485 results match your criteria accepted genera


A Synopsis of s. lato (Bryophyta, Orthotrichaceae) in China, with Distribution Maps and a Key to Determination.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 8;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

College of Life Science and Technology of Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China.

A total of 46 species and two varieties of the traditionally interpreted genus are currently known to occur in China. They represent five genera, including (29 species), (14 species and two varieties), and and that are represented by a single species each. The fifth genus , also consisting of only one species, , is an entirely neglected representative of the China's moss flora. Read More

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Re-description and systematic re-appraisal of the genus Kokkocynips Pujade-Villar amp; Melika, (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini), including new combinations of Nearctic species and the description of a new species from Panama.

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 26;4938(2):zootaxa.4938.2.3. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, C/ José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, ES-28006 Madrid, Spain..

The monophyly and taxonomic validity of some currently accepted genera of gall wasps in the Cynipini (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) are being challenged by recent systematic studies. Here we used morphological and molecular data to re-describe and revise the taxonomic limits of the monotypic genus Kokkocynips Pujade-Villar Melika, previously recorded only from Mexico.                We describe a new species from Panama, Kokkocynips panamensis Medianero Nieves-Aldrey, reared from galls on Quercus salicifolia Neé, and add new records from Mexico for the type species of the genus K. Read More

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February 2021

A revision of the Pontocaspian gastropods of the subfamily Caspiinae (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae).

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 19;4933(2):zootaxa.4933.2.1. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Invertebrate Fauna and Systematics, Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, B. Khmelnytsky Str. 15, 01030 Kiev, Ukraine..

The Caspiinae comprise small gastropod species inhabiting low-salinity environments of the Pontocaspian region, specifically the Caspian Sea and the limans, estuaries and lower river reaches of the northern Black Sea Basin. There is considerable discrepancy in the literature as to which taxa are attributed to this hydrobiid subfamily, which of them are valid and what rank they have. Moreover, the generic classification is not agreed upon. Read More

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February 2021

The ethnobotany, phytochemistry and biological properties of genus Ferulago - A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Mar 20;274:114050. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies (STEBICEF), University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca "Riutilizzo Bio-based degli scarti da matrici agroalimentari" (RIVIVE), University of Palermo, Italy. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Ferulago, belonging to the Apiaceae family, is found mainly in the Mediterranean area, Southwest and Middle Asia, the Caucasus and North Africa. Since ancient times, species of this genus have been largely employed in traditional medicine for their biological properties such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, insecticidal, and anti-malaria, cholinesterase inhibition effects, etc. AIMS: The scope of this paper is to present a comprehensive respect review of this interesting genus including traditional uses, chemical composition of volatile and non-volatile metabolites, and in vitro and in vivo biological properties either utilizing the crude extracts or essential oils, or the single isolated compounds. Read More

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Taxonomic Analysis of Some Edible Insects From the State of Michoacán, Mexico.

Front Vet Sci 2021 4;8:629194. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Entomology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Biology Institute, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

In the state of Michoacán, Mexico, 49 genera and 69 species of edible insects were registered, and they belong to the following orders: Orthoptera: (families) Pyrgomorphidae (2 species) and Acrididae (5); Hemiptera-Heteroptera: Coreidae (1), Corixidae (2), Pentatomidae (2), Membracidae (2), and Aethalionidae (3); Coleoptera: Cerambycidae (1), Cicendelidae (2), Curculionidae (2), Dytiscidae (1), Noteridae (1), Gyrinidae (1), Passalidae (1), Scarabaeidae (1), Tenebrionidae (2), Bostrichidae (1), Buprestidae (1), and Melolonthidae (1); Lepidoptera: Cossidae (1), Danaidae (1), Megathymidae (1), Pieridae (1), Bombycidae (1), Sessidae (1), Noctuidae (1), and Nymphalidae (1); Diptera: Stratiomydae (2); and Hymenoptera: Diprionidae (2), Apidae (10), Formicidae (4), and Vespidae (12). The order Coleoptera presents the highest number of families (12), but the order Hymenoptera has the highest number of genera (18) and species (28), 12 of which belong to the family Vespidae. Among the genera, 75. Read More

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Sareomycetes: more diverse than meets the eye.

IMA Fungus 2021 Mar 16;12(1). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Farlow Reference Library and Herbarium of Cryptogamic Botany, Harvard University, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Since its resurrection, the resinicolous discomycete genus Sarea has been accepted as containing two species, one with black apothecia and pycnidia, and one with orange. We investigate this hypothesis using three ribosomal (nuITS, nuLSU, mtSSU) regions from and morphological examination of 70 specimens collected primarily in Europe and North America. The results of our analyses support separation of the traditional Sarea difformis s. Read More

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Update on the Brassicaceae species checklist.

Biodivers Data J 2021 4;9:e58773. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Ottawa Canada.

Background: Here we present a revised species checklist for the Brassicaceae, updated from Warwick SI, Francis, A, Al-Shehbaz IA (2006), Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-ROM, Plant Systematics and Evolution 259: 249─25. This update of the checklist was initiated, based on recent taxonomic and molecular studies on the Brassicaceae that have resulted in new species names, combinations and associated synonyms.

New Information: New data have been added indicating tribal affiliations within the family and where type specimens have been designated. Read More

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Non-ammocoete larvae of Palaeozoic stem lampreys.

Nature 2021 Mar 10;591(7850):408-412. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Ammocoetes-the filter-feeding larvae of modern lampreys-have long influenced hypotheses of vertebrate ancestry. The life history of modern lampreys, which develop from a superficially amphioxus-like ammocoete to a specialized predatory adult, appears to recapitulate widely accepted scenarios of vertebrate origin. However, no direct evidence has validated the evolutionary antiquity of ammocoetes, and their status as models of primitive vertebrate anatomy is uncertain. Read More

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Global Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Wood-Decaying Fungal Genus (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

Front Microbiol 2021 10;12:622460. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Beijing Museum of Natural History, Beijing, China.

An in-depth study of the phylogeny and taxonomy of the corticioid genus (Phanerochaetaceae) was conducted. Phylogenetic analyses of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and nrLSU sequences demonstrated that is a strongly supported clade which is distinct from its sister clades of , , and . Read More

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February 2021

Taxonomic revision of the threatened African genus Engl. (Araceae), with , a new, critically endangered species from Ebo, Cameroon.

PeerJ 2021 11;9:e10689. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Identification & Naming, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK.

This is the first revision in more than 100 years of the African genus , formerly considered endemic to Gabon. Closely related to , is distinct from because of its 2-3-locular ovary (vs. unilocular), peduncle concealed by cataphylls at anthesis and far shorter than the spathe (vs. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular Identification and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Traditional Chinese Medicinal Plant Kochia scoparia Using ITS2 Barcoding.

Interdiscip Sci 2021 Mar 17;13(1):128-139. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Key Laboratory of Big Data Mining and Precision Drug Design of Guangdong Medical University, Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Drugs of Guangdong Province, School of Pharmacy, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, 523808, Guangdong, China.

Kochia scoparia has high medicinal and economic value. However, with similar morphological features, adulterants and some closely related species of K. scoparia are increasingly sold in the medicinal markets, leading to potential safety risks. Read More

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Delimitation and phylogeny of , and introduction of and , genera nova.

Mycologia 2021 Mar-Apr;113(2):390-433. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands.

(Chaetosphaeriaceae) is a phialidic dematiaceous hyphomycete with teleomorphs classified in . It is associated with significant variability of asexual morphological traits, which led to its broad delimitation. In the present study, six loci: nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer region ITS1-5. Read More

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February 2021

Names of phytopathogenic fungi: a practical guide.

Phytopathology 2021 Jan 24. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

USDA-ARS Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, 57604, Mycology & Nematology Genetic Diversity & Biology Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, United States;

Names of phytopathogenic fungi and oomycetes are essential to communicate knowledge about species and their biology, control, and quarantine as well as for trade and research purposes. Many plant pathogenic fungi are pleomorphic, meaning that they produce different asexual (anamorph) and sexual (teleomorph) morphs in their lifecycles. Because of this, more than one name has been applied to different morphs of the same species, which has confused users of names. Read More

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January 2021

Diversity, Bioactivity Profiling and Untargeted Metabolomics of the Cultivable Gut Microbiota of .

Mar Drugs 2020 Dec 24;19(1). Epub 2020 Dec 24.

GEOMAR Centre for Marine Biotechnology (GEOMAR-Biotech), Research Unit Marine Natural Products Chemistry, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Am Kiel-Kanal 44, 24106 Kiel, Germany.

It is widely accepted that the commensal gut microbiota contributes to the health and well-being of its host. The solitary tunicate emerges as a model organism for studying host-microbe interactions taking place in the gut, however, the potential of its gut-associated microbiota for marine biodiscovery remains unexploited. In this study, we set out to investigate the diversity, chemical space, and pharmacological potential of the gut-associated microbiota of collected from the Baltic and North Seas. Read More

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December 2020

Phylogenomic Discordance in the Eared Seals is best explained by Incomplete Lineage Sorting following Explosive Radiation in the Southern Hemisphere.

Syst Biol 2020 Dec 26. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Escola de Ciências da Saúde e da Vida, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, 90619-900 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

The phylogeny and systematics of fur seals and sea lions (Otariidae) have long been studied with diverse data types, including an increasing amount of molecular data. However, only a few phylogenetic relationships have reached acceptance because of strong gene-tree species tree discordance. Divergence times estimates in the group also vary largely between studies. Read More

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December 2020

sp. nov., a Fermenting Bacterium Isolated from a Petroleum Reservoir in Azerbaijan, and Emended Description of the Genus .

Microorganisms 2020 Dec 11;8(12). Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Institute of Microbiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Baku AZ1073, Azerbaijan.

A methanogenic enrichment growing on a medium with methanol was obtained from a petroleum reservoir (Republic of Azerbaijan) and stored for 33 years without transfers to fresh medium. High-throughput sequencing of the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene revealed members of the genera , , , , , and . A novel gram-positive, rod-shaped, anaerobic fermentative bacterium, strain 1933P, was isolated from this enrichment and characterized. Read More

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December 2020

LCVP, The Leipzig catalogue of vascular plants, a new taxonomic reference list for all known vascular plants.

Sci Data 2020 11 26;7(1):416. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity / Botanical Garden, Institute of Biology, Leipzig University, Johannisallee 21-23, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

The lack of comprehensive and standardized taxonomic reference information is an impediment for robust plant research, e.g. in systematics, biogeography or macroecology. Read More

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November 2020

Genus-level revision of the Alycaeidae (Gastropoda, Cyclophoroidea), with an annotated species catalogue.

Zookeys 2020 29;981:1-220. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Mollusca Section, Invertebrates Division, Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museums, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom Natural History Museum London United Kingdom.

412 species-group names (including 11 replacement names), and 14 genus-group names of the Alycaeidae have been introduced to date. Type materials of 85% (336) of the known species and subspecies were examined, a further 5% (19) of the taxa were studied using available non-type material, and for another 6% (22) the original descriptions were sufficiently detailed to evaluate their taxonomic status. Only 3% of the taxa (12) could not be examined. Read More

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October 2020

and (Cenangiaceae) are closest relatives: phylogenetic relationships, morphology and a new species.

Mycol Prog 2020 9;19(11):1329-1352. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Jaén, Spain.

Based on molecular phylogenetic analyses of a multigene matrix of partial nuSSU-ITS-LSU rDNA, , and sequences and by morphological evidence, the genus is shown to be the closest relative of , and confirmed to be a member of the Cenangiaceae (Leotiomycetes). While and share many traits like similar conidia, conidiogenesis, asci and ascospores, their apothecia differ particularly in excipular features and are therefore recognized as distinct genera. , described from North America, is excluded from the genus but shown to represent the sexual morph of the European , and it is therefore synonymized with the latter. Read More

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November 2020

Morphological and phylogenetic data do not support the split of Alexandrium into four genera.

Harmful Algae 2020 09 18;98:101902. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Climate Change Cluster, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia.

A recently published study analyzed the phylogenetic relationship between the genera Centrodinium and Alexandrium, confirming an earlier publication showing the genus Alexandrium as paraphyletic. This most recent manuscript retained the genus Alexandrium, introduced a new genus Episemicolon, resurrected two genera, Gessnerium and Protogonyaulax, and stated that: "The polyphyly [sic] of Alexandrium is solved with the split into four genera". However, these reintroduced taxa were not based on monophyletic groups. Read More

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September 2020

Phylogeny and character evolution in the , and systematics of and fam. nov.

Authors:
J C Zamora S Ekman

Persoonia 2020 Jun 24;44:161-205. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 16, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.

We present a multilocus phylogeny of the class , based on data from the 18S, ITS, 28S, , , , 12S, and DNA regions, with c. 90 species including the types of most currently accepted genera. A variety of methodological approaches was used to infer phylogenetic relationships among the , from a supermatrix strategy using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference on a concatenated dataset, to coalescence-based calculations, such as quartet-based summary methods of independent single-locus trees, and Bayesian integration of single-locus trees into a species tree under the multispecies coalescent. Read More

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Characterization of intrauterine cultivable aerobic microbiota at the time of insemination in dairy cows with and without mild endometritis.

Theriogenology 2021 Jan 12;159:28-34. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Clinical Unit for Herd Health Management in Ruminants, University Clinic for Ruminants, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

It is generally accepted that postpartum uterine infections decrease conception rates in dairy cows. Whereas clinical endometritis (CE) has been studied intensively, only little information about CE at the time of artificial insemination (AI) is available. The aim of this study was to characterize the intrauterine cultivable aerobic microbiota in healthy cows and in cows with mild CE at AI and to investigate its effect on the subsequent insemination success. Read More

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January 2021

Dietary cellulose induces anti-inflammatory immunity and transcriptional programs via maturation of the intestinal microbiota.

Gut Microbes 2020 11;12(1):1-17

Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Philipps University , Marburg, Germany.

Although it is generally accepted that dietary fiber is health promoting, the underlying immunological and molecular mechanisms are not well defined, especially with respect to cellulose, the most ubiquitous dietary fiber. Here, the impact of dietary cellulose on intestinal microbiota, immune responses and gene expression in health and disease was examined. Lack of dietary cellulose disrupted the age-related diversification of the intestinal microbiota, which subsequently remained in an immature state. Read More

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November 2020

Molecular data provide new insights into the phylogeny of Cladonotinae (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea) from China with the description of a new genus and species.

Zootaxa 2020 Jul 8;4809(3):zootaxa.4809.3.8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

School of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Hechi University, Yizhou 546300, Guangxi, China.

Considerable effort has been devoted to elucidating the phylogenetic relationships of tetrigides. However, there is still no commonly accepted phylogenetic hypothesis. Therefore, the phylogenetic relationships among some subfamilies remain unclear; e. Read More

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Evaluating method and potential risks of chlorine-resistant bacteria (CRB): A review.

Water Res 2021 Jan 28;188:116474. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control State Key Joint Laboratory, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Microorganism Application and Risk Control (SMARC), School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Shenzhen Environmental Science and New Energy Technology Engineering Laboratory, Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute, Shenzhen 518055, China.

Chlorine-resistant bacteria (CRB) are commonly defined as bacteria with high resistance to chlorine disinfection or bacteria which can survive or even regrow in the residual chlorine. Chlorine disinfection cannot completely control the risks of CRB, such as risks of pathogenicity, antibiotic resistance and microbial growth. Currently, researchers pay more attention to CRB with pathogenicity or antibiotic resistance. Read More

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January 2021

A brief history of the species concept in virology and an opinion on the proposal to introduce Linnaean binomial virus species names.

Arch Virol 2020 Dec;165(12):3073-3077

Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

The species concept used in virology is based on the logic of the Linnaean hierarchy, which views a species class as the lowest abstract category that is included in all the higher categories in the classification, such as genera and families. As a result of this class inclusion, the members of a species class are always less numerous than the members of higher classes, which become more numerous as one moves up in the hierarchy. Because species classes always have fewer members than any of the higher classes, logic requires that they need more qualifications for establishing membership than any of the higher classes. Read More

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December 2020

Molecular Phylogeny and Morphology of (= ) (Amphisphaeriaceae).

J Fungi (Basel) 2020 Sep 17;6(3). Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Microbial Drugs, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbH, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.

Amphisphaeriaceous taxa (fungi) are saprobes on decaying wood in terrestrial, mangrove, and freshwater habitats. The generic boundaries of the family have traditionally been based on morphology, and the delimitation of genera has always been challenging. species have clypeate ascomata and 1-septate ascospores and a coelomycetous asexual morph. Read More

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September 2020

Dietary osteopontin-enriched algal protein as nutritional support in weaned pigs infected with F18-fimbriated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.

J Anim Sci 2020 Oct;98(10)

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.

This study investigated the effects of dietary osteopontin (OPN)-enriched algal protein on growth, immune status, and fecal fermentation profiles of weaned pigs challenged with a live infection of F18-fimbriated enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). At 21 d of age, 54 pigs (5. Read More

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October 2020

A redescription of the female of Lernaeopoda bivia Leigh-Sharpe, 1930 (Lernaeopodidae: Siphonostomatoida) and a first description of the male.

Syst Parasitol 2020 12 19;97(6):675-679. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Cabrillo Marine Aquarium, 3720 Stephen M. White Drive, San Pedro, CA, 90731, USA.

Within the family Lernaeopodidae Milne Edwards, 1840 the females of Lernaeopoda spp. are very similar to those of Neoalbionella spp. Contrarily, the male morphology is different enough to allow distinction between species of the two genera. Read More

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December 2020

Gaps in the assortment of rapid assays for microorganisms of interest to the dairy industry.

Adv Appl Microbiol 2020 14;113:1-56. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

This review presents the results of a study into the offering of rapid microbial detection assays to the Irish dairy industry. At the outset, a consultation process was undertaken whereby key stakeholders were asked to compile a list of the key microorganisms of interest to the sector. The resultant list comprises 19 organisms/groups of organisms divided into five categories: single pathogenic species (Cronobacter sakazakii, Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes); genera containing pathogenic species (Bacillus, Clostridium, Listeria, Salmonella; Staphylococcus); broad taxonomic groupings (Coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, fecal Streptococci, sulfite reducing bacteria/sulfite reducing Clostridia [SRBs/SRCs], yeasts and molds); organisms displaying certain growth preferences or resistance as regards temperature (endospores, psychrotrophs, thermodurics, thermophiles); indicators of quality (total plate count, Pseudomonas spp. Read More

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