252,100 results match your criteria activity involved

VDAC1 as a target in cisplatin anti-tumor activity through promoting mitochondria fusion.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 7;560:52-58. Epub 2021 May 7.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology of Hunan Province, School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, PR China. Electronic address:

Cisplatin is one of the most effective anti-cancer drugs, but its efficacy is limited by the development of resistance. Previous studies have shown that mitochondria play critical roles in cisplatin cytotoxicity, however, the exact mechanism of mitochondria involved in cisplatin sensitivity has not been clarified. In this study, cisplatin triggered mitochondrial oxidative stress and the decrease of mitochondria membrane potential in human cervical cancer cells. Read More

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Discovery of myricetin as an inhibitor against Streptococcus mutans and an anti-adhesion approach to biofilm formation.

Int J Med Microbiol 2021 May 5;311(4):151512. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1095, Jiefang Road, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China; School of Stomatology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) are cariogenic microorganisms. Sortase A (SrtA) is a transpeptidase that attaches Pac to the cell surface. Read More

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Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of imidazopyridazine derivatives containing isoquinoline group as potent MNK1/2 inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 May 2;40:116186. Epub 2021 May 2.

Center of Drug Discovery, State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, 24 Tongjiaxiang, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address:

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-interacting kinases (MNKs) are located at the meeting-point of ERK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways, which can phosphorylate eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) at the conserved serine 209 exclusively. MNKs modulate the translation of mRNA involved in tumor-associated signaling pathways. Consequently, selective inhibitors of MNK1/2 could reduce the level of phosphorylated eIF4E. Read More

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Long-term outcome of 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy in heavily pre-treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251375. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Thyroid Clinic, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Objective: Investigators have extensively explored the short-term safety and efficacy data on 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy (RLT) in mCRPC patients. However, scarce literature is reported on the long-term outcome of these patients. The current goal of this study is focused on the long-term outcome of mCRPC patients treated with 177Lu-PSMA-617 RLT. Read More

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Associations of treated and untreated human papillomavirus infection with preterm delivery and neonatal mortality: A Swedish population-based study.

PLoS Med 2021 May 10;18(5):e1003641. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (PTD) although the exact pathomechanism is not yet understood. Women with untreated CIN also seem to have an increased risk of PTD. It is unclear whether this is attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or other factors. Read More

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Caracole as a Potential Neuroprotective Agent for Neurological Diseases: A Systematic.

CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Family Medicine, Ali-Ibn Abi-Talib Hospital, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan,Iran.

Background & Objective: Neurological diseases are becoming a significant problem worldwide, with the elderly at a higher risk of being affected. Several researchers have investigated the neuroprotective effects of Carvacrol (CAR) (5-isopropyl-2-methyl phenol). This review systematically surveys the existing literature on the impact of CAR when used as a neuroprotective agent in neurological diseases. Read More

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Tripartite motif protein 11 (TRIM11), an oncogene for human lung cancer via the DUSP6-mediated ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

Cancer Biol Ther 2021 May 10:1-9. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital and Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, P. R. China.

Evidence suggests that Tripartite Motif Containing 11 (TRIM11) has pro-tumor activity in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the roles and underlying mechanisms of TRIM11 in NSCLC have not yet been fully elucidated. In this work, human lung cancer cell lines (A549, H446, and H1975) were transfected with siRNA or lentiviruses to knockdown or overexpress TRIM11 and dual-specificity phosphatase 6 (DUSP6). Read More

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JNK/Elk1 signaling and PCNA protein expression in the brain of hibernating frog Pelophylax esculentus.

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali, Biologiche e Farmaceutiche, Università degli studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.

Mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and neurogenesis are known to play a role in neuronal survival during hibernation. Herein, we investigate the activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and Ets like-1 protein (Elk1) kinase involved in cell survival, as well as the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a cell proliferation marker, in the brain of the frog Pelophylax esculentus. The study was conducted on female and male frogs collected during the annual cycle. Read More

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Complete genome sequence of Photobacterium ganghwense C2.2: A new polyhydroxyalkanoate production candidate.

Microbiologyopen 2021 Mar;10(2):e1182

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable bioplastics that can be manufactured sustainably and represent a promising green alternative to petrochemical-based plastics. Here, we describe the complete genome of a new marine PHA-producing bacterium-Photobacterium ganghwense (strain C2.2), which we have isolated from the Black Sea seashore. Read More

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Staphylococcus aureus ST228 and ST239 as models for expression studies of diverse markers during osteoblast infection and persistence.

Microbiologyopen 2021 Mar;10(2):e1178

Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences (BIOMETEC), Medical Molecular Microbiology and Antibiotic Resistance laboratory (MMARLab, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

The ability of S. aureus to infect bone and osteoblasts is correlated with its incredible virulence armamentarium that can mediate the invasion/internalization process, cytotoxicity, membrane damage, and intracellular persistence. We comparatively analyzed the interaction, persistence, and modulation of expression of selected genes and cell viability in an ex vivo model using human MG-63 osteoblasts of two previously studied and well-characterized S. Read More

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A roadmap: Social distancing physical activity data collection to protect those with intellectual disabilities.

J Intellect Disabil 2021 May 10:17446295211009655. Epub 2021 May 10.

Western Kentucky University, USA.

The novel coronavirus may impact exercise habits of those with intellectual disabilities. Due to the mandated discontinuation of face-to-face research, investigators must adapt projects to protect all involved while collecting objective physical activity metrics. This brief report outlines a modification process of research methods to adhere to social distancing mandates present during COVID-19. Read More

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Time-dependent progression of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction after spinal cord injury in the mouse model.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Urology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, United Statesgrid.21925.3d.

This study evaluated the time-course changes in bladder and external urinary sphincter (EUS) activity as well as the expression of mechanosensitive channels in lumbosacral dorsal root ganglia (DRG) after spinal cord injury (SCI). Female C57BL/6N mice in the SCI group underwent transection of the Th8/9 spinal cord. Spinal intact mice and SCI mice at 2, 4 and 6 weeks post SCI were evaluated by single-filling cystometry and EUS-electromyography (EMG). Read More

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Peroxiredoxin 5 is involved in cancer cell invasion and tumor growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Oral Dis 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Eulji University, 13135, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are antioxidant enzymes that can coordinate cell signal transduction via reactive species scavenging or by acting as redox sensors. The mechanism by which Prxs promote cancer invasion and progression is not yet fully understood. This study aims to elucidate the precise mechanism through which Prx type 5 (Prx5) promotes cancer invasion and tumor growth. Read More

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Highly Cited Papers at the Spanish Domestic Level.

Front Res Metr Anal 2021 22;6:651991. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Library and Information Science, Carlos III University of Madrid (UC3M), Getafe, Spain.

This paper presents a methodological proposal based on the identification of highly cited papers (HCPs) at domestic-level in the Spanish Public University System (SUPE), in order to find the most outstanding publications in the local context. The principal aim is to detect different activity and impact profiles among Spanish universities and differentiate those institutions that play a more significant role. To determine which and how many are the highly cited papers at the domestic level (HCP-DL) collected in the Web of Science, three citation thresholds (1, 5, and 10%) were established. Read More

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SUMOylation Wrestles With the Occurrence and Development of Breast Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 21;11:659661. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Developing of Endangered Chinese Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China.

Breast cancer has the highest incidence among cancers and is the most frequent cause of death in women worldwide. The detailed mechanism of the pathogenesis of breast cancer has not been fully elucidated, and there remains a lack of effective treatment methods for the disease. SUMOylation covalently conjugates a large amount of cellular proteins, and affects their cellular localization and biological activity to participate in numerous cellular processes. Read More

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The Impact of Long Non-Coding RNAs in the Pathogenesis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 21;11:649107. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the utmost deadly human malignancies. This type of cancer has been associated with several environmental, viral, and lifestyle risk factors. Among the epigenetic factors which contribute in the pathogenesis of HCC is dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Read More

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Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (HD-CCD1A and B) contribute as strong negative regulators of β-carotene in Indian bread wheat (cv. HD2967).

3 Biotech 2021 May 16;11(5):221. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Plant Tissue Culture and Genetic Engineering Lab, National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI), Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology (Government of India), Sector-81, Knowledge City, S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali, 140306 Punjab India.

Wheat ( L.) is the most common cereal crop that is considered to be deficient in provitamin A carotenoids. Carotenoids are prone to degrade into apocarotenoids by the activity of carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs). Read More

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A Review of Neuroimaging Studies in Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD).

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 Apr 7;55(2):53-60. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a functional vestibular disease characterized by persistent dizziness, unsteadiness, and/or non-spinning vertigo, and is the most common vestibular syndrome in young adults. A stiffened postural control strategy, shift to reliance on visual over vestibular information, and hypervigilance to the environment have been suggested as possible pathophysiological mechanisms of PPPD. However, the exact mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis Reveals Dendritic Cell- Specific STAT Signaling After α2-3-Linked Sialic Acid Ligand Binding.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:673454. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Molecular Cell Biology and Immunology, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam Infection and Immunity Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are key initiators of the adaptive immunity, and upon recognition of pathogens are able to skew T cell differentiation to elicit appropriate responses. DCs possess this extraordinary capacity to discern external signals using receptors that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns. These can be glycan-binding receptors that recognize carbohydrate structures on pathogens or pathogen-associated patterns that additionally bind receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Read More

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Allyl Isothiocyanate: A TAS2R38 Receptor-Dependent Immune Modulator at the Interface Between Personalized Medicine and Nutrition.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:669005. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Molecular Preventive Medicine, University Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Understanding individual responses to nutrition and medicine is of growing interest and importance. There is evidence that differences in bitter taste receptor (TAS2R) genes which give rise to two frequent haplotypes, TAS2R38-PAV (functional) and TAS2R38-AVI (non-functional), may impact inter-individual differences in health status. We here analyzed the relevance of the TAS2R38 receptor in the regulation of the human immune response using the TAS2R38 agonist allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) from plants. Read More

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High Potential for Biomass-Degrading Enzymes Revealed by Hot Spring Metagenomics.

Front Microbiol 2021 21;12:668238. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, United States.

Enzyme stability and activity at elevated temperatures are important aspects in biotechnological industries, such as the conversion of plant biomass into biofuels. In order to reduce the costs and increase the efficiency of biomass conversion, better enzymatic processing must be developed. Hot springs represent a treasure trove of underexplored microbiological and protein chemistry diversity. Read More

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Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles: Antibacterial and Anticancer Activities, Biocompatibility, and Analyses of Surface-Attached Proteins.

Front Microbiol 2021 22;12:632505. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Microbiology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland.

The increasing number of multi-drug-resistant bacteria and cancer cases, that are a real threat to humankind, forces research world to develop new weapons to deal with it. Biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered as a solution to this problem. Biosynthesis of AgNPs is regarded as a green, eco-friendly, low-priced process that provides small and biocompatible nanostructures with antimicrobial and anticancer activities and potential application in medicine. Read More

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Alterations of Cytochrome P450s and UDP-Glucuronosyltransferases in Brain Under Diseases and Their Clinical Significances.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:650027. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Center of Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism, School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.

Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are both greatly important metabolic enzymes in various tissues, including brain. Although expressions of brain CYPs and UGTs and their contributions to drug disposition are much less than liver, both CYPs and UGTs also mediate metabolism of endogenous substances including dopamine and serotonin as well as some drugs such as morphine in brain, demonstrating their important roles in maintenance of brain homeostasis or pharmacological activity of drugs. Some diseases such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease are often associated with the alterations of CYPs and UGTs in brain, which may be involved in processes of these diseases via disturbing metabolism of endogenous substances or resisting drugs. Read More

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A Computational Model of Working Memory Based on Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity.

Front Comput Neurosci 2021 21;15:630999. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Laboratory of Cognitive Model and Algorithm, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Data Science, Department of Computer Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Working memory is closely involved in various cognitive activities, but its neural mechanism is still under exploration. The mainstream view has long been that persistent activity is the neural basis of working memory, but recent experiments have observed that activity-silent memory can also be correctly recalled. The underlying mechanism of activity-silent memory is considered to be an alternative scheme that rejects the theory of persistent activity. Read More

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Transcriptional and metabolite analysis reveal a shift in fruit quality in response to calcium chloride treatment on "Kyoho" grapevine.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Jun 19;58(6):2246-2257. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Key Laboratory of Genetics and Fruit Development, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210018 PR China.

'Kyoho' grapevine () treated by calcium ions solution has been proved as an effective treatment to extend grape quality during storage to reduce disease, but its molecular mechanism was not clear yet. In the current work, grape berries were treated with different concentration of Calcium chloride (CaCl) solution, and their effects on antioxidant enzyme activity and transcriptome and metabolome in fruit were investigated. CaCl treatments reduced weight loss and inhibited the decrement of flesh firmness. Read More

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Hepatic Accumulation of Hypoxanthine: A Link Between Hyperuricemia and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Arch Med Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Estructural, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address:

Background: An elevated level of plasma uric acid has been widely recognized as a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), where oxidative stress and inflammation play an important role in the pathophysiology of the disease. Although the complete molecular mechanisms involved remain unknown, while under physiological conditions uric acid presents antioxidant properties, hyperuricemia has been linked to oxidative stress, chronic low-grade inflammation, and insulin resistance, basic signs of NAFLD.

Aim Of Study: Employing in vivo experimentation, we aim to investigate whether a high-fat diet rich in cholesterol (HFD), modifies the metabolism of purines in close relationship to molecular events associated with the development of NAFLD. Read More

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Phosphocalcic metabolism and the role of vitamin D, vitamin K2, and nattokinase supplementation.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 May 8:1-17. Epub 2021 May 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Ovidius University of Constanta, Constanta, Romania.

Calcium is involved in bone metabolism, regulation of nerve signaling, and release of neurotransmitters. Phosphorus is a structural component of ATP, participates in metabolic energy regulation, and ensures stability to biological membranes and cells. Vitamin D and vitamin K are important for intestinal absorption and renal excretion of calcium and phosphorus. Read More

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Effect of interaction between obesity-promoting genetic variants and behavioral factors on the risk of obese phenotypes.

Mol Genet Genomics 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Molecular Biology and Human Genetics Laboratory, Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD), International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.

The studies investigating gene-gene and gene-environment (or gene-behavior) interactions provide valuable insight into the pathomechanisms underlying obese phenotypes. The Pakistani population due to its unique characteristics offers numerous advantages for conducting such studies. In this view, the current study was undertaken to examine the effects of gene-gene and gene-environment/behavior interactions on the risk of obesity in a sample of Pakistani population. Read More

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Improvement in the anti-inflammatory profile with lifelong physical exercise is related to clock genes expression in effector-memory CD4+ T cells in master athletes.

Exerc Immunol Rev 2021 ;27:67-83

University of Coimbra, Research Center for Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Sports Science and Physical Education, Coimbra, Portugal.

Purpose: Ageing is associated with alterations in the immune system as well as with alterations of the circadian rhythm. Immune cells show rhythmicity in execution of their tasks. Chronic inflammation (inflammaging), which is observed in the elderly, is mitigated by lifelong exercise. Read More

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January 2021

Physical Exercise: A Versatile Anti-Inflammatory Tool Involved in the Control of Hypothalamic Satiety Signaling.

Exerc Immunol Rev 2021 ;27:7-23

Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Exercise, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Limeira, São Paulo, Brazil.

The hypothalamus plays a critical role in the control of food consumption and energy expenditure. Fatty diets can elicit an inflammatory response in specific hypothalamic cells, including astrocytes, tanycytes, and microglia, disrupting anorexigenic signals in region-specific hypothalamic neurons, contributing to overeating and body weight gain. In this study, we present an update regarding the knowledge of the effects of physical exercise on inflammatory signaling and circuits to control hunger in the hypothalamus in obesity conditions. Read More

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January 2021