereditary spastic paraplegia presents spasticity as the main clinical manifestation, reducing gait quality and producing incapacity. Management with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) is not well elucidated. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BoNT-A in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegias. Read More

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February 2021

Markers of muscle damage and strength performance in professional football (soccer) players during the competitive period.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Jan;9(2):113

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Background: The present study investigated the impact of competitive soccer on the short-term changes in isometric strength of the adductor muscle group during the competitive season.

Methods: In this cohort study we evaluated the association between a serum marker of muscle damage [creatine phosphokinase (CPK)] and isometric strength of the adductor muscles of the hip in 30 professional football players (age: 26.7±2. Read More

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January 2021

Effectiveness of Abdominal and Gluteus Medius Training in Lumbo-Pelvic Stability and Adductor Strength in Female Soccer Players. A Randomized Controlled Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 5;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain.

Background: Abdominal and lumbo-pelvic stability alterations may be the origin of lower limb injuries, such as adductor pathology in soccer players. Imbalance can be caused by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trial over 8 weeks, 25 female footballers were randomly allocated to an experimental group (isometric abdominal training and gluteus medius-specific training) or a control group (isometric abdominal training). Read More

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February 2021

Hamstring Muscle Volume as an Indicator of Sprint Performance.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Apr;35(4):902-909

National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC), University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract: Nuell, S, Illera-Domínguez, V, Carmona, G, Macadam, P, Lloret, M, Padullés, JM, Alomar, X, and Cadefau, JA. Hamstring muscle volume as an indicator of sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 35(4): 902-909, 2021-This study aimed to compare mechanical properties and performance during sprinting, as well as thigh muscle volumes (MVs), between national-level sprinters and physically active males. Read More

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Obturator Nerve Blockade vs. Neuromuscular Blockade for the Prevention of Adductor Spasm in Patients Undergoing Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumors: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pain Med 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Urology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Background: The obturator nerve runs along the posterolateral walls of the bladder and electrosurgical stimulation in this region can result in adductor spasm which can occur suddenly and unexpectedly with potentially catastrophic results.

Methods: Sixty patients were prospectively randomized to receive either a single-injection ultrasound-guided obturator nerve block (ONB) or intravenous rocuronium after induction of general anesthesia (i.e. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical efficacy of adductor canal block in medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy.

Knee 2021 Jan 29;29:9-14. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: To evaluate the effect of adductor canal block (ACB) on short-term postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) compared to that of a placebo.

Methods: 35 patients who underwent unilateral MOWHTO between 2017 and 2019 were prospectively reviewed and randomly divided into two groups: 19 patients who received a single-shot ACB and 16 patients who received a saline injection (a placebo group). Primary outcomes were (1) pain measured using the visual analog scale and range of motion, (2) patient satisfaction, (3) postoperative need for additional opioids, (3) quadriceps strength (the time to straight leg raising [SLR]), (4) clinical outcomes, and (5) complications. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of different initial foot positions on kinematics, muscle activation patterns, and postural control during a sit-to-stand in younger and older adults.

J Biomech 2021 Mar 13;117:110251. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, 2109 San Jacinto Blvd, D3700, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Performing a sit-to-stand (STS) can be a challenging task for older adults because of age-related declines in neuromuscular strength and coordination. We investigated the effects of different initial foot positions (IFPs) on kinematics, muscle activation patterns, and balance control during a STS in younger and older adults.

Methods: Ten younger and ten older healthy adults participated in this study. Read More

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Quantification of disease progression in spinal muscular atrophy with muscle MRI-a pilot study.

NMR Biomed 2021 Apr 22;34(4):e4473. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Quantitative MRI (qMRI) of muscles is a promising tool to measure disease progression or to assess therapeutic effects in neuromuscular diseases. Longitudinal imaging studies are needed to show sensitivity of qMRI in detecting disease progression in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). In this pilot study we therefore studied one-year changes in quantitative MR parameters in relation to clinical scores. Read More

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The Activation of Gluteal, Thigh, and Lower Back Muscles in Different Squat Variations Performed by Competitive Bodybuilders: Implications for Resistance Training.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 18;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Giuseppe Colombo 71, 20133 Milano, Italy.

The present study investigated the activation of gluteal, thigh, and lower back muscles in different squat variations. Ten male competitive bodybuilders perform back-squat at full (full-BS) or parallel (parallel-BS) depth, using large feet-stance (sumo-BS), and enhancing the feet external rotation (external-rotated-sumo-BS) and front-squat (FS) at 80% 1-RM. The normalized surface electromyographic root-mean-square (sEMG RMS) amplitude of and was recorded during both the ascending and descending phase of each exercise. Read More

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January 2021

The relationship between the hand pattern used during fast wheelchair propulsion and shoulder pain development.

J Biomech 2021 Feb 28;116:110202. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Walker Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Up to 84% of manual wheelchair users (MWCU) with spinal cord injury experience shoulder pain, which is correlated with shoulder adductor weakness in this population. Modeling studies have shown weak shoulder adductors lead to compensations from the deltoid and rotator cuff muscles during propulsion, which may lead to altered propulsion mechanics. However, the role recovery phase hand pattern has in pain development is unclear, as each hand pattern is associated with unique mechanics and different levels of muscle demand. Read More

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February 2021

Biomechanical Study of Different Femoral Fixation Devices in the Reconstruction of the Medial Patellofemoral Ligament in Porcine Knees.

Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020 Dec 22;55(6):771-777. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

 To evaluate different femoral fixation devices for medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and compare their effectiveness regarding fixation strength up to failure in porcine knees.  Thirty porcine knees were used, divided into three groups of 10 knees. The removed grafts were dissected from the extensor tendons of porcine feet. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of Approach Distance and Change of Direction Angles Upon Step and Joint Kinematics, Peak Muscle Activation, and Change of Direction Performance.

Front Sports Act Living 2020 30;2:594567. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Nord University, Levanger, Norway.

The aim of the study was to compare the step kinematics, joint angles, and muscle activations between change of direction (COD) maneuvers with different angles and approach distances, suggested to require different strength and velocity demands. Twenty-three male soccer players completed eight COD tests consisting of both 4 and 20-m sprint approaches with one directional change which varied between each COD test (45, 90, 135, and 180°). Peak muscle activity, step and joint kinematics of the lower limbs of the plant, and re-acceleration step were measured. Read More

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October 2020

MALNUTRITION IN CIRRHOSIS: ASSOCIATION WITH ETIOLOGY AND HEPATOCELLULAR DYSFUNCTION.

Arq Gastroenterol 2020 Oct-Dec;57(4):375-380

Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Hepatologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: The protein-energy malnutrition alters the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis. Its prevalence may vary according to the etiology of liver disease, it´s severity and the evaluation of the method applied. The infection by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and alcoholism are the main etiologies of cirrhosis and result in a significant morbidity and mortality. Read More

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February 2021

Asymmetry Thresholds for Common Screening Tests and Their Effects on Jump Performance in Professional Soccer Players.

J Athl Train 2020 Dec 2. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Context: Arbitrary asymmetry thresholds are regularly used in professional soccer athletes, notwithstanding the sparse literature available to examine their prevalence.

Objective: To establish normative and positional asymmetry values for commonly used screening tests and investigate their relationships with jumping performance.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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December 2020

Strength development and non-contact lower limb injury in academy footballers across age groups.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Mar 15;31(3):679-690. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

School of Health, Sport and Professional Practice, Faculty of Life Sciences and Education, University South Wales, Pontypridd, UK.

Non-contact lower limb injuries are common in academy football. Yet, the impact these injuries have on strength development in academy footballers remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the impact of non-contact lower limb injury on hip, groin, and knee flexor strength development in male academy youth footballers. Read More

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