Behav Res Ther 2015 Jun 14;69:111-8. Epub 2015 Apr 14.
University of California at Berkeley (UCB) Golden Bear Sleep and Mood Research Clinic, Department of Psychology, University of California, 3210 Tolman Hall #1650, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA.
We tested whether augmenting conventional depression treatment in youth by treating sleep issues with cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improved depression outcomes. We randomized youth 12-20 years of age to 10 weekly sessions of a sleep hygiene control condition (SH) combined with CBT for depression (CBT-D) (n = 20), or an experimental condition consisting of CBT-I combined with CBT-D (n = 21). We assessed outcomes through 26 weeks of follow-up and found medium-large effects favoring the experimental CBT-I arm on some sleep outcomes (actigraphy total sleep time and Insomnia Severity Index "caseness") and depression outcomes (higher percentage recovered, faster time to recovery), but little effect on other measures. Read More