191 results match your criteria abortion episode

Theileria orientalis outbreak in an organized cattle breeding farm.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2021 Apr 8;24:100572. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK HPKV, Palampur 176 062, India. Electronic address:

Theileriosis is an important tick borne disease of cattle caused by a haemoprotozoan of genus Theileria. Clinical bovine theileriosis is mainly caused by T. annulata or T. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiologic case investigation on the zoonotic transmission of Staphylococcus aureus infection from goat to veterinarians.

Zoonoses Public Health 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Staphylococcus aureus infection led to a case of goat abortion, and four veterinarians contracted S. aureus infection from the goat during and after the abortion. Three veterinarians assisted a doe during the dystocic delivery of a dead foetus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluating pain and opioid use after dilator placement for second-trimester abortion.

Contraception 2021 Mar 4;103(3):171-177. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Albany Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 391 Myrtle Ave. MC-74, Albany, NY 12208, United States. Electronic address:

Objectives: To compare pain levels and medication needs after placement of laminaria vs Dilapan-S, and after dilation and evacuation (D&E).

Study Design: We conducted a single-blinded randomized control trial of patients undergoing D&E at 15 0/7 to 23 6/7 weeks gestation, randomizing to cervical preparation with laminaria or Dilapan-S. We compared pain levels and medication usage following dilator placement (5 minutes; 2, 4, and 8 hours; the following morning) and D&E (1, 4, 24, and 48 hours). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

When abortion becomes public - Everyday politics of reproduction in rural Zambia.

Soc Sci Med 2020 11 5;265:113502. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Centre for International Health, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Norway; Centre for Intervention Science in Maternal and Child Health (CISMAC), University of Bergen, Norway.

This article takes the public reaction to the discovery of an aborted foetus in a rural Zambian community as the empirical starting point for exploring the everyday politics of reproduction. It builds on eleven months of ethnographic fieldwork on abortion and abortion policy in Zambia in 2017 and 2018, including participant observation in the community where the episode took place and interviews with clinic staff and neighbours. The article explores local dynamics of abortion opposition in a country where abortion is legally permitted on broad grounds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Association of Pregnancy With the Onset of Clinically Isolated Syndrome.

JAMA Neurol 2020 12;77(12):1496-1503

Department of Neurology, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Importance: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is usually diagnosed in women during their childbearing years. Currently, no consensus exists on whether pregnancy can delay the first episode of demyelination or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS).

Objective: To investigate the association of pregnancy with time to CIS onset. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis among pregnant women in the Ho municipality, Ghana: species identification and antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 May 6;20(1):266. Epub 2020 May 6.

Microbiology Department, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Candida is the leading cause of vaginitis, and 75% of women have at least one episode of infection in their lives, with pregnancy being a predisposing factor. If left untreated, vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) can lead to chorioamnionitis with subsequent abortion, prematurity and congenital infection of the neonate. We aimed to determine the prevalence of VVC, identify the recent and most frequently occurring species of Candida in pregnant women, and determine the most effective antifungal drug of choice for treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gynecological and obstetric outcome in the French cohort of women with factor XIII deficiency.

Thromb Res 2020 07 21;191:22-25. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Unité Hémostase Clinique, Hôpital Louis Pradel, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, France.

Introduction: Congenital factor XIII deficiency is a very rare bleeding disorder affecting 33 patients in France. Besides its role in fibrin clot stabilization, factor XIII is involved in placental attachment. Fetal miscarriages represent a frequent and concerning issue for these patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vaginal bleeding and nausea in early pregnancy as predictors of clinical pregnancy loss.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 10 10;223(4):570.e1-570.e14. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address:

Background: Although nausea and vaginal bleeding are commonly experienced in early pregnancy, their prognostic value in predicting clinical pregnancy loss is not well understood.

Objective: This study aimed to understand whether timing of bleeding and nausea symptoms can be used to predict risk of pregnancy loss among women with ultrasound-confirmed pregnancies.

Study Design: A cohort of 701 women with clinically confirmed pregnancies and 1 to 2 previous pregnancy losses were preconceptionally enrolled in the Effects of Aspirin in Gestation and Reproduction trial (2006-2012). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Retained products of conception in hysteroscopy in a patient with breast cancer on tamoxifen.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Aug 30;12(8). Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

Tamoxifen is a selective oestrogen receptor modulator widely used in breast cancer treatment, with good survival rates. Its partial agonist action on other tissues such as the uterus, however, promotes the development of endometrial hyperplasia and cancer. It appears that tamoxifen does not alter the age of menopause and women may still get pregnant while on tamoxifen. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ethical and Legal Dilemmas Around Termination of Pregnancy for Severe Fetal Hydrocephalus, Spina Bifida Aperta and Meningomyelocoella.

Med Arch 2019 Apr;73(2):126-130

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Hospital "Sveti Duh", Zagreb and Croatian Catholic University Zagreb, Croatia.

Introduction: There are many ethical and moral dilemmas regarding the termination of pregnancy(TOP) with severe fetal anomalies.

Aim: Our aim is to present a case of severe fetal hydrocephalus (HCP), spina bifida aperta and, meningomyelocoella (MMC).

Case Report: A gynecologist examined a 23-year-old patient with vital pregnancy of 24/25 week of gestation (WG) with the anomaly of the fetus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Emergency contraception and impact on abortion rates.

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Feb 3;63:111-119. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Chalmers Sexual and Reproductive Health Centre, NHS Lothian, 2 A Chalmers Street, Edinburgh, EH3 9ES, United Kingdom; Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Emergency contraception (EC) is a drug or a device that is taken after sexual intercourse to prevent unintended pregnancy. The most effective EC is the copper-bearing intrauterine device (Cu-IUD), but oral EC methods are more commonly used and include a single dose of either levonorgestrel (1.5 mg) or ulipristal acetate (30 mg). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2020

A partial molar pregnancy associated with a fetus with intrauterine growth restriction delivered at 31 weeks: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Jul 4;13(1):204. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialized Surgery, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Largo Madonna delle Grazie 1, 80138, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Molar pregnancies belong to a group of diseases classified as gestational trophoblastic diseases, which result from an altered fertilization. Partial molar pregnancy with a live fetus is a very rare condition, occurring in 0.005 to 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lessons from the Field Beyond the Numbers: Narratives of Professionals on Women who Experienced Severe Maternal Morbidity.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2019 Jun 27;41(6):379-386. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  Several factors might affect the health and the quality of life of women who had a severe maternal morbidity (SMM) or a maternal near-miss (MNM) episode. The objective of the present study was to explore the perspectives of the professionals on the repercussions of SMM or of MNM after interviewing women who survived such episodes.

Method:  Selected cases that captured the attention of professionals were reported. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First case report of Toxoplasma gondii-induced abortions and stillbirths in sheep in Argentina.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 05 11;12:39-42. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Av. Rivadavia 1917, CABA, Argentina. Electronic address:

The aim of this study is to report an episode of reproductive losses due to toxoplasmosis in a sheep flock in Argentina. A total of 15 abortions and 9 stillbirths were recorded in a flock of 190 Texel ewes. The affected ewes were more likely to be seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii (15/24) than ewes that delivered normal lambs (5/34, OR=9. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Antiphospholipid syndrome and neurofibromatosis type I: a coincidence or new association?

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2019 Mar-Apr;82(2):155-157

Department of Neuro-radiology, Sheikh Khalifa Hospital, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Numerous studies have reported on structural vascular anomalies and ischemia associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 that are thought to stem from dysfunction of neurofibromin, the neurofibromatosis type 1 protein. Documented cases of associated antiphospholipid syndrome fulfilling the accepted diagnostic criteria are exceptionally rare, with only three cases reported in the literature. Here, we report on a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 and a history of spontaneous abortions presenting with sudden vision loss in the right eye and swelling of the optic nerve head. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

Failure to detect life-threatening arrhythmias in ICDs using single-chamber detection criteria.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2019 06 26;42(6):583-594. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Cardiology, Sint-Jan Hospital Bruges, Bruges, Belgium.

Background: There are anecdotal reports of sudden death despite a functional implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). We sought to describe scenarios leading to fatal or near-fatal outcome due to inappropriately inhibited ICD therapy in devices programmed with single-chamber detection criteria.

Methods: Programmed settings, episode lists, and intracardiac electrograms from 24 patients with a life-threatening event (n = 12) or fatal outcome (n = 12) related to failed ventricular arrhythmia detection were used to clarify the underlying scenario. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Addison's disease in antiphospholipid syndrome: a rare complication.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2018 22;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitario de Coimbra EPE, Coimbra, Portugal.

Addison's disease (AD) is the most common endocrine manifestation of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), but it remains a very rare complication of the syndrome. It is caused by adrenal venous thrombosis and consequent hemorrhagic infarction or by spontaneous (without thrombosis) adrenal hemorrhage, usually occurring after surgery or anticoagulant therapy. We present a clinical case of a 36-year-old female patient with a previous diagnosis of APS. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2018

Examining the Association of Antidepressant Prescriptions With First Abortion and First Childbirth.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 08;75(8):828-834

Centre for Integrated Register-Based Research (CIRRAU), National Centre for Register-Based Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Importance: The repercussions of abortion for mental health have been used to justify state policies that limit access to abortion in the United States. Much earlier research has relied on self-report of abortion or mental health conditions or on convenience samples. This study uses data that rely on neither. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute coronary syndrome secondary to allergic coronary vasospasm (Kounis Syndrome): a case series, follow-up and literature review.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2018 02 27;18(1):42. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Department of Cardiology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, No. 2, Yinghua Road, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: Kounis syndrome (KS) is the concurrence of acute coronary syndrome associated with mast-cell and platelet activation in the setting of hypersensitivity and allergic or anaphylactic insults. Many drugs and environmental exposures had been reported as inducers, but various inducers and the mechanism of KS remained unknown till now. The widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a potential sensitizer were scarcely reported to induce allergic vasospasm due to the ignorance of the linkage between traditional medicine allergy and vasospasm. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2018

Inferring pregnancy episodes and outcomes within a network of observational databases.

PLoS One 2018 1;13(2):e0192033. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Global Labeling, Janssen Research and Development, LLC, Titusville, New Jersey, United States of America.

Administrative claims and electronic health records are valuable resources for evaluating pharmaceutical effects during pregnancy. However, direct measures of gestational age are generally not available. Establishing a reliable approach to infer the duration and outcome of a pregnancy could improve pharmacovigilance activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Misoprostol-induced Acute Coronary Syndrome in a Premenopausal Woman: A Case Report with Literature Review.

Curr Drug Saf 2018 ;13(1):65-68

Pharmaceutical Care Department, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Misoprostol is a synthetic analog of prostaglandin-E1 and it is the most widely used drug for the medical management of incomplete abortion. Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) rarely occurs in perimenopausal women, in addition, its presentation is atypical, so the disease is not always recognized.

Case Report: We describe a case of 39-year-old woman with no major underlying cardiovascular risk factors, who developed an episode of ACS following the administration of two doses of misoprostol. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

Cumulative live birth rates following miscarriage in an initial complete cycle of IVF: a retrospective cohort study of 112 549 women.

Hum Reprod 2017 11;32(11):2287-2297

Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK.

Study Question: In women undergoing IVF/ICSI who miscarry in their first complete cycle, what is the chance of a live birth in subsequent complete cycles, and how does this compare with those whose first complete cycle ends with live birth or without a pregnancy?

Summary Answer: After two further complete cycles of IVF/ICSI, women who had miscarried or had a live birth in their first complete cycle had a higher chance of live birth (40.9 and 49.0%, respectively) than those who had no pregnancies (30. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2017

Unmet/met need for contraception and self-reported abortion in Ghana.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2017 Oct 7;13:118-124. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Department of Population and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences, College of Humanities and Legal Studies, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. Electronic address:

Background: Unmet need for contraception in several sub-Saharan African countries, including Ghana, remains high, with implications for unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortion, associated maternal morbidity and mortality. In this paper, we analysed for any associations between unmet/met need for contraception and the prevalence of abortion.

Methods: The paper utilizes the 2014 Ghana Demographic Health Survey dataset. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2017

Serogroups and genotypes of Leptospira spp. strains from bovine aborted foetuses.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Feb 24;65(1):158-165. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Research Unit of Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Science (UREAR-ULg), Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH) Center, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.

Leptospirosis is a global disease of animals, with potential major economic impact on livestock industry and important zoonotic capacities. The disease represents a major challenge in the developing countries as humans and animals frequently live in close association. The serovar Hardjo of Leptospira whose primary host is cattle has been studied extensively, but few data exist on other current circulating or emerging serotypes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2018

Diabetic ketoacidosis complicating pregnancy.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2017 ;10(1):17-23

Background: Although diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in pregnancy can result in significant adverse consequences for both mother and fetus, the response to treatment, time course of recovery, and perinatal outcomes have not been well studied in pregnancy.

Objective: We examined the precipitating factors, laboratory abnormalities, treatment strategies, and clinical recovery in pregnancies complicated by DKA.

Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies complicated by DKA between October 1999 and June 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2017

Fetal outcomes following emergency department point-of-care ultrasound for vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy.

Can Fam Physician 2016 Jul;62(7):572-578

Director of the Schwartz/Reisman Emergency Medicine Institute and an emergency physician at Mount Sinai Hospital.

Objective: To determine 20- and 40-week fetal outcomes following documentation of fetal cardiac activity (FCA) and intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) in women at less than 20 weeks' gestation presenting to the emergency department (ED) with vaginal bleeding.

Design: Prospective observational cohort study.

Setting: Single-centre tertiary care ED. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Frequency of low serum LH is associated with increased early pregnancy loss in IVF/ICSI cycles.

Reprod Biomed Online 2016 Oct 21;33(4):449-457. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

The role of LH during ovarian stimulation remains uncertain. Previous studies defined the low LH group using a single LH measurement on a predefined day of stimulation possibly not reflecting the entire follicular phase. This study retrospectively collected data from 619 IVF/ICSI cycles with GnRH antagonist and recombinant FSH. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2016

Perinatal prognosis of pregnancies complicated by placental chronic villitis or intervillositis of unknown etiology and combined lesions: About a series of 178 cases.

Placenta 2016 08 15;44:104-8. Epub 2016 May 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hôpital Mère-Enfant, Centre Hospitalier universitaire, Nantes, France.

Introduction: The objective of this work was to evaluate and compare perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by placental chronic intervillositis (CIUE) or villitis (CVUE) of unknown etiology and combined lesions.

Methods: Retrospective study of all cases of significant CVUE and CIUE occurring during a 12-year period in a university tertiary hospital center. Multiple pregnancies, infectious and medical termination of pregnancies (TOP) without intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) were excluded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prothrombin gene 20210A mutation in Slovak population.

Vnitr Lek 2016 Apr;62(4):281-6

Introduction: Factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin G20210A mutation (PTM) are the two most common genetic polymorphisms known to predispose to a first episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE). PTM is present in 2 % Caucasian population. The main aim of this study was to identify the PTM in the patients with positive history of thrombotic events vs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF