26,784 results match your criteria activity sedentary


Interrupting Sitting Time in Postmenopausal Women: Protocol for the Rise for Health Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 13;10(5):e28684. Epub 2021 May 13.

Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA, United States.

Background: Many older adults spend the majority of their waking hours sitting, which increases their risk of chronic diseases. Given the challenges that many older adults face when engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, understanding the health benefits of decreasing sitting time and increasing the number of sit-to-stand transitions is needed to address this growing public health concern.

Objective: The aim of this 3-arm randomized controlled trial is to investigate how changes in sitting time and brief sit-to-stand transitions impact biomarkers of healthy aging and physical, emotional, and cognitive functioning compared with a healthy attention control arm. Read More

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Relationship between physical activity/exercise habits and the frequency of new onset of lifestyle-related diseases after the Great East Japan Earthquake among residents in Fukushima: the Fukushima Health Management Survey.

J Radiat Res 2021 May;62(Supplement_1):i129-i139

Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima-city, Fukushima, Japan.

The effect of exercise habits on the increased incidence of lifestyle-related diseases among residents of the evacuation area in Fukushima Prefecture after the Great East Japan Earthquake is not well characterized. This study examined the influence of exercise habits on the frequency of new onset of lifestyle-related diseases in the aftermath of the earthquake using data from the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS). Of the 32 289 individuals (14 004 men and 18 285 women) aged 40-90 years who underwent one or more health examinations in both 2011-12 and 2014-15, those who knew whether they had any lifestyle diseases and who responded to a questionnaire about their exercise and physical activity habits were included (dyslipidemia, 8017; hypertension, 7173; and diabetes mellitus, 13140 individuals). Read More

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Effects of participation level and physical activity on eating behavior and disordered eating symptoms in the Brazilian version of the New Moves intervention: data from a cluster randomized controlled trial.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

MSc. Nutritionist and Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo (SP), Brazil.

Background: Childhood and adolescent obesity is a worldwide public health concern. The New Moves program aims to change eating behavior (EB) and physical activity (PA).

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention and predictors of better outcomes relating to EB and PA levels. Read More

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Correlation between previous sedentary lifestyle and CrossFit-related injuries.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2021 10;19:eAO5941. Epub 2021 May 10.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To correlate CrossFit-related injuries with previous sedentary lifestyle, and to investigate other factors potentially associated with higher rates of injury among practitioners.

Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional study involving CrossFit practitioners who received a digital questionnaire inquiring into CrossFit-related injuries, previous sedentary life, training intensity and experience, site of injury and general demographics.

Results: This sample included 121 CrossFit practitioners, 34. Read More

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Acute effects of sedentary breaks on vascular health in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes: A systematic review.

Vasc Med 2021 May 12:1358863X211009307. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA.

The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the available evidence regarding the acute effects of interrupting/breaking up prolonged sedentary behavior (SB) on vascular health among individuals at elevated risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Searches of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were conducted on April 7, 2020. Included studies: (1) examined the effect of breaking up prolonged SB in adults with or at elevated risk for T2D and (2) assessed a vascular health outcome, such as blood pressure (BP), flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse-wave velocity, or endothelin-1. Read More

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Home physical exercise improves functional mobility and quality of life in elderly. A CONSORT-prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 11:e14347. Epub 2021 May 11.

Master Degree and PhD Post Graduate Program in Human Movement and Rehabilitation, University Center of Anapolis - UniEVANGELICA, Anapolis, GO, Brazil.

Aims: To test the hypothesis of a semi-supervised home physical exercise program that is likely to improve the functional mobility and quality of life (QOL) of elderly in the community.

Methods: This trial included elderly adults (88% female) aged 60 years or older and who were sedentary and without cognitive decline. The participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG, home physical exercise and sleep hygiene) and a control group (CG, sleep hygiene). Read More

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Accumulation of PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in notothenioid fish from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica: An interspecies comparative study.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 May 8;168:112453. Epub 2021 May 8.

Laboratorio de Química Ambiental, Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA, CCT-CONICET), Mendoza 5500, Argentina; Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina. Electronic address:

Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs); are reported in specimens of fish notothenioids Chaenocephalus aceratus (SSI), Trematomus bernacchii (ERN), and Nototheniops nudifrons (NOD) from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Significant differences in the accumulation of 2'-MeO-BDE-68 and 6-MeO-BDE-47 were detected among the analysed species. MeO-BDEs were significantly higher in SSI (11. Read More

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Effect of Reducing Sedentary Behavior on Blood Pressure (RESET BP): Rationale, design, and methods.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 May 7;106:106428. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Health and Human Development, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States of America.

Sedentary behavior (SB) has recently been recognized as a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with new guidelines encouraging adults to 'sit less, move more.' Yet, there are few randomized trials demonstrating that reducing SB improves cardiovascular health. The Effect of Reducing Sedentary Behavior on Blood Pressure (RESET BP) randomized clinical trial addresses this gap by testing the effect of a 3-month SB reduction intervention on resting systolic BP. Read More

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Cocoa-flavanols enhance moderate-intensity pulmonary [Formula: see text] kinetics but not exercise tolerance in sedentary middle-aged adults.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK.

Introduction: Cocoa flavanols (CF) may exert health benefits through their potent vasodilatory effects, which are perpetuated by elevations in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. These vasodilatory effects may contribute to improved delivery of blood and oxygen (O) to exercising muscle.

Purpose: Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine how CF supplementation impacts pulmonary O uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics and exercise tolerance in sedentary middle-aged adults. Read More

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Real-Time Video Scan Method for Community Partner Use to Inform Play Streets Implementation.

Health Promot Pract 2021 May 10:15248399211009789. Epub 2021 May 10.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) can provide accurate assessment of physical activity; however, the skills, time, and human resources necessary to collect/interpret SOPARC data can be challenging for community organizations. This article describes a more accessible adaptation of SOPARC using video recordings for community organizations to obtain physical activity feedback at Play Streets. Narrated panoramic video scans occurred every 30 minutes at each Play Street using an iPad. Read More

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Prevalence of and Trends in the Co-Existence of Obesogenic Behaviors in Adolescents From 15 Countries.

Front Pediatr 2021 22;9:664828. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Applied Biostatistics Laboratory, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

The global epidemic of pediatric obesity is well-known, but data on co-existence of obesogenic behaviors are limited. We aim to report the prevalence of and trends in the co-existence of obesogenic behaviors in adolescents from 15 countries. This study was based on the Global School-based Student Health Survey 2003-2017 and included 121,963 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 15 countries where at least 2 cross-sectional surveys were conducted. Read More

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Sedentary behaviour levels in adults with an intellectual disability: a systematic review protocol.

HRB Open Res 2020 29;3:57. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Sedentary behaviour contributes to non-communicable diseases, which account for almost 71% of world deaths. Of these, cardiovascular disease is one of the largest causes of preventable death. It is not yet fully understood what level of sedentary behaviour is safe. Read More

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Effect of exercise-conditioned human serum on the viability of cancer cell cultures: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Exerc Immunol Rev 2021 ;27:24-41

University of Coimbra - Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity (CIDAF, UID/PTD/04213/2019), Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, 3040-248 Coimbra, Portugal; (C.M.S.); (A.M.T.); (H.S.); (F.M.S.); (M.C.R.); (P.R.N.); (M.A.F.); (J.P.L.).

Numerous epidemiological studies have shown the existence of a relationship between exercise and reduced risk of different types of cancer. In vitro studies have identified a direct effect of exercise-conditioned human serum on cancer cell lines of the lung, breast, prostate, and colon. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis (SRM) was to estimate the magnitude of the effect that exercise-conditioned human serum produced on the viability of cancer cell cultures. Read More

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January 2021

Association between walking energetics and fragmented physical activity in mid-to-late life.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Physical activity becomes increasingly fragmented with age, which may be an early marker of functional decline. Energetic cost of walking and energy capacity are also linked with functional decline, but their associations with activity fragmentation, and the potential modifying roles of total daily physical activity and age, remains unclear.

Methods: 493 participants (50-93 years) from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging underwent measures of: energetic cost of usual-paced overground walking (ml/kg/m), energy demand during slow walking (ml/kg/min) on a treadmill (0. Read More

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Chronic hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome are associated with risk of tendon injury.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Copenhagen University Hospital - Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg and Center for Healthy Aging, Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Tendon injury is a considerable problem affecting both physically active and sedentary people. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between markers for metabolic disorders (hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome) and the risk of developing tendon injuries requiring referral to a hospital. The Copenhagen City Heart Study is a prospective study of diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from the Danish general population with different physical activity levels. Read More

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Association between socioeconomic status and prolonged television viewing time in a general Japanese population: NIPPON DATA2010.

Environ Health Prev Med 2021 May 7;26(1):57. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Public Health, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan.

Background: It has been pointed out that prolonged television (TV) viewing is one of the sedentary behaviors that is harmful to health; however, the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and prolonged TV viewing time has not been sufficiently investigated in Japan.

Methods: The study population are the participants of NIPPON DATA2010, which is a prospective cohort study of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2010 in Japan. They were residents in 300 randomly selected areas across Japan. Read More

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Physical activity for osteoarthritis: efficiency and review of recommandations.

Joint Bone Spine 2021 May 4:105207. Epub 2021 May 4.

Université de Paris, Faculté de Santé, UFR de Médecine, 75006 Paris, France; AP-HP. Centre-Université de Paris, Hôpital Cochin, Service de Rééducation et de Réadaptation de l'Appareil Locomoteur et des Pathologies du Rachis, 75014 Paris, France; INSERM UMR-S 1124, Toxicité Environnementale, Cibles Thérapeutiques, Signalisation Cellulaire et Biomarqueurs (T3S), Campus Saint-Germain-des-Prés, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Physical activity is defined as movement of the body resulting from muscle contraction and inducing energy expenditure. It can be adapted to a person's health status and have the objective of maintaining or improving health status. The link between sedentary lifestyle and the severity of symptoms in osteoarthritis is now well established, making adapted physical activity (APA) a first-line targeted treatment in osteoarthritis, in order to fight against the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, regardless of the phenotype or stage of the disease. Read More

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Cultural Stress: The Ubiquitous Stressor Hiding in Plain Sight.

Authors:
Howard Murad

Adv Mind Body Med 2021 Spring;35(2):14-16

While most healthcare providers are generally aware of the role stress plays in disease development, few are attuned to a phenomenon I call "Cultural Stress," which compounds all of life's other stressors. Cultural Stress is the constant, pervasive, ever-increasing stress of modern living. It includes overexposure to technology at the expense of in-person relationships; 24-hour connectivity, which blurs the boundaries between work and personal life; on-demand delivery of goods and services, which severs neighborhood and community relationships and results in long sedentary hours in front of our screens; the pace of technological change, which contributes to professional, economic, and social insecurity; our global economic system, which sows uncertainty as it outsources jobs overseas or to new technologies; environmental contaminants, noise, crowding, and various new sources of radiation; changes to our diet, which has become heavily reliant on a few processed commodities (corn, wheat, sugar, and soy); and changes to our urban development and transportation patterns, which result in less physical activity and more hours spent sitting in long commutes. Read More

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Gender-specific factors associated with risk of depression among Lebanese older adults.

Psychogeriatrics 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Lebanese University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Depression among older adults is a frequent and underdiagnosed condition. However, there is a paucity of research on mental health problems among elderly people in Arab countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the risk of depression among a representative sample of older Lebanese adults living in rural areas and to identify gender-specific factors associated with depression risk. Read More

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The PrEscription of intraDialytic exercise to improve quAlity of Life in patients with chronic kidney disease trial: study design and baseline data for a multicentre randomized controlled trial.

Clin Kidney J 2021 May 10;14(5):1345-1355. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

School of Health Sciences, Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Exercise interventions designed to improve physical function and reduce sedentary behaviour in haemodialysis (HD) patients might improve exercise capacity, reduce fatigue and lead to improved quality of life (QOL). The PrEscription of intraDialytic exercise to improve quAlity of Life study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-month intradialytic exercise programme on QOL and physical function, compared with usual care for patients on HD in the UK.

Methods: We conducted a prospective, pragmatic multicentre randomized controlled trial in 335 HD patients and randomly (1:1) assigned them to either (i) intradialytic exercise training plus usual care maintenance HD or (ii) usual care maintenance HD. Read More

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Body Adiposity, But Not Elements of Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior or Physical Activity, Is Associated With Circulating Liver Enzymes in Adults With Overweight and Obesity.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:655756. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: We studied the associations between accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior (SB) and habitual physical activity (PA) as well as markers of body adiposity and other cardiometabolic risk factors with liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT).

Methods: A total of 144 middle-aged adults (mean age 57 (SD 6.5) years) with overweight or obesity (mean body mass index [BMI] 31. Read More

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Workplace sitting is associated with self-reported general health and back/neck pain: a cross-sectional analysis in 44,978 employees.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 6;21(1):875. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Box 5626, SE-114 86, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Total sitting time is associated with a higher risk for cardio metabolic disease and mortality, while breaks in prolonged sitting attenuate these effects. However, less is known about associations of different specific domains and breaks of sitting on general health, back/neck pain and if physical activity could influence these associations. The aim was to investigate how workplace sitting and frequency of breaking up workplace sitting is associated with self-reported general health and self-reported back/neck pain. Read More

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ROS and metabolomics-mediated autophagy in rat's testicular tissue alter after exercise training; Evidence for exercise intensity and outcomes.

Life Sci 2021 May 3:119585. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of basic Sciences, Division of Histology & Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O.BOX: 1177, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address:

Aims: Oxidative damage and altered metabolic reactions are suspected to initiate the autophagy. The exercise training significantly impacts testicular antioxidant and metabolic potentials. However, the underlying mechanism(s) that the exercise-induced alterations can affect the autophagy markers remained unknown. Read More

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Ubiquitin-proteasome-system and enzymes of energy metabolism in skeletal muscle of patients with HFpEF and HFrEF.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Technische Universität Dresden, Heart Center Dresden - University Hospital, Herzzentrum Dresden, Universitätsklinik, Fetscherstraße 76, Dresden, 01307, Germany.

Background: Skeletal muscle (SM) alterations contribute to exercise intolerance in heart failure patients with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Protein degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS), nuclear apoptosis, and reduced mitochondrial energy supply is associated with SM weakness in HFrEF. These mechanisms are incompletely studied in HFpEF, and a direct comparison between these groups is missing. Read More

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The role of structure in dietary approaches for the treatment of pediatric overweight and obesity: A critical review.

Obes Rev 2021 May 5:e13266. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

A multicomponent approach for the treatment of pediatric overweight/obesity, which includes behavioral strategies to alter diet and physical activity/sedentary behavior, has graded recommendations for its use. Dietary interventions to be used within this approach do not. In adults, research indicates that strongly graded dietary interventions providing greater structure (or more control over the types/amount of food consumed) produce better weight outcomes. Read More

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Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Efficacy of a Web-Based Physical Activity and Sedentary Time Intervention for Survivors of Physical Inactivity-Related Cancers.

Int J Behav Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Population Science, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: This pilot study explored the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of a web-based intervention for survivors of physical inactivity-related cancers through a two-arm, 12-week randomized controlled trial. Secondarily, this study tested the change in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time with intervention exposure.

Methods: Prior to randomization to the intervention (n = 45) or behavior "as usual" wait-listed control (n = 40) groups, participants completed baseline surveys and an accelerometer protocol. Read More

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Higher Total Physical Activity is Associated with Lower Arterial Stiffness in Swedish, Young Adults: The Cross-Sectional Lifestyle, Biomarkers, and Atherosclerosis Study.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 29;17:175-185. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, 70182, Sweden.

Purpose: Arterial stiffness describes the rigidity of the arterial walls and is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Arterial stiffness predicts future events and mortality, and the predictive value is stronger in younger versus older subjects. The aims of the present study were, firstly, to present data on physical activity (PA) and time spent sedentary, in the population of Swedish, young adults. Read More

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The Meaning of Sedentary Behavior as Experienced by People in the Transition From Working Life to Retirement: An Empirical Phenomenological Study.

Phys Ther 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Caring Science, School of health, care and social welfare, Mälardalen University.

Objective: Sedentary behavior (SB) is defined as a mean of >6 hours of daytime sitting or lying down. SB has been shown to increase with older age and is a risk factor for disease. During the transition from working life to retirement, changes in daily life activities occur, risking increased SB. Read More

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Changes in the prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior during COVID-19 pandemic: a survey with 39,693 Brazilian adults.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00221920. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

This study analyzed changes in the prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors according to correlates during the COVID-19 pandemic among Brazilian adults. A national retrospective online survey was conducted with 39,693 Brazilian adults. Physical activity (weekly frequency and daily duration; cut-off point of 150 minutes/week), TV-viewing time and computer/tablet use (daily duration; cut-off point of 4 hours/day) before and during the pandemic period were reported. Read More

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