626 results match your criteria abelson tyrosine

Preclinical evaluation of Imatinib does not support its use as an antiviral drug against SARS-CoV-2.

Antiviral Res 2021 Jul 12;193:105137. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Unité des Virus Émergents (UVE: Aix-Marseille University -IRD 190-Inserm 1207-IHU Méditerranée Infection), Marseille, France.

Following the emergence of SARS-CoV-2, the search for an effective and rapidly available treatment was initiated worldwide based on repurposing of available drugs. Previous reports described the antiviral activity of certain tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting the Abelson kinase 2 against pathogenic coronaviruses. Imatinib, one of them, has more than twenty years of safe utilization for the treatment of hematological malignancies. Read More

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Molecular insights on ABL kinase activation using tree-based machine learning models and molecular docking.

Mol Divers 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Departamento de Produtos Farmacêuticos, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Abelson kinase (c-Abl) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in several biological processes essential for cell differentiation, migration, proliferation, and survival. This enzyme's activation might be an alternative strategy for treating diseases such as neutropenia induced by chemotherapy, prostate, and breast cancer. Recently, a series of compounds that promote the activation of c-Abl has been identified, opening a promising ground for c-Abl drug development. Read More

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Cardiovascular events in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100, Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City 80708, Taiwan.

Aims: New-generation breakpoint cluster region-Abelson tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have a higher incidence of cardiovascular events than imatinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). However, this knowledge is insufficiently proven. Hence, this study aimed to explore the association between cardiovascular events and TKIs in patients with CML. Read More

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CXCR2, a novel target to overcome tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance in chronic myelogenous leukemia cells.

Biochem Pharmacol 2021 Aug 17;190:114658. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Anam Hospital Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a reciprocal translocation disorder driven by a breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-Abelson leukemia virus (ABL) fusion gene that stimulates abnormal tyrosine kinase activity. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are effective in treating Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) + CML patients. However, the appearance of TKI-resistant CML cells is a hurdle in CML treatment. Read More

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RUNX2 Phosphorylation by Tyrosine Kinase ABL Promotes Breast Cancer Invasion.

Front Oncol 2021 31;11:665273. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Nephrology, Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Activity of transcription factors is normally regulated through interaction with other transcription factors, chromatin remodeling proteins and transcriptional co-activators. In distinction to these well-established transcriptional controls of gene expression, we have uncovered a unique activation model of transcription factors between tyrosine kinase ABL and RUNX2, an osteoblastic master transcription factor, for cancer invasion. We show that ABL directly binds to, phosphorylates, and activates RUNX2 through its SH2 domain in a kinase activity-dependent manner and that the complex formation of these proteins is required for expression of its target gene MMP13. Read More

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Cooperativity between β-agonists and c-Abl inhibitors in regulating airway smooth muscle relaxation.

FASEB J 2021 07;35(7):e21674

Department of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Translational Medicine, Korman Respiratory Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Current therapeutic approaches to avoid or reverse bronchoconstriction rely primarily on β2 adrenoceptor agonists (β-agonists) that regulate pharmacomechanical coupling/cross bridge cycling in airway smooth muscle (ASM). Targeting actin cytoskeleton polymerization in ASM represents an alternative means to regulate ASM contraction. Herein we report the cooperative effects of targeting these distinct pathways with β-agonists and inhibitors of the mammalian Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl1 or c-Abl). Read More

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Development of a cobalt(iii)-based ponatinib prodrug system.

Inorg Chem Front 2021 Mar 30;8(10):2468-2485. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Vienna Waehringer Straße 42 1090 Vienna Austria.

Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have become a central part of modern targeted cancer therapy. However, their curative potential is distinctly limited by both rapid resistance development and severe adverse effects. Consequently, tumor-specific drug activation based on prodrug designs, exploiting tumor-specific properties such as hypoxic oxygen conditions, is a feasible strategy to widen the therapeutic window. Read More

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Protein kinase inhibitors for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2021 May 14:1-11. Epub 2021 May 14.

Genitourinary Cancers, Inova Medical Group, Inova Schar Cancer Institute, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Introduction: Protein kinases have emerged as targetable pathways used in metastatic prostate cancer given their role in prostatic tumor growth, proliferation and metastases. Protein kinase inhibitors are small molecules that target varying pathways including the breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-Abelson tyrosine kinase (ABL), colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor (VEGFR) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways and have been studied in prostate cancer trials with variable results. In particular, cabozantinib when used in combination trials and ipatasertib, when used with abiraterone in patients who harbor phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) loss, have been promising. Read More

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Dasatinib-induced chylothorax in a patient with chronic myeloid leukaemia: a case report and literature review.

Respirol Case Rep 2021 Jun 7;9(6):e00753. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University Kaohsiung Taiwan.

Dasatinib is a potent and effective second-generation oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is clinically indicated for the treatment of imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant breakpoint cluster region-Abelson (BCR-ABL)-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) or for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphocytic leukaemia. The most common adverse events associated with dasatinib therapy are skin rash, gastrointestinal upset, pancytopenia, pulmonary hypertension, and fluid retention, including pleural effusion. However, chylothorax secondary to dasatinib administration has rarely been reported. Read More

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c-Abl Kinase Is Required for Satellite Cell Function Through Pax7 Regulation.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 11;9:606403. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Laboratory of Tissue Repair and Adult Stem Cells, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Satellite cells (SCs) are tissue-specific stem cells responsible for adult skeletal muscle regeneration and maintenance. SCs function is critically dependent on two families of transcription factors: the paired box (Pax) involved in specification and maintenance and the Muscle Regulatory Factors (MRFs), which orchestrate myogenic commitment and differentiation. In turn, signaling events triggered by extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli control their function via post-translational modifications, including ubiquitination and phosphorylation. Read More

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Chronic myeloid leukemia-from the Philadelphia chromosome to specific target drugs: A literature review.

World J Clin Oncol 2021 Feb;12(2):69-94

Instituto Multidisciplinar em Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Vitória da Conquista 45029-094, Bahia, Brazil.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm and was the first neoplastic disease associated with a well-defined genotypic anomaly - the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome. The advances in cytogenetic and molecular assays are of great importance to the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and monitoring of CML. The discovery of the fusion oncogene has revolutionized the treatment of CML patients by allowing the development of targeted drugs that inhibit the tyrosine kinase activity of the BCR-ABL oncoprotein. Read More

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February 2021

Risk of infection associated with targeted therapies for solid organ and hematological malignancies.

Ther Adv Infect Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;8:2049936121989548. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Infectious Diseases Department and Oncology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Higher risks of infection are associated with some targeted drugs used to treat solid organ and hematological malignancies, and an individual patient's risk of infection is strongly influenced by underlying diseases and concomitant or prior treatments. This review focuses on risk levels and specific suggestions for management, analyzing groups of agents associated with a significant effect on the risk of infection. Due to limited clinical experience and ongoing advances in these therapies, recommendations may be revised in the near future. Read More

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February 2021

Abelson kinase's intrinsically disordered region plays essential roles in protein function and protein stability.

Cell Commun Signal 2021 02 24;19(1):27. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Background: The non-receptor tyrosine kinase Abelson (Abl) is a key player in oncogenesis, with kinase inhibitors serving as paradigms of targeted therapy. Abl also is a critical regulator of normal development, playing conserved roles in regulating cell behavior, brain development and morphogenesis. Drosophila offers a superb model for studying Abl's normal function, because, unlike mammals, there is only a single fly Abl family member. Read More

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February 2021

Dasatinib mitigates renal fibrosis in a rat model of UUO via inhibition of Src/STAT-3/NF-κB signaling.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 May 19;84:103625. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. Electronic address:

This research aimed to investigate the reno-protective impact of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib (DAS) against renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats. DAS administration improved renal function and mitigated renal oxidative stress with paralleled reduction in the ligated kidney mass index, significant retraction in renal histopathological alterations and suppression of renal interstitial fibrosis. Nevertheless, DAS administration attenuated renal expression of phosphorylated Src (p-Src), Abelson (c-Abl) tyrosine kinases, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) p65, and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (p-STAT-3)/STAT-3 with paralleled reduction in renal contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Read More

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Nifuroxazide suppresses UUO-induced renal fibrosis in rats via inhibiting STAT-3/NF-κB signaling, oxidative stress and inflammation.

Life Sci 2021 May 16;272:119241. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; Department of Pharmacology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta University for Science and Technology, Gamasa City, Egypt. Electronic address:

The current work explored the influences of nifuroxazide, an in vivo inhibitor of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) activation, on tubulointerstitial fibrosis in rats with obstructive nephropathy using unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model. Thirty-two male Sprague Dawley rats were assigned into 4 groups (n = 8/group) at random. Sham and UUO groups were orally administered 0. Read More

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Genetic Screening for Potential New Targets in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Based on Drosophila Transgenic for Human BCR-ABL1.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jan 14;13(2). Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, 10043 Turin, Italy.

Chronic myeloid leukemia is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome that originates from the reciprocal translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and encodes for the constitutively active tyrosine kinase protein BCR-ABL1 from the () sequence and the () gene. Despite BCR-ABL1 being one of the most studied oncogenic proteins, some molecular mechanisms remain enigmatic, and several of the proteins, acting either as positive or negative BCR-ABL1 regulators, are still unknown. Read More

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January 2021

Protein Tyrosine Kinases: Their Roles and Their Targeting in Leukemia.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jan 7;13(2). Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Institute for Stem Cell Biology, Regenerative Medicine and Innovative Therapies (ISBReMIT), Fondazione IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, 71013 San Giovanni Rotondo, FG, Italy.

Protein kinases constitute a large group of enzymes catalysing protein phosphorylation and controlling multiple signalling events. The human protein kinase superfamily consists of 518 members and represents a complicated system with intricate internal and external interactions. Protein kinases are classified into two main families based on the ability to phosphorylate either tyrosine or serine and threonine residues. Read More

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January 2021

Targeting Kinases in : Anthelminthic Effects and Tissue Distribution of Selected Kinase Inhibitors.

Front Vet Sci 2020 21;7:611270. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Biomedical Research Center Seltersberg (BFS), Institute of Parasitology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Protein kinases have been discussed as promising druggable targets in various parasitic helminths. New drugs are also needed for control of fascioliasis, a food-borne trematode infection and worldwide spread zoonosis, caused by the liver fluke and related species. In this study, we intended to move protein kinases more into the spotlight of drug research and characterized the fasciolicidal activity of two small-molecule inhibitors from human cancer research: the Abelson tyrosine kinase (ABL-TK) inhibitor imatinib and the polo-like 1 (PLK1) inhibitor BI2536. Read More

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December 2020

Imatinib and GNF-5 Exhibit an Inhibitory Effect on Growth of Hepatocellar Carcinoma Cells by Downregulating S-phase Kinase-associated Protein 2.

J Cancer Prev 2020 Dec;25(4):252-257

Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Sangju, Korea.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Imatinib and GNF-5 are breakpoint cluster region-Abelson murine leukemia tyrosine kinase inhibitors which have been approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia and various solid tumors. However, the effect and underlying mechanisms of imatinib and GNF-5 in HCC remain poorly defined. Read More

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December 2020

A cell competition-based small molecule screen identifies a novel compound that induces dual c-Myc depletion and p53 activation.

J Biol Chem 2021 Jan-Jun;296:100179. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Breakpoint Cluster Region-Abelson kinase (BCR-Abl) is a driver oncogene that causes chronic myeloid leukemia and a subset of acute lymphoid leukemias. Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors provide an effective treatment for these diseases, they generally do not kill leukemic stem cells (LSCs), the cancer-initiating cells that compete with normal hematopoietic stem cells for the bone marrow niche. New strategies to target cancers driven by BCR-Abl are therefore urgently needed. Read More

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December 2020

Characterization of Stable and Reactive Metabolites of the Anticancer Drug, Ensartinib, in Human Liver Microsomes Using LC-MS/MS: An in silico and Practical Bioactivation Approach.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2020 30;14:5259-5273. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Ensartinib (ESB) is a novel anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor (ALK) with additional activity against Abelson murine leukemia (ABL), met proto-oncogene (MET), receptor tyrosine kinase (AXL), and v-ros UR2 sarcoma virus oncogene homolog 1 (ROS1) and is considered a safer alternative for other ALK inhibitors. ESB chemical structure contains a dichloro-fluorophenyl ring and cyclic tertiary amine rings (piperazine) that can be bioactivated generating reactive intermediates.

Methods: In vitro metabolic study of ESB with human liver microsomes (HLMs) was performed and the hypothesis of generating reactive intermediates during metabolism was tested utilizing trapping agents to capture and stabilize reactive intermediates to facilitate their LC-MS/MS detection. Read More

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November 2020

Sulfasalazine synergistically enhances the inhibitory effects of imatinib against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by targeting NFκB, BCR/ABL, and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway-related proteins.

Marium M Shamaa

FEBS Open Bio 2021 03 20;11(3):588-597. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Clinical and Biological Sciences (Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) Department, College of Pharmacy, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria, Egypt.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related fatalities worldwide. Identification of second-line therapies for patients with progressive HCC is urgently required as the use of sorafenib and/or regorafenib remains unsatisfactory. Imatinib, a small-molecule kinase inhibitor, is used to treat certain types of cancer, and nuclear factor κB (NFκB) is a positive regulator of cancer cell expansion. Read More

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Arterial Thrombotic Complications of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2021 01 4;41(1):3-10. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Knight Cardiovascular Institute (M.D.W., J.R.L.), Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland.

Abnormal expression or function of several classes of kinases contribute to the development of many types of solid and hematologic malignancies. TKs (tyrosine kinases) in particular play a role in tumor growth, metastasis, neovascularization, suppression of immune surveillance, and drug resistance. TKIs (tyrosine kinase inhibitors) targeted to TKs such as BCR-ABL1, VEGF receptors, PDGF receptors, have transformed therapy of certain forms of cancer by providing excellent efficacy with relatively low adverse event rates. Read More

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January 2021

Molecular docking and pharmacophoric modelling of 1,5-disubstituted tetrazoles as inhibitors of two proteins present in cancer, the ABL and the mutated T315I kinase.

In Silico Pharmacol 2020 22;8(1). Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Laboratorio de Diseño Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Químico-Biológicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 58033 Morelia, Michoacán Mexico.

A docking study of a set of several 1,5-disubstituted tetrazoles compounds has been performed to predict the poses of some potential inhibitors of the Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase and the mutated Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase T315I. The study was conducted through Lamarckian genetic algorithms in Autodock4 package. Bayesian calculations were performed; specificity and sensitivity values as well as positive predicted values, and negative predicted values were calculated using a set of 99 known experimentally active ligands and 385 decoys for the Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase from the Directory of Useful Decoys database. Read More

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November 2020

NPM1 Mutated, BCR-ABL1 Positive Myeloid Neoplasms: Review of the Literature.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2020 1;12(1):e2020083. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Tor Vergata University of Rome, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Breakpoint cluster region - Abelson (BCR-ABL1) chimeric protein and mutated Nucleophosmin (NPM1) are often present in hematological cancers, but they rarely coexist in the same disease. Both anomalies are considered founder mutations that inhibit differentiation and apoptosis, but BCR-ABL1 could act as a secondary mutation conferring a proliferative advantage to a pre-neoplastic clone. The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification lists the provisional acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with BCR-ABL1, which must be diagnosed differentially from the rare blast phase (BP) onset of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), mainly because of the different therapeutic approach in the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). Read More

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November 2020

Capsaicin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles: design, biodistribution, in silico modeling and in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation.

Nanotechnology 2021 Feb;32(9):095101

Department of Biotechnology, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil-626126, India.

Lower doses of capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) have the potential to serve as an anticancer drug, however, due to its pungency, irritant effect, poor water solubility and high distribution volume often linked to various off-target effects, its therapeutic use is limited. This study aimed to determine the biodistribution and anticancer efficacy of capsaicin loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) in human hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro. In this study, SLNs of stearic acid loaded with capsaicin was formulated by the solvent evaporation-emulsification technique and were instantly characterized for their encapsulation efficiency, morphology, loading capacity, stability, particle size, charge and in vitro drug release profile. Read More

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February 2021

The specificity of asciminib, a potential treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia, as a myristate-pocket binding ABL inhibitor and analysis of its interactions with mutant forms of BCR-ABL1 kinase.

Leuk Res 2020 11 29;98:106458. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Novartis Pharma AG, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland.

Asciminib is a potent, orally bioavailable, investigational drug that specifically and potently inhibits the tyrosine kinase activity of native ABL1, together with that of the chimeric BCR-ABL1 oncoprotein which causes chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In contrast to ATP-competitive BCR-ABL1 kinase inhibitors employed to treat CML that target multiple kinases, asciminib binds to the myristate binding pocket on the kinase domains of ABL1 and BCR-ABL1. Hitherto no drugs have been developed whose mechanism of action involves interacting with myristate binding pockets on proteins, and analysis of the structures of such binding sites in proteins other than ABL1/ABL2/BCR-ABL1 strongly suggest that asciminib will not bind to these with high affinity. Read More

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November 2020

Emodin Inhibits Resistance to Imatinib by Downregulation of Bcr-Abl and STAT5 and Allosteric Inhibition in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Cells.

Biol Pharm Bull 2020 ;43(10):1526-1533

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of pharmacology, China Pharmaceutical University.

Imatinib-resistance is a significant concern for Bcr-Abl-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treatment. Emodin, the predominant compound of traditional medicine rhubarb, was reported to inhibit the multidrug resistance by downregulating P-glycoprotein of K562/ADM cells with overexpression of P-glycoprotein in our previous studies. In the present study, we found that emodin can be a potential inhibitor for the imatinib-resistance in K562/G01 cells which are the imatinib-resistant subcellular line of human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells with overexpression of breakpoint cluster region-abelson (Bcr-Abl) oncoprotein. Read More

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Drug-induced interstitial lung disease associated with dasatinib coinciding with active tuberculosis.

Respirol Case Rep 2020 Oct 27;8(7):e00654. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daini Hospital Kyoto Japan.

A 69-year-old woman was diagnosed with a breakpoint cluster region-Abelson-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia and treated with dasatinib for 14 months. She presented with one month of high-grade fever and persistent dry cough. Chest computed tomography revealed non-segmental subpleural consolidation, ground-glass opacities, and interlobular septal thickening. Read More

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October 2020

Propofol inhibits the expression of Abelson nonreceptor tyrosine kinase without affecting learning or memory function in neonatal rats.

Brain Behav 2020 11 1;10(11):e01810. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Anesthesia and Operation Center, Chinese PLA Medical School, Beijing, China.

Objective: Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous drugs to induce and maintain general anesthesia. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that propofol can affect neuronal growth, leading to apoptosis and impairing cognitive function. The Abelson nonreceptor tyrosine kinase (c-Abl) is associated with both neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Read More

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November 2020