2,435 results match your criteria additionally descriptive


Sexual function following pelvic fracture urethral injury and posterior urethroplasty.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 May;10(5):2043-2050

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: To evaluate erectile and sexual function after pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) by performing a retrospective review of a large multi-center database. We hypothesized that most men will have erectile dysfunction (ED) and poor sexual function following PFUI, which will remain after posterior urethroplasty.

Methods: Using the Trauma and Urologic Reconstructive Networks of Surgeons (TURNS) database, we identified PFUI patients undergoing posterior urethroplasty. Read More

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[Methodical investigation of mineral and trace element concentrations in equine feces with special consideration of the sampling location].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2021 Jun 22;49(3):178-188. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Pferde, Freie Universität Berlin.

Objective: Objective measurements of the mineral supply in horses are rarely performed. As a result, incorrect elements or an improper amount of elements are provided. The analysis of feces could represent a novel method to evaluate the nutritive supply. Read More

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Evidence Gap and Knowledge Map of Physical Activity Research in Diabetes in Iran: A Scoping Review.

Int J Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 27;19(2):e110636. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: The important role of physical activity in the prevention and management of diabetes necessitates a review of current research to shed light on gaps in national diabetes guidelines.

Evidence Acquisition: This scoping review was part of the Iran Diabetes Research Roadmap (IDRR) study. A systematic search was used based on the Arksey and O'Malley method consisting of six steps. Read More

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Self-Regulated Resource Management in Emergency Remote Higher Education: Status Quo and Predictors.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:672741. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany.

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring term 2020, students faced a sudden change from on-campus learning to online learning with synchronous and asynchronous online courses (emergency remote teaching). To study successfully, students not only needed to be prepared in terms of digital readiness (workspace, IT equipment, previous online learning experiences, and sharing information online), they also faced challenges that pertained to the self-regulated management of external resources (environment structuring, time management, and help-seeking). In the current study, we investigated students' digital readiness for the sudden switch to online learning; differences between students' intended and actual use of external resource management strategies; and the influence of students' digital readiness on their actual use of resource management strategies. Read More

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Burnout and moral resilience in interdisciplinary healthcare professionals.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Aims And Objectives: To examine demographic and work characteristics of interdisciplinary healthcare professionals associated with higher burnout and to examine whether the four domains of moral resilience contribute to burnout over and above work and demographic variables.

Background: Healthcare professionals experience complex ethical challenges on a daily basis leading to burnout and moral distress. Measurement of moral resilience is a new and vital step in creating tailored interventions that will foster moral resilience at the bedside. Read More

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Determining the research status and coronavirus anxiety scores of academics during the flexible working arrangements initiated after the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2021 Jun 9;16(3):336-343. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, School of Foreign Languages, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the effect of flexible work arrangements (FWA) initiated in Turkey due to the COVID-19 pandemic on research status of academics and their coronavirus anxiety scores.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 290 academicians participated and completed the questionnaire. The descriptive (by response frequency) and inferential statistics (chi-square, student's t, and Anova tests) were performed for advanced data analysis. Read More

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Do community-dwelling pregnant women know about pelvic floor disorder?

Women Health 2021 Jun 17:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Our study aimed to assess the knowledge and awareness regarding pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) among pregnant women. We additionally evaluated whether the knowledge of PFDs was different in relation to gestational age, parity, the attendance to an antenatal education (ANE), and history of urinary incontinence (UI) and/or pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in pregnant women from all trimesters of pregnancy. Read More

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Experiences of Malawian Mothers During Their Infants' Hospitalization.

Adv Neonatal Care 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and Center for Advancing Population Science, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Dr Gondwe); Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Drs Brandon and Holditch-Davis); Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina (Drs Small and Malcolm); Kamuzu College of Nursing, University of Malawi, Lilongwe, Malawi (Ms Chimala and Drs Chirwa and Kamanga); and Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi (Ms Beyamu).

Background: Hospitalization of a newborn infant is stressful for all mothers. Hospitals in Malawi have limited nursing staff and support, so mothers are the primary care providers for their hospitalized infants. Few studies have explored the experience of these mothers as both care providers and mothers. Read More

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Telemedicine use by pediatric rheumatologists during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2021 Jun 16;19(1):93. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Stanford Cildren's Health, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Background: To characterize various aspects of telemedicine use by pediatric rheumatology providers during the recent pandemic including provider acceptability of telehealth practices, clinical reliability, and clinical appropriateness.

Methods: An electronic survey was generated and disseminated amongst the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) listserv (n = 547). Survey items were analyzed via descriptive statistics by question. Read More

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Effectiveness of a Blended-Learning Intervention in Teachers' Vocal Health.

J Voice 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), Department of Speech Therapy, João Pessoa (PB), Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To verify the effectiveness of a blended-learning voice assistance program for elementary school teachers.

Study Design: Nonrandomized and comparative interventional clinical trial.

Methods: A total of 59 teachers participated; 33 of the 59 teachers participated in face-to-face learning (control group-CG), and 26 of the 59 teachers participated in blended learning (experimental group-EG). Read More

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Health-related quality of life in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia: a systematic literature review.

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Italian Group for Adult Hematologic Diseases (GIMEMA), Data Center and Health Outcomes Research Unit. Rome, Italy.

: Remarkable advances have been made in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) research over the past decades and many patients can now also be cured without traditional chemotherapy. Therefore, the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and other types of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is highly relevant in the current APL treatment landscape.: A systematic literature review was performed to identify APL studies assessing HRQoL that were published over the last fifteen years. Read More

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Orthorexia nervosa and Instagram: exploring the Russian-speaking conversation around #opтopeкcия.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Faculty of Science, Athena Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

This mixed-methods study explored the conversation around orthorexia nervosa (ON) on Instagram from a Russian-speaking perspective. Two quantitative data sources were implemented; a comparative content analysis of posts tagged with #opтopeкcия (n = 234) and #orthorexia (n = 243), and an online questionnaire completed by Russian-speakers (n = 96) sharing ON-related content on Instagram. Additionally, five questionnaire participants were interviewed, four of which identified with having (had) ON. Read More

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Impact of Scoring First on Match Outcome in the Chinese Football Super League.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:662708. Epub 2021 May 28.

National School of Development, Peking University, Beijing, China.

The aim of this study was to explore the effect of scoring first on match outcomes in the Chinese Football Super League (CSL). A total of 1,116 matches in which at least one goal was scored from the 2014 to 2018 seasons were collected. Match outcomes, absolute goal differences, the minute of the first goal, match locations, and teams' budgets were analyzed. Read More

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Union, Employer, and compensation system gaps and failures: Workers with injuries perceptions.

Work 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

School of Human Kinetics, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada.

Background: Workers who suffered a workplace injury and submitted a claim with the compensation board in Ontario often faced economic and non-economic costs that provoked depressive feelings, family strain, financial strain, and feelings of diminished self-worth.

Objective: This qualitative descriptive study aimed to understand the perceived gaps and failures associated with the support systems (e.g. Read More

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Support for the higher-order factor structure of the WHODAS 2.0 self-report version in a Dutch outpatient psychiatric setting.

Qual Life Res 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Nieuwenhuis Institute for Educational Research, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Previous studies of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) interview version suggested a second-order model, with a general disability factor and six factors on a lower level. Read More

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Cutting balloon angioplasty on branch pulmonary artery stenosis in pediatric patients.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Pediatric Cardiology, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Objectives: To identify medium-term results following cutting balloon angioplasty (CBA) for branch pulmonary artery stenosis (PAS) and predictors of successful intervention.

Background: CBA has emerged as a successful alternative therapy for PAS resistant to conventional balloon angioplasty techniques but there is little information on medium and long-term outcomes.

Methods: This is a descriptive, single center, retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent CBA for PAS at Arkansas Children's Hospital between May 2005 and December 2020. Read More

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Management of urinary tract infections and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9:e14475. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Near East University Northern Cyprus, Nicosia.

Aim Of Study: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common infections affecting individuals of different ages worldwide. Antimicrobial agents are usually the first-line treatment for UTIs, and the use of the prescribed antibiotic is escalating, resulting in increased rates of bacterial resistance and UTI recurrence. The current study aimed to identify the causative bacteria in Jordan, to explore their resistance pattern to antibiotics, and to describe drug-related problems associated with UTI management. Read More

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Frequency of arterial hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia in children after kidney transplants.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 04 13;58(2):122-130. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Nefrología Pediátrica, Medellín, Colombia.

Background: Pediatric kidney transplant patients have an increased risk of developing arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, carbohydrate intolerance and diabetes mellitus, risk factors associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Objective: This study evaluates the frequency of arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and alteration in carbohydrate metabolism in a cohort of pediatric kidney transplant patients during 2006-2016 at the Pablo Tobon Uribe Hospital, in Colombia.

Material And Methods: Retrospective descriptive study in which descriptive statistics were used. Read More

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Physical assessment skills taught in nursing curricula: a scoping review.

JBI Evid Synth 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada Queen's Collaboration for Health Care Quality: A JBI Centre of Excellence, Kingston, ON, Canada Leddy Library, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.

Objective: This scoping review sought to establish the current state of knowledge regarding physical assessment skills taught globally in undergraduate nursing curricula. Explicitly, which skills are being taught via curricula, and which skills are performed by students in clinical placements. Additionally, what physical assessment skills are being used by registered nurses in practice. Read More

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Energy generation, absorption, and transfer at the shoulder and elbow in youth baseball pitchers.

Sports Biomech 2021 Jun 8:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Sports Medicine and Movement Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Performance during the baseball pitch is dependent on the flow of mechanical energy through the kinetic chain. Little is known about energy flow during the pitching motion and it is not known whether patterns of energy flow are related to pitching performance and injury risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify energy generation, absorption, and transfer across the shoulder and elbow during the baseball pitch and explore the associations between these energetic measures, pitch speed, and traditional measures of upper extremity joint loading. Read More

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Development of a Salutogenesis Workshop for SPPs to Help Them, Their Athletes, and the Athlete's Entourage Better Cope With Uncertainty During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychol 2021 21;12:612264. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Sport Psychology, Institute of Sport Psychology and Sport Pedagogy, Faculty of Sports Science, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.

The COVID-19 pandemic is also called a crisis of uncertainty because of so many unforeseeable events like canceled qualification competitions, loss of training facilities, and postponement of the Olympic games. Athletes and their entourage experience this uncertainty as stressful. Sport psychology practitioners (SPPs) are in a key position to support athletes in coping with these unforeseeable stressors. Read More

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Comparison of motor vehicle-involved e-scooter and bicycle crashes using standardized crash typology.

J Safety Res 2021 06 26;77:217-228. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: The market share of e-scooters in the United States has proliferated in cities: 86 million trips were made on shared e-scooters in 2019, a more than 100% increase compared to 2018. However, the interaction of e-scooters with other road users and infrastructure remains uncertain.

Method: This study scrutinized 52 e-scooter and 79 bicycle police-reported crashes in Nashville, Tennessee, from April 2018 to April 2020 from the Tennessee Integrated Traffic Analysis Network (TITAN) database. Read More

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The use of clinical practice to facilitate community engagement in the Faculty of Health Science.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 May 27;54:103102. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

Aim: This article seeks to describe how clinical practice can be used to facilitate community engagement in the Faculty of Health Science.

Design: The study followed a qualitative exploratory, descriptive and contextual design.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Faculty of Health Science at a public university in Namibia, Southern Africa. Read More

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Imaging Characteristics of the Proximal Lateral Collateral Ligament of the Knee: Findings on Ultrasound and MRI with Histologic Correlation.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objectives: Determine prevalence of increased signal intensity of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) of the knee on MRI and decreased echogenicity on ultrasound, and compare with cadaveric histologic evaluation.

Methods: After IRB approval of this prospective study with informed consent, patients having knee MRI were additionally evaluated with ultrasound. Signal intensities of LCL on MRI (low, intermediate, high), echogenicity at ultrasound (hyperechoic, hypoechoic, anechoic), and extent of findings were assessed. Read More

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Healthcare-seeking behavior and awareness of physical therapy among Japanese residents in Thailand: a descriptive study.

J Phys Ther Sci 2021 May 15;33(5):388-393. Epub 2021 May 15.

Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan.

[Purpose] This descriptive study examined healthcare-seeking behavior and awareness of physical therapy among Japanese residents of different age groups in Thailand. [Participants and Methods] The study included 145 Japanese residents in Thailand. An online questionnaire was used to collect data on the participants' sociodemographic characteristics, healthcare-seeking behavior, and awareness of physical therapy. Read More

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Doctoral nursing students' lived experience of virtual mentoring in the United States.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 May 28;54:103103. Epub 2021 May 28.

University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: To explore the lived experiences of research-focused doctoral students and graduates who participated in a virtual mentoring program.

Background: Faculty mentoring of doctoral nursing students is at a critical juncture, as a lack of mentors and experienced researchers exists to assist the next generation of nurse educators. Additionally, few nursing schools offer the mentoring support necessary to further the research trajectories of doctorally prepared nurse educators. Read More

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Taste alterations and oral discomfort in patients receiving chemotherapy.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 26, 1958, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Purpose: Taste alterations (TA) and oral discomfort in cancer patients are neglected side effects of the disease and treatments. They contribute to poor appetite, decrease food intake and affect quality of life, leading to adverse outcomes such as malnutrition and depression. The study aimed to explore TAs in relation to other oral conditions causing discomfort in cancer patients. Read More

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Planned early delivery for late preterm pre-eclampsia in a low- and middle-income setting: a feasibility study.

Reprod Health 2021 Jun 2;18(1):110. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity globally. Planned delivery between 34 and 36 weeks may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes but is yet to be evaluated in a low and middle-income setting. Prior to designing a randomised controlled trial to evaluate this in India and Zambia, we carried out a 6-month feasibility study in order to better understand the proposed trial environment and guide development of our intervention. Read More

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Patterns of Birth and Family Planning Acceptor Rates in Ghana: An Ecological Study.

Afr J Reprod Health 2020 Jun;24(2):64-69

School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Despite a reported decline in Ghana's birth rate (BR), the pattern of ecological percent decrease in BR as corresponding to the percent increase in family planning acceptor rate (FPAR) in Ghana is not clear. This study explicitly explored and compared the pattern of birth and FPAR in Ghana from 2004-2015. National FPAR and BR data were retrieved from Ghana Health Service and World Bank. Read More

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