FASEB J 2021 Jun;35(6):e21627
Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
Capillary endothelial cells (ECs) maintain a semi-permeable barrier between the blood and tissue by forming inter-EC tight junctions (TJs), regulating selective transport of fluid and solutes. Overwhelming inflammation, as occurs in sepsis, disrupts these TJs, leading to leakage of fluid, proteins, and small molecules into the tissues. Mechanistically, disruption of capillary barrier function is mediated by small Rho-GTPases, such as RhoA, -B, and -C, which are activated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and disrupted by GTPase-activating factors (GAPs). Read More