5,049 results match your criteria ability recover

A Systems Examination of Food Packaging and Other Single-Use Item Waste in School Nutrition Programs.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 May;53(5):380-388

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. Electronic address:

Objective: Identify types of food packaging used in school nutrition programs and competing priorities, barriers, and facilitators for sustainable packaging waste use and recovery.

Design: Qualitative interviews (n = 20) and structured kitchen observations were conducted.

Setting: Data were collected from 3 school districts in Northern Colorado. Read More

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Synergy coordination of cellulose-based dialdehyde and carboxyl with Fe recoverable conductive self-healing hydrogel for sensor.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jun 1;125:112094. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China. Electronic address:

A novel dual ionic network cellulose-based composite conductive self-healing hydrogel was fabricated with high elongation, rapid recoverability, high conductive sensitivity, self-healing ability and good biocompatibility. The hydrogel was constructed by the synergistic complexations of new-fashioned bidentate aldehyde groups on dialdehyde cellulose nanofibers (DACNFs) and carboxyl groups of acrylic acid (AA) with Fe. The elongation (~1300%) of the hydrogel containing 1 wt% DACNFs was approximate 13-fold of the pure PAA hydrogel and can recover to original state within 2 min after 80% compression. Read More

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Decoding the microstructural properties of white matter using realistic models.

Neuroimage 2021 May 5:118138. Epub 2021 May 5.

Radboud University, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Multi-echo gradient echo (ME-GRE) magnetic resonance signal evolution in white matter has a strong dependence on the orientation of myelinated axons with respect to the main static field. Although analytical solutions have been able to predict some of the white matter (WM) signal behaviour of the hollow cylinder model, it has been shown that realistic models of WM offer a better description of the signal behaviour observed. In this work, we present a pipeline to (i) generate realistic 2D WM models with their microstructure based on real axon morphology with adjustable fiber volume fraction (FVF) and g-ratio. Read More

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Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulation and organization in urban and rural song sparrows.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 May 5:113809. Epub 2021 May 5.

Virginia Tech, Department of Biological Sciences, 1405 Perry Street, Blacksburg, 24061 Virginia; Virginia Tech, School of Neuroscience, 1405 Perry Street, Blacksburg, 24061 Virginia.

Urban habitats present animals with persistent disturbances and acute stressors not present in rural habitats or present at significantly lower levels. Differences in the glucocorticoid stress response could underlie colonization of these novel habitats. Despite urban habitats characterization as more stressful, previous comparisons of urban and rural birds have failed to find consistent differences in baseline and stress induced glucocorticoid levels. Read More

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Postpubertal Spermatogonial Stem Cell Transplantation Restores Functional Sperm Production in Rhesus Monkeys Irradiated Before and After Puberty.

Andrology 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Experimental Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030.

Background: Cancer treatment of prepubertal patients impacts future fertility due to the abolition of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). In macaques, spermatogenesis could be regenerated by intratesticular transplantation of SSCs, but no studies have involved cytotoxic treatment before puberty and transplantation after puberty, which would be the most likely clinical scenario.

Objectives: To evaluate donor-derived functional sperm production after SSC transplantation to adult monkeys that had received testicular irradiation during the prepubertal period. Read More

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Tandem mass tag-based proteomics for studying the effects of a biotechnologically produced oyster mushroom against hepatic steatosis in obese Zucker rats.

J Proteomics 2021 May 3:104255. Epub 2021 May 3.

Protein Analytics, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Friedrichstrasse 24, 35392 Giessen, Germany.

Hepatic steatosis is a very common response to liver injury and often attributed to metabolic disorders. Prior studies have demonstrated the efficacy of a biotechnologically produced oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju, PSC) in alleviating hepatic steatosis in obese Zucker rats. This study aims to elucidate molecular events underlying the anti-steatotic effects of PSC. Read More

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Regenerated interneurons integrate into locomotor circuitry following spinal cord injury.

Exp Neurol 2021 May 3:113737. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. Electronic address:

Whereas humans and other adult mammals lack the ability to regain locomotor function after spinal cord injury, zebrafish are able to recover swimming behavior even after complete spinal cord transection. We have previously shown that zebrafish larvae regenerate lost spinal cord neurons within 9 days post-injury (dpi), but it is unknown whether these neurons are physiologically active or integrate into functional circuitry. Here we show that genetically defined premotor interneurons are regenerated in injured spinal cord segments as functional recovery begins. Read More

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Connecting With Trauma Patients After Discharge: A Phone Call Follow-Up Study.

J Trauma Nurs 2021 May-Jun 01;28(3):179-185

Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Traumatic injury is sudden and unexpected. It may lead to long-standing physical and physiological consequences. Approximately 10% of the world's disease burden is attributable to traumatic injuries. Read More

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Resilience and related factors as predictors of relapse risk in patients with substance use disorder: a cross-sectional study.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2021 May 4;16(1):40. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, Niimi University, Niimi, Japan.

Background: Resilience, referring to the inherent ability to naturally recover in the face of adverse conditions, is an essential concept in discussions of substance use disorder (SUD) recovery. This study's objective was to shed light on resilience and related factors that affect relapse risk in patients with SUDs.

Method: Fifty-two patients with SUDs were given a self-administrated questionnaire from February to April 2015 consisting of question items for sociodemographic characteristics, relapse risk (Stimulant Relapse Risk Scale), and resilience (Bidimensional Resilience Scale). Read More

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Personality traits predict regression of pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy: a longitudinal follow-up study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 4;21(1):353. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopaedic, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical College, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a multifactorial condition with a partly unknown etiology. This condition can be mentally and physically compromising both during and after pregnancy. To provide all-around preventive measures to improve the recovery from PGP, it is a necessity for obstetricians and orthopaedists to develop predictive studies about the worse prognosis for this condition. Read More

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Infants recognize words spoken through opaque masks but not through clear masks.

Dev Sci 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

COVID-19 has modified numerous aspects of children's social environments. Many children are now spoken to through a mask. There is little empirical evidence attesting to the effects of masked language input on language processing. Read More

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The attitudes of mental health nurses that support a positive therapeutic relationship: the perspective of people diagnosed with BPD.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

AFIN Research Group at, Autonomus University of Barcelona, Carrer Vila Puig, s/n, Edifici B-13, Campus Bellaterra (UAB), 08193, Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

Introduction: The therapeutic relationship between mental health nurses and people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is essential to successful treatment, and nurses' attitudes are a key component of this relationship. Some nurses develop positive therapeutic relationships with people diagnosed with BPD, while others have negative emotional reactions which in turn limit their ability to develop a positive therapeutic relationship. There is a gap in the literature with respect how people diagnosed with BPD perceive the attitudes of mental health nurses that foster a positive therapeutic relationship. Read More

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Supercritical CO Extraction as a Tool to Isolate Anti-Inflammatory Sesquiterpene Lactones from L. Roots.

Molecules 2021 Apr 28;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

iBET, Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica, Apartado 12, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal.

. or chicory plants are a natural source of health-promoting compounds in the form of supplements such as inulin, as well as other bioactive compounds such as sesquiterpene lactones (SLs). After inulin extraction, chicory roots are considered waste, with most SLs not being harnessed. Read More

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Multiscale Virtual Screening Optimization for Shotgun Drug Repurposing Using the CANDO Platform.

Molecules 2021 Apr 28;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA.

Drug repurposing, the practice of utilizing existing drugs for novel clinical indications, has tremendous potential for improving human health outcomes and increasing therapeutic development efficiency. The goal of multi-disease multitarget drug repurposing, also known as shotgun drug repurposing, is to develop platforms that assess the therapeutic potential of each existing drug for every clinical indication. Our Computational Analysis of Novel Drug Opportunities (CANDO) platform for shotgun multitarget repurposing implements several pipelines for the large-scale modeling and simulation of interactions between comprehensive libraries of drugs/compounds and protein structures. Read More

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Elite Male Volleyball Players Are at Risk of Insufficient Energy and Carbohydrate Intake.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 24;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland.

Elite volleyball athletes experience significant physical and psychological demands during the competitive season. The aim was to compare the dietary intake of male volleyball athletes with recommendations for sport and health, and to examine the association of physique traits and knee health on eating behaviours and of eating behaviours on reported dietary intake. Using a retrospective cross-sectional design, 22 male athletes from a national indoor volleyball program underwent anthropometric, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and resting metabolic rate testing, 4-day dietary intake and hematological analysis, and also completed the three-factor eating questionnaire-R18 for eating behaviours and the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-patellar tendon (VISA-P) questionnaire for knee health. Read More

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Parameter Identification and Validation of Shape-Memory Polymers within the Framework of Finite Strain Viscoelasticity.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 19;14(8). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Institute of Applied Mechanics (CE), University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 7, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.

Shape-Memory Polymers (SMPs) can be stretched to large deformations and recover induced strains when exposed to an appropriate stimulus, such as heat. This emerging class of functional polymers has attracted much interest and found applications in medicine and engineering. Nevertheless, prior to any application, their physical and mechanical properties must be thoroughly studied and understood in order to make predictions or to design structures thereof. Read More

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State-of-the-Art and Opportunities for Forward Osmosis in Sewage Concentration and Wastewater Treatment.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 Apr 21;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

CSIRO Manufacturing, Clayton South, VIC 3169, Australia.

The application of membrane technologies for wastewater treatment to recover water and nutrients from different types of wastewater can be an effective strategy to mitigate the water shortage and provide resource recovery for sustainable development of industrialisation and urbanisation. Forward osmosis (FO), driven by the osmotic pressure difference between solutions divided by a semi-permeable membrane, has been recognised as a potential energy-efficient filtration process with a low tendency for fouling and a strong ability to filtrate highly polluted wastewater. The application of FO for wastewater treatment has received significant attention in research and attracted technological effort in recent years. Read More

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Antioxidant and Pro-Oxidant Capacities as Mechanisms of Photoprotection of Olive Polyphenols on UVA-Damaged Human Keratinocytes.

Molecules 2021 Apr 8;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

National Research Council, Institute of Sciences of Food Production, (CNR-ISPA, Lecce), Via Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.

A wide variety of polyphenols are reported to have considerable antioxidant and skin photoprotective effects, although the mechanisms of action are not fully known. Environmentally friendly and inexpensive sources of natural bioactive compounds, such as olive mill wastewater (OMWW), the by-product of olive-oil processing, can be considered an economic source of bioactive polyphenols, with a range of biological activities, useful as chemotherapeutic or cosmeceutical agents. Green strategies, such as the process based on membrane technologies, allow to recover active polyphenols from this complex matrix. Read More

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Cancer as a prospective sequela of long COVID-19.

Bioessays 2021 Apr 29:e2000331. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Biology, College of Arts and Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

As the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to surge worldwide, our knowledge of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly expanding. Although most COVID-19 patients recover within weeks of symptom onset, some experience lingering symptoms that last for months ("long COVID-19"). Early reports of COVID-19 sequelae, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, and neurological conditions, have raised concerns about the long-term effects of COVID-19, especially in hard-hit communities. Read More

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Effects of Plyometric Jump Training on Repeated Sprint Ability in Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Human Sciences (Exercise and Sport Science), The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Background: There is a growing body of research examining the effects of plyometric jump training (PJT) on repeated sprint ability (RSA) in athletes. However, available studies produced conflicting findings and the literature has not yet been systematically reviewed. Therefore, the effects of PJT on RSA indices remain unclear. Read More

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Conservation genomics of a critically endangered brown seaweed.

J Phycol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, 2450, Australia.

Seaweeds provide valuable ecosystem services, but many are undergoing global decline due to climate and anthropogenic stressors. The brown macroalga, Nereia lophocladia (hereafter called Nereia), is among only a handful of seaweeds globally to be listed as critically endangered and is only described from two known locations, but there exists little knowledge about this species. Here, we combine field surveys to verify the distribution of Nereia, with cutting edge genomics to determine genetic diversity and population structure, and inform ongoing conservation actions. Read More

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Technologies to recover nitrogen from livestock manure - A review.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 14;784:147098. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Soil and Water Systems, Twin Falls Research and Extension Center, University of Idaho, 315 Falls Avenue, P.O. Box 1827, Twin Falls, ID 83303-1827, United States of America. Electronic address:

Today, the livestock industry is considered to be one of the biggest emitters of ammonia in the world. The nitrogen present in livestock manure has been linked to the contamination of water bodies. Livestock manures contain a significant quantity of recoverable nitrogen. Read More

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Full recovery of ultrafast waveforms lost under noise.

Nat Commun 2021 04 23;12(1):2402. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique - Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications (INRS-EMT), Montréal, QC, Canada.

The ability to detect ultrafast waveforms arising from randomly occurring events is essential to such diverse fields as bioimaging, spectroscopy, radio-astronomy, sensing and telecommunications. However, noise remains a significant challenge to recover the information carried by such waveforms, which are often too weak for detection. The key issue is that most of the undesired noise is contained within the broad frequency band of the ultrafast waveform, such that it cannot be alleviated through conventional methods. Read More

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Drought-Induced Xylem Embolism Limits the Recovery of Leaf Gas Exchange in Scots Pine.

Plant Physiol 2020 Oct;184(2):852-864

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, KIT Campus Alpin, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research- Atmospheric Environmental Research, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Climate change increases the occurrence of prolonged drought periods with large implications for forest functioning. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is one of the most abundant conifers worldwide, and evidence is rising that its resilience to severe drought is limited. However, we know little about its ability to recover from drought-induced embolism. Read More

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October 2020

Scenarios of Human Responses to Unprecedented Social-Environmental Extreme Events.

Earths Future 2021 Apr 2;9(4):e2020EF001911. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Earth Sciences Uppsala University Uppsala Sweden.

In a rapidly changing world, what is today an unprecedented extreme may soon become the norm. As a result, extreme-related disasters are expected to become more frequent and intense. This will have widespread socio-economic consequences and affect the ability of different societal groups to recover from and adapt to rapidly changing environmental conditions. Read More

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Phylogenomic analyses reveal a Gondwanan origin and repeated out of India colonizations into Asia by tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae).

PeerJ 2021 6;9:e11162. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Biological Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

The study of biogeography seeks taxa that share a key set of characteristics, such as timescale of diversification, dispersal ability, and ecological lability. Tarantulas are ideal organisms for studying evolution over continental-scale biogeography given their time period of diversification, their mostly long-lived sedentary lives, low dispersal rate, and their nevertheless wide circumtropical distribution. In tandem with a time-calibrated transcriptome-based phylogeny generated by PhyloBayes, we estimate the ancestral ranges of ancient tarantulas using two methods, DEC+j and BBM, in the context of their evolution. Read More

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Thermally-induced changes in tropical soils properties and potential implications to sequential nature-based solutions.

J Contam Hydrol 2021 Mar 31;241:103808. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Departamento de Ciências Ambientais, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua São Nicolau, 210 - Diadema, São Paulo 09913-030, Brazil. Electronic address:

Some remediation techniques, such as thermal remediation, can significantly change the soil properties. These changes can be beneficial or detrimental to the sequential application of Nature-based Solutions. This work evaluated the effects of thermal remediation on the properties of two tropical soils (Technosol and Oxisol), and discuss how these changes might impact both biotic and abiotic degradation processes. Read More

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A dosage-effect assessment of acute toxicology tests of microplastic exposure in filter-feeding fish.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Jun 16;113:154-161. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Joint Laboratory of Guangdong Province and Hong Kong Region on Marine Bioresource Conservation and Exploitation, College of Marine Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China; Guangdong Laboratory for Lingnan Modern Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China. Electronic address:

Abundant microplastics was found in aquatic ecosystem and aquatic organisms, which raised many concerns in public. Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), a species filter-feeding planktivorous fish, feed on particle between 4 and 85 μm in size, and the respiratory process works together with feeding mechanism when filtering plankton from water. The aim of this study was to assess the physiological response of silver carp exposed to 5 μm polystyrene microspheres during 48 h of exposure followed by 48 h of depuration through the gill histology, and oxidative stress biomarkers in intestine. Read More

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Relationships between avian malaria resilience and corticosterone, testosterone and prolactin in a Hawaiian songbird.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 Apr 20;308:113784. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Glucocorticoids, androgens, and prolactin regulate metabolism and reproduction, but they also play critical roles in immunomodulation. Since the introduction of avian malaria to Hawaii a century ago, low elevation populations of the Hawaii Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens) that have experienced strong selection by avian malaria have evolved increased resilience (the ability to recover from infection), while high elevation populations that have undergone weak selection remain less resilient. We investigated how variation in malaria selection has affected corticosterone, testosterone, and prolactin hormone levels in Amakihi during the breeding season. Read More

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Spreader-CDR system for efficient, reproducible, and frugal western blot.

Electrophoresis 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

T-mac Co. Ltd., Daejeon, Korea.

Efficient antibody incubation is a vital step for successful western blot. During the incubation, a thin antibody-depleted layer is created around the blotting membrane, which limits antibody binding. Although the conventional batch shaking method is ineffective against it, this layer can be easily disrupted by cyclic draining and replenishing (CDR) of the antibody solution during membrane incubation. Read More

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