Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Mar 31;26(1):66-70. Epub 2021 Mar 31.
Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children's Hospital, Endocrine Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency, caused by mutations in the cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1 gene (CYP17A1), is an extremely rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia that is characterized by diverse phenotypes resulting from specific mutations. Here, we report 2 phenotypic females with 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency: one with the 46,XX karyotype presenting primary amenorrhea and sexual infantilism, and the other with the 46,XY karyotype presenting a disorder of sexual development. In both cases, the serum levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone, 11-deoxycorticosterone, and gonadotropin were elevated, whereas the levels of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone were reduced. Read More