23,766 results match your criteria acuity intraocular

Ultrasonic circular cyclocoagulation prospective safety and effectiveness study.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Ophthalmology Department of Hospital Espírito Santo de Évora, Serviço de Oftalmologia Do Hospital Do Espírito Santo de Évora, Largo Senhor da Pobreza, 7000-811, Évora, Portugal.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound cycloplasty procedures (UCP) in patients with uncontrolled glaucoma.

Methods: Prospective longitudinal study with UCP was performed by EyeOP1© probe with 8 s duration on 6 or 8 sectors, according to baseline intraocular pressure (IOP). Complete ophthalmic examination was performed pre- and post-operatively at 1st day, 1st week, 1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th months. Read More

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[Corneal astigmatism in patients with various ophthalmic pathologies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2021 ;137(2):59-65

S.N. Fedorov National Medical Research Center «MNTK «Eye Microsurgery», Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To analyze the prevalence, magnitude of corneal astigmatism, anatomical parameters of the eye and age of patients with the condition, as well as to assess the prospects of its correction with intraocular lenses (IOLs).

Material And Methods: The study involved a retrospective analysis of initial biometric data of 128 379 patients (256 630 eyes) referred to the S.N. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Causes of Visual Impairment in an Elderly Chinese Uygur Population in Southern Xinjiang.

J Ophthalmol 2021 5;2021:8843032. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and major causes of visual impairment (VI) in an elderly Chinese Uygur population in southern Xinjiang.

Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study. Participants aged 50 years and older from Haohan Country, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, were enrolled from August 2018 to December 2018 using cluster sampling. Read More

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Retinal Detachment After Endophthalmitis: Risk Factors and Outcomes.

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 13;15:1529-1537. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose: To analyze the risk factors, clinical course, and visual and anatomic outcomes of retinal detachment (RD) after endophthalmitis.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective study included 108 patients diagnosed with endophthalmitis between August 2014 and May 2019 at a single tertiary referral center. Sixteen patients developed RD after endophthalmitis. Read More

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Clinical features and treatment outcomes of intraocular lymphoma: a single-center experience in China.

Int J Ophthalmol 2021 18;14(4):574-581. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 102218, China.

Aim: To investigate the clinical manifestations, diagnostic approaches, treatments, and outcomes of intraocular lymphoma.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 16 patients (28 eyes) with intraocular lymphoma were recruited in the Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, from 2004 to 2019. All patients underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations. Read More

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Distribution of IOP and its relationship with refractive error and other factors: the Anyang University Students Eye Study.

Int J Ophthalmol 2021 18;14(4):554-559. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.

Aim: To investigate the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its relationship with refractive error and other factors in university students from Anyang, China.

Methods: A university-based study was conducted. Subjects were invited to complete ophthalmic examinations, including visual acuity, noncontact tonometry (NCT), cycloplegic autorefraction, and ocular biometry. Read More

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Clinical course, treatment and visual outcome of an outbreak of Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis following cataract surgery.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2021 Apr 19;11(1):12. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: Postoperative endophthalmitis is a rare but dreaded complication of intraocular surgery and often results in severe visual impairment or blindness. The present study describes the clinical course, treatment and visual outcome of an outbreak of Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis following cataract surgery.

Methods: Among 290 patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery at one outpatient clinic between January 4th and 28th 2019, 6 cases developed Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis. Read More

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Visual Sequelae of Computer Vision Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Case-Control Study.

J Ophthalmol 2021 2;2021:6630286. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: To assess the visual, ocular, extraocular, and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) outcomes of computer vision syndrome (CVS) among medical students.

Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional case-control study that included 733 medical students. All students completed a specially designed and validated CVS questionnaire survey (CVS-F3). Read More

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Combined Technique for the Application of Micropulse Cyclophotocoagulation in Patients with Uncontrolled Glaucoma: Cyclo Mix.

J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2020 Sep-Dec;14(3):93-97

Research Department, Clínica Vista, Lima, Peru; Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University, Lima, Peru.

Purpose: To describe the outcomes of a combined technique (Cyclo Mix) in uncontrolled glaucoma cases.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective study. The Supra 810 nm subliminal laser (Quantel Medical, Cournon d'Auvergne, France) was used. Read More

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Comparison of XEN Gelatin Stent vs Trabeculectomy with Mitomycin C: A Retrospective Study.

J Curr Glaucoma Pract 2020 Sep-Dec;14(3):87-92

Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Aim: To compare outcomes of XEN gelatin stent (Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) implantation vs trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC).

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of eyes that underwent standalone XEN implantation or trabeculectomy with MMC at a single institution from 2014 to 2019. Intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, glaucoma medications, complications, and postoperative interventions were evaluated. Read More

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Comparison of Outcomes of Glaucoma Drainage Implant Surgery with or without Prior Failed Trabeculectomy.

J Glaucoma 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Ophthalmology University of Florida, Gainesville, FL The Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Prcis: A comparison of 186 glaucoma patients with mixed diagnoses who underwent non-valved glaucoma drainage implant surgery showed similar long-term IOP, medication, and VA outcomes between those with prior failed trabeculectomy surgery versus those without.

Purpose: To evaluate whether prior failed trabeculectomy adversely affects the outcome of glaucoma tube surgery.

Patients And Methods: 186 eyes of 186 patients who underwent a non-valved glaucoma drainage implant (GDD) surgery by a single surgeon between 1996 and 2015 at a University practice were included. Read More

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Comparison of visual and refractive outcomes of diffractive bifocal toric and trifocal toric intraocular lenses 12 months after implantation in patients with moderate to high myopia.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Dunya Eye Hospital, Konya, Turkey.

Purpose: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes of bifocal toric and trifocal toric intraocular lenses (IOL) in patients with moderate to high myopia at 12 months after implantation.

Method: This is a prospective and comparative study. In 120 eyes with moderate to high myopia and astigmatism, bifocal toric IOLs (n = 60 eyes) or trifocal toric IOLs (n = 60 eyes) were implanted. Read More

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Correlation of Central Macular Thickness and the Best-Corrected Visual Acuity in Three Months After Cataract Surgery by Phacoemulsification and With Intraocular Lens Implantation.

Ashjan Bamahfouz

Cureus 2021 Mar 12;13(3):e13856. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Ophthalmology, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, SAU.

Purpose To estimate the incidence of central macular edema (CME) following cataract surgery and to correlate the central macular thickness (CMT) to the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Methods This cohort study in 2018-2019 included cataract grades I and II. They were operated by phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. Read More

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Indications of Keratoplasty and Outcomes of Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty Compared to Penetrating Keratoplasty.

Cureus 2021 Mar 11;13(3):e13825. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Medical Education, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, SAU.

Background Corneal diseases are a significant cause of visual impairment and blindness. Despite the treatable nature of many corneal diseases before visual demise, many cases of advanced disease necessitating keratoplasty for visual rehabilitation are encountered. A mismatch between the number of corneal donors and potential recipients also exists worldwide, with underutilization of certain types of keratoplasty techniques that may allow more efficient use of this limited resource. Read More

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Real-life medium term follow-up data for intravitreal dexamethasone implant in retinal vein occlusion.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 15;11(1):8303. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Greifswald, Germany.

Macular edema (ME) is the most frequent vision threatening consequence after retinal vein occlusion (RVO). In this study, we evaluate the effect of dexamethasone intravitreal implants (DII, Ozurdex) in a real-life cohort of 99 patients with ME due to RVO. All patients who received DII for ME following RVO between 2011 and 2016 at the University Eye Hospital Freiburg, Germany and who had fully accessible electronic medical records were eligible for this study. Read More

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Surgical outcomes after primary Baerveldt glaucoma implant surgery with vitrectomy for neovascular glaucoma.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249898. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.

This study aimed to evaluate the 3-year long-term outcomes of primary Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI) surgery for neovascular glaucoma (NVG). We retrospectively evaluated 27 consecutive patients with NVG between November 2013 and November 2017. All the patients were treated with panretinal photocoagulation and pars plana vitrectomy before BGI surgery without anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment. Read More

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Topical ketorolac as an adjunctive treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab in the management of diabetic macular edema: A double-masked placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate the additional effect of ketorolac eye drops on therapeutic effects of intravitreal Bevacizumab in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 50 patients with center involved DME (macular thickness ≥ 300 microns accompanied by decreased VA (24 < BCVA ≤ 70 ETDRS letters) were enrolled consecutively and randomized 1:1 to receive either bevacizumab plus topical ketorolac (25 patients) or bevacizumab plus artificial tears (25 patients). Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, history of intraocular surgery, intravitreal injection in less than three months, macular photocoagulation less than 6 months and any other concomitant ocular pathologies were excluded from the study. All the patients received three consecutive monthly injections of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB). Read More

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Tear Film Cytokine Profile of Patients With the Boston Keratoprosthesis Type 1: Comparing Patients With and Without Glaucoma.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2021 Apr;62(4):20

Department of Ophthalmology, Université de Montréal, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Purpose: Inflammatory cytokines are involved in glaucoma pathogenesis. The purpose is to compare cytokine levels in the tear film of Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) patients with and without glaucoma, relative to controls, and correlate levels with clinical parameters.

Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 58 eyes (58 patients): 41 KPro eyes with glaucoma, 7 KPro eyes without glaucoma, and 10 healthy controls. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of Current Sclera Fixation Methods for Intraocular Lenses and Literature Overview.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Augenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum der Universität München, LMU München, Deutschland.

Background: Evaluation of the three currently most common techniques for intraocular lens (IOL) sclera fixation: (1) Prolene suture with Hoffman sclera pocket (2) four-point GoreTex suture technique (3) sutureless flanged intrascleral IOL fixation with double-needle ("Yamane") technique.

Material And Methods: Retrospective, clinical case series (chart review) at the Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich, Germany. Enrolled in the study were 51 patients with 55 eyes. Read More

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Assessment of Retinal Neurodegeneration and Choroidal Thickness in COVID-19 Patients Using Swept-Source OCT Technology.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Ophthalmology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To analyze the central macular thickness (CMT), retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT), ganglion cell layer thickness (GCLT), and choroidal thickness (ChT) measurements in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: The study was conducted cross-sectionally 4 weeks after the completed treatment of COVID-19. The diagnosis of COVID-19 was based on the polymerase chain reaction test and/or clinical and radiological findings. Read More

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Large-Diameter Penetrating Keratoplasties are Mostly Due to Very Severe Infectious Keratitis and Cannot Always Prevent Secondary Enucleation.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes und Medizinische Fakultät der Universität des Saarlandes, Homburg (Saar), Germany.

Purpose: To report the indications and outcomes of penetrating keratoplasties with a graft diameter > 8.5 mm in severe corneal diseases at the Department of Ophthalmology at Saarland University Medical Centre.

Study Design: Retrospective (6 years), descriptive, and observational. Read More

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Objective and subjective evaluation of trifocal diffractive intraocular Lens after cataract extraction with phacoemulsification: a prospective clinical study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 14;21(1):179. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Champollion Street, Al Attarin, Alexandria, Egypt.

Background: This study aimed to assess visual outcomes, quality of vision and patients' satisfaction of a trifocal diffractive intraocular lens after cataract surgery with phacoemulsification.

Results: The study included 36 eyes that underwent implantation of trifocal diffractive intraocular lens (IOL). The residual mean postoperative spherical equivalent was - 0. Read More

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A prospective randomized clinical trial comparing nepafenac, intravitreal triamcinolone and no adjuvant therapy for epiretinal membrane.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of topical nepafenac 0.1% versus intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) at the conclusion of vitrectomy surgery versus no adjuvant therapy (NAT) in improving macular morphology post-operatively in patients undergoing vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane (ERM), as measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).

Methods: Design: Prospective randomized clinical trial Setting: Multi-centre 80 patients scheduled to undergo vitrectomy surgery for idiopathic ERM were randomized to receive either IVTA (4 mg/0. Read More

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Citicoline Modulates Glaucomatous Neurodegeneration Through Intraocular Pressure-Independent Control.

Neurotherapeutics 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

UPMC Eye Center, Eye and Ear Institute, Ophthalmology and Visual Science Research Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive, irreversible vision loss. Currently, intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. However, glaucomatous degeneration may continue despite adequate IOP control. Read More

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The kebab technique uses a bipolar pencil to retrieve a dropped nucleus of the lens via a small incision.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7897. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Visual Sciences, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-Kamicho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan.

We developed a new method to retrieve a dropped nucleus of the lens via a small incision using bipolar pencils, the kebab technique, to solve the lack of small-gauge fragmatomes, and the expense and toxicity of perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCL). A total of 8 eyes in 6 patients underwent this technique and were reviewed. After vitrectomy, the dropped nucleus of the lens was lifted from the retina by adhesion with a bipolar pencil, and phacoemulsification was performed while rotating the lens. Read More

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Short-term real-world outcomes following intravitreal brolucizumab for neovascular AMD: SHIFT study.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Background: Brolucizumab has recently been approved in Europe as a novel treatment for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). We report on early experiences with real-world outcomes of switch to brolucizumab therapy in previously anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF)-treated patients.

Methods: Patients with recalcitrant nAMD were switched to brolucizumab therapy. Read More

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Visual Performance and Optical Quality after Implantation of a New Generation Monofocal Intraocular Lens.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 5;35(2):112-119. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the performance of two intraocular lenses (IOLs). The new monofocal IOL using a higher-order aspheric optic (Tecnis Eyhance ICB00) was compared to a standard monofocal IOL (Tecnis monofocal ZCB00) of the identical platform and material.

Methods: The medical records of the patients who had undergone cataract surgery with implantation of either the ZCB00 or the ICB00 in the dominant eye from March 2020 to August 2020 and with available data from the 3-month visit were reviewed. Read More

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Outcome of cataract surgery in children affected by malignancies other than retinoblastoma with eye-lens radiation exposure.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 10:11206721211009445. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

San Paolo Ophthalmic Center, San Antonio Hospital - University Hospital, Padova, Italy.

Purpose: To describe, retrospectively, the visual outcome, feasibility, and safety of cataract surgery in a pediatric population affected by iatrogenic cataract, secondary to systemic oncological treatment for malignancies other than retinoblastoma.

Methods: Young patients, affected by radiation-induced cataract, who were referred to the San Paolo Ophthalmic Center in Padova between 2010 and 2017, were included in the study. All patients had previously received radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy treatment for malignancies, between 2004 and 2013. Read More

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Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium - MRI features of a rare paediatric intraocular tumour.

BJR Case Rep 2021 Apr 17;7(2):20200077. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, Rorschacher Strasse 95, 9007 St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium is a rare benign ocular tumour in children, composed of glial cells, vascular tissue, and sheets of pigmented epithelial cells. Although generally thought to be congenital, acquired cases are known to exist. It usually presents with reduced visual acuity and/or strabismus and it can be associated with several syndromes, including Neurofibromatosis Type 2. Read More

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Early effect of simultaneous intravitreal dexamethasone and bevacizumab combination treatment in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema.

U Limon

J Fr Ophtalmol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Health Sciences University Umraniye Training and Research Hospital Eye Clinic Istanbul, Elmalıkent Mahallesi Adem Yavuz Cad. No:1 Ümraniye, 34000 Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report the early effect of simultaneous intravitreal dexamethasone and bevacizumab combination treatment in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema (DME).

Methods: In this single-center prospective non-randomized study, 65 eyes of 59 patients with persistent DME were included. In the combined group (Group 1), we treated 35 eyes of 29 persistent DME patients with a simultaneous combination of intravitreal dexamethasone and bevacizumab, and in the control group (Group 2), we treated 30 eyes of 30 patients with intravitreal bevacizumab. Read More

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